From Art to Artifact:  Making Sense of Roman Coins

Denarius of L. Cassius Longinus


The distribution of the Longinus coin shows a spread into present-day France and Romania. Not surprisingly, the majority of the hoards were buried on the Italian peninsula. There are several historical events which roughly correspond to the end date of some of the hoards, suggesting the hoards were buried as a reaction to prevalent current events.

Julius Caesar returned from Gaul and then crossed the Rubicon river in 49 BCE, sparking hysteria and outrage among Romans at Rome.

The Battle of Pharsalus took place in 48 BCE, pitting Roman against Roman.

The persecution of Caesar’s assassins from 44 BCE up until the battle of Philippi in 42 BCE spread war throughout the Mediterranean.

Marcus Licinius Crassus campaigned with his army in the Balkans in 29 BCE.