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J-1 and J-2 Status Insurance Requirement
This information is provided for Dartmouth College J-1 Exchange Visitors and their dependents in J-2 status. It explains the need for health insurance in the United States and outlines the minimum provisions of the coverage required for every person in J-1 or J-2 status. It also defines some of the terms generally used in discussions of health insurance.
Scholars and faculty invited to Dartmouth and who will be funded by Dartmouth on Dartmouth Payroll are eligible for college insurance. The hiring or sponsoring departments and/or Human Resources may be contacted for more information. Students are eligible for the College's student plan, and should contact Dick's House Health Center for more information. Upon arrival at Dartmouth College, individuals will be required to sign a statement verifying their understanding of the J insurance requirement, and that the individual and any dependents are covered to the extent required by the regulations. Failure to do so, or misrepresentation concerning health insurance coverage, may result in the loss of legal J-1 exchange visitor status.
As an Exchange Visitor in the United States, you must carry health insurance for yourself and your J-2 dependents for the full duration of your J program. Government regulations stipulate that if you willfully fail to carry health insurance for yourself and your dependents, your J-1 sponsor, in this case, Dartmouth College, must terminate your program, and report the termination to the United States Department of State in Washington.
It is a serious risk to be in the United States without adequate health insurance. Although in many countries the government bears the expense of health care for its citizens, and sometimes even for visitors, individuals and families in the United States are responsible for these costs themselves. Since a single day of hospitalization and medical treatment can cost thousands of dollars, many hospitals and doctors refuse to treat uninsured patients except in life-threatening emergencies. Most US citizens rely on insurance, and you should do the same. Insurance gives you access to better and more timely health care, and provides the only protection against the enormous costs of health care in this country.
Choosing an Insurance Policy
Take the following into consideration before buying insurance.
- The reliability of the company. Does it treat people fairly? Does it pay claims promptly? Does it have staff to answer your questions and resolve your problems?
- Deductible amounts. Most insurance policies require you to cover part of your health expenses yourself (your part is called the deductible) before the company pays anything. Under some policies the deductible is annual, and you pay only once each year if you use the insurance. Under others, you pay the deductible each time you have an illness or injury. The J regulations limit the deductible to $500 per accident or illness, but many policies offer a lower, more advantageous deductible. In choosing insurance, you should think carefully about how much you can afford to pay out of your own pocket each time you are sick or injured, and weigh the deductible against the premium before you decide.
- Co-insurance. Usually, even after you have paid the deductible, an insurance policy pays only a percentage of your medical expenses. The policy might pay 80%, for example, and the remaining 20%, which you would have to pay, is called the co-insurance. Thus, if you were injured and incurred $3,000 in medical expenses, a policy with a $400 deductible and 20% co-insurance would cover $2,080 (80% of $2,600).
- Specific limits. Some policies state specific dollar limits on what they will pay for particular services. Other policies pay "usual" or "reasonable and customary" charges, which means they pay what is usually charged in the local area. Be very careful in evaluating policies with specific dollar limits; for serious illnesses, the limit might be far too low and you might have large medical bills not covered by your insurance.
- Lifetime/per-occurrence maximums. Many insurance policies limit the amount they will pay for any single individual's medical bills or for any specific illness or injury. Exchange Visitors must have insurance with a maximum no lower than $100,000 for each specific illness or injury, which may be enough for most conditions. Major illnesses, however, can cost several times that amount.
- Benefit period. Some insurance policies limit the amount of time they will go on paying for each illness or injury. In that case, after the benefit period for a condition has expired, you must pay the full cost of continuing treatment of the illness, even if you are still insured by the company. A policy with a long benefit period provides the best coverage.
- Exclusions: Some insurance policies may exclude coverage for certain conditions. The J regulations require that if a particular activity is a part of your Exchange Visitor program, your insurance must cover injuries resulting from your participation in that activity. Read the list of exclusions carefully so that you understand exactly what is not covered by the policy.
Required J Insurance Specifications
In addition to the deductible, co-insurance, and exclusions described in the preceding section, the State Department has established the following requirements for the type and amounts of coverage you must carry if you hold J-1 or J-2 status:
- The policy must provide "medical benefits of at least $100,000 for each accident or illness," according to the text of the regulations. Since insurance companies cover no more than the policy-holder's expenses (minus a deductible and, under co-insurance, a percentage), and never provide a minimum amount for each accident or illness, the quoted text should be worded differently. Presumably it was intended to mean that an acceptable policy can not set a maximum lower than $50,000 in benefits for each accident or illness.
- If you should die in the United States, the policy must provide up to $25,000 in benefits to send your remains to your home country for burial. This is called repatriation of remains.
- If, because of a serious illness or injury, you must be sent home on the advice of a doctor, the policy must pay up to $50,000 for the expenses of your travel. This is called medical evacuation.
- The policy may establish a waiting period before it covers pre-existing conditions (health problems you had before you bought the insurance) as long as the waiting period is reasonable by current standards in the insurance industry.
- The policy must be backed by the full faith and credit of your home country government, or the company providing the insurance must meet minimum rating requirements established by the US Department of State.