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Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literatures

Chair: Dennis Washburn

Professors S. Allan, L. H. Glinert; Associate Professors S. Blader, J. Dorsey, H. N. Kadhim, H. Mowry, D. Washburn; Instructor S. Antoon; Senior Lecturers M. Ishida, I. Watanabe, C. L. Williams; Lecturers D. Abouali, I. B. Ben-Moshe; Visiting Professor Fu Chen; Visiting Associate Professors Y. Li, J. Wang.

PLACEMENT

Incoming first-year students with any background in Arabic, Chinese, Japanese or Korean language (e.g., from school or home), who are planning to enroll in any continuing language class, or who wish to petition to have the language requirement waived, are required to take a placement exam during orientation week; in 2004 fall these exams will be on September 15, 8-10:30 a.m. Consult the orientation week schedule for details.

MAJORS

Five major options in the Department of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literatures (AMELL) are available to the student—Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese and East Asian Languages and Literatures. The AMELL curriculum is designed for students who plan to pursue the study of language and literature. It is intended also to accommodate those with a broad cultural interest in China, Japan, or the Middle East, and those students whose future career aspirations necessitate their learning the languages, and gaining a familiarity with the general cultural backgrounds of the people of these regions. Within the chosen major, the student’s individual program is designed in consultation with a faculty advisor. (For further information, consult the AMELL web page at www.dartmouth.edu/~damell). All major cards must be signed by the student’s Major Advisor in AMELL, as well as the Chair of the Department.

Majors must either write an Honors thesis (for those who meet the entry requirements for the Honors Program) or take an advanced seminar or Independent Research course to fulfill the culminating requirement in the major.

For major requirements and prerequisites, please refer to each language’s section.

MINORS

The minor has the following requirement: six (6) AMELL courses approved by the Chair. Literature courses should be in the student’s area of concentration (i.e., Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, or Japanese); only language courses beyond the first year count towards the minor; as many as three of the six courses may be language courses. Chinese 52, 53 and above can be counted as a non-language course.

FOREIGN STUDY PROGRAMS

Students are encouraged to pursue study-abroad programs recognized by the Department (information on these programs can be obtained from the Department web site). At present, AMELL sponsors one Foreign Study Program in Beijing, China and one Advanced Language Study Abroad (LSA+) in Tokyo, Japan.

Dartmouth Foreign Study Program in Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Prerequisite: Chinese 3 or the equivalent, with at least a B average, and Chinese 10, or the equivalent, with at least a B average.

The Dartmouth Chinese Foreign Study Program is conducted at Beijing Normal University (BNU) during the summer term. Dartmouth-at-BNU includes nine- and-one-half weeks of instruction on the BNU campus, with short trips to places of historical or cultural interest in Beijing and vicinity. There is also an optional field trip (totaling 12-14 days) at the end of the term within China. Students participating in Dartmouth-at-BNU will live in the foreign student dormitories on the BNU campus, and will enroll in three courses. All students will enroll in Chinese 11 (taught by the Dartmouth faculty member in residence). In addition, students will be placed in two language courses appropriate to their level of proficiency. Students at the second-year level will enroll in Chinese 22 and 23; students at the third-year level will enroll in Chinese 31 and 32; and students at the fourth-year level will enroll in Chinese 41 and 42. Successful completion of the BNU program will serve in satisfaction of the Summer Residence Requirement (even when taken in the summer following a student’s first year or third year). For application and further information, contact the Off Campus Programs Office, 110 Wentworth, and the Department office, 102A Bartlett Hall.

Dartmouth Advanced Language Study Abroad (LSA+) Program in Tokyo, Japan

Prerequisite: Japanese 1, 2, 3, or the equivalent, with at least a B average, and Japanese 10, or the equivalent, with at least a B average.

The Dartmouth Japanese LSA+ Program is conducted during the summer term at Kanda University of International Studies in Tokyo, Japan. The program includes nine and one half weeks of instruction, as well as organized trips to areas of cultural interest. Students enroll in three courses: Japanese 29 (taught by the Dartmouth faculty member in residence) and two second-year-level Japanese language courses (Japanese 22, 23). Successful completion of the Tokyo program will serve in satisfaction of the Summer Residence Requirement (even when taken in the summer following the first year or third year). For application and further information, contact the Off Campus Programs Office, 110 Wentworth, and the Department office, 102A Bartlett Hall.

HONORS PROGRAM

Admission to the Honors Program is by application to the Department. Applicants must have a 3.0 GPA overall and a 3.3 GPA in the major to qualify for the Honors Program. The Honors Program, involving one credit over and above the regular major, is a two-term project, outlined as follows:

1) Senior fall or winter: AMEL 85: Independent Research (may serve as  Advanced Seminar for the major)

2) Senior winter or spring: AMEL 87: Honors Thesis

Proposals are normally submitted to the Department by the fifth week of the  junior-year spring term. The proposal should be written in consultation with a prospective advisor, and is to include:

1) the title and nature of the project to be undertaken

2) the significance this research may have within the designated field of study

3) any relevant background (e.g., related courses; other preparation) which the  student brings to the work

4) a tentative bibliography of studies germane to the project

5) the name of, and approval by, the thesis advisor

The Honors Program student must achieve and maintain a B+ in AMEL 85; otherwise, the project will be terminated. An informal oral presentation to AMELL faculty and students is required upon completion of the thesis. Completion of the Honors Program is required for graduation with Honors or High Honors in the major.

DEPARTMENT COURSES:

ASIAN AND MIDDLE EASTERN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES (AMELL)

7. First-Year Seminars in Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literatures

Consult special listings

85. Independent Research

All terms: Arrange

Under the direction of members of the faculty. Students should consult with a member of the faculty in the term preceding the term in which the independent work is to be done.

87. Honors Thesis

All terms: Arrange

Open only to AMELL majors who are participating in the Honors Program. See guidelines under ‘Honors Program.’

ARABIC LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

MAJOR REQUIREMENTS:

Prerequisite: Arabic 3 or equivalent

The major in Arabic consists of eleven (11) required courses:

1) Four (4) upper-level language courses

2) Two (2) literature-in-translation courses chosen from Arabic 61, 62, or 63

3) Three (3) non-AMELL courses in an area of concentration chosen from an approved course-list (one of which may be Comparative Literature 10, 71, 72, or 73); or appropriate AMELL courses approved by the Major Advisor

4) One advanced seminar or independent-study (this requirement may serve as the culminating experience in the DAMELL major)

5) One course chosen from Hebrew 61, 62, or 63

1-2-3. First Year Courses in Arabic

1. 04F, 05F: 9S

2. 05W, 06W: 9S

3. 05S, 06S: 9S

An introduction to written and spoken Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). In addition to mastering the basics of grammar, emphasis is placed on active functional communication in the language, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension. Mandatory student- run drill sessions meet four times/week (4 hours/week) for all beginning Arabic language classes. Never serve in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. The staff.

10. Introduction to Arabo-Islamic Culture (Pending faculty approval)

05W: 2

This course provides an overview of Arabo-Islamic culture from the rise of Islam until modern times. Through readings selected from that culture’s foundational texts, students will be introduced to key concepts and beliefs that have informed a broad literary, scientific, and philosophical tradition of many generations of Arabs and non-Arabs. Taught in English. Open to all classes. Kadhim.

21-22-23. Intermediate Arabic

21. 04F, 05F: 11

22. 05W, 06W: 11

23. 05S, 06S: 11

Prerequisite: Arabic 3 or equivalent

Intermediate level of Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). Continuation of presentation of fundamentals of grammar and development of proficiency in reading, writing, and spoken communication skills and aural comprehension, including much authentic cultural material. WCult: NW. The staff.

24. Formal Spoken Arabic

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course provides training in Formal Spoken Arabic (FSA) with some attention to divergences of certain Arabic dialects. FSA is a register which encompasses interdialectical features as well as features of modern Standard Arabic. The course emphasizes the functional and situational aspects of language. In addition to standard drills, students engage in structured and semistructured speaking activities as well as content-based language activities built around regional topics. Prerequisite: Arabic 3 or equivalent. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Kadhim.

31-33. Advanced Arabic

31. 04F, 05F: 10A

32. 05W, 06W: 10A

Students will make the transition to true proficiency in Standard Arabic by relying primarily on authentic Arabic texts and audiovisual materials to a much greater degree. Students will be exposed to, and expected to master a wide variety of different kinds of texts, including, but not limited to, excerpts of classical poetry, classical prose, excerpts from the Quran, current newspaper articles, modern fiction, and essays from journals. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Kadhim.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Arabic Language and Literature

All terms except summer: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Arabic. The student must get permission from the faculty member with whom he or she wishes to work. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Arabic.

61. Topics in Modern Arabic Literature and Culture

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course is an introduction to the study of modern Arabic literature through readings and discussion of key texts in prose and poetry from the 19th and 20th centuries. Each offering of the course will be organized around a particular author, genre, theme, or period. Topics may include, inter alia, the question of tradition and modernity, the construction of an Arab national identity, the colonial encounter, post-coloniality, and the status of women in Arab society. The course is conducted entirely in English. May be repeated for credit if the topic varies. Courses listed under Arabic 61 are open to students of all classes.

62. Topics in Classical Arabic Literature and Culture

06S: 2

Classical Arabic literature spans over thirteen centuries from pre-Islamic times until the advent of the modern Arab “renaissance” in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Among the outstanding products of this literature are the famed pre-Islamic qasidahs, the adab works of the Abbasid al-Jahiz, the maqamas of al-Hariri, the exquisite lyrics of the Andalusian Ibn Zaydun, and the celebrated One Thousand and One Nights. Each offering of the course will focus on a particular author, genre, theme, or period. The course is conducted entirely in English. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Courses listed under Arabic 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 06S, The Arabian Nights East and West (Identical to Comparative Literature 35). An introduction to Arabo-Islamic culture through its most accessible and popular exponent, The Thousand and One Nights. The course will take this masterpiece of world literature as the focal point for a multidisciplinary literary study. It will cover the genesis of the text from Indian and Mediterranean antecedents, its Arabic recensions, its reception in the West, and its influence on European literature. The course will be taught in English in its entirety. No prerequisites. Dist: LIT or INT; WCult: NW. Kadhim.

63. Themes in Arabic Literature and Culture

05S, 06W: 2A

Arabic literature is widely regarded as the foremost intellectual and artistic accomplishment of the Arabs. In the course of over fourteen centuries of vigorous literary activity, Arab poets and writers have elaborated a set of themes which inform Arabo-Islamic culture in profound ways. Offerings of this course might range from the examination of a particular theme to broader comparative studies. The course is conducted entirely in English. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Courses listed under Arabic 63 are open to students of all classes and, unless otherwise noted, will satisfy the following General Education requirements: Dist: LIT; WCult: NW.

In 05S and 06W, Islamic Spain: Literature and Society (Identical to Comparative Literature 50). The eight centuries of Arabo-Islamic presence in Spain produced a uniquely rich and diverse cultural space. This course will trace the fusion of the Arabo-Islamic tradition with local and European elements. Readings will include excerpts of poetry, prose, as well as philosophical and mystical writings. We will end with an excursion into al-Andalus as a metaphor of loss in modern Arabic literature. The course will be taught in English in its entirety. No prerequisites. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Antoon.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Topics in Arabic Literature and Culture

06W: Arranged

This seminar is designed to examine closely literary and cultural texts employing theoretical and historical sources. Topics vary but might range from studies of individual authors to broader comparative themes. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Kadhim.

CHINESE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE MAJOR REQUIREMENTS:

Prerequisite: Chinese 23 or equivalent

The major in Chinese consists of eleven (11) required courses:

1) Chinese 10: Introduction to Chinese Culture

2) Three (3) upper-level language courses (31, 32, 33, 41, 42, 43, 52, 53 or 59)

3) Chinese 51: Introduction to Classical Chinese

4) Two (2) literature or literature-in-translation courses chosen from Chinese 52,  53, 61, 62, or 63

5) Two (2) non-AMELL courses in an area of concentration chosen from an approved course-list (one of which may be Comparative Literature 10, 71, 72, or 73); or appropriate AMELL courses approved by the Major Advisor

6) One advanced seminar or independent-study (this requirement may serve asthe culminating experience in the AMELL major)

7) One course chosen from Japanese 10, 61, 62, or 63

1-2-3. First Year Courses in Chinese: Beginning Chinese

1. 04F, 05F: 8, 9S

2. 05W, 06W: 8, 9S

3. 05S, 06S: 8, 9S 

(Description pending faculty approval.) An introduction to spoken and written Modern Standard Chinese. Conversational drill and comprehension exercises in classroom and laboratory provide practice in pronunciation and the use of the basic patterns of speech. Intensive reading is conducted for textbook lessons. Grammar is explained and written exercises given. Traditional characters are learned in Chinese 1 and 2, simplified characters are introduced in Chinese 3. Classes are conducted increasingly in Chinese. Mandatory student-run drill sessions meet Monday to Thursday for fifty minutes each day for all beginning Chinese language classes.

Satisfactory completion of Chinese 3 fulfills the language requirement. Never serve in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. The staff.

4-5-6. First Year Courses in Chinese: Advanced Beginning Chinese

4. 04F: 10 05F: 9S

5. and 6: For the 04-05 year 22 and 23 replace 5 and 6.

5. 06W: 9S

6. 06S: 11

(Description pending faculty approval.) This series of courses is designed for students with varying, minimal levels of competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Class hours include four or five fifty-minute sessions with the master teacher and up to four fifty-minute drill and/or conversation sessions. There are weekly exams, a midterm, and a final, as well as writing assignments, oral presentations, and supplementary work assigned as needed.This series is intended to achieve two goals: 1) to help students equalize their levels of the required speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills; 2) to allow them to raise these levels and thereby significantly increase their understanding of Modern Standard Chinese. Chinese 4 is an accelerated first-year course. Satisfactory completion of Chinese 4 places the student into the 20-level series. Never serve in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. The staff.

10. Introduction to Chinese Culture (Identical to AMES 12)

05S, 06S: 12

The aim of this course is to provide students with a basic knowledge and appreciation of Chinese culture. The course will examine the development of traditional Chinese culture from the earliest Chinese dynasties, dating back more than 3500 years, to the present day. Through readings of literary texts in translation students will be introduced to topics in language, history, literature and art, philosophy and social and political institutions. The course is open to students of all classes. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Williams.

11. Special Topics in Chinese Studies

05X, 06X: D.F.S.P. (Dartmouth in China)

WCult: NW. The staff.

21. Intermediate Modern Chinese (First term of second-year level)

05X, 06X: 9

(Description pending faculty approval.) This second-year language course, taught on campus in the summer term, will cover a selection of chapters from the textbook “Snap-shots of China”. The course will improve the student’s overall language skills through careful study of the text, which introduces many issues relating to modern-day life in China. WCult: NW. The staff.

22-23. Intermediate Modern Chinese (Second-year level)

22. 05W

23. 05S

(Description pending faculty approval.) Chinese 22 and 23 covers a full second-year level course, using the textbook “Integrated Chinese Level Two” and a variety of other materials. The course is designed for students who have completed Chinese 4 or Chinese 21 or the equivalent. Students who have only completed Chinese 3 may be eligible for this course with permission of the instructor. Class hours include four or five fifty-minute sessions with the master teacher and up to four fifty-minute drill and/or conversation sessions. There are weekly exams, a midterm, and a final, as well as writing assignments, oral presentations, and supplementary work assigned as needed. This series is intended to raise the student’s levels in speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills and, thereby, significantly increase their understanding of Modern Standard Chinese. WCult: NW. The staff

31-32-33. Advanced Modern Chinese (Third-year level)

31. 05F: 11

32. 06W. 11

33. 06S. 11

(Description pending faculty approval.) This series may be taken nonsequentially. Readings will be selected from literary, political, and historical publications. There will be regular exams, writing exercises, oral presentations, and supplementary work assigned as needed.

Prerequisite: Chinese 23 or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

40-level courses. Advanced Modern Chinese (Fourth year level)

(Description pending faculty approval.) Fourth-year courses in Modern Chinese are taught as topic courses, each covering a specific literary genre or genres. These courses are non-sequential. The prerequisite is two courses at the third-year level or equivalent.

41. Political Literature of the People’s Republic of China

04F, 05F: 3A

(Description pending faculty approval.) The student will read political literature of the People’s Republic of China in the original Chinese. The aim of this course is to improve the student’s language skills and give him/her an insight into the history of the People’s Republic of China and the background to the modern Chinese state. The student will prepare the readings for translation and discussion in class. Written translations and Chinese compositions will be assigned. Readings and documentaries in English will be given to provide necessary context.

Prerequisite: Two third-year level Chinese courses or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Williams.

42. Creative Literature of Modern China

05W: 3A 06W: 11

(Description pending faculty approval.) The student will read a variety of modern Chinese literature in the original Chinese. The aim of this course is to improve the student’s language skills through reading and discussion of important modern literary works. Written assignments will be given.

Prerequisite: Two third-year level Chinese courses or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Chen, Li.

43. Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

22-23, 31-32, 41-42. Intermediate or Advanced Modern Chinese (please see description under “Dartmouth Foreign Study Program in Beijing”

05X, 06X: D.F.S.P. (Dartmouth in China)

WCult: NW. The staff.

51. Introduction to Classical Chinese

05W, 06S: 2A

An introduction to the basic grammar and vocabulary of the Classical Chinese language using examples from a selection of texts from the Warring States Period.

Prerequisite: First-year Chinese. This course serves as a requirement for students wishing to major in the Chinese language and literature track. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

52. Readings in Classical Chinese: Daoist Philosophical Texts

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

Readings in the Daoist classics, such as the Laozi Daodejing and Zhuangzi. Readings will be in the original Chinese. Emphasis will be placed on key philosophical issues, such as the meaning of the Way in Daoist texts and the relationship of language to thought.

Prerequisite: Introduction to Classical Chinese. Chinese 52 can be considered a non-language course. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

53: Readings in Classical Chinese: Confucian Philosophical Texts

05S: 2A

Readings in the Confucian classics, primarily Mencius and Xunzi. Readings will be in the original Chinese. Emphasis will be placed on key philosophical issues, such as the concept of kingship in ancient China and the debate on human nature.

Prerequisite: Introduction to Classical Chinese. Chinese 53 can be considered a non-language course. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Chinese Language and Literature

All terms: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Chinese. Chinese 59 can be considered a non-language course. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Chinese.

61. Topics in Modern Chinese Literature and Culture

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

Following the definition generally accepted by the Chinese themselves, “modern” in this context refers to two large periods: that preceding the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, and that following 1949. The former (i.e. xiandai) can be pushed as far back as the Opium War of 1839-42, and the latter (i.e. dangdai) can be extended to “today”. Courses offered under this rubric examine the main literary and cultural phenomena and events taking place in China (including Taiwan and Hongkong) over this period of one and a half centuries. Courses listed under Chinese 61 are open to students of all classes.

62. Topics in Traditional Chinese Literature and Culture

05W: 10A

Traditional Chinese literature ranges from the earliest examples, divinations inscribed on turtle plastrons and ox scapulae dating back more than 3000 years, to the popular knight errant novels of the early 19th century. The Opium War of 1839-42 are taken as the cut off point for courses in this topic category which considers cultural as well as literary themes. Courses reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff and include early Chinese culture, the development of the Chinese script, historical prose, fiction and drama, poetry and oral literature. Courses under this rubric are defined by historical period and/or literary genres. Courses listed under Chinese 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 05W, Early Chinese Culture (Identical to History 73). A survey of early Chinese culture. The literary tradition will be taken as the primary evidence in the reconstruction and students will read early Chinese poetry and historical texts in translation. This tradition will then be examined in the light of new evidence from archaeological excavations concerning the material culture of ancient China and from ancient inscriptions. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

63. Themes in Chinese Literature and Culture

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

Courses under this rubric will provide the student with a comprehensive view of the most frequently occurring themes in Chinese literary writings from the second millennium B.C.E. to the present. The most prominent among these themes are love (patriotic, familial, romantic, and platonic) and social protest. Individual literary genres in China have traditionally been associated, in a general way, with historical/dynastic periods. Therefore, tracing the evolution, for example, of the theme of romantic love, will lead the student through the multiplicity of ways that an idea can be transformed by diverse literary mediums and different historical periods. In reaching a fundamental understanding through literature of the Chinese way of looking at a specific idea as it evolved over time, we will understand better the uniqueness of both Chinese values and institutions and their Western counterparts. Courses listed under Chinese 63 are open to students of all classes.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Lu Xun and Hu Shi

05F: 11

Through the writings of Lu Xun (1881-1936) and Hu Shi (1891-1962), two of the most important scholar-writers of the twentieth century, this course will examine several issues that were raised during the first two decades of this century by Chinese intellectuals who felt an acute, everincreasing inadequacy of their own cultural heritage in the face of Western democracy and technological and scientific advancements. Those issues, raised more than seven decades ago, have persistently engaged the central attention of modern Chinese intellectuals, and include discussions of China’s modernization (or Westernization) and of China’s vernacular language movement, debates about various political and social philosophies, questions surrounding the so-called new culture movement, and other such issues. The seminar will be conducted in English; however, readings will include several original articles in Chinese. Permission of instructor required. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Mowry.

82. Chinese Poetry

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

This course will provide the student with an in-depth examination of the Chinese poetic tradition of more than three thousand years. Main focus: a close reading of representative poetic works in the original, with critical exploration of Chinese poetics, in both Chinese and English. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Williams.

83. Topics in Chinese Literature and Culture

05S, 06S: 10A

Key Concepts of Chinese Philosophical Thought (Identical to AMES 91 in 06S, pending faculty approval). In this course, we will examine the imagery at the root of certain key concepts, such as the way (dao), non-action (wu wei), the mind/heart (xin), energy/ether/breath (qi), in early Chinese philosophy, and explore the relationship between these images and the structure of early Chinese philosophical thought. Students will do some reading in metaphor theory, as well as of early Chinese philosophical texts, such as the Analects, Mencius, Laozi Daodejing, and Zhuangzi. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

HEBREW LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

MAJOR REQUIREMENTS:

Prerequisite: Hebrew 3 or equivalent

The major in Hebrew consists of eleven (11) required courses:

1) Hebrew 10: Introduction to Hebrew Culture

2) Three (3) upper-level language courses

3) Two (2) literature-in-translation courses chosen from Hebrew 61, 62, or 63

4) Three (3) non-AMELL courses in an area of concentration chosen from an approved course-list (one of which may be Comparative Literature 10, 71, 72,or 73); or appropriate AMELL courses approved by the Major Advisor

5) One advanced seminar or independent-study (this requirement may serve as the culminating experience in the AMELL major)

6) One course chosen from Arabic 61, 62, or 63

1-2-3. First Year Courses in Modern Hebrew

1. 04F, 05F: 2

2. 05W, 06W: 2

3. 05S, 06S: 2

An introduction to spoken and written Modern Israeli Hebrew (MIH). In addition to mastering the basics of grammar, emphasis is placed on active functional communication in the language, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension. Mandatory student-run drill sessions meet four times/week for one hour (4 hours/week) for all beginning Hebrew language classes. Never serves in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. Ben-Moshe.

1-4-5. First Year Courses in Biblical (Classical) Hebrew

1. 04F, 05F: 2

4. 05W, 06W: 12

5. 05S, 06S: 12

This sequence uses Hebrew 1 as an introduction to the Biblical language. Hebrew 1 teaches Hebrew script and the general basics of Hebrew. Hebrew 4-5 goes on to teach Biblical grammar and vocabulary, using authentic Biblical text, drawn from such books as Esther and Ruth. Never serves in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. Ben-Moshe.

10. Introduction to Hebrew and Israeli Culture (Identical to AMES 17 and Jewish Studies 20)

05S, 06S: 10A

This course is interdisciplinary, exploring the interaction of Hebrew literature, film, music, religion and society. For millenia, Hebrew has had a unique spiritual hold on both the Jewish and Christian imagination. We will focus on the Bible as wisdom, law and poetry, the Talmud of the ancient Rabbis, Kabbalah and Hebrew alphabet mysticism, war and the Israeli cinema, Hebrew folk and rock culture, and a modern political mystery: How today’s Hebrew was raised from the dead.

No knowledge of Hebrew is assumed. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Glinert.

31. Intermediate Hebrew

04F: 12

Continued study of Modern Israeli Hebrew grammar and syntax. Emphasis is placed on acquisition of the spoken language and on listening and reading comprehension. The course includes selected readings from contemporary Hebrew authors. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ben- Moshe.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Hebrew Language and Literature

All terms except summer: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Hebrew. The student must get permission from the faculty member with whom he or she wishes to work. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Glinert.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Hebrew.

61. Topics in Modern Hebrew Literature and Culture

05S, 06S: 2A

Emerging in 18th and 19th century Europe, Modern Hebrew literature produced the Hasidic anecdote and fable seeking to revitalize the religious Jewish masses, then the excited and tortured novels and poetry of Jewish intellectuals seeking to Westernize themselves while remaining true to their roots, and now the radically different literature of contemporary Israel dealing with Zionism, modernity, the lonely individual, war and peace. Courses listed under Hebrew 61 are open to students of all classes.

In 05S, Film, Fiction and the Israeli-Arab Conflict (Identical to Jewish Studies 40). This course explores Israeli cinema in the context of the social and historical backdrop of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the painful emergence of a new Jewish-Israeli identity in the shadow of the Holocaust and constant warfare. We will study a dozen or so films in depth, situate them in the evolution of an Israeli cinema, and consider the problems of turning fiction into film. Dist: LIT. Class of 2007 and earlier: WCult: EU. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: W. Glinert.

62. Topics in Classical Hebrew Literature and Culture

05F: 10A

Classical Hebrew literature spans 3000 years from the Biblical period until the advent of Jewish ‘modernity’ in the 18th-19th centuries, and reflects the lives and values of Jews in their ancient homeland and across the Ashkenazi and Sephardi diasporas. Among the outstanding products of this literature, whose effects on Jewish and Western civilization have been incalculable, are the Bible, the Midrash and Talmud of late Antiquity. Medieval Hebrew genres include the theological and erotic poetry of Spain and Italy, the laments of the Crusades, the travelogue, ethical fables, philosophical essays, and Messianic folklore. Courses listed under Hebrew 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 05F, Midrash: How the Rabbis Interpreted the Bible (Identical to Comparative Literature 70 and Jewish Studies 20.1). Midrash is the ancient Jewish term for Biblical interpretation. We examine how the Bible was interpreted by the Rabbis 1500 to 2000 years ago, at the crucial juncture in history when the Bible was being canonized in the form it now has. We focus on powerful motifs such as the Creation, the Flood, Jacob and the Angel, Joseph’s Dreams, and the Golden Calf, and view them through two prisms: through a wide range of ancient Midrashic texts themselves; and through one influential modern Jewish literary reading of the Midrashic themes of Genesis. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Glinert.

63. Themes in Hebrew Literature and Culture

04F, 05F: 2A

Committed to tradition but irresistibly changing, Hebrew literature across the centuries has created a delicate set of modulations on major themes, which may be deemed leitmotifs of Jewish culture and which continue to surface even in secular Israel: Among them are love and the mystical eros, holy land and holy people, the sacrifice of Isaac and martyrdom, exile and the messiah. Courses listed under Hebrew 63 are open to students of all classes.

In 04F and 05F, Rabbis, Rogues and Schlemiels: Jewish Humor and its Roots (Identical to Comparative Literature 41). What is Jewish humor, what are its roots, and what can it begin to tell us about Jewish society, its values and its self-image? This course mines the long and rich tradition of Hebrew comic and satirical folklore and fine literature, and their relationship to Yiddish, Israeli and Anglo-American Jewish humor. We will also compare the joke, popular song, film and the cartoon, asking how genre impacts on theme. Taught in English translation. Open to all classes. Dist: LIT. Glinert.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Topics in Hebrew Literature and Culture

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

JAPANESE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

MAJOR REQUIREMENTS:

Prerequisite: Japanese 23 or equivalent

The major in Japanese consists of ten (10) required courses:

1) Four (4) intermediate and advanced language courses: two (2) courses at the  30 level and two (2) courses at the 40 level. Students who participate in the  Tokyo program may substitute Japanese 29 for one of the 30-level courses.

2) Japanese 10: Introduction to Japanese Culture

3) Japanese 61: Topics in 20th Century Japanese Culture (taught in English)

4) Japanese 62: Topics in Early Modern Japanese Culture (taught in English)

5) Japanese 63: Topics in Classical Japanese Literature and Culture (taught in

English)

6) Either Chinese 10 or one course in Chinese literature in translation

(Chinese 61, 62, or 63)

7) Either Japanese 81: Advanced Seminar, AMEL 85: Independent Research, or AMEL 87: Honors Thesis. Either of these courses may serve as the culminatingexperience for graduating majors.

1-2-3. Japanese

1. 04F, 05F: 9S

2. 05W, 06W: 9S

3. 05S, 06S: 9S

An introduction to written and spoken modern Japanese. In addition to mastering the basics of grammar, emphasis is placed on active functional communication in the language, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension. Conversational drill and comprehensive exercises in classroom and laboratory provide practice in pronunciation and the use of the basic patterns of speech. Classes are conducted in Japanese. Reading in simple materials is extensive. Mandatory student-run drill sessions meet daily for one hour (5 hours/ week) for all beginning Japanese language classes. Never serves in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. The staff.

10. Introduction to Japanese Culture (Identical to AMES 13)

05S, 06S: 11

Japanese cultural history through a broad survey of literature, art, social and political institutions, and popular culture. Modern conceptions of Japan and formations of Japanese identity have evolved under the pressures created by radical swings between periods of wholesale appropriation of foreign cultural forms and periods of extreme isolation. The course will trace the evolution of Japanese culture by examining the ways in which cultural archetypes are distinguished in Japan. Taught in English. Open to all classes. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Washburn.

22, 23. Intermediate Modern Japanese

05X, 06X: D.L.S.A.+ (Dartmouth in Japan)

A continuation of the fundamentals of grammar and further acquisition of spoken communication skills, aural comprehension, and proficiency in reading and writing. This is an intensive course that integrates the FSP homestays and the local environment into course materials. Students will be expected to master a wide variety of reading and video materials. WCult: NW. Washburn.

29. Special Topics in Japanese Studies

05X, 06X: D.L.S.A.+ (Dartmouth in Japan)

WCult: NW. Washburn.

31. Advanced Japanese

04F, 05F: 10

A progression of materials from Japanese 23. Intensive review and continued study of modern Japanese at the intermediate level. Conversation skills will continue to be an important aspect of this course, but more emphasis will be placed on reading and writing skills. Reading materials will be drawn from current newspapers, contemporary fiction, essays from journals and excerpts from poetry. Short audiovisual selections will be used as well. Assigned work includes written compositions and oral presentations.

Prerequisite: Japanese 23 or permission of instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ishida.

32. Advanced Japanese

05W, 06W: 10

A progression of materials from Japanese 31. A variation of materials used in Japanese 31. Note: although the materials used in this course differ from the materials used in Japanese 31 the general level of proficiency required to enroll in either Japanese 31 or 32 is roughly equivalent. Students may take Japanese 32 even if they have been unable to enroll in Japanese 31.

Prerequisite: Japanese 31 or permission of instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Watanabe.

33. Advanced Japanese

05S, 06S: 10

A continuation and progression of materials used in Japanese 31 and 32. Note: the level of proficiency required to enroll in Japanese 33 is higher than the proficiency required for either Japanese 31 or 32.

Prerequisite: Japanese 32 or equivalent. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ishida.

41. Advanced Japanese

04F, 05F: 11

A variation of materials used in Japanese 33. Note: although the materials used in this course differ from the materials used in Japanese 33, the general level of proficiency required to enroll in either Japanese 33 or 41 is roughly equivalent. Students may take Japanese 41 even if they have been unable to enroll in Japanese 33.

Prerequisite: Third year Japanese or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Watanabe.

42. Advanced Japanese

05W, 06W: 11

A progression of materials from Japanese 41. Designed to develop mastery of the spoken and written language. Assigned work includes written compositions and oral presentations.

Prerequisite: Japanese 41 or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ishida, Dorsey.

43. Advanced Japanese

06S: 11

A progression of materials from Japanese 42.

Prerequisite: Japanese 41 or 42 or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ishida.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Japanese Language and Literature

All terms except summer: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Japanese. The student must get permission from the faculty member with whom he or she wishes to work. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey, Washburn.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Japanese.

61. Topics in 20th Century Japanese Literature and Culture

06W: 12

Classes offered under this rubric deal with major figures, themes, or issues of twentieth- century Japanese literature, popular culture, and intellectual history. Techniques of critical reading and interpretation are studied as an integral part of these courses, which reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff. Since each offering is based on a particular theme or period students may take this course more than once. Courses listed under Japanese 61 are open to students of all classes.

In 06W, Inventing and Re-Inventing Japan: The Fabrication of Modern National Identity. Particularly since 1868, Japanese writers and intellectuals have struggled to define Japan’s national identity, pointing to everything from climate and language to sense of style and artistic tradition in locating some Japanese essence. So varied and mutually exclusive are these definitions that one might conclude that the distinguishing feature of Japanese culture its obsession with identifying the distinguishing features of Japanese culture. In this course we will read philosophical, historical, theoretical and literary texts in a consideration of how historical, political, and ideological concerns shaped, and were in turn shaped by, explanations of what it meant to be Japanese. No knowledge of the Japanese language required. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey.

62. Topics in Early Modern Japanese Literature and Culture

05W: 12

Classes offered under this rubric explore the emergence of modern Japan between the years 1600 and 1900 through an examination of literature, popular culture, and intellectual history. Techniques of critical reading and interpretation are studied as an integral part of these courses, which reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff. Since each offering is based on a particular theme or period students may take this course more than once. Courses listed under Japanese 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 05W, From Floating World to Imperial State: Culture, Capitalism and Politics in Early Modern Japan. This course will trace developments in Japanese narrative from the rise of a dominant merchant culture during the Genroku Era (late seventeenth century) to the emergence of a modern technocratic culture in the Meiji period (1868-1912). Readings include works of poetry and drama, but the primary focus is on works of prose fiction. Topics include: continuity and discontinuity in the narrative form in Japan; the subversive use of parody in authoritarian regimes; the concepts of self and love in a status society; the shifting notions of tradition and modernity; and the impact of Westernization on Japanese interpretations of their cultural past. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey.

63. Topics in Classical Japanese Literature and Culture

Not offered in the period from 04F through 06S

Classes offered under this rubric will explore key developments in the cultural history of Japan between the years 700 and 1600 through a close examination of literary artifacts. Techniques of critical reading and interpretation are studied as an integral part of these courses, which reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff. Since each offering is based on a particular theme or period students may take this course more than once. Courses listed under Japanese 63 are open to students of all classes.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Topics in Japanese Literature and Culture

05W, 05F: 10A

This seminar is designed to examine closely literary and cultural texts employing theoretical and historical sources. Topics vary according to instructor, but might range from studies of single authors to broader comparative themes, where students will be urged to incorporate readings in the original language.

In 05W, The Art of War: Stories, Paintings, Films, and Propaganda From Japan’s Modern Wars. In this course we will examine the relationship between a wide variety of cultural artifacts and modern Japan’s experience of war, particularly World War II. Topics addressed within this context include: government censorship, literary subversion, popular culture versus high culture, visual versus written media, postwar cultural memory, the ideology of suicide squads, and the mentality of victimhood. No Japanese language is required for the course, but students with sufficient ability will be expected to make use of original sources. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey.

EAST ASIAN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

Prerequisite: Chinese 23 and Japanese 23 or equivalents.

The major in East Asian Languages and Literatures consists of eleven (11) required courses:

1) Four (4) upper level language courses: 2 Chinese and 2 Japanese.

2) Chinese 10 and Japanese 10

3) Three (3) topics courses (i.e., Chinese/Japanese 61, 62, and 63), two in one culture and one in the other.

4) A non-AMELL course from an approved list.

5) A senior seminar, relating to the culture in which just one topics course was

taken.