Class of 1925 Professor of Sociology
Professor of Political Economy, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
6104 Silsby - Room 123
Hanover, NH 03755
St. Lawrence University, B.A.,1974
Michigan State University, M.A.,1977
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Ph.D., 1984
Emerald Citation of Excellence Award, 2011. Awarded at the Academy of Management annual meeting for "Why Would Corporations Behave in Socially Responsible Ways? An Institutional Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility" (Academy of Management Review, 2007) as "one of the top 50 articles from the top 300 management publications worldwide that have had proven impact since their publication date."
Where do the ideas come from over which policy makers fight? Political sociologists and political scientists know surprisingly little about this. To answer this question, this project examines the development and operation of knowledge regimes in the United States, France, Germany and Denmark over the last thirty years. A knowledge regime is a national field of policy research organizations (e.g., think tanks, government research units, political party foundations) that generates and disseminates policy analyses and recommendations. This project pays special attention to how change in the surrounding political-economic environment has affected knowledge regimes and whether the organizations that constitute them have grown more or less similar to each other since the late 1980s. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with leaders from a variety of policy research organizations in each country as well as documents from each organization. The project is funded in part by a grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation (SES-0813633). Results are forthcoming as The National Origins of Policy Ideas: Knowledge Regimes in the United States, France, Germany and Denmark (Princeton University Press, 2014).
Why do small and often culturally homogeneous advanced capitalist countries tend to be especially successful in today's global economy? This project examines the proposition that their success stems in part from the fact that they have developed strong national identities (based on common linguistic, ethnic and religious characteristics) and, in turn, institutional capacities for maneuvering successfully in an increasingly volatile international economy. The importance of national identity and nationalism more generally has been neglected by most economic sociologists and comparative political economists. Quantitative analysis of OECD data as well as detailed historical case studies of a few OECD countries are used to develop and test the argument. Denmark, Ireland and Switzerland are featured cases. Preliminary results have been published in Nations and Nationalism, the Review of International Political Economy, Ethnic and Racial Studies and New Political Economy. We are currently interviewing policymakers, regulatory officials and members of the financial services community among others to learn more about how these countries responded to the stagflation crisis of the early 1980s and the 2008 financial crisis. The analysis will appear as a book tentatively titled Small States in Big Trouble.
The financial crisis of 2008 was the worst economic catastrophe to hit the United States since the Great Depression eighty years ago. What caused it? This project tackles this question. It shows that a long string of regulatory decisions stretching back to the 1980's created the institutional conditions that set the stage for the crisis. Once these conditions were in place, a collapse of the housing market triggered a chain reaction that tore rapidly through the financial services industry and brought it — and the entire economy – to its knees. These regulatory decisions involved government officials as well as private actors who were responsible for monitoring the industry’s operation. The argument is summarized schematically in the accompanying figure. Results have appeared in the Socio-Economic Review and Research in the Sociology of Organizations.
Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pedersen. 2014. The National Origins of Policy Ideas: Knowledge Regimes in the United States, France, Germany and Denmark. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Morgan, Glenn, John L. Campbell, Colin Crouch, Ove K. Pedersen, and Richard Whitley, editors. 2010. Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.
Campbell, John L., John A. Hall, Ove K. Pedersen, editors. 2006. National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism: The Danish Experience. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Campbell, John L. 2004. Institutional Change and Globalization. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pedersen, editors. 2001. The Rise of Neoliberalism and Institutional Analysis. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Campbell, John L., Charles Quincy, Jordan Osserman and Ove K. Pedersen. 2013. "Coding In-Depth Semi-Structured Interviews: Problems of Unitization and Inter-Coder Reliability and Agreement." Sociological Methods and Research. (Forthcoming)
Patsiurko, Natalka, John L. Campbell and John A. Hall. 2013. "Nation-State Size, Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance in the Advanced Capitalist Countries." New Political Economy.
Patsiurko, Natalka, John L. Campbell and John A. Hall. 2012. "Measuring Cultural Diversity: Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization in the OECD." Ethnic and Racial Studies 35(2)195-217.
Campbell, John L. 2011. "The U.S. Financial Crisis: Lessons for Theories of Institutional Complementarity." Socio-Economic Review 9:211-34.
Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pederson. 2011. "Knowledge Regimes and Comparative Political Economy." Pp 167-90 in Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research, edited by Daniel Béland and Robert Cox. New York: Oxford University Press.
Campbell, John L. 2010. "Neoliberalism in Crisis: Regulatory Roots of the U.S. Financial Meltdown." Research in the Sociology of Organizations 30B:65-101.
Campbell, John L. 2010. "Institutional Reproduction and Change." Pp. 87-115 in Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis, edited by Glenn Morgan, John L. Campbell, Colin Crouch, Ove K. Pedersen, and Richard Whitley. New York: Oxford University Press.
Campbell, John L. 2010. "Neoliberalism's Penal and Debtor States: A Rejoinder to Löic Wacquant." Theoretical Criminology 14(1)59-73.
Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall. 2010. "Defending the Gellnerian Premise: Denmark in Historical and Comparative Context." Nations and Nationalism 16(1)89-107.
Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall. 2009. "National Identity and the Political Economy of Small States." Review of International Political Economy 16(4)547-572.
Campbell, John L. 2009. "What Do Sociologists Bring to International Political Economy?" Pp. 260-73 in Routledge Handbook of International Political Economy, edited by Mark Blyth. London: Routledge.
Campbell, John L. 2009. "A Renaissance for Fiscal Sociology?" Pp. 256-65 in The New Fiscal Sociology: Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective, edited by Issac Martin, Ajay Mehrotra and Monica Prasad. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Campbell, John J. 2007. "Challenges for Institutional Theory: A Response to Crouch, Streeck, and Whitley," Socio-Economic Review 5(3)556-67. (Part of a symposium on my Institutional Change and Globalization in Socio-Economic Review 5(3)527-67.)
Campbell, John L. and Ove K. Pedersen. 2007. “The Varieties of Capitalism and Hybrid Success: Denmark in the Global Economy.” Comparative Political Studies 40(2)307-32.
Campbell, John L. 2007. “Why Would Corporations Behave in Socially Responsible Ways? An Institutional Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility.” Academy of Management Review 32(3)946-67.
Campbell, John L. and John A. Hall. 2006. "The State of Denmark." Pp. 3-50 in National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism: The Danish Experience, edited by John L. Campbell, John A. Hall and Ove K. Pedersen. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Campbell, John L. 2005. “Where Do We Stand? Common Mechanisms in Organizations and Social Movements Research.” Pp. 41-68 in Social Movements and Organization Theory, edited by Gerald F. Davis, Doug McAdam, W. Richard Scott, and Mayer N. Zald. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Campbell, John L. 2005. “Fiscal Sociology in an Age of Globalization: Comparing Tax Regimes in Advanced Capitalist Countries.” Pp. 391-418 in The Economic Sociology of Capitalism, edited by Victor Nee and Richard Swedberg. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Campbell, John L. 2003. “States, Politics and Globalization: Why Institutions Still Matter.” Pp. 234-59 in The Nation-State in Question, edited by T.V. Paul, G. John Ikenberry and John A. Hall. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Campbell, John L. 2002. “Ideas, Politics and Public Policy.” Annual Review of Sociology 28:21-38.
Campbell, John L. 2001. “Convergence or Divergence? Globalization, Neoliberalism and Fiscal Policy in Postcommunist Europe.” Pp. 107-39 in Globalization and the European Political Economy, edited by Steven Weber. New York: Columbia University Press.
Last Updated: 5/16/13