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Improve, Perfect, & Perpetuate cover Improve, Perfect, & Perpetuate: Dr. Nathan Smith and Early American Medical Education

Oliver S. Hayward, M.D., and Constance E. Putnam

University Press of New England
Copyright © 1998 Constance E. Putnam

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About the Book

This is the first full-scale biography of Nathan Smith -- medical pioneer, founder of Dartmouth Medical School and cofounder of three other medical schools (Yale, Vermont, and Bowdoin), and progenitor of a long line of physicians. Smith was a central figure in early American medical education, from 1787 when he began practicing in New Hampshire, to his death in New Haven in 1829. In his day, Smith was probably the nation's leading physician, surgeon, and medical educator, and well ahead of his time in insisting that doctors practice "watchful waiting" and emphasizing patient-centered care. In the process of telling Smith's life and story, authors Hayward and Putnam fill out in new ways the picture of medical treatment and medical education in post-Colonial America.


About the Author

The late Oliver S. Hayward, M.D. graduated from Dartmouth and Harvard medical schools, interned at Mary Hitchcock Memorial Hospital, and practiced medicine for most of his life. He compiled his years of research on Smith into a rough draft, which has been fashioned into the present book by Constance E. Putnam, a writer who specializes in the fields of history of medicine and medical ethics.


About the Electronic Publication

This electronic publication of Improve, Perfect, & Perpetuate was made possible with the permission of the author. The University Press of New England created EPUB and PDF files from a scanned copy of the book.


Rights Information

Published with permission of Oliver S. Hayward, M.D., and Constance E. Putnam

Dartmouth College Library assigns a Creative Commons BY-NC license to the digital work and associated web site.

Creative Commons License


Bibliographic Information

Published by University Press of New England, Hanover, 1998. ISBN 9781611680928, 387 pages.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1349/ddlp.1598
Print edition: R154.S6 H39 1998


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