This paper explores issues related to nutrition in Japan during the post-war period of 1945 to 1952. While there is evidence supporting various historians’ claims of large shortfalls in food, there is an absence of data to sufficiently back the stronger claim that this resulted in massive starvation and famine. This paper takes a closer look at statistics collected during the time period, available through the Historical Statistics of Japan, as well as the School Health Examination Survey. The former contains information about food consumption (an input variable), whilst the latter concerns the physiques of youths (an output variable).
During the British colonial era in Penang, Malaysia and Singapore, hundreds of thousands of Chinese migrants – laborers and merchants alike – contributed to a vast expansion of both cities’ urban landscape. This influx was such that both cities became dominated by members of the Chinese diaspora.
This paper explores the implication of this hybridity not just in terms of the daily lived experience of colonialism, but as part of establishing Penang and Singapore in the wider world of the Chinese diaspora.
This paper will discuss the deconstruction of the metanarrative on an anonymous Japanese internet bulletin board system called 2channel. ‘Metanarrative’ is a term created by Jean-Francois Lyotard referring to something that binds together various aspects of society into a cohesive whole; examples include the notions of reason, morality, or capitalism. The metanarrative discussed in this paper is that of narrative itself. The paper will also delve into a discussion of Louis Althusser’s philosophical concept of interpellation and its relationship to anka. The conclusion reached is that anka not only deconstructs the primacy of the metanarrative, but also generates a new class of narrative to take its place.
This research examines the role of the hwarang (organizations of young men) in Silla during the Three Kingdoms period of pre-modern Korea. The project mainly focuses on secondary sources which display conflicting ideas about the roles of the hwarang. These sources are used in conjunction with translations of primary historical texts in order to shed light on who the hwarang were, what their belief system was, and the multiple roles they served. Through thorough analysis of all sources, the paper concludes that the hwarang were much more than the military group many historians write them off as. They served military, religious, and educational purposes and were an important facet of the kingdom of Silla.
In 2002, the author of the manga "Honey Room" was tried for obscenity. According to leading academic analysis, no manga author was tried for obscenity before 2002 because manga was a new artistic medium. Manga editors censored much of their own work to avoid the market stigma of an obscenity trial. Manga artists evaded obscenity charges by working through loopholes in obscenity legislation. Those who pushed for manga censorship pushed for censorship on the basis of indecency rather than obscenity because indecency, a censorship charge for children, seemed more appropriate a charge than obscenity as manga was perceived as a medium for children. It is for the reasons above, rather than any supposed modernity, that no manga author was tried for obscenity before 2002. What triggered, then, the 2002 trial?