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Classics

CLASSICAL STUDIES; GREEK; LATIN

Chair: Jeremy B. Rutter

Professors E. M. Bradley, J. B. Rutter, J. H. Tatum; Associate Professors M. R. Graver, R. L. Stewart, R. B. Ulrich, L. J. Whaley, M. Williamson; Assistant Professors P. C. Christesen, H. P. Tell; Lecturers S. J. Findley, H. A. Haynes.

Additional information regarding the Classics Department can be found at the World Wide Web location http://www.dartmouth.edu/~classics/

 REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR IN CLASSICAL LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES

1. Any six language courses in Latin and/or Greek numbered 10 or higher.

2. Two courses distributed as follows: one course selected from Classical Studies 2-5; one course selected from Classical Studies 14-26.

3. Two additional courses selected from: any Classical Studies numbered 2 or higher; any course in Greek or Latin numbered 10 or higher; Art History 21, 22, 25, Comparative Literature 10, Philosophy 11.

4. Completion of Culminating Experience Requirement (description following all major and minor requirement listings).

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MODIFIED MAJOR IN
CLASSICAL LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES

1. Any five courses in Greek and/or Latin numbered 10 or higher.

2. Completion of Culminating Experience Requirement (description following all major and minor requirement listings).

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR IN CLASSICAL LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES

1. Any four courses in Greek and/or Latin numbered 10 or higher.

2. One course selected from: Classical Studies 2-5, 29-31; any course in Greek or Latin numbered 10 or higher; Comparative Literature 10, Philosophy 11.

3. One course in ancient history or archaeology selected from Classical Stud­ies 14-26.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR IN ANCIENT HISTORY

Prerequisite: Greek 10 or Latin 10, or equivalent.

Requirements:

1. Classical Studies 14 and 17.

2. Three additional courses in ancient history selected from: Classical Studies 11, 15, 18, 29 (if written on an historical topic); and 31.

3. Classical Studies 19.

4. Two Greek or Latin courses numbered 20 or above.

5. Two additional courses selected from: courses in Ancient History listed under (2) above; courses in Classical Archaeology (Classical Studies 6, 20- 26); courses in Greek or Latin numbered 20 or higher; Classical Studies 3 and Classical Studies 12.

6. Completion of Culminating Experience Requirement (description following all major and minor requirement listings).

One related course from outside the Classics Department may, with depart­mental approval, serve in partial satisfaction of this requirement (for example, a thematically appropriate offering of History 95)

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR IN ANCIENT HISTORY

1. Four courses in ancient history selected from Classical Studies 11, 14, 15, 17-19.

2. Two courses in Classical archaeology selected from Classical Studies 6, 20- 26.

3. One additional course selected from: ancient history (listed in 1 above); Classical archaeology (listed in 2 above); courses in Greek and Latin num­bered 10 or higher; Classical Studies 1-4 or Classical Studies 12.

Participation in either of the Classics’ Department’s Foreign Study Programs will meet the requirements for two of the above seven courses, one in archaeology and one in ancient history (Classical Studies 30 and 31 respectively).

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR IN CLASSICAL ARCHAEOLOGY

Prerequisite: Classical Studies 6, Greek or Latin 3 or equivalent.

Requirements:

1. One course in ancient history selected from Classical Studies 14, 15, 17 or 18.

2. Three courses in Classical Archaeology selected from Classical Studies 20- 26.

3. Two courses from the Greek or Roman Foreign Study Programs (Classical Studies 29, 30, 31).

4. Two courses in ancient Greek or Latin numbered 10 or higher.

5. Two additional courses selected from: all remaining Classical Studies offer­ings; courses in Greek or Latin numbered 10 or higher; Art History 20, 21, 22, or 25.

6. Completion of Culminating Experience Requirement (description following all major and minor requirement listings).

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MODIFIED MAJOR IN CLASSICAL ARCHAEOLOGY

Prerequisite: Greek or Latin 10 or equivalent.

Requirements:

1. Four courses selected from Classical Studies 20-26.

2. One course in ancient history selected from Classical Studies 14, 15, 17, or 18.

3. Seminar: Classical Studies 29 or 87.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR IN CLASSICAL ARCHAEOLOGY

Prerequisite: Classical Studies 6.

Requirements:

1. Two courses in ancient history selected from Classical Studies 11, 14, 15, 17, 18.

2. Four courses in Classical archaeology: two in Greek archaeology (Classical Studies 20-23) and two in Roman archaeology (Classical Studies 24-26).

Participation in either of the Department’s two Foreign Study Programs will meet the requirements for two of the above six courses, one in archaeology and one in history (Classical Studies 30 and 31 respectively).

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MAJOR IN CLASSICAL STUDIES

Prerequisite: Two courses selected from Classical Studies 1, 4 and 6.

Requirements:

1. One course in ancient history selected from Classical Studies 14, 15, 17 and 18.

2. Two courses in Classical Archaeology selected from Classical Studies 20 - 26.

3. Three courses in classical literature in translation and classical civilization selected from Classical Studies 2, 3, 5,10, 11, and 12.

4. Two additional courses selected from: all remaining Classical Studies offer­ings, courses in Greek or Latin numbered 10 or higher.

5. Completion of Culminating Experience Requirement (description following all major and minor requirement listings).

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MINOR IN CLASSICAL STUDIES

Prerequisite: One course selected from Classical Studies 1-5.

Requirements:

1. Two courses in ancient history selected from Classical Studies 11, 14, 15, 17, 18 and 19.

2. Two courses in classical archaeology: one in Greek archaeology (Classical Studies 20-23) and one in Roman archaeology (Classical Studies 24-26).

3. Two courses in classical literature, mythology, and religion selected from: Classical Studies 1-4, 10, and 12 exclusive of the course selected as a pre-requisite.

Participation in either of the Department’s two Foreign Study Programs will meet the requirements for two of the above six courses, one in archaeology and one in history (Classical Studies 30 and 31 respectively).

CULMINATING EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENT

In order to complete the Culminating Experience Requirement, students must enroll in a Honors Project (or) Participate in both Foreign Study Programs (Greece or Rome) (or) Enroll during Senior year in one additional course from offerings in Classical Studies 2 or higher, or Greek or Latin above the level of 10 and com­plete a research paper/project in conjunction with that course. The research paper/ project may be either part of, or in addition to, the scheduled assessment of the course and is subject to department approval.

REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL MODIFIED MAJOR PROGRAMS

Students wishing to design a Modified Major in Classical Languages and Liter-atures, Classical Archaeology, or Classical Studies must submit a written rationale demonstrating the intellectual coherence of their proposed program. The complete proposal must be formally approved by the Department of Classics. The program must include at least five courses offered by other departments and programs in addition to the prerequisites and major courses in Classics. One of these courses in other departments may be identified as prerequisite.

STUDY PROGRAMS ABROAD

The Department of Classics sponsors two foreign study programs, one during the fall (odd numbered years) and one during the spring term (odd numbers years), each directed by a member of the faculty of the Department of Classics. Participa­tion in either of the Department’s two Foreign Study Programs will meet major requirements, one in archaeology and one in history (Classical Studies 30 and 31 respectively).

The Greek Program

This program, while loosely based in Athens, consists for the most part of exten-sive field trips under the direction of a member of the Department of Classics to various parts of the ancient Greek world, including Crete, western Turkey, and the Aegean islands. The itinerary varies from offering to offering depending upon the interests of the students and the accompanying Dartmouth faculty member. It is designed for qualified students interested in Greek archaeology, history, art, and literature. Archaeologists resident in Greece are invited to provide special tours and offer lectures about important sites or museum collections that are especially well known to them. A two-week period is set aside for independent travel and research related to each student’s independent study project.

The Roman Program

By means of extensive field trips throughout the Italian peninsula (e.g., Latium, Tuscany, Campania, Umbria) students engage in a systematic investigation of the sites, monuments, and artifacts of the Etruscan, Roman, and palaeo-Christian cul­tures of Italy under the direction of Dartmouth faculty. The aim of the program is to develop a coherent understanding of the processes of origin and growth, conflict and change in ancient Italy. To this end, the monuments of post-Classical Italy are also examined whenever possible, so that students may begin to understand the profound and continuing influence of ancient Italic cultures upon the development of western Europe.

The curriculum embraces architecture, the visual arts and plastic arts, history, religion, and the basic techniques of archaeological analysis. Students learn to see and understand the Roman world in its own context through informal lectures and discussion in situ, under the open sky. The academic requirements consist of short weekly papers, oral reports, and an independent project or thesis to be undertaken during the last two weeks of the program when students are free to travel and do research for their theses.

SENIOR HONORS PROGRAM

Students eligible for the honors program in Classical Languages and Literatures, Ancient History, Classical Archaeology, or Classical Studies may elect one of three projects for their senior year: a thesis, a comprehensive examination, or an honors essay and a written examination on connected subjects. They should apply to the Chair of the Department no later than the end of the spring term of their jun­ior year for admission to the program.

Only those students who satisfactorily complete an honors program with a B+ average or better will earn Honors in their major or, in appropriate cases, High Honors. High Honors will be granted only by vote of the Department on the basis of outstanding independent work.

Students in the honors program are responsible for selecting their principal advisers from among the departmental faculty; a second reader will be assigned to each student by the Department. The principal adviser will approve a reading list for the student and check his or her progress at regular intervals during the year in order to assure adequate progress towards completion of the honors program on schedule.

TRANSFER CREDIT FOR MAJORS

Transfer credit in Classical Studies, Greek, and Latin is granted by prior arrange-ment to majors in the Department of Classics. Exceptions to this policy can be made only by petition to the Department.

CLASSICAL STUDIES

1. Antiquity Today: An Introduction to Classical Studies

05W, 06W:11

Which ancient faces and personalities come alive for us when we look back at Greek and Roman antiquity? How were the Greeks and Romans like us, and how different? How and why does their world—and what we have inherited from their world—intrigue, repel, awe, amuse, or disturb us, and how much is that to do with our own preoccupations? Taking as its starting point the interface between Classical antiquity and the twenty-first century, this course explores a selection of topics that will introduce you to the different areas and dis­ciplines that make up Classics in the new millennium.

Open to all classes. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Stewart, Williamson.

2. The Tragedy and Comedy of Greece and Rome

06S: 12

The course studies in translation selected works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and Seneca (tragedy), Aristophanes and Plautus (comedy), and some of their central themes and questions: law, community, revenge, passion, justice, for example. We will approach them both as texts and as scripts/librettos, considering their relationship to other types of perfor­mance (ritual, rhetoric, music, dance) and genres (history, philosophy) as well as to theat­rical space. There will be practical workshop opportunities for those interested.

Open to all classes. Dist: ART. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Williamson.

3. Reason and the Human Good: Socrates to Epictetus

05S:12

An introduction to philosophical thought in antiquity, especially that of Socrates, Epicu­rus, and the Stoics. We will concentrate especially on ethical questions; e.g. what kind of life is best for humans to pursue, how thoughtful persons should weigh the potentially com­peting claims of reason, pleasure, and emotion—and on how intellectual activity was per­ceived at Athens and at Rome. Readings include Aristophanes’ Clouds, Plato’s Apology and Meno, and selected writings on Epicurus, Cicero, Seneca, and Epictetus.

Open to all classes. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: W. Findley.

4. Classical Mythology

05X: 12

An introduction to Greek myths and the way in which their use in literature developed, from the use of myths as religious story to the utilization of myth in drama and its exploi-tation in poetry.

Open to all classes. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Findley.

5. The Heroic Vision: Epics of Greece and Rome

04F, 05F: 2

Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, Vergil’s Aeneid, and Ovid’s Metamorphoses are among the best known and most influential works to survive from the ancient world. Yet as products of societies vastly different from our own, they remain challengingly unfamiliar. This course offers the chance to study these four epics in their entirety, together with the Argo­nautica of Apollonius of Rhodes and extensive selections from Lucretius’ De Rerum Natura. Emphasis will be placed on the historical and cultural contexts in which the poems were produced and on how each poet uses the works of his predecessors to define his own place in the epic tradition.

Open to all classes. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Bradley.

6. Introduction to Classical Archaeology

04F, 05F: 11

The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the basic methods and principles of Classical archaeology through a survey of the principal types of sites and artifacts charac-teristic of Greco-Roman antiquity. Students will gain a good overview of the approaches useful in the interpretation of a wide variety of material evidence as well as of problems inherent in such evidence. At the same time, through the study of a number of major sites in roughly chronological sequence, students will acquire an appreciation of the develop-ment of material culture in the Mediterranean world from prehistory to the collapse of the Roman Empire. The course thus serves both as an introduction to Greek and Roman civili-zation and to the particular goals of the discipline of archaeology.

Open to all classes. Dist: INT or ART. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Ulrich.

7. First-Year Seminars in Classical Studies

 Consult special listings

10. Topics in Greek and Latin Literature

05S: 10A

In 05S, Legends of Sappho (Identical to Comparative Literature 67 and Women and Gen­der Studies 41. Described under Women and Gender Studies 41).

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Williamson.

11. Topics in Greek and Roman Social and Economic History

04F: 2 05S: 12 05X: 11

In 04F, Sex, Celibacy and the Problem of Purity (Identical to Religion 31 and Women’s and Gender Studies 35. Described under Religion 31). MacEvitt.

In 05S, Slaves, Wives and Concubines. (Identical to Women’s and Gender Studies 46.1) In this course we explore the lives of Roman women first in terms of the larger institutional frameworks that structured and gave meaning to women’s lives, either by inclusion (family, marriage) or exclusion (law, politics). From this basis we investigate the characterization and self-representation of women in literary texts: women as mothers and wives, women as political actors, women as priests and ritual participants. Selected readings of Roman liter-ary and legal sources will be supplemented by evidence from Roman inscriptions, domestic architecture, sculpture, and coinage. Readings in secondary literature will familiarize stu-dents with modes of historical argument and historiography. Stewart.

Open to all classes. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

14. Greek History: Archaic and Classical Greece (Identical to History 94.3)

04F, 05F: 12

This course surveys the major events in the history of ancient Greece from 1600 to 338 BCE. During this period, the Greeks formed individual communities and developed politi­cal structures that satisfied particular communal definitions of liberty, spread their culture throughout the Mediterranean, invented democracy and enshrined in their art, literature, and political systems the beginnings of humanism. During the same period, democratic Athens became an imperialist power and a slave society and, unlike other Greeks, kept wives and daughters closeted. This course considers the peculiarities and genius of these Greeks. For more information, including student evaluations, visit the Classical Studies 14 website at: dewey.dartmouth.edu.

Open to all classes. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Christesen.

17. Roman History: The Republic (Identical to History 94.5)

05W: 12

This course surveys the history of the Roman people from 753 (traditional date of the founding of Rome) to 44 B.C. (the assassination of Julius Caesar). Topics include the devel-opment of Roman law, the conquest of all lands bordering on the Mediterranean, and the civil wars that destroyed Republican government. Particular emphasis is placed on the Roman political community: the political, religious and social factors that influenced the definition of the Roman aristocracy in the fourth century, the institutions that maintained the ascendancy of the elite, the military and political values inherent in the citizenship, the social and political mechanisms that militated against civil dissent, and the role of political values in the eventual destruction of Republican government from within.

May be taken in partial fulfillment of the major in History. Open to all classes. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Stewart.

18. History of the Roman Empire: Roman Principate to Christian Empire (Identical to His­tory 94.6)

06W: 12

This course surveys the history of Rome (city and empire) from the victory of Octavian- Augustus at Actium in 31 B.C. to the success of Constantine at the Milvian Bridge in 312. Topics include the Roman conception of empire and the successive strategies of defending it, political leadership and the cult of personality, the theory and reality of the Roman citi-zenship (e.g., service in the Roman army), imperial policies on urban development and the social and political function of the cities, the development of alternative sources of political power and social prestige, and the conflicting political identities of Romans and Christians and the political consequences of a religious conversion.

Open to all classes. Dist: INT or SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Stewart.

19. Methods and Theory in Ancient History (Identical to History 94.7)

06S: 10A

This course is designed to introduce the student to the various types of documentary evi-dence available to the ancient historian and to the various perspectives for framing and answering historical questions. We consider the interpretive methodologies for each type of document (coin, inscription, papyrus) as well as the particular historical context in which these documents were produced. Topics include the function of coinage and economic thinking in the ancient world and the political significance of the publication of law. The final weeks of the term allow for in-depth consideration of a specific problem in ancient his-tory.

Open to all classes. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Christesen.

20. Greek Prehistoric Archaeology: The Emergence of Civilization in the Aegean

06W: 11

This course traces the cultural evolution of humanity in the Aegean basin from the era of hunting and gathering (Palaeolithic-Mesolithic) through the early village farming stage (Neolithic) and the formative period of Aegean civilization (Early Bronze Age) into the age of the great palatial cultures of Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece. The emphasis in the early part of the course will be on the different economic bases of early life in the Aegean and on regional variation within it. In the latter half of the course, study of the palaces, for-tified citadels, and royal tombs at such sites as Knossos, Mycenae, Tiryns, and Troy will lead to discussions of the Greek myths about Atlantis, King Minos’ sea empire, and the Tro-jan War, and their basis in historical fact.

May be taken in partial fulfillment of the major in Art History. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Rutter.

21. From Disaster to Triumph: Greek Archaeology from the Destruction of Mycenae to the Persian Wars

06S: 11

This course examines in detail through archaeology the cultural process whereby Greece evolved from a scattered group of isolated and backward villages in the Dark Ages (ca. 1100-750 B.C.) to a series of independent, often cosmopolitan city-states united against the threat of Xerxes’ invasion of Greece in 480 B.C. Where did the Greeks acquire the concept of monumental temple architecture and why did they choose to build temples in only two or three different architectural styles? Where did the Greeks learn to write in an alphabetic script and what did they first write down? Who taught the Greeks the art of sculpture and why did they begin by carving what they did? When and why did the Greeks begin to por-tray their myths in art?

May be taken in partial fulfillment of the major in Art History. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Rutter.

22. Greek Classical Archaeology: City-States and Panhellenic Sanctuaries

05W: 11

From the allied Greeks’ expulsion of Persian invaders through their great victories at Pla­taea and Mykale in 479 B.C. to their catastrophic defeat by Philip, Alexander, and the Macedonians at Chaeronea in 338 B.C., the history of Greek culture is that of dozens of individual city-states in constant competition for hegemony in a wide variety of different arenas, from battlefield to stadium to pan-Hellenic sanctuary. In this course, particular attention is paid to the material cultural achievements of the richest and artistically most influential of these poleis, the city of Athens, when that city developed the western world’s first democracy, built the Parthenon, and played host to the schools established by Plato and Aristotle.

May be taken in partial fulfillment of the major in Art History. Open to all classes. Dist: ART. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Rutter.

24. Etruscan and Early Roman Archaeology: The Rise of Rome

04F: 2A

This course begins with the archaeology of Late Neolithic and Iron Age Italy, then focuses upon the Etruscans, early Latium and the development of Republican Rome and her colonies, concluding with the death of Caesar in 44 B.C. In addition to a chronological development of the material culture of Italy, we will explore at least two important cultural topics: 1) Etruscan religion and its influence on the Roman sacro-political system; 2) the machinery of Roman government as expressed in the spaces in Rome (and other sites) that played host to political ritual: the Arx, the Forum, the Comitium, the Curia, the Tribunal and the Basilica.

May be taken in partial fulfillment of the major in Art History. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Ulrich.

25. Early Roman Imperial Archaeology: The First Emperors

05S: 11

Through archaeological sites and related finds, this course examines the Roman empire as it was transformed under the rule of the emperors. We will begin with a close look at the first emperor, Augustus, then continue with an examination of the reigns of the Julio-Clau­dians, Flavians, and Trajan. We focus on how ancient Italic traditions were transformed to suit the needs of the Imperial government (for example, the adaptation of the Republican, Hellenized Domus to the Imperial Palatium). The most dramatic change in religious prac-tice is the development of the Imperial cult. Site analysis will stress the need for an imperial idiom, the accommodation of urban masses and the promotion of a sense of a shared cul-tural experience. The course will also examine the technological developments that led to the ‘architectural revolution.’

May be taken in partial fulfillment of the major in Art History. Open to all classes. Dist: ART. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Ulrich.

26. Later Roman Imperial Archaeology: The Golden Age and Beyond

06W: 12

This course surveys Roman archaeology from Hadrian to Constantine. Emphasis is placed upon the Antonine and Severan emperors, then shifts rapidly over most of the mid- third century to focus on Diocletian and the tetrarchy, Constantine and the move of the cap­ital to Constantinople. The course ends with a look at the great church of Hagia Sophia, and consideration of the debt of early Christianity to pagan religious traditions. A major com­ponent of the course is the study of the Romanization of the provinces, and, more specifi­cally, the complex process of cultural hybridization (imported Roman traditions melding with local practices). Such sites as Baalbek, Petra, Dura-Europos, Palmyra, Roman Egypt, Tripolitania, Tunisia and Algeria, Constantinian Jerusalem, Trier, Spalato, etc., may be included.

May be taken in partial fulfillment of the major in Art History. Open to all classes. Dist: ART. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Ulrich.

29. Independent Study Project

05S: D.F.S.P. (Greece) 05F: D.F.S.P. (Italy)

The independent study project to be completed by a student while a member of the Dart-mouth Foreign Study Program in Greece or Italy.

Prerequisite: membership in the Foreign Study Program. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

30. Classical Art and Archaeology: Study Abroad

05S: D.F.S.P. (Greece) 05F: D.F.S.P. (Italy)

Credit for this course is awarded to students who have successfully completed the work of the Dartmouth Foreign Study Program in Greece or Italy. May be taken in partial fulfill­ment of the major in Art.

Prerequisite: membership in the Foreign Study Program. Dist: ART. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

31. Ancient Literature and History: Study Abroad

05S: D.F.S.P. (Greece) 05F: D.F.S.P. (Italy)

Credit for this course is awarded to students who have successfully completed the work of the Dartmouth Foreign Study Program in Greece or Italy.

Prerequisite: membership in the Foreign Study Program. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

85. Independent Reading and Research

All terms: Arrange

87. Thesis

All terms: Arrange

Independent research and writing under supervision of a member of the Classics faculty. Open to honors students in their senior year and to other qualified students by consent of the Department.

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

LATIN

1. Introductory Latin

04F, 05W, 05F, 06W: 9

Introduction to Latin grammar, vocabulary, and syntax through prose readings of gradu­ally increasing difficulty. Never serves in partial satisfaction of the Distributive Require­ment. The staff.

3. Intermediate Latin

05W, 05S, 06W, 06S: 9

Continued study of Latin grammar, vocabulary, and syntax with reading of selected liter­ary texts. Completion of Latin 3 satisfies the College language requirement. Never serves in partial satisfaction of the Distributive Requirement.

Prerequisite: Latin 1, or equivalent. The staff.

10. Readings in Latin Prose and Poetry

04F: 10 05S: 2 05F, 06S: 9

Readings in Latin prose and poetry at the intermediate level, typically including selec­tions from Catullus, Cicero, Livy, or Ovid. Prerequisite: Latin 3, or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

In 04F, Public and Private Life in Ancient Rome. Selected texts from the late Republic and early empire (Cicero’s De Republica, Sallust’s Conspiracy of Catiline, Virgil’s Aeneid, Livy’s Early History of Rome, Horace’s Odes) will allow us to explore Roman notions of Roman national identity and purpose even as they provide an extraordinary opportunity to examine great Latin stylists at work. Haynes.

In 05S, Is the Republic Falling? This class will examine selected readings from Cicero, Sallust, and Livy in order to consider how thinking Romans conceptualized political par­ticipation and attempted to understand the failure of their own political system. Classwork will emphasize translation skills. Stewart.

20. Virgil

06W: 10

Fides and pietas are among the more prominent values that inform the horrida bella of the last three books of Aeneid. The destructive fury and the nobility of the princes, warrior princess, and other heroes great and small on both sides will be the focus of our reading in Latin of important parts of Book 9 and all of Books 10-12 of the Aeneid.

Prerequisite: Latin 10, or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

22. Literature of the Republic

05W: 2 05F: 10A

In 05W, Latin Literature of the Republic: History and Political Struggle. The period known as the Roman Republic ended in a great struggle for power between a few poten­tates. This course will map the political decay of the Roman Republic as well as demon­strate the libertas, or freedom of speech, that it permitted and that was to be lost with the advent of Empire and the principate. We will focus on prose authors such as Cicero, Sallust and Caesar, interspersed with some poetic texts as well.

Prerequisite: Latin 10 or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Haynes.

24. The Augustan Age

05S: 10

Readings in Ovid’s epic poem of mythological world history, the Metamorphoses.

Prerequisite: Latin 10, or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Haynes.

26. Literature of the Early Empire

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

28. Literature of the Later Empire and the Middle Ages

04F: 10

Readings from the late Empire to the high Middle Ages that will include selections from the Vulgate, St. Augustine’s Confessions, the Passion of Saints Perpetua and Felicity, Hrots­vitha’s Dulcitius, and the Carmina Burana.

Prerequisite: Latin 10, or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Bradley.

30. Special Topics in Latin Literature

06S: 10A

 Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. The staff.

85. Independent Reading and Research

All terms: Arrange

87. Thesis

All terms: Arrange

Independent research and writing under the supervision of a member of the Classics fac-ulty. Open to honors students in their senior year and to other qualified students by consent of the Department.

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. The staff.

GREEK

1-3. Intensive Greek

05W, 06W: 9 and Arrange

This course will introduce students to the fundamentals of Greek grammar in an intensive mode. Students are required to enroll for both time sequences.

Completion of this intensive double course will allow a student to enroll in Greek 10 or to read simple Greek prose independently. Never serves in partial satisfaction of the Dis­tributive Requirement. Tell.

1. Introductory Greek

04F, 05F: 9

Study of Greek grammar, syntax, and vocabulary accompanied by reading of simple Greek prose selections.

Never serves in partial satisfaction of the Distributive Requirement. Whaley.

3. Intermediate Greek

05W, 06W: 9

Continued study of Greek grammar and syntax. Readings in Greek prose authors. Com­pletion of Greek 3 satisfies the College language requirement and serves as a prerequisite to the major in Classical Archaeology. Never serves in partial satisfaction of the Distribu­tive Requirement.

Prerequisite: Greek 1, or equivalent. Bradley.

10. Readings in Greek Prose and Poetry

05S: 10 06S: 2

Readings in Greek prose and poetry at the intermediate level, typically including selec­tions from Plato and/ or Euripides.

Prerequisite: Greek 3, or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Findley.

20. Homer

06S: 2

Reading in Greek and discussion of selections from the Iliad (04F) or Odyssey (03F). Reading of the whole poem in translation and discussion of its character, style, and compo-sition.

Prerequisite: Greek 10 or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W.

22. The Lyric Age of Greece

 Not offered during the period from 04F through 06S

24. Theatre

05S: 2

A study of the tragedy and comedy of Classical Greece through detailed reading of at least one play of Aeschylus, Euripides, Sophocles, and Aristophanes.

Prerequisite: Greek 10, or equivalent. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Williamson.

26. Historians

04F: 2

Selected passages in Greek from either the Histories of Herodotus or Thucydides’ His­tory of the Peloponnesian War.

Prerequisite: Greek 10 or equivalent. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Christesen.

28. Philosophy

06W: 2

Our goals are to learn to read Plato’s Greek with accuracy and comprehension, and to become engaged with Plato’s thought through a close study of one of his richest dialogues. The Phaedo depicts Socrates’ conversation with friends in the final hours before his death. In reading the Phaedo we will become acquainted with intriguing arguments concerning the immortality of the soul, the relation of the soul to the body, the relation of the soul to life, the possibility of inquiry and knowledge, and the ultimate nature of reality. We will have occasion to consult other Platonic texts in translation and in Greek.

Prerequisite: Greek 10, or equivalent. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: LIT; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: W.

29. New Testament

05W: 10

A brief introduction to the language, vocabulary, and idiom of New Testament Greek, fol-lowed by readings in the Gospels and the Epistles of St. Paul.

Prerequisite: Greek 10, or equivalent. Class of 2007 and earlier: Dist: PHR; WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: Dist: TMV; WCult: W. Whaley.

30. Special Topics in Greek Literature

05F: 2

Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. The staff.

85. Independent Reading and Research

All terms: Arrange

87. Thesis

All terms: Arrange

Independent research and writing under the supervision of a Department member. Open to honors students in their senior year and other qualified students by the consent of the Department.

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. The staff.

MODERN GREEK

11. Modern Greek I

05W: 10

An introduction to Modern Greek as a spoken and written language, with emphasis on practical conversation. Intensive study of basic grammar, syntax and vocabulary through drills, conversation, written exercises, and oral presentations, supplemented by laboratory exercises and by drill-sessions with a teaching assistant.

No previous knowledge of Greek is assumed. Never serves in partial satisfaction of the Distributive Requirement. Kacandes.