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Women’s and Gender Studies Program

Chair: Judith Byfield

Professors S. Ackerman (Religion, Women's and Gender Studies), I. Amadiume (Religion), L. E. Boose (English), K. Conley (French and Italian), M. H. Darrow (History), M. Domosh (Geography), N. K. Frankenberry (Religion), A. C. Garrod (Education), M. J. Green (French and Italian, Women's and Gender Studies), L. A. Higgins (French and Italian), K. J. Jewell (French and Italian), A. Lawrence (Film Studies), A. Orleck (History), G. Parati (French and Italian, Women's and Gender Studies), A. W. B. Randolph (Art History), I. T. Schweitzer (English, Women's and Gender Studies), B. R. Silver (English), V. E. Swain (French and Italian), P. W. Travis (English), D. Washburn (AMELL); Associate Professors A. R. Allen (Philosophy, Women's and Gender Studies), L. Baldez (Government, LALACS), F. E. Beasley (French and Italian), S. J. Brison (Philosophy), J. A. Byfield (History), N. L. Canepa (French and Italian), A. Cohen (Art History), L.E. Conkey (Geography), C. P. Cramer (Psychological and Brain Sciences), M. Desjardins (Film Studies), M. R. Dietrich (Biological Sciences), S. Heschel (Religion), I. Kacandes (German), D. K. King (Sociology), R. L. Kremer (History), A. Martín (Spanish and Portuguese, Women's and Gender Studies), R. Ohnuma (Religion), U. Rainer (German, Comparative Literature), I. Reyes (Spanish), A. Rosenthal (Art History), W. P. Simons (History), S. D. Spitta (Spanish and Portuguese, Comparative Literature), R. L. Stewart (Classics), A. Tarnowski (French and Italian), R. M. Verona (French and Italian), B. E. Will (English), M. J. Williams (Film Studies), M. Williamson (Classics), M. F. Zeiger (English); Assistant Professors D. Abouali (AMELL), F. M. A'ness (Spanish and Portuguese), C. E. Boggs (English, Women's and Gender Studies), L. A. Butler (History), A. A. Coly (African and African American Studies, Comparative Literature), J. L. Fluri (Women's and Gender Studies, Geography), V. Fuechtner (German), M. R. Goeman (Native American Studies, English), C. H. MacEvitt (Religion), A. Merino (Spanish and Portuguese), C. E. Naylor (History), T. Padilla (History) J. J. Santa Ana (English); Instructor L. Gutiérrez Nájera (Anthropology, LALACS); Senior Lecturers P. B. Katz (Women's and Gender Studies), B. Robinson (Women's and Gender Studies); Lecturers M. A. Bronski (Women's and Gender Studie), M. Huq (Women's and Gender Studies), D. Moody (Spanish), C. Nottage (Film Studies); Visiting Associate Professor C. E. R. Bohmer (Government); Visiting Assistant Professor F. Minwalla (Theater); Visiting Instructor M. Meyers (Women's and Gender Studies); Adjunct Associate Professor D. M. Harper (Women's and Gender Studies); Adjunct Assistant Professor G. Munafo (Women's and Gender Studies).

The Women's and Gender Studies Program offers all students at Dartmouth a course of study that systematically examines the construction of gender and the historical, economic, political, social, and cultural experience of women. As such, it is an interdisciplinary program drawing on resources in the Social Sciences, the Humanities, and the Sciences.

Women's and Gender Studies may be undertaken as a program for a major, a minor, a modified major or a certificate.

WOMEN'S AND GENDER STUDIES MAJOR

Women's and Gender Studies offers a range of interdisciplinary courses as well as an extensive list of associated courses, offered by other departments and programs, that have a central focus on gender or women. The major is administered by the Women's and Gender Studies Steering Committee. Students design their major plans in consultation with an adviser and with the Chair. Only the Chair may sign major cards. Students interested in becoming majors should consult the Chair well in advance of their intended declaration of a major.

Prerequisite: Women's and Gender Studies 10.

Requirements: (9 additional courses)

1. Women's and Gender Studies 15

2. Women's and Gender Studies 16

3. Women's and Gender Studies 80

4. Three additional Women's and Gender Studies courses

5. Three additional courses selected from Women's and Gender Studies offerings or from associated courses

6. Concentration. In consultation with an adviser and the Chair, each student will include within the list of required courses an area of concentration consisting of at least three related courses. Some examples of possible areas of concentrations are Gender in Literature, Women in the Third World, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies, Women's History, or Sex and Gender in Science.

7. Diversity. Each student's major plan must include at least two courses that are clearly outside the area of concentration to provide diversity to the major.

Requirement 3 constitutes the culminating experience in the major.

HONORS PROGRAM IN WOMEN'S AND GENDER STUDIES

Women's and Gender Studies majors will be invited to participate in the Women's and Gender Studies Honors Program if, after completing seven Dartmouth terms, Women's and Gender Studies 10, and four graded courses in the Women's and Gender Studies major, they have achieved both an overall College grade point average and a major average of 3.0.

The Honors Program consists of a two-term thesis project, Women's and Gender Studies 98 and 99. Students will design their projects in consultation with the adviser who has agreed to direct the thesis. A student must secure an adviser's preliminary endorsement of the senior project by May 1st of the junior year. Having secured the adviser's endorsement, a student must submit a thesis proposal for the approval of the Women's and Gender Studies Steering Committee by the second week of the fall term of the senior year. Women's and Gender Studies 98 and 99 carry two credits toward degree requirements but count as only one credit toward major requirements.

WOMEN'S AND GENDER STUDIES MINOR

The Women's and Gender Studies minor consists of six courses: Women's and Gender Studies 10 (prerequisite); Women's and Gender Studies 15 or 16; Women's and Gender Studies 80; one other Women's and Gender Studies course; and two additional courses selected from the Women's and Gender Studies offerings or from associated courses.

WOMEN'S AND GENDER STUDIES MODIFIED MAJOR

Women's and Gender Studies cannot be modified with another major. However students can modify another major with Women's and Gender Studies. Women's and Gender Studies may be undertaken as the secondary part of a modified major. A Women's and Gender Studies modified major consists of five courses: Women's and Gender Studies 10 (prerequisite); two additional courses selected from the Women's and Gender Studies offerings and two additional courses selected from the Women's and Gender Studies offerings or from associated courses. A modified major should be planned to form a coherent program of study with the major. Students must file a written statement with each department and the Registrar explaining the rationale for the courses selected for the modified major.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CERTIFICATE

Students wishing a certificate in Women's and Gender Studies must take six courses as follows:

a) Women's and Gender Studies 10

b) Two intermediate courses (Women's and Gender Studies 20-60)

c) Three additional courses selected from the course offerings in Women's and Gender Studies or the list of associated courses and seminars.

COURSES IN WOMEN'S AND GENDER STUDIES

7. First-Year Seminars in Women's and Gender Studies

Consult special listings

CORE COURSES

10. Sex, Gender, and Society

06F: 10, 12 07W: 10 07X: 10 07F: 10, 12 08W: 10

This course will investigate the roles of women and men in society from an interdisciplinary point of view. We will analyze both the theoretical and practical aspects of gender attribution - how it shapes social roles within diverse cultures, and defines women and men's personal sense of identity. We will discuss the following questions: What are the actual differences between the sexes in the areas of biology, psychology, and moral development? What is the effect of gender on participation in the work force and politics, on language, and on artistic expression? We will also explore the changing patterns of relationships between the sexes and possibilities for the future. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. The staff.

15. (Former 20) Roots of Feminisms: Texts and Contexts

07W: 12 08W: 11

This course will examine pre-twentieth century texts and historical events that set important precedents for the development of contemporary feminist theories and practices. We will survey some of the writings that consolidate legitimated patriarchal/misogynist ideologies in Western worlds (e.g. Plato, Aristotle, the fathers of the Church, the philosophers of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment, Rousseau). We will analyze different ways in which women historically have articulated strategies of contestation and/or resistance to systems of power based on gender differentiation. Readings may include works by French medieval thinker Christine de Pizan; sixteenth-century Spanish cross-dresser Catalina de Erauso; seventeenth-century Mexican intellectual and nun Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz; Mary Wollstonecraft; Maria Stewart, the first African-American political woman writer; the nineteenth-century American suffragists; and anarchist leader Emma Goldman. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Spitta.

16. (Former 21) Contemporary Issues in Feminism: Theory and Practice

07S, 08S: 11

This course explores the theoretical underpinnings of some of the most highly contested issues in society today. We will look at a spectrum of positions on such issues as: questions of difference and equality; women's health and reproductive rights; identity and identity politics; morality-pornography-violence; eco-feminism-environmentalism; children, family, and human rights; and the representation/performance of femininity/masculinity. Special emphasis will be placed on the connection between theory and practice. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Martín.

18. (Former 47) Introduction to Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies

06F: 2A

This course will examine the ways in which "deviant" sexual and gender behavior and identities, and the political movements that emerge from them, have been conceptualized in U.S. culture. We will cover basic g/l/b/t cultural and political history and the interplay between sexuality, gender, race, class, ethnicity, and economics. Classes will be a mix of lecture and discussion. Students will be expected to work with primary documents (including novels and film), recent work in queer theory and historical analysis. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Bronski.

GENERAL COURSES

20. Experimental Course in Women's and Gender Studies

07X: 10A

In 07X, Queer Poetries in Twentieth and Twenty-First Century America. This course will explore the poetics and politics of queerness in the work of modern and contemporary American poets; we will consider not only explicit dissidence, but also the politics of forms and modes ordinarily seen as "only" aesthetic. Among the readings will be work by HD, Ginsberg, O'Hara, Ashbery, Bishop, Rich, Swenson, Rukeyser, Gunn, Lorde, Broumas, Doty, Hacker, Harjo, Hemphill, Koestenbaum, Mootoo, and Chin, as well as a selection of brief theoretical texts in queer theory. Open to all students. Dist. LIT. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Zeiger.

21. Women and Gender in the Ancient World

08W: 10A 08S: 12

In 08W (Section 2), Fictions of Sappho (Identical to Comparative Literature 67 and Classical Studies 10 in 08W). Goddess of poetry, sexual predator, exotic holiday destination, lovelorn suicide, schoolmistress, parchment scrap: these are among the associations clustering around Sappho. From antiquity to the twenty-first century her poems and the legends about her life and loves have fascinated writers, artists and musicians as different as Queen Victoria, Willa Cather, Boccaccio, Jeanette Winterson, Ezra Pound, Gounod, and Ovid. We sample some of the twists and turns in this seemingly endless stream of fantasy and creative reaproppriation. Open to all students. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Williamson.

In 08S (Section 1), Slaves, Wives, and Concubines: Did Roman Women Have a History? (Identical to Classical Studies 11 in 08S.) In this course we explore the lives of Roman women first in terms of the larger institutional frameworks that structured and gave meaning to women's lives, either by inclusion (family, marriage) or exclusion (law, politics). From this basis we investigate the characterization and self-representation of women in literary texts: women as mothers and wives, women as political actors, women as priests and ritual participants. Selected readings of Roman literary and legal sources will be supplemented by evidence from Roman inscriptions, domestic architecture, sculpture and coinage. Open to all students. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Stewart.

23. Women and Gender in the Americas: Historical Perspectives

06F: 10 08W: 2A

In 06F and 08W, (Section 2), American Women's History Since 1920 (Identical to History 28). This course traces the history of American women from 1920 to the 1980s. Topics to be discussed include: the breakup of the suffrage alliance during the 1920s; women in the radical social movements of the 1930s; women and war work in the 1940s; women in the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 60s; the 'second wave' of American feminism; institutionalization of feminism in the 1970s; and the rise of an anti-feminist women's movement in the 1980s. The course will also examine the ways gender definitions have changed in the U.S. during this century, and the ways that race and class have shaped American ideas about gender. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Orleck.

25. Women and Gender in Africa: Historical Perspectives

07S: 10A

In 07S, (Section 1), Marriage and Divorce in the African Context (Identical to History 95). Marriage was the widely expected norm for men and women within African societies. The institution was an important marker of adulthood and it linked individuals and lineages in a network of mutual cooperation and support. This course explores marriage and divorce from the pre-colonial to the post-colonial eras. Using examples from East, West and Southern Africa, it highlights women's agency, masculinity, and changing gender relations of power as the political economies of African societies transformed. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. WCult: NW. Byfield.

26. Women and Gender in History: Comparative Perspectives

07W: 11

In 07W at 11 (Section 1), Women and American Radicalism Left and Right (Identical to History 29 in 07W). This course will trace the involvement of U.S. women in radical political movements from the mid-nineteenth century to the present including: Abolitionism; Anti-lynching; Socialist Trade Unionism; the Ku Klux Klan; the Communist Party; the National Welfare Rights Organization; the Civil Rights Movement; the New Left; the New Right; the direct-action wing of the anti-abortion movement; Earth First; and the neo-nazi American Front. It will also examine the relationship between feminist ideologies and non-gender-specific radical political ideologies centered on race, class, and other social identifiers. Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: SOC; WCult: CI. Orleck.

30. Women, Gender, and the Economy

07W: 10A 07F, 08S: 10

In 07W and 07F (Section 1), Women, Gender, and Development (Identical to Geography 26 in 07W and 07F). This course examines aspects of economic development on the lives of men and women in "development zones", through a geo-historical and feminist approach gender and development to critically analyze its "promises" and "opportunities". Readings, class discussions, and critical inquires into the spaces and scales of gender and economic development will include issues of: mobility, migration, intra and inter-state conflicts, post-conflict reconstruction and reconciliation. This will be juxtaposed with feminist responses, resistance and transnational activism. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Fluri.

In 08S (Section 2), Women and the Economy (Pending Faculty Approval). This course uses economic theory and data analysis to investigate the accuracy of popular beliefs about women in the labor market. These beliefs include "employers pay women less than men", "divorce makes a woman worse off", and "children of working mothers and those from broken homes perform worse than others". The course has two main parts: the role of women within the family (including marriage and fertility decisions) and the role of women in the labor market, along with the consequent policy implications. Open to all students.Chaudhury.

32. Women, Gender, and the Law

07X: 10A

In 07X, (Section 1), Gender and Law (Identical to Government 68). This course examines how gender and law in the United States are used to confer rights, create obligations, and define identities. We explore the theoretical, historical, and empirical basis for gender in law, and pay particular attention to how and when gender-based laws have changed over time. Specific topics covered include, for example, federal legislation on educational and workplace equity, constitutional doctrines of equality and privacy, and state policies on family law, criminal responsibility, and domestic violence. We analyze the relationship between gender politics, legal theory, legal doctrine, and social policy. We also ask whether the gender of legal actors (litigants, lawyers, judges) makes a difference in their reasoning or decision-making. Prerequisite: Government 3 or a law course strongly recommended. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Bohmer.

33. Women, Gender, Family, and Community

08W: 2

In 08W, (Section 1), Constructing Black Womanhood (Identical to Sociology 46 and African and African American Studies 25). This course is a critical examination of the historical and contemporary status of black women in the United States, as presented in fiction, primary accounts, and social science literature. We will explore the nature, extent, and consequences of the multiple discriminations of race, sex, and class, as the context in which these women shaped their social roles and identities within the black community and the larger society. We will consider the themes of family, motherhood, and sexuality; educational, economic and political participation; aesthetics and religious traditions; and self and social images. Open to juniors and seniors. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. King.

34. Gender, Self, and Identity

08W: 12

In 08W (Section 3), The Masculine Mystique. Why are so many boys and men fascinated by sport and war? Why are young boys more threatened by the term "sissy" than girls are by the term "tomboy"? What are the distinctive qualities of men's friendships with other men and of their intimate relationships with women? Are our conceptions of masculinity determined by models of white male development? What is the connection of biological sex with contemporary western notions of masculinity? Readings from anthropology, sociolinguistics, sociology, and race and ethnic studies, and movies will also be utilized in this interdisciplinary and multicultural course. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Travis.

36. Cross Cultural Perspectives on Women, Gender, and Sexuality

07W: 2A, 12

In 07W at 2A (Section 2), Women in Africa (Identical to African and African American Studies 41). This course will examine different aspects of the female experience in Africa. Beginning with a consideration of roles of women in pre-colonial African societies, with particular reference to descent, marriage and the family, ritual and religion, productive and reproductive systems, and political organization, the focus will then move through the colonial and contemporary periods to assess changes in female roles. Contrasting experiences for contemporary African women will be emphasized through exploration of their participation in national liberation and politics, of urban and rural lifestyles, Muslim, Christian, and animist religious traditions, educational background, and status differences arising out of social class. The focus for the course includes an analysis of formal political, social, and economic institutions, yet it assumes that African society has also been shaped by the 'muted' perceptions and models of society held by women themselves, and by social processes to which both females and males have contributed. Open to all students. Dist: INT; WCult: NW. Amadiume.

In 07W at 12 (Section 3), Black Feminism/Womanism in Contemporary U.S. Popular Culture (Identical to African and African American Studies 85 in 07W). In this course we will explore the emergence of Black feminism(s)/womanism(s) in twentieth- and twenty-first-century U.S. popular culture. We will specifically address how the work of African-American women artists-scholars critiques sexism, racism, classicism, ethnocentrism and heterosexism within the U.S. context. In order to examine Black feminism(s) and womanism(s) in popular culture from myriad perspectives, the required readings for this course reflect a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, as well as a range of genres. Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Naylor.

37. Gender and Space

06F: 10

In 06F (Section 2), Gender, Space, and Islam (Identical to Geography 41 in 06F). This course will address various aspects of Feminism, Islam and Space. This course will seek to answer various questions about space, gender and Islam such as: What constitutes a Muslim Space and the "Muslim World"? Who decides and defines these spaces? How are theses spaces gendered and influenced by Islam or Islamic practices? How do such gendering of spaces differ by place? Additionally we will explore the readings of several Islamic feminist scholars that address several gender related topics such as women's rights, gender roles, honor and Sharia (Islamic law).

Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NW. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Fluri.

40. Gender, Race, and Nation

06F, 07F: 11

In 06F and 07F (Section 1), Gender Issues in Native American Life (Identical to Native American Studies 42 in 06F and 07F). We will address issues of gender in indigenous communities as it relates to culture, policy, history, and social life. Indigenous, in the context of this class, will focus on the diversity of Native people within/across settler-colonial nation-states. The project based assignments will tackle common misperceptions, the complexity of changing gender patterns, the methods Native communities develop to balancegender inequities, and various organizing of Native women's activism. The aim of this class is to create an understanding of how gender issues are a vital component in the process of decolonization,

Open to all students. Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Goeman.

42. Gender and Conflict

07W: 2A

In 07W (Section 4), War and Gender (Identical to English 62 in 07W). Throughout history, war has been constructed into a powerfully gendered binary. From The Iliad onward, battle is posed as a sacred domain for initiating young men into the masculine gender and the male bond, and the feminine as that which both instigates male-male conflict and that which wars are fought to protect. With a special concentration on U.S. culture of the past century, this course will examine the way our modern myths and narratives instantiate this cultural polarity through film, fiction, non-fiction and various media material. Dist: SOC; Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Boose.

43. Women, Gender, and Religion

07W, 07F: 2 08S: 10A

In 07W (Section 4), Goddesses of India (Identical to Religion 40 in 07W). This course will use both elite and popular Hindu religious texts in conjunction with contemporary sociological and anthropological accounts, scholarly analyses, visual art, and film to explore the diverse identities and roles of India's many goddesses, both ancient and modern. Special emphasis will also be given to the relationship between goddesses and women. Open to all students. Dist: PHR; WCult: NW. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: NW. Ohnuma.

In 07F (Section 2), Sex, Celibacy and the Problem of Purity: Asceticism and the Human Body in Late Antiquity (Identical to Religion 31 and Classics 11 in 07F). This course examines a crucial period in the history of Christianity-Late Antiquity. Between the years 300 and 500, Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, established standards of doctrine and ecclesiastical organization, and developed the attitudes towards the body, sexuality and gender which informed Christian teaching for centuries to come. In this class we will ask: why did virginity become such an important aspect of Christian religiosity? What effect did Roman concepts of gender and sexuality have on Christian understanding of the relationship between men and women? What did martyrs, gladiators and monks have in common. Open to all students. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: W. MacEvitt.

In 08S, (Section 1), Beyond God the Father: An Introduction to Gender and Religion (Identical to Religion 13). A survey of contemporary writings that explore the relations between gender and religion in the West from historical, anthropological, theological, and philosophical perspectives. The course serves as an introduction both to gender studies and to the study of religion. Topics to be discussed include: current theories of "gender" and of "religion," androcentric scriptures, patriarchal institutions and matriarchal myths, sexual prohibitions, body politics, queering religion, feminist theology, and the emergence of feminist philosophies of religion. Authors may include: Mary Daly, Judith Butler, Caroline Walker Bynum, Donna Haraway, Pamela Anderson, Grace Jantzen, Howard Eilberg-Schwartz, Pierre Bourdieu, Rosemary Ruether, Elizabeth Schussler-Fiorenza, or others. Open to all students. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: W. Frankenberry.

44. Women, Gender, and Religion: Comparative Perspectives

07S, 08S: 2A

In 07S and 08S (Section 1), Women's Rituals: From Africa and Around the World (Identical to Religion 52 and African and African American Studies 66 in 07S, 08S). This course focuses on women's ritual practices in different cultures and societies, both traditional andIt examines and describes women's ritual actions, cultural beliefs, values and social practices, through alternative theories and models that enable us to better understand the full possibilities of culture and religion in shaping our daily lives for a happier and more just world. It aims to de-emphasize the marginalization, invisibility and exclusion of women in male-dominated religious, cultural and social practices by studying women's lives in a multiplicity of roles as shaped by women's knowledge systems, religions and cultural traditions from the cradle to the grave. The course is multidisciplinary and will use sources from social history, religion, anthropology, literature, Art, documentary film, and science feminisms and religions discourses. Open to all students. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: NW. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: NW. Amadiume.

46. Philosophy and Gender

06F, 08W: 2

In 06F and 08W (Section 1), Feminism and Philosophy (Identical to Philosophy 22). This course examines the relationship between feminism and philosophy. The focus is on such questions as: Is the Western philosophical canon inherently sexist? How should feminist philosophers read the canon? Are Western philosophical concepts such as objectivity, reason, and impartiality inherently masculinist concepts? The course may focus on either the ways in which feminists have interpreted great figures in the history of philosophy (e.g., Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche), or on the ways in which feminists have rethought basic concepts in core areas of philosophy (e.g., epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, political philosophy, philosophy of science), or both. Open to all students. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: CI. Allen.

47. Women, Gender, and Literatures of the Americas

07W: 10

In 07W (Section 2), The Borderlands: Latina/o Writers in the United States (Identical to Comparative Literature 52 in 07W). In this course we will focus on the writings of US Latina/o writers. We will analyze how writers (Anzaldua, Alvarez, Cisneros, Castillo and others) negotiate a path between the two cultures (the US and Latin America) and the two languages that inform their literary production and shape their identity. This in-between status translates into an experimentation with genres and a questioning of traditional gender divisions as well as the construction of transcultural icons and objects. Open to all students. Dist: LIT or INT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Spitta.

51. Women, Gender, and Literature: Comparative Perspectives

07S: 2 08W: 11 08S: 10A

In 07S (Section 3), Animals and Women in Western Literature: Nags, Bitches, and Shrews (Identical to English 62 in 07S). What do stories about animals tell us about the treatment of women in Western society? What do stories about women tell us about the treatment of animals in Western society? In this course, we will examine the philosophical traditions that associate women with animals, and will interrogate women's complex response to those associations. We will read literary alongside religious and philosophical texts, and draw on current schools of critical thought such as ecofeminism to develop an understanding of these issues. Open to all students. Dist. LIT. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Boggs.

In 08W (Section 6), Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall: Gendered Images in the Literary Fairy Tale. This course is a survey of the way gender images have evolved in the genre of the literary fairy tale, from the sixteenth century to the present. We will pay special attention both to the subversive potential of the fairy tale and the ways in which the Western fairy tale has consolidated conventional gender and narrative paradigms. We will use a variety of critical approaches to the fairy tale and, put our encounter with the fairy tale to dynamic use by writing, telling, and performing tales. Open to all students. Dist. LIT Canepa.

In 08S (Section 5), Jewish Women Writers (Identical to Jewish Studies 27 and English 67.11 in 08S, pending approval). Surveying women writers of Jewish background and identity, this course addresses who is a "Jewish woman writer," a subset of the larger question of ethnic, national, and religious identity and identification in literary studies. The course will examine a variety of mostly US and Latin American writers and genres and will include Emma Lazarus, Mary Antin, Anzia Yezierska, Jo Sinclair, Cynthia Ozick, Tillie Olsen, Grace Paley, Muriel Ruykeser, Irena Kepfisz, Wendy Wasserstein, Allegra Goodman, and Marjorie Angosin. Open to all students. Dist. LIT. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Schweitzer.

52. Women, Gender, and Postcolonial Perspectives

06F: 3B

In 06F (Section 1), Colonial and Post Colonial Masculinities (Identical to AAAS 67 and Comparative Literature 67 in 06F). In this course, we will develop an understanding of masculinity as a construct which varies in time and space, and is constantly (re)shaped by such factors as race, class, and sexuality. The contexts of the colonial encounter and its postcolonial aftermath will set the stage for our examination of the ways in which social, political, economic, and cultural factors foster the production of specific masculinities. Texts include Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Conrad's Heart of Darkness, Lafferiere's How to Make Love to a Negro, and additional writings by Irish, Indian, and Australian authors. Our study will be organized around the questions of the production of hegemonic and subaltern masculinities, the representation of the colonial and postcolonial male body, the militarization of masculinity, and the relation between masculinity and nationalism. Theoretical material on masculinities will frame our readings. Coly.

56. Gender and the Media

07W: 10A

In 07W (Section 1), Television and Histories of Gender (Identical to Film Studies 46 in 07W). This class examines the ways American commercial television has historically "assumed" gendered positionings of its audience, as well as operates as one of the strongest cultural touchstones of gendered identity in patriarchal, consumer society. After tracing television's place in the construction of gendered ideals through the history of the situation comedy, we examine "gender-specific" genres, such as sports, westerns, cop shows, and soap operas. Representative programs will be screened, and feminist essays on television history/theory are among assigned readings. Open to all students. Dist: ART. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Desjardins.

61. Women, Gender, and Health

07F: 2A

In 07F (Section 2), Plagues and Politics: The Impact of AIDS on U.S. Society. This course will survey the AIDS epidemic in the United States from 1981 to the present. We will examine the history and social impact of the epidemic by exploring its immediate and long lasting effects on issues such as health care, anti-discrimination law, immigration, education strategies, government drug policies, welfare services, as well as glbt culture. We will also be examining its effects on popular thinking on sex, gender, and sexual culture through mainstream and independent film and media. Open to all students. Dist: SOC: Bronski.

62. Topics in Women in Science

07W: 10

In 07W (Section 1), Women, Gender, and Science (Identical to Geography 9 in 07W). Women have played a small role in western science, and their gradual inclusion influences what we know and how we know it. We explore what science is, and how "what we know" has been affected by societal ideas, past and present. Evaluating scientific critiques ranging from Kuhn to feminists such as Fox Keller and Haraway, we ask: how many women are in science, what are the obstacles, and has feminist critique changed science? Open to all students. Dist. SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Conkey.

65. Special Topics in Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies

08S: 2A

In 08S (Section 1), Judaism, Sexuality, and Queerness (Identical to Jewish Studies 52 in 08S). This class will examine the intersections between gender formation, sexual identity, sexual practice, religious practice, cultural identity, and personal belief. Drawing upon contemporary gender theory, religious texts, and current interpretations of Jewish thought and culture in the works of Judith Halberstam, Marilyn Halter, Rachel Adler, Sander Gilman, Miriam Peskowitz. Laura Levitt, and David Biale we will examine the construction of Jewish identity as well as gender and sexual orientation through a feminist/queer lens. Open to all students. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: CI. Bronski.

80. Seminar in Women's and Gender Studies

06F, 07F: 10A

In 06F, Transnational Feminism. The seminar in Women's and Gender Studies is designed to be both a culminating experience for Women's and Gender Studies students and an intensive preparation for future work (such as independent study, honors theses, graduate work, or any kind of advanced feminist scholarship). Consequently, this course will address such questions as What is a feminist approach? What kinds of questions do feminists ask? What is the relation between feminist theory and feminist activism? The focus will be on feminist methodology, examining through reading, exercises in class, written assignments, and research projects, how feminist scholarship is done within a given area. Permission of the instructor is required. Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Schweitzer.

85. Independent Study

All terms: Arrange

This will involve an independent project carried out under the direction of one or more of the Women's and Gender Studies faculty.

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

98, 99. Honors Thesis I and II

All terms: Arrange

This two-course sequence involves an extensive investigation of a topic in a student's area of concentration and submission of an undergraduate thesis. Only students accepted into the Honors Program may take this sequence.

Permission of the instructor and the Steering Committee required.

ASSOCIATED COURSES

Associated courses, listed below, are those with a central focus on gender, women, or women's experience, and making use of recent scholarship on women and gender. Courses not on the following list may also count as associated courses for certificate students and modified majors. To obtain credit, students must petition the Women's and Gender Studies Steering Committee outlining how their work in a particular course corresponds to the above definition of an associated course.

African and African American Studies 19: Representations of African American Women in Cinema

African and African American Studies 40: Gender Identities and Politics in Africa

African and African American Studies 41: Women in Africa

African and African American Studies 43: Indigenous African Religions

African and African American Studies 62: African and African American Women Writers: Race, Class and Social Justice

African and African American Studies 66: Women's Rituals From Africa and Around the World

African and African American Studies 67: Colonial and Post-Colonial Masculinities

African and African American Studies 85: Black Feminism/Womanism in Contemporary U.S. Popular Culture

African and African American Studies 86: Black Women Writers

African and African American Studies 87: Women's Spirit Possession Narratives in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Nwapa and the Ezilis

Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 19: Writing Gender in Islamic Space

Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 21: Writing Korean Women, Reading Korean Women

Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 22: Sex, Death and Identity in Modern China

Anthropology 12: From Lover to Mother to Witch: The Politics of Gender in Art

Anthropology 12: Gender and Sexuality in Cross-Cultural Perspective

Anthropology 31: Politics of Latin@ Ethnography

Arabic 63: Society, Culture, and Gender in the Middle East

Art History 16: Age and Status in the Ancient World

Art History 16: Women Artists and Gender Theories

Art History 48: Gender, Race, and Politics in Eighteenth Century Visual Culture

Art History 80: Sex, Gender, and Identity in the Arts of the Ancient World

Art History 82: Angelica Kauffman: Art and Gender in 18th and early 19th Century Europe

Art History 82: Women and the Art of Japan

Classics 10: Fictions of Sappho

Classics 11: Slaves, Wives, and Concubines: Did Roman Women Have a History?

College Course 01: Assisted Reproduction in the Twenty-First Century

College Course 04: Virtual Gender: Popular Culture and The Construction of Gender

College Course 08: Sexuality and Science

College Course 10: The Performative Body: Culture, Queerness, and the Limits of Genre

College Course 80: Advanced Research on Special Topics in Assisted Reproduction

Comparative Literature 29: Tears, Love, Happiness: Feminine Territories/Feminist Readings

Comparative Literature 39: Trauma and Prose Fiction

Comparative Literature 47: Medea

Comparative Literature 52: The Borderlands: Latina/o Writers in the United States

Comparative Literature 67: Fictions of Sappho

Comparative Literature 67: Literature and Women's and Gender Studies

Comparative Literature 67: Writing, Eating, and the Construction of Gender

Comparative literature 67: Women's Identities in Migration

Comparative literature 67: Women and Surrealism

Comparative literature 67: Colonial and Post-Colonial Masculinities

Comparative Literature 73/101: Feminist Readings

Education 10: Psychology of Women, Education of Girls

Education 54: Moral Development and Moral Education

Education 55: Adolescent Development

English 25: Gender and Power in Shakespeare

English 60: Gender and Sexuality in Asian American Literature

English 62: American Women Poets

English 62: Gender and Cyberculture

English 62: Animals and Women in Literature

English 62: Jewish Women Writers

English 62: Immigrant Women's Writing in America

English 62: Women, "Race" and Writing: American Drama and Performance

English 62: War and Gender

English 62: Queer Poetries

English 66: Feminine/Masculine: Visions and Revisions of Early America

English 66: Whitman and Dickinson

English 67: Black Women Writers

English 67: A History of Asian America in Novels and Prose

English 67: From Cyberspace to MySpace: Studies in Cyberculture

English 67: Native Cultural Production: (Re)Mapping Race, Gender, and Nation

English 67: Toni Morrison

English 68: Contemporary Women Writers

English 68: Woolfenstein

English 70: Witchcraft and Early Modern England

English 70: Love, Gender, and Marriage in Shakespeare

English 71: Not Your Father's Walt Whitman

English 72: Victorian Queer: Constructing Nineteenth Century Sexualities

English 72: Odi et Amo: Men, Women, and the Love Lyric

English 72: Transnationalism in Asian American Literature and Cultural Criticism

English 73: The Poetry of Elizabeth Bishop

English 73: Virginia Woolf: Writer/Icon

English 73: Virginia Woolf: Theory and Practice

Environmental Studies 15: Gender and the Environment

Film 46: Television and Histories of Gender

Film 46: Beatniks, Hot Rods, and the Feminine Mystique: Sex and Gender in 1950's Hollywood Film

Film 47: Representations of African American Women in Cinema

Film 47: Woman/Nation

French 45: Masculinity/Femininity

French 60: Gender and French Literature

French 60: Gender and Genre in the Eighteenth Century

French 60: Feminist Theory and the Practice of Writing

French 75: Women Filmmakers in the French Tradition

Geography 09: Women, Gender, and Science

Geography 19: Gender, Space, and the Environment

Geography 26: Women, Gender, and Development

Geography 41: Gender, Space, and Islam

Geography 48: Geographies of the Middle East

Geography 80: Gender, Globalization, and Democratization

Government 49: Gender Politics in Latin America

Government 60: Global Feminism

Government 68: Gender and the Law

Government 83: Women in Public Office

Government 84: Gender and American Politics

Government 86: Justice, Legitimacy and Power

Hebrew 31: Readings in Modern Hebrew Women's Literature

History 06: Gender and War in Modern European History

History 06: Asian American Women's History

History 27: Gender and Power in American History, 1607-1920

History 28: American Women's History Since 1920

History 29: Women in American Radicalism: Left and Right

History 42: Gender and European Society From Antiquity to Reformation

History 48: European Society in the Industrial Age

History 63: History of Recent Science and Technology

History 82: Women in Latin American History

History 96: Marriage and Divorce in the African Context

History 96:  Race,Ethnicity, and Immigration in American History

Italian 10: What About Italian Women

Japanese 61: Gender and Nationalism in Japanese Literature and Film

Japanese 63: Karma of Love: Japanese Women Writers

Jewish Studies 15: The Jewish Body

Jewish Studies 15: The Middle East Conflict in Film and Literature

Jewish Studies 27: Jewish Women Writers

Jewish Studies 52: Judaism, Sexuality and Queerness

Jewish Studies 56: Women in Islam and Judaism

Jewish Studies 61: Freud: Psychoanalysis, Jews and Gender

Latin American and Caribbean Studies 52: Gender and Politics in Latin America

Latino Studies 31: The Politics of Latin@ Ethnography

Latino Studies 41: Representations of/from Latin@s in the Media and the Arts

Latino Studies 51: Beyond Sex, Drugs, and Rock and Roll: Radical Latinos in the 60's

Native American Studies 30: Native Cultural Production: (Re)Mapping Race, Gender, and Nation

Native American Studies 42: Gender Issues in Native American Life

Philosophy 09: Love and Friendship

Philosophy 22: Feminism and Philosophy

Public Policy 41: Sexuality, Identity, and the Law

Religion 13: Beyond God the Father: An Introduction to Gender and Religion

Religion 19: Gender and the Religious Imagination

Religion 31: Sex, Celibacy, and the Problem of Purity: Asceticism and the Human Body in Late Antiquity

Religion 40: Goddesses of India

Religion 48: Body and Sex in Chinese Religions

Religion 50: Indigenous African Religions

Religion 56: Women and the Bible

Religion 79: Feminist Ethics

Religion 80: The Bible, Sex, and Sexuality

Russian 13: Slavic Folklore: Vampires, Witches, and Firebirds

Russian 38: Contemporary Russian Women Writers

Sociology 39: Reproductive Rights and Technologies

Sociology 43: Dangerous Intersections: Race, Class, and Gender

Sociology 46: Constructing Black Womanhood

Sociology 49: Youth and Society

Spanish 62: Gender and Writing in Twentieth Century Spain

Spanish 62: Women Writers in Twentieth Century Spain

Spanish 72: Latin American and Latina Women: Gender, Culture, Literature

Spanish 78: Living in the Borderlands: Latino/a Culture and Identity

Spanish 79: Latino/a Literature: Between Literary Traditions, Languages, and Cultures

Theater 21: American Women Playwrights

Theater 21: Feminism and Theater

Theater 24: Engendering Asian Performance

Many other courses contain material of particular interest to students in Women's and Gender Studies. To identify those related courses that would be most important in enriching their own program of study, students should consult with their Women's and Gender Studies adviser.