Skip to main content

Notice

Information on this website is posted for historical reference only. Please visit the Office of the Registrar for current requirements.

Anthropology

Chair: Sergei A. Kan

Professors H. S. Alverson, D. F. Eickelman, K. M. Endicott, S. A. Kan, D. L. Nichols; Associate Professors K. A. Korey, J. M. Watanabe; Assistant Professor K. Abdi; Instructor L. Gutiérrez Nájera; Senior Lecturer R. L. Welsch; Lecturer Brian J. Didier; McKennan Postdoctoral Fellow J. Cullinane.

Consult the Departmental Administrator for further information.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR

The major consists of ten courses, to be selected as follows:

1. Anthropology 1 or 3.

2. At least one course from each of the following four subject areas: archaeology, cultural anthropology (if Anthropology 1 is taken in fulfillment of requirement 1), ethnography, biological anthropology (these areas are indicated as ARCH, CULT, ETHN, or BIOL in each course description).

3. Any six additional courses (five if Anthropology 1 is taken in fulfillment of requirement 1) from among the department’s offerings.

A culminating experience is required for the major and must be satisfied by completion of a Culminating Seminar selected from one of the following areas: ethnography/cultural anthropology (73), archaeology (75), or biological anthropology (78), to be taken as one of the ten courses required for the major.

Students who plan to attend graduate school are strongly encouraged to take at least one statistics course - e.g., Government 10, Psychology 10, Social Science 10, or Sociology 10.

Modified Major: The Modified Major consists of seven courses in anthropology, one of which must be a culminating seminar and another of which will normally be Anthropology 1 or 3, plus four courses above the prerequisite level in one or more other department(s) or program(s). The 11 courses must form a unified, coherent program of study. Students wishing to modify their Anthropology major must submit a written rationale that makes clear the coherence and purpose of their modified major. This rationale, signed by the department Chair, must be submitted with the major card to the Registrar.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR

The minor in Anthropology comprises six courses, which include Anthropology 1 or 3 plus one course in ethnography, one course in biological anthropology, one course in archaeology, and two additional courses within the department to be selected by the student. If Anthropology 3 is not taken in fulfillment of the first requirement, then one of the two courses selected by the student must be a cultural anthropology course.

HONORS PROGRAM

Students applying to the honors program must meet the minimum college requirements of a 3.0 grade point average and a 3.3 grade point average in the major. By the end of the third term preceding their graduation, applicants will ordinarily have completed, with a minimum grade of A-, a preparatory reading course (Anthropology 85) and will have submitted an honors thesis proposal for work to be supervised by a primary faculty advisor. Admission to the program is by vote of the department faculty, which may appoint one or more secondary advisors.

Students admitted to the honors program must enroll in Anthropology 88, in addition to the courses ordinarily required in the major. The honors project, which culminates in a substantial independent thesis, will be submitted to the primary advisor at least four weeks prior to graduation. Those students completing the program with a grade of A- or higher in their honors course will receive honors recognition in the major. High honors may be awarded by faculty vote for truly exceptional work.

SUMMARY OF ANTHROPOLOGY CURRICULUM

The subject areas within the curriculum are given in the table below.

Ethnography: Anthropology 4, 12.1, 12.2, 12.5, 25, 26, 27, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 52.

Cultural: Anthropology 3, 9, 12.3, 12.4, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 34, 44, 46, 47, 48, 51, 73.

Archaeology: Anthropology 5, 8, 11, 21, 22, 23, 24, 28, 30, 75.

Biological: Anthropology 6, 41, 42, 43, 78.

1. Introduction to Anthropology

05F, 06F: 10

A comprehensive study of humankind, the course will survey and organize the evidence of our biological and cultural evolution. It will explore the unity and diversity of human cultural behavior as exemplified in the widest variations in which this behavior has been manifest. Lectures and readings will describe the dialectical relationship between the material conditions of our existence, on the one hand, and, on the other, the unique human capacity for creativity both in thought and in action. The focus of this course will be not only to outline the conditions and conditioning of our cultural past and present, but also to indicate possibilities for future evolution of human culture and experience. Dist: SOC or INT. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Watanabe.

3. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

06W, 06S, 06X, 07S: 10

Cultural anthropology is the study of human ways of life in the broadest possible comparative perspective. Cultural anthropologists are interested in all types of societies, from hunting and gathering bands to modern industrial states. The aim of cultural anthropology is to document the full range of human cultural adaptations and achievements and to discern in this great diversity the underlying covariations among and changes in human ecology, institutions and ideologies. (CULT) Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Endicott, Didier, Alverson, Endicott.

4. Peoples and Cultures of Native North America (Identical to Native American Studies 10)

06W, 07W: 11

The course provides an introduction to the peoples and cultures of Native North America. Several indigenous groups (nations) from different “culture areas” are highlighted to emphasize particular forms of economy, social organization, and spirituality. The course focuses on the more traditional American Indian cultures that existed before the establishment of Western domination, as well as on the more recent native culture history and modern-day economic, sociopolitical and cultural continuity, change, and revitalization. The readings include works by anthropologists (Native and non-Native), American Indian academic and tribal historians and autobiographies.

Open to all classes. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Kan.

5. Reconstructing the Past: Introduction to Archaeology

06S, 07S:11

Archaeology is the anthropology of past human societies. It has three important goals: (1) studying culture history, (2) reconstructing past life-ways, and (3) understanding culture change. This course will introduce students to the basic principles used to interpret the material remains of past human behavior. Students will do a series of small projects designed to acquaint them with archaeological methods. Case studies will be discussed to demonstrate how archaeologists reconstruct past cultures and investigate changes in them. (ARCH) Dist: SOC. Abdi.

6. Introduction to Biological Anthropology

05F, 06F: 11

The major themes of biological anthropology will be introduced; these include the evolution of the primates, the evolution of the human species, and the diversification and adaptation of modern human populations. Emphasis will be given to (1) the underlying evolutionary framework, and (2) the complex interaction between human biological and cultural existences and the environment. (BIOL) Dist: SCI. Korey.

7. First-Year Seminars in Anthropology

Consult special listings

8. The Rise and Fall of Prehistoric Civilizations

06F: 10

The transformations involved in the evolution from small, non-hierarchical, kinship-based societies to complex state organizations are examined in this course. Basic issues covered will include the change from food-collecting to food-producing societies (‘the Neolithic Revolution’), the development of ranking and stratification, and the emergence of central places and the first cities. Theories of the evolution of civilizations are discussed, and students will become acquainted with archaeological methods of reconstructing past sociopolitical systems. The civilizations considered include Mesopotamia in the Near East, Egypt, the Harappan civilization of the Indus Valley, Teotihuacan and the lowland Maya of Mesoamerica, and the Aztec and Inca Empires. (ARCH) Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Nichols.

9. Introduction to the Study of Language and Culture

06X: 12

This course will introduce students to the study of human language as a species-specific endowment of humankind. In this investigation we will examine such issues as: 1) the relationship between language use (e.g. metaphoric creativity) and cultural values, 2) the relationships between language diversity and ethnic, political, economic stratification, 3) language use and the communicating of individual identity, thoughts, and intentions in face-to-face interaction, 4) the cultural patterning of speech behavior, and 5) whether or not the structure of specific languages affects the characteristics of culture, cognition, and thought in specific ways. (CULT) Dist: SOC. Alverson.

11. Ancient Native Americans (Identical to Native American Studies 11)

07W: 10A

This course provides an introduction to the ancient societies of North America. Discussion begins with a consideration of the wider social context of archaeological views of Native Americans and how these have changed over time. The course examines the populating of the Americas and related controversies. We then concentrate on the subsequent development of diverse pre-Columbian societies that included hunter-gatherer bands in the Great Basin, the Arctic, and the sub-Arctic; Northwest Coast chiefdoms; farmers of the Southwest, such as Chaco Canyon and the desert Hohokam; and the mound-builders of the Eastern Woodlands. (ARCH) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Nichols.

12. Experimental Courses

06W: 2A, 2A06S: 10, 10A 2A

In 06W at 2A, 12.1 The Ritual Life of South Asia (Identical to Religion 79, pending Faculty approval). As the birthplace of numerous religious traditions (including Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism), and as the home of the largest cohort of Muslims in the modern world, the South Asian subcontinent functions as a remarkable melting pot of sacred doctrine and ritual practice. Contemporary events demonstrate, however, that the region can also serve as a cauldron of hatred, intolerance and violence. To explore this world of remarkable religiosity, we will focus not on sacred texts or ancient history, but on the ritual practices that infuse daily life in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The importance of these religious rituals is reflected not only in terms of vast public and private participation, but also in the attempts by the state and its various leaders to harness the power- -be it spiritual, economic or political--that ritual can often unleash. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; W Cult: NW. Didier.

In 06W at 2A, 12.5 The Politics of Latin@ Ethnography (Identical to Latino Studies 46, pending faculty approval). Ethnography, as a set of both methodological and textual practices, is central to anthropology. In this course we will explore the development of Latin@ ethnographic traditions by examining tensions emerging out of and in response to ethnographic writing. Latin@ critiques to ethnographic projects that construct Latin@s as homogenous, pathological, and pre-modern have taken various forms. In this course we will consider Latin@ ethnographic, autobiographical, and literary texts that grapple with issues of representation (gender, class, sexuality, race), power, and history to understand the socially constructed nature of Latin@ culture in its varied regional and ethnic contexts. (ETHN) Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Gutiérrez Nájera.

In 06S at 10, 12.2 Anthropology of Contemporary Japan. As the first non-Western country to achieve economic parity with the West, Japan has long occupied the margins of the anthropological world. Although it is often branded as “exotic” and “inscrutable,” it is also widely admired for its main exports: pop culture and technology. In this course we will study Japan through its educational institutions, occupational categories, gender roles, class hierarchies, and the racial ideologies that render most minorities invisible in that country. Recognizing that all ethnographic accounts are always “situated,” thereby reflecting the values and biases of their authors, we will strive to relate our readings to the context of their production. At the same time we will strive to understand what is like to live, work, and play in Japan - a society that is presently undergoing rapid and profound social change. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Cullinane.

In 06S at 10A, 12.3 Anthropology of Art. This course examines the roles that art plays in the world’s diverse cultures. We will explore symbolism in art and how form can be associated with different kinds of social, religious, and cosmological meanings. Virtually all societies have decorative forms that most of us would consider art. We will consider a variety of questions: Why art is central to some societies and much less important in others? How does art communicate common meanings? (CULT) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Welsch.

In 06S at 2A, 12.4 Museum Anthropology. This course explores the role museums and museum collections have played in the history of anthropology and in anthropological research. The course will emphasize “hands on” approaches to analysis of objects in the Hood Museum, in exhibiting cultures, and in the ethics of collecting. We will also consider how anthropologists have begun to contribute to the ongoing dialogue about the role museums can and should play in framing historical and social trends for the public. (CULT) Dist: SOC. Welsch.

14. Death and Dying

07S: 10A

Death is a universal human experience, yet attitudes and responses toward it develop out of interplay between an individual’s personality and her/his sociocultural background. The course uses anthropological, historical, and biographical works, novels and films, to explore the meaning of death in different cultures. Particular attention is paid to understanding ideas about the person, emotions, and the afterlife, and the analysis of mortuary rituals and the experience of the dying and the survivors. An anthropological perspective on the development of the modern American mode of dealing with death and dying is offered and mass death in the twentieth century is discussed. (CULT) Dist: SOC or INT. Kan.

15. Political Anthropology

06F: 2A

The political anthropology of non-Western societies raises basic questions concerning the nature of authority, coercion, persuasion, and communication in both small-scale and complex societies. Classical approaches to problems of freedom and order are challenged through examples drawn from various societies. Topics include the ideologies and language of political domination, revolution, wealth, and the transition to post-modern societies are assessed, as are factions, knowledge and control, state secrecy, state and non-state violence, and religious fundamentalism. (CULT) Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Eickelman.

16. Secrecy and Lying in Politics, Law and Society (Identical to Public Policy 81.7)

06X: 10A

Claims to secret knowledge - in families, organizations, and states - is a form of authority over those who do not possess it. This seminar explores how claims to secret knowledge and lying relate to the institutional and cultural frameworks in which knowledge is produced, the use of “leaks” to challenge hierarchical controls and sometimes sustain them, and the ways in which secrecy, deception, and lying form a necessary and often desirable part of social, political, and economic life. (CULT) Dist: SOC. Eickelman.

17. The Anthropology of Health and Illness

06S, 07S: 12

This course will examine how people in various cultures define and make sense of illness and what they do about it. We will consider the metaphors and symbols attached to diseases and healing rituals, asking whether and how ritual really works. We will explore the role of ritual healing in modern society, as well as in pre-industrial societies. We will compare indigenous and Western forms of medical practice to discover universal aspects of the tasks of medical care. In recent years there has been an increasing demand for anthropologists to work with physicians in many areas of medicine, among them mental illness, drug abuse, and AIDS. This course will introduce students to anthropological methods and knowledge that contribute to efforts to solve some of the puzzles of disease and illness. (CULT) Dist: SOC or INT. Cullinane (06S), the staff (07S).

18. Introduction to Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology

05F, 06F: 3A

This course will introduce students to the premier method of empirical research in cultural anthropology: participant observation, and associated informal dialogue and interviewing. We will study techniques for planning and carrying out such research, and for recording, checking validity and reliability, storing, coding, analyzing and writing up of ethnographic data. Students will undertake “mini-research projects,” and become familiar with basic ethical issues, informed consent, writing of research proposals, formulating research contracts, and sharing results with cooperating individuals and groups. Note: Students’ research projects will be carried out in various cooperating social service agencies in the Upper Valley. Each student must be prepared during the term to travel regularly by public transport or otherwise to, and spend significant time in, one of these agencies, working closely there with members of the staff and clients/consumers.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 1 or 3 or one ethnography/culture area course. (CULT) Dist: SOC. Alverson.

19. Islam: An Anthropological Approach (Identical to Religion 79, pending Faculty approval)

06W, 06F: 10A

This course challenges conventional approaches to the study of Islam. The anthropological approach values the study of sacred texts, critical historical moments, and influential activists, it focuses on Islam in practice, as it is lived by Muslims whose voices are seldom heard, who have little prominence in intellectual or political circles, and gives equal weight to the Muslim experience in the Middle East and to the majority of Muslims who live elsewhere and who have contributed to the vitality of the Islamic tradition. Ethnographic fieldwork and social history serve as our window onto the world of modern Islamic diversity and contested meanings and practices. Viewing religion “from the bottom up” thus contributes to re-thinking popular assumptions concerning what “authentic” Islam entails and who speaks for Islam. (CULT) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Didier, Eickelman.

21. The Aztecs (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 42)

Not offered in the period from 05F through 07S

22. Prehispanic Civilizations of Mesoamerica (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 43)

06F: 12

The area encompassing Mexico and part of northern Central America provided the setting for two major transformations in human prehistory: the development of maize agriculture and the emergence of cities and civilizations. The legacy of those achievements is evident today among contemporary Latin American societies. We examine how the New World was populated and discuss the development of agriculture and early villages that laid the foundations for one of Mesoamerica’s earliest complex society, the Olmec. We then look at the civilizations of the Maya, Zapotec, and Teothuacan Mexican civilizations and their successors, including the Toltecs. The course ends with an overview of the Aztec empire at the time of the Spanish Conquest. (ARCH) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Nichols.

23. Civilization of the Ancient Near East

06S: 2

Often hailed as the “Cradle of Civilization,” the ancient Near East witnessed many major developments in the human career, including the origins of villages and cities, food production, states and empires, and writing. This course will trace the roots of Near Eastern civilization from early sedentary villages to complex political formations. It will also survey socio-political and cultural developments - including religion, literature, and arts and crafts - in Mesopotamia, Persia, Anatolia, and the Levant. (ARCH) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Abdi.

24. Civilization of Ancient Egypt

07S: 2

The most majestic of ancient civilizations, Egypt holds a special place in human history. This course will begin with a consideration of how the environment and geography of Egypt shaped the course of Egyptian civilization from the archaic period to the Roman conquest. It will focus on the distinctive features of Egyptian civilization, including the cosmology, institution of kingship, and characteristic style of art and architecture. (ARCH) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Abdi.

25. The Land of the Totem Poles: Native Peoples of the Northwest Coast (Identical to Native American Studies 49)

05F, 07S: 2A

With their complex social organization, elaborate ceremonies, fascinating mythology, and flamboyant “art,” the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast represent a truly unique “culture area” of Native North America. The course surveys several cultures of this region (from the coast of Oregon to southeastern Alaska), drawing upon early travelers’ accounts, anthropological works, native testimony, artifacts from the Hood Museum of Art, and films. Lectures, class discussions, and student presentations will deal with the “classic” Northwest Coast cultures of the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries as well as their modern versions. Open to all classes. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Kan.

26. Tribes, Kingdoms, and Nation-States: An Introduction to Southeast Asia (Identical to Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 16)

06W: 2

The cultures of Southeast Asia are remarkably varied, ranging from elaborate Hinduized civilizations (Bali) and modern city-states (Singapore) to “hill tribes” (e.g., the Meo of Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam) and nomadic foraging bands (e.g., the Semang of Malaysia). This course is a survey of Southeast Asian societies focusing on the question of why their cultures take the form they do. This entails an examination of the modes of environmental adaptation of the various peoples, their integration into regional and world-wide systems, and the historical influences of the great civilizations of India, China, the Middle East, and Europe. The course looks at how Southeast Asians live and at the religions that give meaning to their lives. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Endicott.

27. Thought and Change in the Middle East and Central Asia (Identical to Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 5)

Not offered in the period from 05F through 07S

28. Origins of Food Production

07W: 10A

The emergence of food production marks a turning point in human history. No longer dependent on hunting and gathering, but armed with a food producing economy, humankind embarked on a path leading to the conquest of the globe. We will review theories on the origins of food production, continue with an archaeological history of common domesticates, and study how food production spread to the rest of the world, transforming the economic and social organization of human societies all around the globe. (ARCH) Dist: SOC or INT. Abdi.

30. Archaeology of Early Humans

Not offered in the period 05F through 07S.

31. The Politics of Latin@ Ethnography (Pending faculty approval) (Identical to Latino Studies 46)

06F: 11

Ethnography, both as a set of methodological and textual practices, is central to anthropology. In this course we will explore the development of Latin@ ethnographic traditions by examining tensions emerging out of and in response to ethnographic writing. Latin@ critiques to ethnographic projects that construct Latin@s as homogenous, pathological, and pre-modern have taken various forms. In this course we will consider Latin@ ethnographic, autobiographical, and literary texts that grapple with issues of representation (gender, class, sexuality, race), power, and history to understand the socially constructed nature of Latin@ culture in its varied regional and ethnic contexts. (ETHN) Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Gutiérrez Nájera.

33. Crossing Over: Latino Roots and Transitions (Identical to Latino Studies 44)

06S: 2

This course focuses on the experiences of Mexican, Central American, Cuban, Dominican, and Puerto Rican migrants living in the US. The literature will be drawn from anthropology and its neighboring disciplines in an attempt to understand the social, political, and economic processes that shape the varied experiences of Latino migrants living in the United States. In so doing the class will examine Latino migrant experiences in relation to issues such as the changing character of capitalism as an international system, the organizing role of networks and families, changing patterns of gender relations, the emergence of a second generation, and the cultural politics of class formation. (ETHN) Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Gutiérrez Nájera.

34. Comparative Perspectives on the U.S.-Mexican Borderlands (Identical to Latino Studies 45)

06W: 10A06F: 2

The borderlands will be examined in ways that take us from a concrete analysis of the region, including conflict and organizing efforts at the border to more abstract notions that include strategies of cultural representations and the forging of new identities. We will consider several analytical perspectives relevant to anthropology including gender, identity, resistance, economics, globablization, migration, and the politics of everyday life. (CULT) Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Gutiérrez Nájera.

35. Culture, Class, and Community in Contemporary Mesoamerica (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 41)

07S: 9L

A comparative study of the Hispanic and indigenous societies of Mexico and Guatemala, this course will focus upon the synthesis of three developments that play a major role in the problems of nation-building and the formation of national consciousness in this region of the world: (a) the mixing of Spanish and pre-Columbian civilizations that has led to the creation of vital, if contradictory, indigenous cultures; (b) the role of conflicting social relations between the masses and elites and their effect upon demographic, economic, and intellectual developments; and (c) the new geopolitical importance of this region for the U.S. and the reciprocal growing influences of Hispanic culture in contemporary North America.

Prerequisite: One course in Anthropology or Latin American, Latino and Caribbean Studies. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Watanabe.

36. Culture and Culture Change in Post-Colonial Africa (Identical to African and African American Studies 44)

06W: 12

This course will survey principal changes in institutions and ideologies which have taken place in rural and in urban communities of southern, central, and west Africa over the past half century. Emphasis will be placed on study of the responses and adaptations of indigenous arts (cultural, architectural, ritual, and healing) and associated cultural ideologies to the intrusions into, and appropriations of, African communities by Western institutions and interests. Case study material will draw on peoples of the modern African nations: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Congo, Cameroon, Nigeria, Ghana, Ivory Coast and Mali.

Prerequisite: One introductory course in anthropology or in AAAS or by permission. (ETHN). Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Alverson.

37. Legacies of Conquest: Latin America (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 45)

06F: 12

Despite nearly five hundred years of conquest, colonialism, and change, native peoples still survive in culturally distinct enclaves within the dominant Iberian traditions of Latin America. This course examines the roots as well as the endemic social inequalities and prejudices that resulted. Selected case studies will relate to such contemporary problems as international drug trafficking, deforestation of the Amazon basin, and ongoing political repression and revolution in Central America. The course draws on the insights of local ethnographic studies to shed light on global problems, while anthropologically situating native cultures of Latin America in their larger historical and geopolitical context.

Prerequisite: One course in anthropology or Latin American and Caribbean Studies. (ETHN). Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NW. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Watanabe.

38. Peoples of Oceania

05F, 06F: 12

This course will deal with the ancient, historical, and contemporary aboriginal peoples of Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and New Guinea. It will investigate migrations of humans into the Pacific, their adaptation to the island environments, the variety of sociocultural systems that arose, and the relationships between the various peoples of the region. It will also consider some effects on Oceanic cultures of trade, colonialism, missionaries, the second world war, tourists, ethnic self-consciousness, and national independence.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 1 or 3 or permission of the instructor. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Endicott.

39. Multiethnic Russian Empire under the Tsarist, Soviet, and Post-Soviet Regimes

07W: 2

This course explores the emergence of ethnic identity and nationalism among the peoples of the Russian empire, the Soviet Union and their successor states. Drawing on anthropological and historical works, it examines the process of formation of a centralized multiethnic Russian empire and the liberation struggle of its nationalities prior to 1917. It then proceeds to the crucial period of 1917 - 1991 and explores the theory and practice of nationalities politics of the Bolshevik, Stalinist, and late Soviet socialism. The dissolution of the USSR, the rise of interethnic conflicts, and the relations between ethnic groups in Russia and the successor states are the focus of the second half of the course, where several case studies are discussed in depth. (ETHN) Dist: SOC; Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Kan.

41. Hominid Evolution

07W: 2A

This course examines human evolution primarily from the perspectives of paleontology and archaeology. It emphasizes contemporary attempts to reconstruct the hominid past by drawing variously upon morphological, ecological, and cultural considerations. Attention is also given to the patterns of biomolecular variation illuminating the origin of the human lineage and on the subsequent appearance of the modern species.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 6 or permission of the instructor. (BIOL) Dist: SCI. Korey.

42. Biological Diversity in Modern Populations

06W, 07W: 10A

The processes and factors shaping the biological variability of the living human species are examined in this course. The adaptive and historical connections between human biology, culture, and environment are explored mainly from the perspective of human population genetics, whose principles are developed in formal terms. Topics include the distribution and organization of genetic diversity, the influences of natural and cultural selection on the human genome, and the patterning of traits of complex and multifactorial inheritance. While knowledge of calculus is not a prerequisite, some mathematical preparation is highly recommended.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 6 or permission of the instructor. (BIOL) Dist: SCI. Korey.

43. Human Osteology

05F, 06F: 2

This course is concerned with analysis of skeletal remains of earlier human populations. Topics include bone morphology, principles of bone growth and remodelling, biomechanical aspects of bone structure, analysis of variation within and between populations, paleopathology, and paleodemography. Practical techniques, emphasizing fragment identification, aging, and sexing, are intensively developed in regular laboratory sessions and are central to the course. Prerequisite: Anthropology 6 or permission of the instructor. (BIOL) Dist: SLA. Korey.

44. Globalization from Above and Below (pending Faculty approval)

07W: 12

Globalization is used to describe various differing social, economic, and political processes. Most commonly, globalization is used to refer to increasing interconnections of people, ideas, and money across the world. While some scholars may praise the connections offered by globalization, others provide more critical accounts of the homogenizing impacts of globalization on culture, and the exploitative nature of transnational corporations of both people and the natural environment. In this course we examine the ways that globalization is producing a world that is changing through increased interconnectedness, i.e. “globalization from above.” We will also look at new forms of mobilization on the ground that challenge various forms of inequalities, i.e. “globalization from below.” (CULT) Gutiérrez Nájera.

46. Culture, Economy, and Development Policy in the World’s Poorer Regions

05F: 11

This course will review some key assumptions and concepts of economic and of cultural analysis which have been applied to the study, of, and policy planning for, “economic development.” Important debates within anthropology, which have been informed by different schools of economic thought will be presented. Important outcomes of these debates, upon which much development policy formulation, development planning, and project implementation have been predicated, will be appraised by means of case studies from among small-scale rural and urban communities of Africa, South America or South Asia.

Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Prerequisite: ANTH 1 or 3 or permission of the instructor; ECON 1 or equivalent is useful preparation. (CULT) Dist: SOC: WCult: NW. Alverson.

47. Hunters and Gatherers

05F: 10

This course explores the hunting and gathering way of life, the sole means of human subsistence until the development of agriculture 10,000 years ago, now represented by only a few dozen groups around the world. We will examine a number of hunting and gathering peoples living in highly disparate environments - deserts, tropical forests, arctic regions - in an attempt to discover how they adapt to their natural and social environments, how they organize and perpetuate their societies, and how they bring meaning to their lives through religion. Understanding contemporary hunter-gatherers illuminates the workings of earlier human societies as well as fundamental features of human society in general, such as the sexual division of labor.

Prerequisite: One introductory Anthropology course. (CULT) Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Endicott.

48. The Anthropology of Religion

06S, 07S: 11

In this course religions are seen as cultural systems which give shape and meaning to the world in which people live and provide a means, in the form of rituals, by which they can attempt to manipulate those worlds. The emphasis is on understanding non-Western religions, especially those of tribal peoples, through the interpretation of myth, ritual, and expressed beliefs. The role of religion as a social institution is also examined. Alternative approaches to the interpretation of myth, ritual symbolism, deity conceptions, witchcraft, etc., are explored.

Prerequisite: One course in Anthropology or Religion or permission of the instructor. (CULT) Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Kan, Watanabe.

51. Colonialism and Its Legacies in Anthropological Perspective

06W, 07W: D.F.S.P.

Between the early 16th and mid 20th centuries, European nations and Japan colonized much of the rest of the world. This course looks at the history of colonialism in various parts of the world, focusing on the similarities and differences between colonialism as practiced by different colonial rulers in different regions at different times. It also traces the ways in which the colonial process and experience has shaped the world we live in today, both in developed and developing nations, in such areas as political systems, economic systems, religions, and interethnic relations.

Prerequisite: Any two courses in anthropology; Anthropology 38 highly recommended. (CULT) Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Watanabe, Endicott.

52. Introduction to Maori Society

06W, 07W: D.F.S.P.

This course is an introduction to the study of traditional and contemporary Maori society and culture. Topics for study include pre-European Maori history, origin and migration traditions, land ownership and use, religion, leadership, meeting ground (marae) protocols, the colonial experience, struggles of resistance and of cultural recovery. (ETHN) Dist: SOC. WCult: NW.

54. Foreign Study in Anthropology

06W, 07W. D.F.S.P.

Credit for this course is awarded to students who have successfully completed the designated course in the department of Anthropology at the University of Auckland during the Dartmouth foreign study program in Anthropology and Linguistics and Cognitive Science.

Prerequisite: Two courses in Anthropology. Dist: SOC.

60. Who Owns Native Culture? (Identical to Native American Studies 54)

06W, 07W: 2A

One of the key goals of Native American Studies is to re-center the representation of Indians from the perspective of Native American peoples and communities. This course will examine the structural and the disciplinary constraints that prevent this goal from being realized, as well as the potential intellectual downfalls of this goal. In particular, the course will explore the critiques of academic representation and research practices offered by contemporary Native American scholars and place them in dialogue with scholars from the ‘dominant’ disciplines that study Indians - anthropology, history, and literature.

Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Ranco.

Culminating Seminars

Enrollment in all culminating seminars will normally be limited to seniors, with others by permission.

73. Main Currents in Anthropology

05F: 1206F: 3B

In this course we will examine the major frameworks (and major protagonists of each) which/who have advanced anthropology’s investigation, understanding, and explanation of human culture(s). Those anthropologists whose contributions to anthropology we will study, are Bronislaw Malinowski, A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, Mary Douglas, Claude Levi-Strauss, Marshall Sahlins, Clifford Geertz, Victor Turner, Marvin Harris, Maurice Godelier, and certain proponents of the post-modern interpretive school of anthropology. (CULT) Dist: SOC. Watanabe, Alverson.

75. Ecology, Culture, and Environment

07W: 2A

Anthropology’s interest in the interactions of humans and their environments has been long-standing, especially in archaeology. In this seminar we will consider changing conceptual frameworks for understanding human-environmental interactions and long-standing debates about nature vs. culture, materialist vs. symbolic approaches, the development of cultural ecology, and the new “ecologies.” We will draw on the research of archaeologists, biological and sociocultural anthropologists, geographers, and historians. (ARCH) Dist: SOC. Nichols.

78. Genes, Culture and Behavior: A Sociology of Science

06W: 2A

This is an interdisciplinary culminating seminar for senior anthropology majors; it also fulfills the department’s requirement for a course in biological anthropology. The central theme of the seminar concerns the framing of the modern discourse on human genetics and evolution in light of extra-scientific attitudes and commitments - primarily ideological. Topics will include the eugenics movement and geneticists’ attitudes about race before World War II, reconstitution of physical anthropology in the postwar period, civil rights and feminism as precipitants of scientific revisionism, and contemporary debates on the significance of the genes as determinants of behaviors notably associated with race, sex, and sexual orientation. (BIOL) Dist: SOC. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. Korey.

85. Reading Course

All terms: Arrange

Students who would like to pursue intensive, supervised study in some particular aspect of anthropology will be expected to justify such study by means of a fully developed proposal which must gain the approval of the department. Normally open only to seniors.

Prerequisite: written permission of the department faculty member who will be advising the student.

87. Research Course

All terms: Arrange

This course is designed for the student who has an interest in research and a particular problem that he or she desires to investigate. A faculty adviser will be assigned to each student to supervise the work through regular meetings or conferences. Usually a formal paper embodying the results of the research is required. Any student desiring to enroll in Anthropology 87 must first submit a formal research proposal to the department. Consult with the Chair for details of such a proposal. Normally open only to seniors.

Prerequisite: written permission of the department faculty member who will be advising the student.

88. Anthropology Honors

All terms: Arrange

Open only to honors seniors by arrangement with the Chair. Admission to the honors program shall be by formal written proposal only. Consult with Chair concerning the details.

Prerequisite: written permission of the department faculty member who will be advising the student.