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Dartmouth College Library MODS Documentation

Last updated: July 20, 2018

This page provides guidelines for the creation of digital project descriptive metadata in the MODS format.

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Base Guidelines

In general, the Library adheres to Resource Description & Access (RDA), as well as version 1.1 of the DLF/Aquifer Implementation Guidelines for Shareable MODS Records at the strictest level of adoption. Deviations from the DLF/Aquifer guidelines occur in some places due to RDA requirements, preferred local practice, or improvements since made to the MODS schema in versions 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, or 3.6. In particular, note the following changes implemented in versions 3.4, 3.5, and 3.6:

Refer to the Library of Congress's MODS User Guidelines "Elements and Attributes" section for descriptions and examples of the current version of the MODS schema. Links are provided below to the page for each top-level element.

Local Practices

These practices override or expand portions of the DLF/Aquifer guidelines.

Throughout the Schema

General Editing

Add new top-level elements as necessary to include multiple titles, names, subjects, imprint statements, etc.

Only include punctuation that occurs as part of the content of an element. Do not include ISBD punctuation used to separate MARC subfields.

Remove all XML comments (e.g., <!-- Enter non-filing characters here -->) completely when entering data.

Remove any elements that are blank (i.e., do not have any text content or subelements), except for those within <mods:extension>.

Do not insert line breaks within the text content of any element. (Line breaks within text in the examples below are present only for ease of reading.)

Under <mods:recordInfo>, update <mods:recordChangeDate encoding="w3cdtf">, or add it if it does not exist, whenever editing a record.

Dates

All descriptive date elements (except those within <mods:name> and FAST terms associated with the date of work) should contain @encoding="w3cdtf". Refer to W3C Date and Time Formats for constructing valid W3CDTF dates.

Use MODS' date-related attributes to indicate date ranges and qualifiers when converting MARC-encoded or other dates to W3CDTF.

URIs for Controlled Vocabularies

Updated! Provide @authority and @valueURI for all access points within <mods:name>, <mods:subject>, <mods:genre>, and <mods:titleInfo> elements where they are available. Do not provide @valueURI for only a portion of a complex access point.

Special Characters and Alternate Scripts and Languages

Common RDA Instructions: 1.4

Common MARC Mappings: 880, XXX $6

New! To implement the double underscore convention in observance of LC-PCC PS for RDA 1.4 (e.g. sections "Super/Subscript Characters", "Special Letters, Diacritical Marks, and Punctuation Marks"), use the U+0333 COMBINING DOUBLE LOW LINE character, entered immediately following the character to be modified.

Modification to LC-PCC PS for RDA 1.4, section "Greek and Other Non-Latin Script Letters, Ideographs, Etc.": Retain any characters from non-Latin scripts. Use @script on each element to identify the non-Latin script with a four-letter value taken from the ISO 15924 Code List. Create a parallel element containing the romanized form. Link the top-level elements containing these forms by adding @altRepGroup to each. For each pair of linked elements within a record, the value of @altRepGroup should be the same two-digit number, starting with "01". See <mods:titleInfo> and <mods:abstract> for examples.

Elements containing a majority of content in a non-English language should use @lang to identify that language with a three-letter value taken from the ISO 639-2 Code List. See <mods:titleInfo> for an example.

Top-level Elements

Refer to the MARC 21 to MODS 3.5 Mapping document for detailed mappings between MARC fields and subfields and MODS elements, subelements, and attributes.

See also the official RDA-to-MODS mapping (last updated for MODS version 3.3) for information about less-commonly-used elements.

<mods:titleInfo> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 2.3 Title

Common MARC Mappings: 245, 210, 242, 246, 130, 240, 730, 740

Notes

Use @type with <mods:titleInfo> only for abbreviated, translated, alternative, or uniform titles.

See <mods:note> below for encoding the statement of responsibility.

Use both @type="alternative" and @displayLabel="Uncontrolled title" for an uncontrolled related title.

Refer to project-specific documentation for any alternative titles to be assigned.

Examples
<mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:nonSort>The </mods:nonSort>
    <mods:title>Artistry of the Homeric Simile</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>

<mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:nonSort>A </mods:nonSort>
    <mods:title>Clash of Carnivals</mods:title>
    <mods:subTitle>the Lone Pine vs Black Ice</mods:subTitle>
</mods:titleInfo>

<mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:title>Estimating the demand and cost-effectiveness of a national program of individual placement and support for people with serious mental illness</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>
<mods:titleInfo type="alternative">
    <mods:title>Five studies of individual placement and support</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>

<mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:nonSort>The </mods:nonSort>
    <mods:title>experimental analysis of mutlitple computationally-driven methods for the deletion of broadly distributed T cell epitopes in a functional biotherapeutic candidate</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>
<mods:titleInfo type="alternative">
    <mods:nonSort>The </mods:nonSort>
    <mods:title>experimental analysis of multiple computationally-driven methods for the deletion of broadly distributed T cell epitopes in a functional biotherapeutic candidate</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>

<mods:titleInfo altRepGroup="01" script="Grek">
    <mods:title>Determinants of the il-1β response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>
<mods:titleInfo altRepGroup="01">
    <mods:title>Determinants of the il-1[beta] response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>

<mods:titleInfo type="uniform" authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n86057210">
    <mods:title>Chronicles of England</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>

<mods:titleInfo type="alternative" lang="tib" displayLabel="Uncontrolled title">
    <mods:title>Gter-ston ʼBar-baʼi-rdo-rje rnam thar/</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>

<mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:nonSort>The </mods:nonSort>
    <mods:title>role of regulatory T cells in BRAFV̳⁶⁰⁰E̳-driven melanoma outgrowth</mods:title>
</mods:titleInfo>
<mods:note>In title and abstract, "V" and "E" are superscript</mods:note>

<mods:name> required if applicableLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 19.2 Creator, 19.3 Other Person, Family, or Corporate Body Associated with a Work, 20.2 Contributor, 18.5 Relationship Designator

Common MARC Mappings: 100, 700, 110, 111, 710, 711, 720

Resources: LC Name Authority File, MARC Code List for Relators

Notes

Add @usage="primary" to the name that is the preferred access point, if one exists. <mods:role> and <mods:roleTerm> are required only for this name, but should be added to as many names as possible. Include only <mods:roleTerm type="text"> within each <mods:role> element.

Split names into multiple <mods:namePart> elements with appropriate @type values whenever possible. Use a second element with @type="given" for the fuller form of name, if applicable.

Examples
<mods:name type="personal" usage="primary">
    <mods:namePart type="family">Brambles</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Oliver</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Oliver J.</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">author</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="personal" usage="primary">
    <mods:namePart type="family">Zhang</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Donghui</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="date">1975-</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">author</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="personal" usage="primary">
    <mods:namePart type="family">Romano</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Corinne</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">artist</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="personal" usage="primary">
    <mods:namePart type="family">McCoy</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">John</mods:namePart>
    <mods:description>Civil War soldier</mods:description>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">author</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="personal" authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n81090123" usage="primary">
    <mods:namePart type="family">Meadows</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Donella H.</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">author</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="personal" authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n97114119" usage="primary">
    <mods:namePart type="family">Hayward</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Oliver S.</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="termsOfAddress">M.D.</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">author</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="personal" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n87150389">
    <mods:namePart type="family">Henry</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Buck</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">actor</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="personal" authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2001021887">
    <mods:namePart type="family">Stern</mods:namePart>
    <mods:namePart type="given">Ricki</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">author</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">director</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="corporate">
    <mods:namePart>Dartmouth College</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">degree granting institution</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:name type="corporate" authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2017050148">
    <mods:namePart>Dartmouth Digital Library Program</mods:namePart>
    <mods:role>
        <mods:roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">repository</mods:roleTerm>
    </mods:role>
</mods:name>

<mods:typeOfResource> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common MARC Mappings: Leader/06

Notes

Use @collection="yes" only for records defined as "collection-level" by digital project standards.

Examples
<mods:typeOfResource>moving image</mods:typeOfResource>

<mods:typeOfResource collection="yes">still image</mods:typeOfResource>

<mods:typeOfResource manuscript="yes">text</mods:typeOfResource>

<mods:genre> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 6.9 Content Type

Common MARC Mappings: 008/various, 336, 655

Resources: RDA Content Types, MARC Genre Terms, LC Genre/Form Terms, Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus

Notes

At least one <mods:genre authority="local"> is required for collection-level records, based on local digital collection categorizations.

Assign the RDA content type to a <mods:genre type="content" authority="rdacontent"> element.

Where applicable, assign one or more of the MARC Genre Terms specified in the LC MODS-to-MARC mapping.

Apply other genre terms only as directed by project-specific documentation.

Examples
<mods:genre authority="marcgt">picture</mods:genre>
<mods:genre type="content" authority="rdacontent">still image</mods:genre>
<mods:genre authority="fast" valueURI="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1423847">Posters</mods:genre>

<mods:genre authority="marcgt">picture</mods:genre>
<mods:genre type="content" authority="rdacontent">still image</mods:genre>
<mods:genre authority="aat" valueURI="http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300127181">daguerreotypes</mods:genre>

<mods:genre authority="marcgt">thesis</mods:genre>
<mods:genre type="content" authority="rdacontent">text</mods:genre>

<mods:genre authority="marcgt">map</mods:genre>
<mods:genre type="content" authority="rdacontent">cartographic image</mods:genre>

<mods:genre authority="marcgt">book</mods:genre>
<mods:genre authority="marcgt">fiction</mods:genre>
<mods:genre type="content" authority="rdacontent">text</mods:genre>

<mods:genre authority="marcgt">motion picture</mods:genre>
<mods:genre type="content" authority="rdacontent">two-dimensional moving image</mods:genre>

<mods:originInfo> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 2.8 Publication Statement, 2.11 Copyright Date, 2.5 Edition, 2.13 Mode of Issuance

Common MARC Mappings: 008/various, 264, 250, Leader/07, 310

Resources: W3C Date and Time Formats (W3CDTF), MARC Code List for Countries, MARC Frequency of Issue Term List

Notes

Use @eventType with every <mods:originInfo> element, with a value of "production", "publication", "distribution", or "manufacture".

Assign @keyDate to the date associated with the digital publication of the resource, except for dissertations. Provide <mods:copyrightDate> with the copyright date of the original resource, if available, unless directed otherwise by project-specific documentation.

<mods:publisher> and <mods:place> are required for all non-dissertation materials. Record both <mods:placeTerm type="text"> and <mods:placeTerm type="code" authority="marccountry">.

For digitized materials, use <mods:originInfo>/<mods:dateCreated> within <mods:relatedItem type="otherFormat"> to record the date of work, as directed by local policy on RDA 6.4.

<mods:issuance>, with a value of "single unit", "multipart monograph", "serial", or "integrating resource", is required for collection-level records. For continuing resources, <mods:frequency authority="marcfrequency"> is also required. See <mods:note> below for encoding the regularity.

Examples
<mods:originInfo eventType="publication">
    <mods:place>
        <mods:placeTerm type="text">Hanover, N.H.</mods:placeTerm>
        <mods:placeTerm type="code" authority="marccountry">nhu</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:publisher>Dartmouth College Press</mods:publisher>
    <mods:dateIssued encoding="w3cdtf" keyDate="yes">2014</mods:dateIssued>
    <mods:copyrightDate encoding="w3cdtf">2014</mods:copyrightDate>
</mods:originInfo>

<mods:originInfo eventType="publication">
    <mods:place>
        <mods:placeTerm type="text">Hanover, N.H.</mods:placeTerm>
        <mods:placeTerm type="code" authority="marccountry">nhu</mods:placeTerm>
    </mods:place>
    <mods:publisher>Trustees of Dartmouth College</mods:publisher>
    <mods:dateIssued keyDate="yes" encoding="w3cdtf">2011</mods:dateIssued>
    <mods:issuance>monographic</mods:issuance>
</mods:originInfo>

<mods:originInfo eventType="production">
    <mods:dateIssued encoding="w3cdtf" keyDate="yes">2004</mods:dateIssued>
    <mods:issuance>single unit</mods:issuance>
</mods:originInfo>

<mods:language> required if applicableLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 6.11 Language of Expression

Common MARC Mappings: 008/35-37, 041, 546

Resources: ISO 639-2 Code List

Examples
<mods:language>
    <mods:languageTerm type="text">English</mods:languageTerm>
    <mods:languageTerm type="code" authority="iso639-2b">eng</mods:languageTerm>
</mods:language>

<mods:language usage="primary">
    <mods:languageTerm type="text">English</mods:languageTerm>
    <mods:languageTerm type="code" authority="iso639-2b">eng</mods:languageTerm>
</mods:language>
<mods:language objectPart="abstract">
    <mods:languageTerm type="text">French</mods:languageTerm>
    <mods:languageTerm type="code" authority="iso639-2b">fre</mods:languageTerm>
</mods:language>

<mods:physicalDescription> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 3.2 Media Type, 3.3 Carrier Type, 3.4 Extent

Common MARC Mappings: 007/various, 008/various, 337, 338, 300, 856 $q

Resources: RDA Media Types, RDA Carrier Types, IANA Media Types

Notes

Assign the RDA media and carrier types to <mods:form type="media" authority="rdamedia"> and <mods:form type="carrier" authority="rdacarrier"> elements, respectively.

Updated! Place extent data within <mods:extent>. For each other type of data that could be mapped to subfields of the MARC 300 field (e.g. "other physical details", "dimensions", "accompanying material"), create a separate <mods:note> element with appropriate @type.

For collection-level records, supplement <mods:extent> with a parenthetical count if the collection is not a continuing resource.

<mods:internetMediaType> and <mods:digitalOrigin> are required.

Updated! When the source data contains information applicable only to the physical version, move it to an appropriate element within <mods:relatedItem>/<mods:physicalDescription>.

Examples
<mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:form type="media" authority="rdamedia">computer</mods:form>
    <mods:form type="carrier" authority="rdacarrier">online resource</mods:form>
    <mods:internetMediaType>application/pdf</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:extent>1 online resource (xii, 151 leaves)</mods:extent>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>born digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:note type="other physical details">illustrations (some color)</mods:note>
</mods:physicalDescription>

<mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:form type="media" authority="rdamedia">computer</mods:form>
    <mods:form type="carrier" authority="rdacarrier">online resource</mods:form>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jp2</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:extent>1 online resource</mods:extent>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:note type="technique" displayLabel="Original">offset lithograph</mods:note>
</mods:physicalDescription>

<mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:form type="media" authority="rdamedia">computer</mods:form>
    <mods:form type="carrier" authority="rdacarrier">online resource</mods:form>
    <mods:extent>1 online resource (43 maps)</mods:extent>
    <mods:internetMediaType>image/jpeg</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
    <mods:note type="other physical details">digital, JPEG</mods:note>
</mods:physicalDescription>

<mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:form type="media" authority="rdamedia">computer</mods:form>
    <mods:form type="media" authority="rdamedia">video</mods:form>
    <mods:form type="carrier" authority="rdacarrier">online resource</mods:form>
    <mods:internetMediaType>video/mp4</mods:internetMediaType>
    <mods:extent>1 online resource (streaming video file) (20 minutes)</mods:extent>
    <mods:digitalOrigin>reformatted digital</mods:digitalOrigin>
</mods:physicalDescription>

<mods:abstract> required for collection-level records onlyLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 7.10 Summarization of the Content

Common MARC Mappings: 520

Notes

For collection-level records, use @displayLabel to associate <mods:abstract> content with sections of the collection home page template, or to indicate preferred labels for catalog display.

If home-page metadata elements require XHTML encoding to preserve formatting for display purposes, create both a <mods:abstract> element and a <mods:extension>/<drb:section> element, and link them using @altRepGroup with letter values, as described under <mods:extension> below. Use <mods:abstract> for the plain-text version of this content.

Examples
<mods:abstract displayLabel="Summary">Finding Augusta breaks new ground, revising how media studies interpret the relationship between our bodies and technology. This is a challenging exploration of how, for both good and ill, the sudden ubiquity of mobile devices, GPS systems, haptic technologies, and other forms of media alter individuals' experience of their bodies and shape the social collective. The author succeeds in problematizing the most salient fact of contemporary mobile media technologies, namely, that they have become, like highways and plumbing, an infrastructure that regulates habit.</mods:abstract>

<mods:abstract displayLabel="About the Collection">Dating from between 1919 and 1925 the papers of Charles Daniel Tenney include essays, speeches and translations concerning Tenney's time in China as well as his views on education, the tensions between Christian missions and Confucianism, criticism of the Chinese language and writing system, criticism of the 1911 revolution and the founding of the Chinese Republic, as well as Tenney's thoughts on the Jewish colony and tablets at Keifeng. Additionally, included is Tenney's typescript copy of Bishop George Smith's translation of the Keifeng Jewish Tablets. The Papers of Charles Daniel Tenney form part of the manuscript holdings of Rauner Special Collections library at Dartmouth College. The original documents are available for research and may be requested by asking for call number: MS-794 in Rauner Library. The papers were digitally reformatted and transcribed over the summer of 2012 as part of the Dartmouth Digital Library Program. A finding aid and more information for the collection may be found at: https://ead.dartmouth.edu/html/ms794_fullguide.html</mods:abstract>

<mods:abstract displayLabel="Abstract" altRepGroup="02" script="Grek">Despite immunogenicity, melanoma-specific vaccines have demonstrated minimal clinical efficacy in patients with established disease, but enhance survival when administered in the adjuvant setting. It has been shown that T cell infiltration of melanoma is associated with enhanced clinical efficacy and is a desirable endpoint of immunotherapeutic vaccination. T cell infiltration into tumors is regulated, in part, by chemokine receptors. Therefore, we have investigated the chemokine receptor CXCR3 in three different settings. 1) The induction of CXCR3 on CD8 T cells by peptide vaccination in human patients, 2) the requirement for CXCR3 expression on CD8 T cells for the infiltration of metastatic melanoma lesions in the lungs of mice, and 3) the requirement for host CXCR3 expression for engraftment of metastatic melanoma in the lung. Our results are three-fold. 1) We determined that vaccination of a melanoma peptide vaccine in adjuvant induces tumor antigen-specific CD8 T cells that are predominantly positive for CXCR3. These cells express high levels of Tbet, IFN-γ, and IL-12R-β1, and thus maintain a phenotype that supports the infiltration and eradication of melanoma. 2) We demonstrated that CXCR3 is required for efficient infiltration of tumor-bearing lungs. Additionally, we observed temporal regulation of CXCR3-cognate chemokines with the establishment of melanoma metastases in the lung. This correlated with temporal regulation of T cell infiltration. We demonstrated that blocking adenosine signaling in the tumor microenvironment restored chemokine production and T cell infiltration in advanced metastatic lesions. 3) Host expression of CXCR3 is required for the engraftment of pulmonary melanoma metastases. We observed that CXCR3-/- mice were protected from melanoma engraftment in the lung, as early as 24 hours after tumor cell injection. We determined that a CXCR3+ host cell was mediating this differential engraftment, and determined that eliminating macrophages in C57BL/6 mice could reduce melanoma engraftment of the lung to levels seen in CXCR3-/- mice. We show that CXCR3 and its ligands play a crucial role in both immunemediated regulation, and metastatic dissemination, of melanoma. Therefore, regulation of CXCR3 expression on lymphocytes and CXCR3 ligands in the tumor microenvironment will be critical for optimizing immune-mediated therapy of melanomas (and likely other tumors).</mods:abstract>
<mods:abstract displayLabel="Abstract" altRepGroup="02">Despite immunogenicity, melanoma-specific vaccines have demonstrated minimal clinical efficacy in patients with established disease, but enhance survival when administered in the adjuvant setting. It has been shown that T cell infiltration of melanoma is associated with enhanced clinical efficacy and is a desirable endpoint of immunotherapeutic vaccination. T cell infiltration into tumors is regulated, in part, by chemokine receptors. Therefore, we have investigated the chemokine receptor CXCR3 in three different settings. 1) The induction of CXCR3 on CD8 T cells by peptide vaccination in human patients, 2) the requirement for CXCR3 expression on CD8 T cells for the infiltration of metastatic melanoma lesions in the lungs of mice, and 3) the requirement for host CXCR3 expression for engraftment of metastatic melanoma in the lung. Our results are three-fold. 1) We determined that vaccination of a melanoma peptide vaccine in adjuvant induces tumor antigen-specific CD8 T cells that are predominantly positive for CXCR3. These cells express high levels of Tbet, IFN-[gamma], and IL-12R-[beta]1, and thus maintain a phenotype that supports the infiltration and eradication of melanoma. 2) We demonstrated that CXCR3 is required for efficient infiltration of tumor-bearing lungs. Additionally, we observed temporal regulation of CXCR3-cognate chemokines with the establishment of melanoma metastases in the lung. This correlated with temporal regulation of T cell infiltration. We demonstrated that blocking adenosine signaling in the tumor microenvironment restored chemokine production and T cell infiltration in advanced metastatic lesions. 3) Host expression of CXCR3 is required for the engraftment of pulmonary melanoma metastases. We observed that CXCR3-/- mice were protected from melanoma engraftment in the lung, as early as 24 hours after tumor cell injection. We determined that a CXCR3+ host cell was mediating this differential engraftment, and determined that eliminating macrophages in C57BL/6 mice could reduce melanoma engraftment of the lung to levels seen in CXCR3-/- mice. We show that CXCR3 and its ligands play a crucial role in both immunemediated regulation, and metastatic dissemination, of melanoma. Therefore, regulation of CXCR3 expression on lymphocytes and CXCR3 ligands in the tumor microenvironment will be critical for optimizing immune-mediated therapy of melanomas (and likely other tumors).</mods:abstract>

<mods:tableOfContents>Library of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common MARC Mappings: 505

Notes

Apply only as directed by project-specific documentation.

Examples
<mods:tableOfContents>The Chinese Ancestral Rites -- The Chinese Ancestral Rites -- The Chinese Language -- The Chinese Republic -- Experiences in China -- The Jewish Colony at Kaifeng -- Li Hung Chang -- Modernizing The Chinese Language -- Record of the Reconstruction of the Ching-Chen-Si -- A Record of the Temple Which Honours the Writing of the Eternal Reason -- Reminiscences of Li Hung-Chang -- Speech on Education</mods:tableOfContents>

<mods:tableOfContents>Introduction -- Empire of liberty : desire, power, and the states of exception -- Race, historical trauma, and democracy : the politics of a historical wrong -- Death, power, violence, and new sovereignties -- The end of history or the invention of existence : critical thought and thinking about the human</mods:tableOfContents>

<mods:tableOfContents>A Master of So Many Skills and Arts / Charles G. Bolté -- Whistling, Washing, and Other Aspects of Printing as an Art / Thomson H. Littlefield -- As a Practitioner and an Historian of His Art / Alvin Eisenman -- Brief Recollections and Tributes I -- Chosen Places / Sinclair H. Hitchings -- His Own Agenda / David R. Godine -- Brief Recollections and Tributes II -- Post-Dartmouth Graphic Arts Workshop / John R. Nash -- The Long Making / Stephen Harvard -- Biographical Chronology of Ray Nash -- Education in a Workshop / Ray Nash.</mods:tableOfContents>

<mods:targetAudience> not implemented

<mods:note> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 2.20 Note, 2.4 Statement of Responsibility, 7.9 Dissertation or Thesis Information

Common MARC Mappings: 245 $c, 500, 502, 530, other 5XX not covered elsewhere

Notes

For collection-level records, always provide <mods:note>Made available through the Dartmouth Digital Library.</mods:note>.

Do not use @type for general notes. Supported values for @type (and their MARC mappings) include: "statement of responsibility" (245 $c), "thesis" (502), "bibliography" (504), "creation/production credits" (508), "performers" (511), "additional physical form" (530), "funding" (536), language" (546), "issuing body" (550), and "regularity" (008/19).

Refer to project-specific documentation for any additional notes to be assigned.

Examples
<mods:note type="thesis">Thesis (Ph.D.)--Dartmouth College, 2013.</mods:note>

<mods:note type="bibliography">Includes bibliographical references (pages 192-209)</mods:note>

<mods:note type="bibliography">Includes bibliographical references (pages 203-217) and index.</mods:note>

<mods:note type="additional physical form">Also available in print.</mods:note>

<mods:note type="statement of responsibility">by Leo Anzagira</mods:note>

<mods:note>BAILEY (on poster), probably William V. Bailey, Dartmouth Class of 1971</mods:note>

<mods:note>Made available through the Dartmouth Digital Library.</mods:note>

<mods:note type="creation/production credits">Assistant director and camera operator, Will Rexer II ; continuity and production assistant, Eleanor Tison ; sound crew, Mario Ortiz, Cyndi Brandenburg, Tom Summerall</mods:note>

<mods:note type="performers">Julie Davis, Erik Tieze, Andrew Bilgore</mods:note>

<mods:note type="regularity">Normalized irregular</mods:note>

<mods:subject> required for collection-level records onlyLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 7.3 Coverage of the Content, 7.4 Coordinates of Cartographic Content

Common MARC Mappings: 600, 610, 611, 630, 648, 650, 651, 653, 034, 043, 045, 255, 752

Resources: LC Subject Headings, FAST, MARC Code List for Geographic Areas, GeoNames

Notes

Updated! Parsing subject values with subdivisions (i.e. with "--") into separate subelements is required.

Include <mods:geographicCode authority="marcgac"> with <mods:geographic> where applicable.

All chronological headings should be assigned to <mods:temporal>, including those classified under FAST's topical facet.

Refer to project-specific documentation for subjects to be assigned at the item level.

Examples
<mods:subject authority="lcsh">
    <mods:name authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no2016153554">
        <mods:namePart type="family">Tenney</mods:namePart>
        <mods:namePart type="given">Charles Daniel</mods:namePart>
        <mods:namePart type="date">1857-1930</mods:namePart>
    </mods:name>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject authority="fast" valueURI="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/143908">
    <mods:name type="personal">
        <mods:namePart type="family">Smith</mods:namePart>
        <mods:namePart type="given">Nathan</mods:namePart>
        <mods:namePart type="date">1762-1829</mods:namePart>
    </mods:name>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject authority="lcsh" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85041023">
    <mods:topic>Education</mods:topic>
    <mods:geographic>China</mods:geographic>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject authority="fast" valueURI="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1159810">
    <mods:temporal>Twentieth century</mods:temporal>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject authority="lcsh">
    <mods:topic>Imaging systems</mods:topic>
    <mods:topic>Design and construction</mods:topic>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject>
    <mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
        <mods:country>United States</mods:country>
        <mods:state>New Hampshire</mods:state>
        <mods:county>Grafton</mods:county>
        <mods:city>Hanover</mods:city>
    </mods:hierarchicalGeographic>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject authority="lcsh" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n91121436">
    <mods:geographic>Alton (N.H.)</mods:geographic>
    <mods:genre>Maps</mods:genre>
    <mods:geographicCode authority="marcgac">n-us-nh</mods:geographicCode>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject authority="geonames" valueURI="http://sws.geonames.org/5082602">
    <mods:cartographics>
        <mods:scale>1:600</mods:scale>
        <mods:coordinates>43.4523, -71.21757</mods:coordinates>
    </mods:cartographics>
</mods:subject>

<mods:subject authority="lcsh">
    <mods:name type="conference" authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no95032384">
        <mods:namePart>Lady Franklin Bay Expedition</mods:namePart>
        <mods:namePart type="date">(1881-1884)</mods:namePart>
    </mods:name>
</mods:subject>
<mods:subject authority="fast" valueURI="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1408504">
    <mods:name type="conference">
        <mods:namePart>Lady Franklin Bay Expedition</mods:namePart>
    </mods:name>
</mods:subject>

<mods:classification>Library of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common MARC Mappings: 050

Notes

Apply only as directed by project-specific documentation.

Examples
<mods:classification authority="lcc">HC59 .L54 1974</mods:classification>

<mods:relatedItem> required for item-level records onlyLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 27.1 Related Manifestation, 25.1 Related Work, 6.4 Date of Work

Common MARC Mappings: 776, 773, 388, 534, 490, 830

Notes

All item-level records must have a <mods:relatedItem type="host"> element that contains <mods:titleInfo> and <mods:typeOfResource collection="yes"> subelements. Refer to project-specific documentation for additional requirements.

For digitized resources, use <mods:relatedItem type="otherFormat"> for information about the physical version. For digitized cartographic resources, instead use <mods:relatedItem type="original">.

Updated! Use <mods:originInfo eventType="production">/<mods:dateCreated> to record the date of work for a digitized unpublished resource, as directed by local policy on RDA 6.4. If the physical version was published, instead use <mods:originInfo eventType="publication">/<mods:dateIssued>.

New! For a series statement, use <mods:relatedItem type="series">/<mods:titleInfo> without @authority. For a series access point, use <mods:relatedItem type="series">/<mods:titleInfo> with @authority, and include @valueURI if available.

Examples
<mods:relatedItem type="otherFormat">
    <mods:titleInfo>
        <mods:title>John McCoy family papers, 1847-1899</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:location>
        <mods:holdingSimple>
            <mods:copyInformation>
                <mods:subLocation>Rauner Special Collections Library, 6065 Webster Hall, Hanover, NH 03755, USA</mods:subLocation>
                <mods:shelfLocator>Rauner Manuscript MS-605</mods:shelfLocator>
            </mods:copyInformation>
        </mods:holdingSimple>
    </mods:location>
    <mods:recordInfo>
        <mods:recordIdentifier type="OCoLC">237296709</mods:recordIdentifier>
    </mods:recordInfo>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:relatedItem type="otherFormat" displayLabel="Print version:">
    <mods:identifier type="local">Ph.D. 2003</mods:identifier>
    <mods:recordInfo>
        <mods:recordIdentifier source="OCoLC">78156608</mods:recordIdentifier>
    </mods:recordInfo>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:relatedItem type="host">
    <mods:titleInfo>
        <mods:title>Dartmouth Winter Carnival Posters</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:typeOfResource collection="yes">still image</mods:typeOfResource>
    <mods:identifier type="doi">https://doi.org/10.1349/ddlp.1378</mods:identifier>
    <mods:location>
        <mods:url usage="primary" access="object in context"
            >https://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/digital/collections/other/WinterCarnivalPosters.html</mods:url>
    </mods:location>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:relatedItem type="original" displayLabel="Print version:">
    <mods:originInfo eventType="publication">
        <mods:place>
            <mods:placeTerm type="text">New York</mods:placeTerm>
        </mods:place>
        <mods:publisher>Sanborn Map Company</mods:publisher>
        <mods:dateIssued encoding="w3cdtf">1905</mods:dateIssued>
        <mods:dateIssued encoding="fast">Twentieth century</mods:dateIssued>
    </mods:originInfo>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:relatedItem type="otherFormat">
    <mods:originInfo eventType="production">
        <mods:dateCreated encoding="fast" point="start">Nineteenth century</mods:dateCreated>
        <mods:dateCreated encoding="fast" point="end">Twentieth century</mods:dateCreated>
        <mods:dateCreated encoding="w3cdtf" point="start">1890</mods:dateCreated>
        <mods:dateCreated encoding="w3cdtf" point="end">1910</mods:dateCreated>
    </mods:originInfo>
    <mods:location>
        <mods:holdingSimple>
            <mods:copyInformation>
                <mods:shelfLocator>Rauner Manuscript MS-674</mods:shelfLocator>
            </mods:copyInformation>
        </mods:holdingSimple>
    </mods:location>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:relatedItem type="series">
    <mods:titleInfo>
        <mods:title>Interfaces</mods:title>
        <mods:subTitle>studies in visual culture</mods:subTitle>
    </mods:titleInfo>
</mods:relatedItem>
<mods:relatedItem type="series">
    <mods:titleInfo authority="naf" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2005059573">
        <mods:title>Interfaces, studies in visual culture</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:identifier> required if applicableLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 2.15 Identifier for the Manifestation

Common MARC Mappings: 856 $u, 020, 022, 010

Notes

Updated! Only include URLs in <mods:identifier> elements if they are persistent identifiers (<mods:identifier> with type="doi" or type="ark") or legacy addresses no longer in use (<mods:identifier type="uri" invalid="yes">). Encode other URLs only within <mods:location>/<mods:url>.

Updated! Digital Library Program DOIs (via Crossref) begin with https://doi.org/10.1349/ddlp.. Digital Library Program ARKs (via EZID) begin with https://n2t.net/ark:/83024/d4.

Examples
<mods:identifier type="doi" displayLabel="Electronic book">https://doi.org/10.1349/ddlp.1</mods:identifier>

<mods:identifier type="ark" displayLabel="Electronic map">https://n2t.net/ark:/83024/d4r94w</mods:identifier>

<mods:identifier type="uri" invalid="yes">https://www.dartmouth.edu/~drseuss/</mods:identifier>

<mods:location> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 4.6 Uniform Resource Locator

Common MARC Mappings: 856 $u, 852, 949

Notes

<mods:url usage="primary" access="object in context"> should contain the local URL to which the object's DOI (if assigned) would resolve.

Add <mods:url access="preview"> for objects in CONTENTdm. Follow the example below for constructing the appropriate URL.

Within <mods:relatedItem>, use <mods:holdingSimple> and its subelements to record call numbers, manuscript numbers, library addresses, and other information about the physical version of a digitized resource.

Examples
<mods:location>
    <mods:url usage="primary" access="object in context">https://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/digital/collections/manuscripts/mccoy/index.html</mods:url>
</mods:location>

<mods:location>
    <mods:url usage="primary" access="object in context">https://libarchive.dartmouth.edu/cdm/ref/collection/dwcposters/id/13</mods:url>
    <mods:url access="preview">https://libarchive.dartmouth.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/dwcposters/id/13</mods:url>
</mods:location>

<mods:relatedItem type="host">
    <mods:titleInfo>
        <mods:title>Stone Family papers, 1571-1933</mods:title>
    </mods:titleInfo>
    <mods:identifier type="doi">https://doi.org/10.1349/ddlp.1930</mods:identifier>
    <mods:location>
        <mods:url usage="primary" access="object in context">https://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/digital/collections/manuscripts/stone/index.html</mods:url>
        <mods:holdingSimple>
            <mods:copyInformation>
                <mods:shelfLocator>Rauner Manuscript MS-1339</mods:shelfLocator>
            </mods:copyInformation>
        </mods:holdingSimple>
    </mods:location>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:relatedItem type="otherFormat" displayLabel="Print version:">
    <mods:physicalDescription>
        <mods:form type="media" authority="rdamedia">unmediated</mods:form>
        <mods:form type="carrier" authority="rdacarrier">volume</mods:form>
    </mods:physicalDescription>
    <mods:location>
        <mods:holdingSimple>
            <mods:copyInformation>
                <mods:subLocation>wdct</mods:subLocation>
                <mods:shelfLocator type="accession">Ph.D. 2018</mods:shelfLocator>
                <mods:note type="item type">26</mods:note>
                <mods:itemIdentifier type="barcode">33312003793817</mods:itemIdentifier>
            </mods:copyInformation>
        </mods:holdingSimple>
    </mods:location>
    <mods:location>
        <mods:holdingSimple>
            <mods:copyInformation>
                <mods:subLocation>cookt</mods:subLocation>
                <mods:shelfLocator type="accession">Ph.D. 2018</mods:shelfLocator>
                <mods:enumerationAndChronology>cop.2</mods:enumerationAndChronology>
                <mods:note type="item type">0</mods:note>
                <mods:itemIdentifier type="barcode">33312003793791</mods:itemIdentifier>
            </mods:copyInformation>
        </mods:holdingSimple>
    </mods:location>
    <mods:recordInfo>
        <mods:recordIdentifier source="DRB">b68811639</mods:recordIdentifier>
        <mods:recordIdentifier source="OCoLC"><!--print OCLC record number--></mods:recordIdentifier>
    </mods:recordInfo>
</mods:relatedItem>

<mods:accessCondition> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common RDA Instructions: 4.5 Restrictions on Use

Common MARC Mappings: 506, 540

Notes

Use three instances of <mods:accessCondition> for copyright-related information:

  1. Record the license or statement text in <mods:accessCondition> type="use and reproduction".
  2. Record the license or statement name in <mods:accessCondition> type="use and reproduction" @displayLabel="Standardized rights statement", and its URI in @xlink:href.
  3. Insert <cmd:copyright> and its applicable subelements in a <mods:accessCondition> container without attributes.

Refer to project-specific documentation for the rights statements to be assigned.

Examples
<mods:accessCondition type="use and reproduction">The copyright and related rights status of this material has been reviewed by the organization that has made the material available, but the organization was unable to make a conclusive determination as to the copyright status of the material. Please refer to https://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/schcomm/copyright/rights.html for more information. You are free to use this material in any way that is permitted by the copyright law that applies to your use.</mods:accessCondition>
<mods:accessCondition type="use and reproduction" displayLabel="Standardized rights statement" xlink:href="http://rightsstatements.org/page/UND/1.0/">Copyright Undetermined</mods:accessCondition>
<mods:accessCondition>
    <cmd:copyright copyright.status="unknown" publication.status="unpublished"/>
</mods:accessCondition>

<mods:accessCondition type="use and reproduction">Made available by the Trustees of Dartmouth College under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license.</mods:accessCondition>
<mods:accessCondition type="use and reproduction" displayLabel="Standardized rights statement" xlink:href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License</mods:accessCondition>
<mods:accessCondition>
    <cmd:copyright copyright.status="copyrighted" publication.status="published">
        <cmd:rights.holder>
            <cmd:name>Trustees of Dartmouth College</cmd:name>
        </cmd:rights.holder>
    </cmd:copyright>
</mods:accessCondition>

<mods:part>Library of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Notes

Apply only as directed by project-specific documentation.

<mods:extension>Library of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Notes

<drb:filename type="master"> is used for the name (including extensions) of a master file associated with the described resource. Repeat this element for each master file.

<drb:flag type="doi"> is used to track whether an object's assigned DOI has been registered. @registered should remain blank until it can be filled in with the date of registration (usually after the MODS record has been completed).

If home-page metadata elements require XHTML encoding to preserve formatting for display purposes, create both a <mods:extension>/<html> element and a <mods:abstract> element, and link them using @altRepGroup with a capital-letter value.

Refer to project-specific documentation for any additional content.

Examples
<mods:extension xmlns:drb="https://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/catmet/">
    <drb:flag type="doi" agency="CrossRef" registered=""/>
    <drb:filename type="master">stone-eh01-001.tif</drb:filename>
    <drb:filename type="master">stone-eh01-002.tif</drb:filename>
</mods:extension>

<mods:abstract displayLabel="About the Book" altRepGroup="A">Limits to Growth, a study of the patterns and dynamics of human presence on earth, pointed toward environmental and economic collapse within a century if "business as usual" continued. In 1972, the book's findings sparked a worldwide controversy about the earth's capacity to withstand constant human and economic expansion. More than 40 years later, with more than 10 million copies sold in 28 languages, this "little book with powerful ideas" endures as a touchstone for anyone seeking to understand the complex relationships underlying today's global environmental and economic trends. To celebrate the book's 40th anniversary, the Club of Rome and the Smithsonian Institute hosted a symposium, Perspectives on Limits to Growth: Challenges to Building a Sustainable Planet, in Washington, D.C. in 2012.</mods:abstract>
<mods:extension>
    <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" altRepGroup="A">
        <p><em>Limits to Growth</em>, a study of the patterns and dynamics of human presence on earth, pointed toward environmental and economic collapse within a century if "business as usual" continued. In 1972, the book's findings sparked a worldwide controversy about the earth's capacity to withstand constant human and economic expansion. More than 40 years later, with more than 10 million copies sold in 28 languages, this "little book with powerful ideas" endures as a touchstone for anyone seeking to understand the complex relationships underlying today's global environmental and economic trends.</p>
        <p>To celebrate the book's 40th anniversary, the Club of Rome and the Smithsonian Institute hosted a symposium, <a onclick="_gaq.push(['_trackEvent', 'HTML', 'Access page', 'The Limits to Growth']);" href="http://www.si.edu/consortia/limitstogrowth2012">Perspectives on Limits to Growth: Challenges to Building a Sustainable Planet</a>, in Washington, D.C. in 2012.</p>
    </html>
</mods:extension>

<mods:recordInfo> requiredLibrary of Congress logoSee LC documentation for this element

Common MARC Mappings: 040, 001, 003, 005, 035

Notes

Place the cataloger's initials in <mods:recordContentSource authority="local">, unless the MODS record was generated through an automated process. Do not use <mods:recordOrigin> when creating records through original cataloging.

Data merged from WorldCat will be stored in four field types, to be updated only by batch process: <mods:recordInfoNote type="modifying agency">, <mods:recordIdentifier source="OCoLC">, <mods:recordInfoNote type="date entered as MARC"> and <mods:recordChangeDate encoding="iso8601">.

Examples
<mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority="marcdescription">rda</mods:descriptionStandard>
    <mods:recordContentSource authority="oclcorg">DRB</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordContentSource authority="local">jsp</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordCreationDate encoding="w3cdtf">2016-02-12</mods:recordCreationDate>
    <mods:recordChangeDate encoding="w3cdtf">2016-08-24</mods:recordChangeDate>
    <mods:recordChangeDate encoding="iso8601">20160824170135.0</mods:recordChangeDate>
    <mods:recordInfoNote type="date entered as MARC">160815</mods:recordInfoNote>
    <mods:recordIdentifier source="DRB">dcdis-clancy-thompson2015</mods:recordIdentifier>
    <mods:recordIdentifier source="OCoLC">ocn956654780</mods:recordIdentifier>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
        <mods:languageTerm type="text">English</mods:languageTerm>
        <mods:languageTerm type="code" authority="iso639-2b">eng</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
</mods:recordInfo>

<mods:recordInfo>
    <mods:descriptionStandard authority="marcdescription">rda</mods:descriptionStandard>
    <mods:recordContentSource authority="oclcorg">DRB</mods:recordContentSource>
    <mods:recordCreationDate encoding="w3cdtf">2015-01-20</mods:recordCreationDate>
    <mods:recordChangeDate encoding="w3cdtf">2015-08-12</mods:recordChangeDate>
    <mods:recordChangeDate encoding="iso8601">20151105141947.2</mods:recordChangeDate>
    <mods:recordOrigin>Record created through conversion from CONTENTdm XML.</mods:recordOrigin>
    <mods:recordIdentifier source="DRB">dwcposters-86</mods:recordIdentifier>
    <mods:recordIdentifier source="OCoLC">ocn927732836</mods:recordIdentifier>
    <mods:languageOfCataloging>
        <mods:languageTerm type="text">English</mods:languageTerm>
        <mods:languageTerm type="code" authority="iso639-2b">eng</mods:languageTerm>
    </mods:languageOfCataloging>
</mods:recordInfo>

Additional Resources

Good documentation of local practices at other institutions:

Contact

This documentation is maintained by Cataloging and Metadata Services at the Dartmouth College Library. Please contact Cataloging.Metadata.Services@Dartmouth.edu with any questions or comments.

© 2014-2018 Trustees of Dartmouth College. Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License.

Last Updated: 7/20/18