Kanô Tsunenobu, 1636-1713
Hatsuboku (Splashed Ink) Landscape
Ink on paper
Kanô Masanobu (1434-1530), the founder
of the tradition that now bears his name, was the first secular
painter appointed head of the shogun's official academy. By tradition,
Zen monk-painters held the position prior to Masanobu's appointment.
With the patronage of the shoguns, who governed Japan from 1185
to 1868, and a highly organized workshop and apprenticeship system,
Masanobu and many successive generations of Kanô artists
effectively monopolized official shogunal and imperial commissions
for three hundred years. Kanô Tsunenobu, the painter of
this hatsuboku (splashed ink) landscape and a direct descendent
of Kanô Masanobu, rose to head the Kobikichô branch
of the Kanô school in the early 1700s and became the court
painter in attendance at the Imperial household in Kyoto in 1704.
Known primarily for their large screen
and mural paintings, Kanô artists often accepted commissions
to decorate entire residences.