Figurine of Pan

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About 100–200 CE
Bronze, solid-cast(?)
10 cm
Yale University Art Gallery: Gift of Emily T. and Cornelius C. Vermeule; 1998.32.1

This small bronze statuette depicts the god Pan, with his goat legs, a tail, semi-bestial head, and short goat horns. In his right hand, he holds a shepherd’s crook (pedum), identifying his role as a pastoral deity, while in his left hand, he holds a set of musical panpipes. Pan enjoyed great popularity in ancient art from the early fifth century BCE, when he was credited with helping Athens win a victory over their Persian enemies at the Battle of Marathon, onward. The earliest representations of Pan show him as a full goat, but he quickly acquired some human features, becoming the hybrid figure seen here. This statuette, of Roman date but drawing on fourth or third century Greek models, may have been a votive offering to the god.

Not on view

Additional views (1)

Firgurine of Pan, Side view

Side view

Further reading

Cornelius Vermeule and Mary B. Comstock, Sculpture in Stone and Bronze, exh. cat. (Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1988), 70, no. 72, ill.

Susan B. Matheson, “Ancient Greek Bronzes at Yale,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2004): 45–57.

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