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Sociology

Chair: Misagh Parsa

Professors J. L. Campbell, R. L. Hall, M. Parsa; Associate Professor D. K. King; Assistant Professors D. L. Anthony, M. R. Herman, K. J. Lively; Visiting Associate Professor C. E. R. Bohmer; Adjunct Professor A. B. Flood.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE STANDARD MAJOR

The standard major in Sociology consists of ten courses, to be selected as follows:

1. Prerequisite: one introductory level course, either Sociology 1 or 2.

2. One theory course: Sociology 11 or 12.

3. One methods course: Sociology 10, 16 or 17. With approval of the Chair, a major may substitute one of the statistical analysis courses offered by the other social science departments or programs.

4. Seven additional courses in Sociology numbered 10 or higher. Majors are encouraged to identify an area of concentration within Sociology.

5. Standard majors must satisfy the culminating experience requirement by successfully completing any one of the following three options: Senior Independent Study Project (Sociology 90), The Sociological Imagination (Sociology 91) or Honors Thesis (Sociology 98). Brief descriptions of each option may be found under the course listings. Please consult the Department regarding specific procedures for each option. The culminating experience may be counted as one of the seven additional courses in Sociology numbered 10 or higher that are required for completion of the major. Note: Senior fellows who elect to complete a sociology major may fulfill this requirement through the successful completion of the senior fellow project.

Major schedules must be approved by a department faculty member.

NOTE: Except for introductory-level courses, higher course numbers DO NOT necessarily correspond with more advanced courses.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MODIFIED MAJOR

The modified major in Sociology consists of twelve courses, to be selected as follows:

1. Prerequisite: one introductory level course, either Sociology 1 or 2.

2. One theory course: Sociology 11 or 12.

3. One methods course: Sociology 10, 16 or 17. With approval of the Chair, a major may substitute one of the statistical analysis courses offered by the other social science departments or programs.

4. Five additional courses in Sociology numbered 10 or higher. Majors are encouraged to identify an area of concentration within Sociology.

5. Modified majors, must satisfy the culminating experience requirement by successfully completing any one of the following three options: Senior Independent Study Project, The Sociological Imagination or a Honors Thesis. Please consult the Department regarding specific procedures for each option.

6. Four related courses taken in one or more departments or programs.

Students establishing a modified major must submit a written statement of the proposed field or topic, plus a list of all courses to be taken for credit toward the modified major. The proposal should address the intellectual coherence of the proposed course of study. All modified majors must be approved by the Chair of the Sociology Department; and, when modified by a single department or program, by the chair of that department or program.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BASIC MINOR

The basic minor in Sociology consists of six courses, to be selected as follows:

1. Prerequisite: one introductory level course, either Sociology 1 or 2.

2. Five additional courses in Sociology numbered 10 or higher.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR IN MARKETS, MANAGEMENT AND THE ECONOMY

The Minor in Markets, Management and the Economy consists of six courses, to be selected as follows:

1. One introductory course, either Sociology 1 or 2.

2. Five of the following courses, two of which must be Sociology 22, 27, or 66:

20 Sociology of Law

22 Markets and Management

23 Power, Politics and the State

27 Organizations in Society

28 Health Care and Health Care Policy

41 Capitalism, Class and Race

62 Urbanism and Urbanization

66 The Sociology of International Development

80 Independent Study (in Markets, Management and the Economy)

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR IN SOCIAL INEQUALITIES

The Minor in Social Inequalities consists of six courses, to be selected as follows:

1. One introductory course, either Sociology 1 or 2.

2. Five of the following courses, one of which must be Sociology 40, 41, or 42 

(courses must be taken from at least two subtopics):

12 Sociological Classics

20 Sociology of Law

40 The Structure of Inequality

41 Capitalism, Class and Race

42 Constructing Race and Ethnicity in the U.S.

43 Dangerous Intersections: Race, Class and Gender

44 Complexities of Latino Identity in the U.S.

45 Educational Issues Among Immigrant Children

46 Constructing Black Womanhood

60 Gender, Marriage and Brave New Families: Sociology of Reproduction

61 Women, Society and Change

62 Urbanism and Urbanization

63 The North American City

64 Immigration, Race and Ethnicity

67 Social Movements

78 Advanced Course: Intergroup Conflict in Multinational States

80 Independent Study (in Social Inequalities)

Subtopics: Class and General Inequalities:

Sociology: 20, 40, 43, 63, 67, 78

Ethnicity: Sociology 42, 44, 45, 46, 64

Gender: Sociology 46, 60, 61

All minors must be approved by a departmental faculty member.

OFF-CAMPUS STUDY

Off-Campus Program in Copenhagen

Students in any social science major may apply to participate in the Sociology Department’s off-campus student exchange program, which is held during the Fall term at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. The University of Copenhagen offers a special set of social science courses taught in English by Copenhagen faculty. Students may choose courses in sociology, anthropology, government and economics, and take the normal course load of a full-time student. Applications are received in early February and selections are made during that term. Students who apply are required to have an overall grade point average of at least 3.0. For further information, see Professor Campbell.

SOCIOLOGY HONORS

The Honors Program in Sociology consists of advanced independent study under the direction of a faculty supervisor, culminating in the completion and presentation to the department of an honors thesis. A major who successfully completes an honors thesis in Sociology will also satisfy the culminating experience in the major. The program is open to any major who satisfies the minimum college honors requirements, including a 3.0 GPA overall, has a 3.3 GPA in the major, and has completed all theory and methods requirements for the major prior to submission of the thesis proposal.

Toward the end of the junior year a prospective honors major should identify a faculty member in the department who is willing to serve as a thesis advisor in order to discuss the proposed thesis. Advisors must confirm that they will be on campus during the two terms in which the student takes Sociology 98 (sociology honors credits) unless other arrangements are made. A written thesis proposal must be submitted to the advisor no later than the end of the third week of the third term prior to graduation (typically fall term, senior year), and preferably earlier. After the proposal has been approved by the advisor and a copy filed with the department the student is accepted into the honors program.

All honors majors must take Sociology 98 twice for thesis credit during the senior year, although exceptions may be permitted. Because only one term of Sociology 98 counts as one of the seven additional courses numbered 10 or higher that are required for completion of the major, taking a second term of Sociology 98 means that Honors students will typically take at least 11 course credits in Sociology. At the end of the first term of Sociology 98 the student’s progress toward the completion of the thesis is evaluated by the advisor in consultation with the department. If satisfactory progress is not being made, then the thesis project may be terminated and a grade given for the first term of thesis credit.

A preliminary draft of the thesis must be turned into the thesis advisor no later than the end of the fifth week of the second term of Sociology 98, and preferably earlier. Once revisions have been made, two (2) copies of the completed thesis (one bound and one unbound) must be turned into the thesis advisor no later than the end of the eighth week of the second term of Sociology 98. Another bound copy must be brought to the Rauner Library. The thesis will be graded by the thesis advisor and a second reader appointed by the department. Students receiving a B+ (3.33) or higher on the thesis will receive honors recognition in the major. High honors may be awarded by faculty vote for truly exceptional work.

Students interested in participating in the program should obtain the handout “The Sociology Honors Program” from the Department Office. Students can also consult the website: www.dartmouth.edu/~socy/honors.html.

TRANSFER CREDITS

Upon approval by the Chair, a maximum of two course credits for work taken elsewhere may be counted toward the major and a maximum of one course credit for work taken elsewhere may be counted toward the minor. Modified majors must complete at least five sociology courses at Dartmouth, beyond the prerequisite. Also, certain courses, such as Sociology 1, 2, 10, 11 and 12 are almost always required to be taken at Dartmouth. Typically, transfer credit will only be approved for sociology courses not regularly offered by the Department. Students contemplating taking major, modified major and minor courses elsewhere should thus consult the Chair well in advance, to assure that appropriate transfer credits will be accepted.

I. INTRODUCTORY COURSES

1. Introductory Sociology

04F, 05F: 9

What is Society? How have societies developed historically? How do they distribute wealth, income and other resources? How do they organize political authority and economic power? How do they coordinate work? How do they socialize people to “fit in” with those around them? How do they produce popular culture? This course provides answers to these questions in ways that provide an introduction to the field of sociology. It focuses on a broad range of theory and research showing how sociologists think about and study these questions. In many cases, the topics covered in the course reflect the research interests and course offerings of faculty in the sociology department at Dartmouth. As a result, the course also provides an introduction to some of the curriculum offered in the department.

Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Campbell.

2. Social Problems

05W, 06W:10

Daily news reports direct much of our attention to social problems such as crime, poverty, prejudice and political corruption. Yet rarely are such reports accompanied by a discussion of the systematic causes of these problems. More often we become witness to an endless stream of media coverage reporting seemingly isolated incidents. Seldom are we informed of the decision-making process by which some social problems become selected for coverage, while others are ignored. The purpose of this course is to subject the coverage of modern social problems to an in-depth, critical analysis. We will attempt to answer such questions as: “how does a social problem become defined as such?” and “what are the causes or sources of various social problems?”

Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Anthony.

7. First-Year Seminars in Sociology

Consult special listings

II. THEORY AND METHODS

10. Quantitative Analysis of Social Data

Expected to be offered: consult the Department

This course provides an introduction to the methods and statistical techniques of quanti-tative analysis. The first part of the course deals with the methods of quantitative analysis (research design, conceptualization, operationalization, and measurement). The second part of the course introduces students to parametric and nonparametric statistics (frequency distributions, crosstabulations, measures of association, tests of significance, correlation, and bivariate regression). There is a strong emphasis in this course on applying the methods and techniques learned to actual social science data. No previous statistical or advanced mathematical training is assumed, but solid arithmetic and basic algebraic skills are necessary.

Prerequisite: Sociology 1 or 2, or permission of the instructor. Because of the large overlap in material covered, no student may receive credit for more than one of the following courses: Economics 10, Government 10, Mathematics 10, Psychology 10, Social Sciences 10, Mathematics and Social Sciences 15 or Sociology 10 by special petition. Dist: QDS.

11. Social Organization

04F, 05F: 11

How are societies organized? This course examines how social scientists answer this question by exploring a variety of contemporary theoretical perspectives, including those that focus on how conflict, functional needs, individual self-interest, cognitive perceptions, culture or symbolic interpretations organize society. Students compare, contrast and evaluate these and other theories of social organization in light of empirical studies that have tried to explain the genesis and dynamics of groups, formal organizations, social classes, nation states and global systems.

Prerequisite: Sociology 1 or 2, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC. Campbell.

12. Sociological Classics

Expected to be offered: consult the Department

This course introduces and criticizes the work of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber, three seminal writers whose ideas are still of enormous significance in shaping perspective and framing terms of argument among many major contemporary social and political thinkers. Among specific subjects to be covered are the following: class and class conflict; culture and ideology; forms and symbols of social solidarity; and questions of how shared ideals or divisive interests affect not just the study of human society, but the course of history itself.

Prerequisite: Sociology 1 or 2, or permission of the instructor. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV.

16. The Logic of Social Inquiry

05W, 05F: 10A

This course is designed to provide students with the practical tools of doing social science research and the theoretical background for scientific inquiry into social issues. In the first part of the course we will discuss the research process itself, as well as conceptual issues in theory building and hypothesis testing. In the second part, students will devise and carry out group and individual research projects around a substantive topic. Each project will involve a variety of research techniques, the exact use and applicability of which will be the topic of class discussions. In addition, we will discuss ethical issues and the relevance of social science research for policy making and for advocacy. Dist: SOC. Lively.

17. Survey Methods and Analysis

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course covers the conceptual and applied aspects of the survey process. Topics include deriving hypotheses from theories and conceptual models, operationalizing concepts, sampling, survey construction, data management, and statistical analysis. The course will focus on the entire survey process from the initial construction of the survey to the analysis of the survey’s data. The course does not require a background in statistical analysis nor more mathematical background than high school algebra. The primary goal of the course is to enable students to be critical users of survey methods. Students will gain both a familiarity with the strengths and weaknesses of these methods and become reasonably proficient with using a statistical package (SPSS) to manage data, analyze, and derive meaningful conclusions about social phenomena. Dist: TAS.

19. Special Topics in Theory and Methods

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

III. INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS

20. Sociology of Law

05F: 2

This course will consider the relationship between law and society, analyzing law as an expression of cultural values, a reflection of social and political structure, and an instrument of social control and social change. Complementing this general perspective will be a more detailed examination of selected legal institutions, such as the court system, the police, regulatory agencies, and the legal profession. Readings will include both theoretical works and empirical studies.

Prerequisite: Sociology 1 or 2, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. King.

21. Introduction to Political Sociology

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course examines the relationship between the social and political order with a view towards identifying and examining how politics is shaped by other events in societies and in turn shapes them. Readings and discussions will focus on the close connection between the political arena and its actors and social institutions. Attention is given to sociological aspects of the family, communities, economic institutions, and political parties. Special emphasis is placed on the dynamics of political power, participation, socialization, communication, and recruitment.

Prerequisite: Sociology 1 or 2, Government 5 or 6 or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

22. Markets and Management

05W: 9

What is money? How do people find jobs? Are markets competitive or cooperative? This course examines these and other questions about how economic behavior is organized, operates and changes historically. It recognizes that economic activity is socially organized and guided by political, cultural and normative as well as economic principles. It explores how economic activity takes many forms, including groups of small competitive firms, large and powerful corporations, and diffuse networks of companies tied together through inter-firm alliances, business associations and other sorts of cooperative and competitive relations with each other, unions, government agencies and universities. It examines the organization and operation of different kinds of markets, different theories of how economic activity is organized, and the social factors that contribute to economic success or failure. It also investigates how managers, unions, policy makers and governments are coping with recent economic challenges, such as those posed by technological change and the globalization of economic activity. Because this is a course in economic sociology—not economics—no background in economics is required. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU or NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Campbell.

23. Power, Politics, and the State

06W: 9

In response to economic globalization, distrust of government, inequality, budget deficits, inflation, unemployment and other problems, the United States experienced a conservative shift in domestic policy during the 1980s and 1990s. This course explores the political struggles over these problems that led to the “right turn” in U.S. policy. To that end it explores several theoretical perspectives and research findings. In particular, the course examines how political and economic institutions, business, union, citizens, political elites, think tanks and political parties affected national policy in these problem areas. To highlight the unique features of the American case we will occasionally examine how other advanced capitalist countries tried to cope with similar problems. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Campbell.

24. Sociology of Education (Identical to Education 24)

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course introduces students to those aspects of sociological research and theory that are related directly to issues of education and schooling. The class investigates the functions of education, the relationship of education to other institutions, and the future of education in the United States. Some specific topics include school as an agency of socialization, selection, and stratification, the relationship between education and families, and the influence of socioeconomic background, race, and gender on education. (Sociology 24 may be taken for Education elective credit and Education 24 may be taken for Sociology elective credit.)

Prerequisite: one introductory Social Science course. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

25. Democracy and Democratization in Developing Countries

05S, 06S: 2A

The road to democratization in most countries in recent years has been marked by large- scale social movements. This course will begin with an examination of various theories of democracy and democratization. It will specifically analyze the role of class, culture, ideology, and religion in the democratization process. Finally, we will apply the theories to the three cases of South Korea, Indonesia, and Iran, three countries with mixed successes. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Parsa.

26. Trust in Society

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

Social science and popular press literature of the past decade suggests that trust is the cause of many “good” things, such as the source of group cooperation, the basis of democracy, the foundation of the market economy, the source of national economic power, the key, even, to morality itself. Given its relation to all things good, it is not surprising that some commentators speak with alarm when they claim that “trust is declining” in society. Is trust declining? What exactly is trust anyway, and why does it matter? In this course we explore the concept of trust by reading and discussing theoretical and empirical research from across the social sciences. Prerequisite: Sociology 1 or 2 and one other Sociology course. Dist: SOC. Anthony.

27. Organizations in Society

05W: 12

Much of modern life takes place within a wide variety of complex, formal organizations, from multi-national corporations, to churches, from social service agencies to volunteer organizations. In this course we will learn about the structure, internal processes, and environments of different forms of organization. Our focus is on sociological theories and empirical research, from a macro-sociological perspective. Our objective will be to learn about how organizations work, as well as to gain an understanding of the impact of organizations on society and in our lives. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Anthony.

28. Health Care and Health Care Policy

06W: 12

This course examines the health care system in the United States, focusing on the roles and operations of health care institutions and providers. The objective throughout the course is to develop a comprehensive and critical perspective on current fields and issues in medical sociology. The course consists of five sections, progressing from macro-level to micro-level analyses of the delivery of health care, and returning to the macro-level to discuss recent policy changes and debates in the health care system. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Anthony.

29. Sport and Society

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

The sociological study of sport in society can be approached in a number of ways: as a mechanism for the transmission of societal values; as a means of social participation; as a collective symbol and ritual; as an organized pattern of legitimated conflict and violence; as a group boundary reinforcing activity; as an alternate channel of social mobility; and as a social problem. From these general themes specific sociopsychological topics such as leadership, socialization, communication, conflict, and cooperation can be emphasized, along with issues of race, sex, ‘sport politics,’ and the ubiquitous problem of social inequality. This course examines sport as a complex socio-cultural phenomenon possessing political and economic consequences for individuals, groups, and society as a whole.

Prerequisite: Sociology 1 or 2. Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

30. Deviance and Social Control

06S: 11

Students of society seem always to have been fascinated with explaining why some members deviate from commonly accepted rules. This course examines the major sociological explanations of deviance. We will explore the identification of certain behaviors as deviant, the process of becoming deviant, the management of a deviant identity, and the development of deviant subcultures. The course concludes with an examination of societal reactions to and the treatment of deviance and deviants. Examples of deviant and social control activities that may be considered include prostitution, religious cults, youth gangs, witchcraft, the handicapped, and asylums.

Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors only. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. King.

38. Advanced Course: Corporate and Governmental Deviance

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

The purpose of this seminar is to explore the area of social behavior commonly known as white-collar crime. More specifically, the course examines the social, economic, political, and legal dynamics that contribute to the occurrence of professional and organizational misconduct in corporate, governmental, and non-profit settings. The course will also assess various legal and extralegal strategies for controlling such behaviors. Readings will include case studies of antitrust violations, environmental pollution, defective products, political corruption, scientific frauds, and unethical professional behavior.

39. Special Topics in Institutions and Organizations

04F: 10A, 10A 05W: 11, 11, 2A 05S: 2A 06W: 11

In 04F at 10A, Education and Inequality. This course is a survey of selected sociological concepts, theories, and their applications to problems in the sociology of education. The field of sociology of education is too broad to cover in a single course. Instead we will focus on a few topics in the field. This focus will provide the opportunity to analyze some highly controversial issues in a systematic and rigorous manner, and examine areas of current research interest and activity. Major topic areas include theories of achievement and educational attainment, tracking, inequality in school, inequality in the classroom, school organization, public vs. private: the great voucher debate, and race. Herman.

In 04F at 10A, Cultural Sociology. This course examines culture—its production, artifacts, practices and meanings—as a dynamic force shaping contemporary U. S. society. Within sociology, the term “culture” encompasses many things, from the micro-level, everyday constructions and understandings (e. g. personal identity and family life) to the macro-level, institutional production and deployment of culture in reproducing social hierarchies (e. g. nationalism or class and race stratification). This term, the notion of “home” will serve as the locus for our cultural explorations. Theoretical, empirical and interpretative materials may address: home as haven, housing and home ownership, status and hyper-consumerism, food and kitchen culture, leisure and popular culture, family values, agency and the cult of improvement. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. King.

In 05W at 11, Prisons: The American Way of Punishment. Prison as a place of confinement, punishment and rehabilitation is the focus of this survey of the history, philosophies, structure and operation of corrections in the United States. The course critically examines the concept of prison as a total institution and its panopticism as a model of social control that extends to other social contexts. The course will explore the world of inmates and their strategies of subcultural adaptations to and resistance against incarceration; as well as the role of the prison staff. Particular attention will be paid to how gender, race, economics and politics structure prison policies and dynamics. Specific topics may include cultural representations of prison life, implications of current sentencing practices, privatization and the prison-industrial complex, incarcerated mothers, capital punishment, juvenile justice, and alternatives to incarceration. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. King.

In 05W, 06W at 11, The Sociology of Globalization. The international scope of political, economic, and cultural activity has increased dramatically during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. But how extensive has the trend toward “globalization” been? Is it really a new phenomenon? Has globalization changed societies? If so, how? If not, why not? Are societies becoming more alike because they experience common globalization pressures or do they retain their unique national characteristics? This course examines these questions and more. Specifically, we will look at how globalization has affected business, states, labor movements, social inequality, social welfare, citizenship rights, the environment, culture, national security, and other aspects of society. Campbell.

In 05W at 2A, Reproductive Rights and Technology (Identical to Women’s and Gender Studies 33). This course will examine the rights surrounding a range of current reproductive issues and technologies from, a legal, feminist, and public policy perspective. The social construction of sexuality, reproduction, and motherhood will be discussed. We will consider social, political, and legal components of contraception, abortion, childbirth, surrogacy, adoption, and custody, as well as new reproductive technology. The major focus will be on the U.S., but a cross-cultural dimension will be included. Dist: SOC. Bohmer.

In 05S, Secular State and Religious Freedom in Latin America (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 80). This course will approach the question of the Secular State (or other forms of Church-State relations in Latin America) and recent developments concerning the definition of Religious Freedom. Theoretical discussions over Lay State and Secularization will be treated as the backbone of the course. We will discuss particularly the role of the Secular State and religious groups in the development of social and political systems, such as democratic or authoritarian regimes Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: NW. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: NW. Blancarte.

IV. INEQUALITY, IDENTITY, CULTURE

40. The Structure of Inequality

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course examines the causes and consequences of social inequalities along the lines of class, status, race, nationality and gender in a historical-comparative perspective. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

41. Capitalism, Class and Race

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course will examine the impact of capitalist economic development on class and race in the United States. Topics to be explored in the course include inequality, mobility, and conflict. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

42. Constructing Race and Ethnicity in the U.S. (Identical to Latino Studies 31)

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

What is ethnicity? What is race? What are the boundaries and markers for being a member of an ethnic or racial group? This course examines the development, maintenance and relevance of panethnic groups in the United States. Specifically it focuses on African- Americans, Latinos, and Asian-Americans. The course begins with a review of the theories on ethnic and racial identity. The class will spend several weeks on each panethnic group addressing the following questions: What does it mean to be African-American, Latino, or Asian-American? Who belongs to that group and why? Does the panethnic label capture the complexity of the group? Why is it necessary to construct panethnic identities and who benefits? What are the political ramifications of using panethnicity? Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

43. Dangerous Intersections: Race, Class and Gender

06W: 10A

Race, class or gender have, to varying degrees, traditionally been employed within the academic disciplines as separate variables or distinct categories of analysis. Increasingly, however, there are calls for and attempts at understanding the relationships among systems of race/ethnicity, sex/gender and class differentiation. Through engaging both theoretical and empirical works, this course will examine the ways in which the simultaneous and interdependent dynamics between these systems shape identity formation and life chances, relationships of marginality and privilege, social continuity and social conflict. It will critically explore the challenges and advantages of intersectional analysis in such contexts as play and leisure, economic roles, sexuality, and law. Dist: SOC. King.

44. Complexities of Latino Identity in the U.S. (Identical to Latino Studies 5)

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

The Latino population currently consists of approximately 30 million people in the United States and by the year 2050 the Census estimates that they will makeup at least 25 percent of the total U.S. population. This diverse group traces its origins to a variety of countries and their experience in the United States is quite varied. This seminar explores issues of race, class, and gender within the Latino community in the United States. The class will spend several weeks on various Latino groups (Chicanos, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Dominicans, Central and South Americans) examining their socio-economic experiences. Topics of discussion include issues of pan-ethnicity, representation of group politics, language, gender and class conflicts. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

45. Educational Issues Among Immigrant Children (Identical to Latino Studies 34 and Education 10)

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course examines some of the major issues immigrant children, especially Latinos in the United States face in the educational system, including bilingual education, tracking, dropouts/pushouts, retention, and access to higher education. The school as an organization will be analyzed as an institution of socialization, selection, and stratification. Other topics discussed are the nature of interpersonal encounters within the classrooms, the nature of pedagogy, and the opportunities for learning and development. This will be both a lecture and discussion course. Strong participation from students is expected. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

46. Constructing Black Womanhood (Identical to African and African American Studies 25 and Women’s and Gender Studies 33)

05W: 2

This course is a critical examination of the historical and contemporary status of black women in the United States, as presented in fiction, primary accounts, and social science literature. We will explore the nature, extent, and consequences of the multiple discriminations of race, sex, and class, as the context in which these women shaped their social roles and identities within the black community and the larger society. We will consider the themes of family, motherhood, and sexuality; educational, economic and political participation; aesthetics and religious traditions; self and social images. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. King.

47. Sociological Approaches to Social Psychology

05S: 11 06S: 10A

Social Psychology is the study of the relationships between the individual and society. It is an interdisciplinary field to which the work of sociologists, psychologists, and occasionally scholars from other disciplines is relevant. This course introduces students to social psychology primarily, although not exclusively, from a sociological perspective. First, the course will acquaint students with the range of theoretical perspectives that have been used to study social psychology. Second, it will familiarize students with empirical research that has been done to examine these theories. Third, it will permit students to explore particular social psychological issues in greater depth both within and across particular perspectives within social psychology. Lastly, the course will illustrate the relevance of sociology per se for social psychology as well as the relevance of social psychology for sociology. In sum, this course is a general survey of the field that enables students to develop a critical but constructive sense of the theoretical and methodological issues in social psychology, and an understanding of the relevance of social psychology for other aspects of sociology. Dist: SOC. Lively.

59. Special Topics in Inequality, Identity, Culture

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

V. SOCIAL CHANGE

60. Gender, Marriage and Brave New Families: The Sociology of Reproduction (Identical to Women’s and Gender Studies 33)

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

In this course we will examine issues concerning reproduction. We will explore and discuss ideas about sexuality, motherhood, birth, eugenics, population control, new reproductive technologies and reproductive freedom as well as uncover the role of the state, medical institutions and women themselves as they struggle over, and shape such issues. Our emphasis will be on understanding the socially constructed nature of these practices as well as the power relations embedded in them. The focus is on the U.S. but we will occasionally look to other countries for examples. Dist: SOC.

61. Women, Society and Change

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course will explore the nature, extent, and consequences of sexual inequalities in society. Sex roles will be examined in relation to class and race, the origins of patriarchy, the socialization process, the experience of women in the family, and the experience of women as paid and unpaid workers under both capitalism and socialism. Finally, we shall analyze feminism as a social movement, looking particularly at its history and ideology, its underlying assumptions, and its implications for social structural change. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

62. Urbanism and Urbanization

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course examines the causes and consequences of urbanization. Utilizing urban spatial analysis as the principal theoretical model to examine and explain urban dynamics, the primary focus of the course is on American cities, although comparative features of the urbanization process are highlighted as well. Sociological topics addressed include the following: urban theory; American urban history, urban locality groups; urban power structures; ‘urban psychology’; urban fiscal policy. Each time the course is given a special urban problem is addressed. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

63. The North American City

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

For generations of immigrants America’s cities were representative of the American Dream. While its streets may not have been ‘paved with gold’, they led to factories and jobs and the opportunity to rise up the socioeconomic ladder. The city was America’s vehicle for advancement and assimilation — the classic melting pot. Today, most Americans live and work in the suburbs that stretch for miles away from the central city. For that portion of the population denied this opportunity (poor, minorities), the American Dream remains unrealized. This course will examine the North American city, from its poorest and most violent inner city neighborhoods to its most affluent suburbs. Special emphasis will be placed upon the impact that demographic, economic, and technological changes have had upon its spatial and social structure. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

64. Immigration, Race and Ethnicity (Identical to Geography 28 and Latino Studies 40)

05S: 11 06S: 12

This course examines twentieth-century immigration to the United States. This course pays special attention to issues of race and ethnicity. The course begins with a brief history of US immigration and then thematically covers specific topics such as economic impacts and costs, social mobility, citizenship, transnationalism, assimilation, and religious issues and their relationship to the immigrant experience. We highlight differences within and between Latino, Asian, and European groups throughout the course. The class will be a combination of lectures, discussions, and video/film presentations. Class members are expected to have read material thoroughly and be prepared to discuss readings in class. On occasion students will be asked to present readings to the class and prepare discussion questions. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Wright.

65. Social Conflict in Comparative Perspective

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course examines the patterns and processes of the major forms of large-scale social conflict—ethnic, religious, racial, territorial, and linguistic — in a select number of multi-national states. In this age of globalization, of modern science and technology, of space exploration, these forms of conflict still account for the absence of peace and the ubiquity of social conflict in the vast majority of nations in the international system. In order to help us better understand social conflict, attention will be given to competing theories of human nature, social and political power, social inequality, resource competition, conflict resolution and so forth. Dist: INT.

66. The Sociology of International Development

06S: 10A

This course will introduce students to the major sociological perspectives on economic and political development, with emphasis on developing countries. Among the views to be considered are modernization, which assumes that later-developing countries will follow paths once traveled by today’s advanced countries; and dependency and world system theories, which view the integration of less developed countries into the world market as problematic and, under certain conditions, even disadvantageous. We will test these theories by applying them to specific cases. A major part of the course will focus on the economic ‘miracle’ of East Asian countries, as well as cases that have not been so successful. Other important topics to be studied include the influence of states, markets, and multinational corporations in economic development; the relationship between different modes of development and income distribution; and political development and the prospects for democratization. Open to all classes. Dist: INT. Parsa.

67. Social Movements

05S: 10A

Social movements are defined as non-institutionalized collective action geared to promote or resist change in social structures. Based on the premise that a large part of significant social change in modern societies stems from collective action, this course starts by examining various theories of social movements. These theories will then be examined in light of specific American social movements, such as the civil rights movement, the labor movement, the women’s movement, as well as others such as the KKK and the John Birch Society. For each of these cases, we will analyze the conditions leading to their rise, ideology, composition, course of development, and current status. Finally, the course will analyze conditions that lead to the formation of social movements that attempt to seize state power and transform the entire social structure. As an example, we will study the Russian revolution.

Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Parsa.

68. Social Change: Iran, Nicaragua, and the Philippines

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course begins with a theoretical investigation of large-scale social transformations, such as the rise of capitalism, industrialization, and the formation of alternative patterns of political systems. We will then analyze the social structures of three case studies: Iran, Nicaragua, and the Philippines, and the factors that led to change in each. The central themes include the patterns of economic development, the role of the state in promoting social change, the distribution of resources, and the nature of social conflicts and their outcomes. Dist: INT; WCult: NW. Parsa.

77. Advanced Course: Collective Behavior

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

Collective Behavior is concerned with those collectivities whose episodes may be distinguished as relatively spontaneous and transitory, falling outside the framework of generally accepted social and institutional behavior. Shared norms and enthusiasm in collective gatherings are among the most important forces affecting individual behavior in contemporary societies. Examples of this behavior are found in riots, crazes, panic flight, mobs, rumor, fashion, public, and mass. Members of the groups in which collective behavior takes place usually lack established procedures for making decisions, selecting members and leaders, and pursuing shared goals. This course will focus on theories and definition of the development, content, and social control of collective behavior.

Prerequisites: Sociology 1 or 2 or Psychology 1 or permission of the instructor.

78. Advanced Course: Intergroup Conflict in Multinational States

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This seminar examines the sources of social conflict in multinational states, particularly those composed of multiple ethnic, racial, religious, and linguistic groups. Dist: INT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU or NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

79. Special Topics in Social Change

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

VI. SPECIAL COURSES

80. Independent Study

All terms: Arrange

This course offers the qualified student an opportunity to pursue a subject of special interest, under the direction of a faculty adviser assigned to the student for periodic (usually weekly) conferences. Ordinarily at least one formal paper embodying the results of the reading or research is required. In special situations students may work as a team on a single project. Occasionally credit may be given in Sociology 80 for a research project done in an off-campus term, provided arrangements are made well in advance and adequate off-campus supervision can be assured. Although every effort will be made to accommodate qualified students desiring to carry an independent study, there is no guarantee that independent study can be arranged for any given student in any given term, and preference is given to senior and junior Sociology majors. Normally no student may take Sociology 80 more than twice during the undergraduate career.

By permission of a Sociology faculty member prior to registration.

90. Senior Independent Study Project

All terms: Arrange

Independent work under the direction of a member of the Department and with Departmental approval may satisfy the culminating requirement in the major. Those interested should develop their plans with a prospective faculty adviser and must submit and have approved a written proposal at least one term prior to the term in which the course will be elected.

Open only to senior majors. By permission of a Sociology faculty member prior to registration.

91. The Sociological Imagination

05W: 2A 05S: 3A 05F: 2A 06S: 3A

C. Wright Mills described “the sociological imagination” as that quality of mind with the ability to grasp the interplay of biography and history, of self and social structure, of private troubles and public issues. As we approach the end of the 20th century, various issues of class, race and gender inequalities and conflicts appear to dominate popular discourse and policy debates. This capstone seminar will explore current substantive and theoretical expressions of the sociological imagination for providing critical assistance in understanding some of the major social issues of our time. The seminar is designed to emphasize critical discussion through active participation and class presentations. Each student will complete a significant intellectual project which reflects her or his own sociological analysis about an important social issue.

Open to senior sociology majors, and others only by permission of the instructor. Satisfies the Culminating Experience Requirement. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: NA. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Lively (05W, 05F), King (05S, 06S).

98. Honors Thesis

All terms: Arrange

Open only to, and required of all, Sociology honors majors, this course involves independent work under the direction of a faculty adviser, culminating in the preparation and presentation of an honors thesis. Sociology honors majors normally elect Sociology 98 twice: once during the last term in residence and once during a preceding term. Exceptions to this pattern are, however, permitted if circumstances warrant. Honors students are normally expected to publicly present their thesis to the Department during the term in which it is completed.

By permission of a Sociology faculty member prior to registration. See “The Sociology Honors Program” handout in the Main Office (111 Silsby).