Standing figurine of Jupiter

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About 370–360 BCE (original); 1st–2nd century CE (copy)
Bronze with inlaid copper, silver (proper right nipple), solid-cast
10.7 x 4.7 x 2 cm
Yale University Art Gallery: Gift of Ruth Elizabeth White; 1988.80.12

Jupiter, the chief god of the Roman state religion, is shown standing in this small bronze statuette. His bearded head is tilted downward and to his right. He wears a himation over his left shoulder and sandals on his feet. Originally, he would have held a staff in his outstretched right hand, and a thunderbolt in his raised left; both are now missing. The pose of the figure likely derives from a large cult statue of Zeus produced by the Greek sculptor Leochares in 370-360 BCE, but this statuette was cast in the first century CE, probably for a Roman buyer. During this period, Rome was experiencing a high demand for all things Greek, and copies of many famous Greek works were commissioned in all media and sizes, from large marble statues to small bronzes ones like this.

Not on view

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Further reading

“Acquisitions 1988,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (Spring 1989): 118, ill.

Mary Gardner Neill, “Director’s Report 1988,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (Spring 1989): 118–119, ill.

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