Europe by Bits & Bytes

Column Editor: Sebastian Hierl

WESS Newsletter
Fall 2003

Vol. 27, no. 1

Editor: Sarah G. Wenzel

Association of College & Research Libraries
©American Library Association




Pan-European | English | French | German | Austrian | Italian | Portuguese | Spanish | Benelux | Scandinavian

PAN-EUROPEAN RESOURCES

Launched between March and October 2002, the Humbul Humanities Hub (http://www.humbul.ac.uk/) catalogues online resources in the humanities for English, History, Archaeology, Classics, Philosophy, Religion, Modern Languages, Linguistics, and cognate subjects. All selected resources are scholarly in nature and must meet Humbul's collection development policy at http://www.humbul.ac.uk/about/colldev.html. Sites included are fully described by a subject specialist and the resulting metadata is made available for searching and browsing. Humbul includes a suite of personalization tools at http://www.humbul.ac.uk/help/myhumbul.html, such as an email alerting service. Funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee and the Arts and Humanities Research Board, Humbul is hosted by the University of Oxford and free of access.

The Repertorio critico di risorse digitali per gli studi di storia della scrittura latina e della produzione manoscritta nel Medioevo is available at http://dobc.unipv.it/scrineum/repertorio/INDEX.HTM. Part of Scrineum, http://dobc.unipv.it/scrineum/scrineum.html, from Firenze University Press, the Repertorio – as its full title indicates – organizes and reviews scholarly electronic resources for the research on the history of Latin Paleography and manuscript production in the Middle Ages. The index is organized in the following sections, which include further subsections: “Siti istituzionali; Opere generali; Raccolte di fac-simili; Abbreviazioni; Datazione e descrizione dei manoscritti; Cronologia; Storia della miniatura; Periodici; Siti didattici.” Most sections start with a bibliography to essential print materials before listing selected online resources. Meant to provide a complete overview and selection of Italian scholarly resources for the study of Latin Paleography and medieval manuscript production, the site includes resources in all other Western European languages and is therefore listed under Pan-European Resources.

www.eurozine.com: Published with the support of several national and European organizations (among which the European Union), eurozine is both a portal for European cultural journals and a multilingual magazine of its own. The product of the collaboration of the following European journals: Kritika & Kontext, Mittelweg36, Ord&Bild, Revista Crticá, Transit, and Wespennest, eurozine provides full text access to selected articles in various European languages, with a focus on central, northern, and eastern Europe. With the aim to open "a new space for transnational debate,'' eurozine is a non-profit organization, with an editorial office in Vienna, and an editorial board composed of the editors of the five founding journals. All articles, including from archival issues, may be searched by keyword and read in html or pdf. The site includes links to member journals, as well as biographies of the authors who have contributed to the journal.

Not exactly new, or already duly announced, but nevertheless worthy of a short entry is the Directory of Open Access Journals at the University of Lund: http://www.doaj.org/. The service covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals and aims at covering all subjects and languages. And while we are on the subject of serials directories, we should also mention the Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek at the Universitätsbibliothek Regensburg at http://www.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/. The Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek generates lists of full text journals according to subject and access mode (free or restricted access) for participating institutions (mostly German institutions, but the Library of Congress has recently joined). Providing access to free online journals, the database allows for the integration of locally licensed journals and individual user instructions. Online journals on subscription can therefore be offered within the same system as free e-journals. Finally, the more comprehensive Zeitschriftendatenbank (ZDB) is available in a new version at http://pacifix.ddb.de:7000/DB=1.1/SRT=YOP/. Describing itself as “the world’s largest specialized database for serial titles (journals, annuals, newspapers etc., incl. e-journals),” the ZDB contains “more than 1,1 million bibliographic records of serials from the 16th century onwards, from all countries, in all languages, held in 4,300 German (and some foreign) libraries, with holdings information.” Of course, the ZDB does not provide information about the journals’ contents.

The Deutsches Filminstitut has released a new database entitled „f_films: female filmworkers in europe“ at http://www.deutsches-filminstitut.de/f_films/index.htm. As the name indicates, the database focuses on female directors, camera women, scriptwriters and producers in Europe. The strengths of the database are in current films and in female pioneers of the era of the silent movie. The database contains more than 4,000 titles, many of which are contributed by participating women's film festivals. The catalog also provides numerous biographies and synopses that are referring to non-European filmmakers; the latter, however, are not verified due to the massive extent of data.

From Jeffry Larson, we are alerted to the availability of the “Latin bibliography 15th century to 2001 [electronic resource]. 2nd cd-rom ed. Electronic data and programs. Munich: K.G. Saur Electronic Pub., c2001. 1 computer optical disc: col.; 4 3/4 in. + 1 user guide (1 v.: ill.; 23 cm.) (Bibliographies of the world on CD-ROM) System requirements: IBM-compatible PC with 80486 processor or higher; minimum 8MB RAM; minimum 10MB available hard disk space; MS-DOS 5.0 or higher; MS-Windows version 3.11 or higher; mouse; MSCDEX 2.21 or higher; minimum DIN/ISO 9660 CD-ROM drive. Interfaces in English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish; guide in German. Bibliographic data supplied and copyrighted by The Research Libraries Group. ISBN 359840493X: $1520.07.” Short and succinct, Jeffry’s comments are as follows: “Saur’s extract from RLIN of records of items in Latin.”

ENGLISH RESOURCES

Moving Here, at http://www.movinghere.org.uk/, describes itself as “the ultimate database of digitised photographs, maps, objects, documents and audio items recording migration experiences of the past 200 years.” The entry is listed here in first position as it fits in nicely with the upcoming WESS conference in Paris: “Migrations in Society, Culture, and the Library.” The purpose of Moving Here is to “explore, record, and illustrate why people came to England over the last 200 years, and what their experiences were and continue to be.” Currently, the site focuses on Caribbean, Irish, Jewish and South Asian communities and includes original material related to migration, such as photographs, personal papers, government documents, maps and art objects, as well as a collection of sound recordings and video clips. The site is free of access and supported by various foundations and government agencies, such as the National Archives.

Laura Dale Bischof is alerting us to the completion of UVSOTA, the Undergraduate Victorian Studies Online Teaching Anthology, at http://etrc.lib.umn.edu/uvsota/index.htm. She writes: “UVSOTA is a digital archive for Victorian Studies that draws upon the University of Minnesota Library's rich collection of Victorian periodicals as well as other primary sources from the era. This digital collection provides crucial background information that complements the web content of other Victorian Text Projects and can function both as a teaching and research tool. [UVSOTA] contains page images for 116 periodical texts grouped under the broad themes of "Condition of Women," "Empire," and "Science, Evolution, and Eugenics." It has additional content such as short author biographies, useful links, and reference tools.”

The BBC has placed its prodigious archive of audio interviews online at http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/audiointerviews/professions/writers.shtml. The archive is free of access and contains interviews with such famous authors as Chinua Achebe, Kingsley Amis and Martin Amis, Graham Greene, Robert Graves, Evelyn Waugh, and Virginia Woolf, to name just a few. Interviews may be listened to with Realplayer. The site includes brief profiles of the authors and links to further resources.

Creating a treasure-trove for social historians and others, the University of Sheffield and the University of Hertfordshire have joined forces to digitize the proceedings of the Old Bailey Criminal Court online at http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/. Known as the Central Criminal Court of London, the Old Bailey served the Commonwealth from 1674 to 1834. The project aims at creating a fully searchable digitized collection of all surviving editions of the Old Bailey proceedings from 1674 to 1834 and making all 100,000 trials available free of charge. Next to providing fully searchable text, the site provides digital images of 60,000 original pages and includes wonderfully inclusive information on the historical and legal background to trials held at the Old Bailey, such as sections on the functioning of the legal system; famous cases; the history and legal treatment of minorities (blacks, gypsies, homosexuals, Irish, and Jews); a comprehensive bibliography to materials relating to the court; and many more features that make this site a rich and valuable resource. The expected completion of the project is spring 2004; interested parties may subscribe to an email notification service with updates.

Collect Britain: Putting History in Place is a new site offered by the British Library at http://www.collectbritain.co.uk/. Released in May 2003, it is the British Library’s largest digital collection with over 100,000 images and sound recordings. The site provides access to maps, prints and drawings, photographs, original documents, and rare early sound recordings from around the globe, as well as the full text of the Penny Illustrated newspaper, published between 1861 and 1913 (holdings are currently being digitized). The site is free of access and searchable, though the latter is limited to the collections and does not seem to include the online exhibits, which is strange. For example, a search on Chaucer did not produce anything, despite the current “Literary Landscapes” online exhibit, which contains several documents relating to Chaucer.

Continuing with the extraordinary collections at the British Library, the latter has placed its catalogue of illuminated manuscripts online at http://prodigi.bl.uk/illcat/welcome.htm. This includes an introduction to the history of illuminated manuscripts with examples and a tour of the British Library’s holdings. The site is truly fascinating and highly recommended.

Developed by Susan Schreibman at University College Dublin in 1999, the Irish Resources in the Humanities portal, at http://irith.org/index.jsp, was recently converted into database form, allowing for greater functionality. The home page still contains links to resources by subject area, such as art, literature, music, etc., but includes some new categories, such as “Grants & Fellowships,” and “Biographical.” The major improvement is in the Advanced Search Page, where one may search on multiple variables, such as by event (the famine, 1798, or the troubles, for example), by resource (such as journal, archive/library, museum, primary resource), by era (Renaissance, 1700s, 1900s, etc.), or a combination of the latter.

The Life and Works of Robert Louis Stevenson, at http://wwwesterni.unibg.it/siti_esterni/rls/rls.htm, is a comprehensive web site on the famous Scottish author. It is particularly useful for its many bibliographies, covering primary works by Stevenson, including foreign editions, illustrated editions, and collected editions, as well as derivative works (films, stage adaptations, comic books, etc.). The web site also provides links to libraries with significant holdings and includes a guide to iconography (mostly photographs) held at various institutions, as well as online links and information about Stevenson associations and clubs.

For fans and those interested in Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), the guide at http://www.lewiscarroll.org/carroll.html, provides a helpful starting point for research on the web. The site provides a number of links about Carroll's life and works, including links to biographical information, bibliographies, as well as several critical studies of his works (one by Joyce Carol Oates), and teaching aids. Links to resources in other languages are also provided.

FRENCH RESOURCES

The Ecole nationale des chartes has recently created a new site providing access to its electronic resources and publications: the ELEC, or Editions en ligne de l'Ecole des chartes, at http://elec.enc.sorbonne.fr. Featured resources are free of access and include a number of materials, such as a catalog of prints held at the Ecole des chartes; a database of library sale catalogs preserved in Parisian libraries; collections of articles; conference proceedings; and the full text of important documents, such as a critical collective edition of the various “édits” that led up to the proclamation of the “Edit de Nantes” in 1598: L'édit de Nantes et ses antécédents (1562-1598). The various resources include page images and searchable full text, though they can sometimes be difficult to navigate and to search. The overall ELEC site may also be more successfully organized, but it provides a useful guide to important online publications by France’s most prestigious school of Library and Information Science. The site of the Ecole nationale des chartes (http://www.enc.sorbonne.fr/) includes access to Theleme (“Techniques pour l'Historien en Ligne : Etudes, Manuels, Exercices”), containing numerous page images and full text, as well as a catalog of theses defended at the school since its creation in 1849.

While we are on the topic of French schools of Library and Information Science, we should also note that l’ENSSIB has redesigned its portal to online resources. Now named SIBEL (Sciences de l'Information et des Bibliothèques En Ligne), the site was turned into a searchable database: http://sibel.enssib.fr/. Containing numerous helpful links, the newly organized site provides for more ready access and, perhaps, for the discovery of previously unknown resources.

Via Sarah Wenzel and Humbul’s email notification system (see above), we are notified of the new availability of a searchable database of images of manuscript illuminations held at the Bibliotheque Municipale de Troyes, one of the richest medieval manuscript libraries in France after the Bibliothèque Nationale: http://www.bm-troyes.fr/. The library preserves over 1,700 manuscripts on parchment, dating from the 7th to the 15th century. Most manuscripts come from the library of L'Abbaye de Clairvaux, from the library of the Champagne family, or from other private collections. There is also a large collection of incunabula, containing over 700 early printed books. The new database of manuscript illuminations is available at the virtual library of the Bibliothèque Municipale de Troyes at http://www.bm-troyes.fr/pages/bib-virtuelle/acc_virtuelle.htm, as well as a database of “Images des livrets de colportage,” containing close to 1,200 images, including an important collection of the 17th Century “Livrets de la Bibliothèque bleue.”

Via Beau Case, we are notified that the collections of the French School of Athens, or “Collections de l'École française d'Athènes en ligne” (Cefael), are now available online. The collection includes all works published by the school since 1877. Following the sites own introduction, it is one of the premier portals to online publications in Greek studies (though the Perseus Digital Library certainly comes to mind: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/), with more than 500 volumes (250,000 pages) and articles by more than 1,100 authors.

The website of the Musée Rodin, at http://www.musee-rodin.fr/, provides an online tour of the collections and facilities at both locations of the Musée Rodin, the Hôtel Biron in the 7th arrondissement and the Villa des Brillants in Meudon. Some of the over 6,000 sculptures housed in the Hôtel Biron, including some of Rodin's most famous works, such as The Thinker, The Burghers of Calais, and The Kiss, are described and may be viewed online, as well as the gardens of the hôtel. The same is true for the preliminary sketches, studies, and maquettes, housed at Meudon, where Rodin lived and kept a studio from 1893 until his death in 1917. Next to introductory essays on the artist and his work, the site includes a biographical sketch and the history of museum. Available in both French and English, the website nicely balances information on the artist and his work with access information and promotion of the museum.

The Institut du Monde Arabe (IMA) in Paris has recently announced that they have completed their retrospective conversion project and that the extensive holdings of its library are now completely online. Since the IMA holds one of the most important collections and is one of the most important sources of information on the Arab world, full access to its resources is particularly welcome: http://www.imarabe.org.

A new inventory of the papers of Louise Michel (Clémence-Louise Michel, 1860-1905) is available on the International Institute of Social History Website at www.iisg.nl/collections/louisemichel.html. Following the Britannica, Louise Michel was a teacher who developed her revolutionary ideas while teaching (1866–70) in Montmartre. She worked as an ambulance service during the Prussian siege of Paris (1870–71) and fought with the Paris Commune. Sentenced to prison after the defeat of the Commune, she was released in the amnesty of 1880, but her revolutionary zeal soon landed her back in prison. From 1886 to 1896 she lived in London, to return in 1896 and lecture on revolutionary themes until her death. Besides her Mémoires (1886), she published both poetry and prose.

The “Artamène” site, at http://www.artamene.org/, provides full text access to the longest novel in French literature, Artamène ou le Grand Cyrus (1649-1653) by Madeleine de Scudéry. 13,095 pages in its original edition, this online version spans 7,443 pages. The text is fully searchable via the PhiloLogic search engine or may be browsed from page to page or from section to section. Page images of the 1656 edition (Paris, Augustin Courbé) are also available. Furthermore, the novel may be downloaded in sections in pdf, html, xml, or ebook formats.

Were you ever wondering what the meaning of "Doukipudonktan" might be? Jeffry Larson recommends that we do a Google search click on "I'm Feeling Lucky". He further writes: “ZazieWeb (http://www.zazieweb.fr/) bills itself as "La communauté des e-lecteurs". It has a lot of pages on e-texts & e-publishing. But it also has a large array on traditional publishing--you know, the kind that throws ink onto paper. It includes a useful classed directory called "Annuaire des sites" that also contains some digital articles of relevance. I've just added ZazieWeb & some of its links to my French Selected Internet Resources page (http://www.library.yale.edu/Internet/frenchsir.html).”

Jeffry also notifies us of the availability of “Godefroy, Frédéric. Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française du IXe au XVe siècle [electronic resource]. Paris: Champion Électronique, 2002. CD-ROM; 4 3/4 in. (ISBN 2745308246: €3229.20 [single user], €3775.00 [5 users]) with “Manuel d’utilisation” 48. p; 21 cm.; and online (www.champion-electronique.com): €169.00 per year (with CD-ROM). (Balay AC378 and Walford 6 v. 3; #5695.) Following Jeffry, the interface could be more intuitive and there are no holdings in RLIN or OCLC as of September 2003. The title is to be reviewed in RRE. For similar resources, also consult ARTFL’s Dictionnaires d'autrefois: French dictionaries of the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries at http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/efts/ARTFL/projects/dicos/.

GERMAN RESOURCES

Vascoda.de (www.vascoda.de) is a new, interdisciplinary Internet portal for scientific information in Germany. A joint undertaking of 37 research libraries and information centers, and promoted by the DFG and the federal ministry for education and research (BMBF), vascoda claims to lay the groundwork for a Germany’s digital library, in which distributed sources of information are united into one, easy to navigate, comprehensive resource. Similarly to Humbul, all Internet pages listed in vascoda have been individually selected and checked for quality. Yet, while the vast majority of the information offered via vascoda is free-of-charge, fee-based information such as publishers' offers and commercial databases are also included.

Although this is not necessarily new, the online archive of Germany’s premier weekly newspaper, Die Zeit, is freely accessible at http://www.zeit.de/archiv/index. The archive includes approx. 29,000 articles published online since 1996, as well as selected full text of articles dating back to 1946 (which is new).

Again, this is not a new electronic resource per se, but I though I’d mention that the new German copyright law is available in pdf at http://www.sprachenzentrum.hu-berlin.de/agut/urheberrecht.pdf. Changes to the law have been highlighted to make the reading more digestible.

Online access to the German newsreel archives is being set up at http://www.wochenschau-archiv.de. The database currently contains about 4,350 descriptive records, including a storyboard and excerpts in streaming video. Fully searchable, the database provides access to news and politics, sports coverage, technology and cultural events, etc., as reported in various “Wochenschauen” from 1895 to 1900. Along with about 1,000,000 rolls of film, the Federal Film Archives also keeps an extensive collection of related materials such as photos, film posters, and the most important collection of German censor cards. Access to the archive is free of charge; registration is preferred, but a guest access is available.

The Collegium Carolinum, Forschungsstelle für die böhmischen Länder, has placed a bibliography on the history of religion and churches in Bohemia (in its various shapes and forms throughout history) containing approximately 1,600 titles online at http://www.collegium-carolinum.de/doku/lit/kig/bibl-kig-1.htm. The bibliography covers Bohemia from the beginnings (Christianization of the Slavs) to contemporary times.

DIPsearch provides access to “Prüfungsarbeiten am Fachbereich Bibliothek und Information der Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften Hamburg” from 1947 to present at http://www.bui.fh-hamburg.de/cgi-bin/acwww25/maske.pl?db=dipkat. Unfortunately, this free site provides an index only and no full text.

The Nuremberg Trials Project at Harvard Law is providing access to 6,755 digital photographs of pages and trial documents and related evidence; keyed text of the first seven days of court proceedings; a complete introduction to the project, the documents, and the trials worked on so far; a search engine for all the documents that have currently been analyzed; as well as a full texts search engine for that portion of the transcripts currently available. Free of access, the site is at http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/php/docs_swi.php?DI=1&text=overview

Albert Einstein’s manuscripts and personal papers are now available online at http://www.alberteinstein.info. The entry is listed under “German Resources,” as the materials are for the most part in German, though there are also numerous materials in English and some in French, Italian, Russian, Yiddish, Hebrew, as well as other languages. A small amount of the German material is in Gothic script. The site permits to browse through Einstein’s scientific and non-scientific writings, his correspondence with scientific colleagues, non-scientific contemporaries, his family, and others, as well as his personal documents, such as travel logs. The collection also includes non-textual materials such as photographs, sound recordings, and film footage.

People who have not recently looked at the holdings of the Heidelberger Virtuelle Bibliothek (Universität Heidelberg), might want to quickly review the offering of digital texts at http://www.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/helios/digi/verzeichnis.html. Surprisingly, there is no organizing theme to the collection, as it contains publications from incunabula to early 20th Century titles, but most, if not all, qualify as rare or difficult to find works.

The Virtuelle Deutsche Landesbibliographie: Meta-Katalog zum Nachweis landeskundlicher Literatur in Deutschland registers the literature in all fields of knowledge for a “Land” at http://www.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/landesbibliographie/. As the name indicates, this is not a separate catalog, but a federated search interface, allowing to search the “Landesbibliographien” of all participating states. Essays and articles from journals, magazines, yearbooks and collections of articles constitute nearly two thirds of the entries. Still incomplete, the Landesbibliographie is being updated continually.

Not necessarily a “German” resources, but listed are because of their location at the Stiftsbibliothek Rein, are the Antiphonale Cisterciense, Codex 100 and Wolfgang-Missale, Codex 207, which are now both available online at the web site of the Stiftsbibliothek Rein at http://www.stift-rein.at/cgi-bin/page/default.asp?action=article&ID=104.

Staying with rare books and manuscripts, the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin is providing online access to the Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke (GW) at http://www.gesamtkatalogderwiegendrucke.de/. The database accompanies the print version, published by Hiersemann since 1925, providing access to German 15th Century incunabula. The electronic version differs from its print counterpart in that it contains more complete information and is updated regularly. While there are ten print volumes available, covering the alphabet from A to H, the electronic database includes a limited number of entries from I to Z. It is a pity, however, that access to the database is possible only by downloading the ICA client browser plug-in, which establishes access to the database through a Citrix server. This mode of access is not very user friendly; the search interface is difficult to use and learning how to navigate the database, as well as between the database and other programs (such as Word or one’s Email program, if one wants to cut and paste), takes some time.

If you are more interested in 16th Century publications, the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek has placed its Verzeichnis der im deutschen Sprachbereich erschienenen Drucke des 16. Jahrhunderts (VD 16) online at http://www.vd16.de/. As with the Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke, the Verzeichnis der im deutschen Sprachbereich erschienenen Drucke des 16. Jahrhunderts is accessible only with the ICA client browser plug-in over a Citrix server, but a www interface is being developed.

The first translation of Dante’s Divine Comedy into German is now available online at http://www.dantealighieri.dk/uebersicht.htm. Though the Divine Comedy was already available at Gutenberg.de, this is a transcript (in html) of the Lebrecht Bachenschwanz translation, published in Leipzig 1767-69.

Via Dick Hacken and netbib.de, we are notified that the Wittenberger Stiftung Luthergedenkstätten has digitized and made available to the public essential prints, manuscripts, and images of coins from the period of the Reformation at http://luther.hki.uni-koeln.de/luther. The site is, unfortunately, difficult to search or browse and only dedicated researchers will take the time to explore its contents. Moreover, the large majority of hits turn out as being not yet captured and although one may request the digitization of objects on a priority basis, searching the database at this point is quite frustrating. To be monitored.

Linwood DeLong, from the University of Winnipeg, contributed a detailed review of metaphorik.de (ISSN 1618-2006), which he describes as “a recent, interdisciplinary online journal devoted to the study of metaphor and metonymy.” He continues: “With an editorial team composed of students and faculty members at the University of Bonn, metaphorik.de investigates the use of metaphor through different centuries, from a wide variety of types of texts (from literature to everyday communication) and from a variety of subject disciplines. Topics covered range from commentaries of French soccer games, to architecture to discussions on agriculture in Developing Countries. Four issues have been published since its inception in 2001, the most recent of which is a special issue that focuses on metaphor and ecology.

Articles can be submitted in English, German or Romance languages and are available on the journal’s website (http://www.metaphorik.de) in both .html and .pdf formats. At least one-half of the articles published to date are in English; most of the rest are in German, and a few are in French. Each article is preceded by an abstract written in German and usually in one or two other languages. Most issues also contain a few book reviews, typically between four and six pages long, that are written in German, generally by a member of the editorial team. The contributors to the journal range widely, but appear to be mainly from continental Europe and the U.K. The contributors to the inaugural issue are established academics with numerous publications listed in the MLA International Bibliography. The contributors to other issues vary considerably. Some have no listings in the databases available to this reviewer; others have significant publications to their credit.

The tone of the articles and the book reviews is very scholarly. To make this topic accessible to the layperson, there is a section on the metaphorik.de website devoted to a metaphor of the month (“Metaphernkiste”). In this section, which is only in German, contributors are asked to submit examples of unusual metaphors. Three or four of the submissions are reproduced and an editorial committee selects one that is to receive a “laudatio”, sometimes because the metaphor is striking and well chosen, other times because it is clumsy and self-contradictory.

Other sections of the metaphorik.de website list books for which reviewers are needed (“Rezensionsregal”), provide an extensive list of related websites (“Semantikportal”), or list recent essays that are relevant to the topic that have already been published elsewhere and are reproduced full-text, courtesy of the respective publishers (“Aufsätze”). Happily the links to related websites are almost all active, and usually refer to sites originating at European or North American universities.

Interestingly, this online journal is not yet listed in Ulrichs. Ulrichs lists only four journals with the keyword “metaphor.” It is to be hoped that this journal will continue to attract the attention of the academic community and perhaps attract more North American contributors and reviewers.”

AUSTRIAN RESOURCES

The Österreichischer Bibliothekenverbund has created a directory of Austrian libraries and “information centers” at http://opac.bibvb.ac.at/acc15. Based on the OEZDB Sigelverzeichnis and the earlier Infodoc, the new database contains approximately 1,750 entries for libraries and archives in all scientific disciplines and cultural fields in Austria. Providing contact information and keyword searchable listings of publications and important collections, the directory will prove useful for scholars planning to do research in Austria.

The Büchereiverband Österreichs has made available a union catalog of Austria’s public libraries at http://www.bibliotheken.at/index.asp. While helpful, it is a pity that this does not include university and research libraries.

ITALIAN RESOURCES

The Empoli Public Library "Renato Fucini" (Tuscany) Catalogue of the Sixteenth Century Editions is available at http://www.comune.empoli.fi.it/biblioteca/CATALOGO/documenti/catalogoeng.html. The catalog provides access to bibliographic descriptions and includes digital facsimile of title pages, with provenance information.

PORTUGUESE RESOURCES

Completing the Bibliography of Iberian Materials in Doe-Moffitt Libraries at the University of California, Berkeley, is the new Guide for the Study of Portuguese Women Authors at http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/Collections/Romance/portwom.html. Alphabetically organized by author, the guide provides information on monographic studies and bibliographies pertaining to the study of Portuguese women authors held at the Doe-Moffitt Libraries.

SPANISH RESOURCES

Though perhaps not new, the bibliographic database CINDOC is important enough to be mentioned at the risk of duplication. Developed by Spain's Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, CINDOC is the successor to the various parts of the Indice espanol de humanidades and the Indice espanol de ciencias sociales. The database offers a very thorough index of the contents of scholarly periodicals and proceedings published in Spain, including a number of highly specialized titles and regional titles not very likely to be indexed elsewhere. Citations go back to the 1960's, but most are from more recent periods. The database has sections on history, Latin America, political science, language and literature, geography, anthropology, philosophy, etc. CINDOC exists in two forms, the 'free' one and the 'subscription' one. The free version permits one to search on words from the title, author, or periodical title, and the return is limited to the citation (author, title, periodical and volume and page numbers etc.). The subscription version returns a full abstract, with descriptors, etc., and any part of the description can be searched. The cost of the full subscription is € 60 to sign up and an annual fee of € 180 for a single-user license.

The Biblioteca Histórica “Marqués de Valdecilla” at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid is the second most important collection in Madrid of books printed before the 19th century, surpassed in number only by the Biblioteca Nacional. The collection contains 3,000 manuscripts, 725 incunabula and printed works of the 16th and 17th centuries, and nearly 100,000 volumes. The library also holds a small collection of engravings and drawing books. As part of its digital library, Dioscórides, the Biblioteca Histórica “Marqués de Valdecilla” provides access to over 100 incunabula online through its catalog at http://www.ucm.es/BUCM/foa/00.htm. One may search the catalog by keyword or access the various collections included in Dioscórides through the browse feature under “Búsqueda por colección.” Individual catalog records include a link to the electronic version, “Libro completo,” immediately under “Acceso al recurso electrónico.” One may also want to browse the complete holdings of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid at the following page: http://cisne.sim.ucm.es/screens/mainmenu_eng.html, which includes access to digitized dissertations.

BENELUX RESOURCES

This was an entry for the previous issue of B&B, but it did not make it: The Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique is now providing access to its incunabula holdings through its online catalog. Over 3,000 titles are included with provenance information. The project is described at: http://www.kbr.be/info/act/scien/incunables/incunables_fr1.html. Unfortunately, a search on the contents of the notes is not possible.

For rare books and manuscript librarians, Scriptorium Online (http://www.scriptorium.be/angl/frameset2.htm), provides a cumulative index, per date and per institute of preservation, of the manuscripts reviewed in
Scriptorium and in the Bulletin Codicologique (from 1946 on); a complete summary, cumulative and per volume, of the articles, notes, chronicles and accounts published in Scriptorium (from 1946 on); as well as a catalog of the works and articles reviewed by the Bulletin Codicologique (from 2000 on).

More American than Western European, I am nevertheless briefly mentioning the Belgian-American Research Collection from the Special Collections Department at the Cofrin Library, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, available at http://webcat.library.wisc.edu:3200/BelgAmrCol/. The collection provides access to resources documenting Belgian settlers in Northeastern Wisconsin. It contains an architecture survey, with over 400 pictures of buildings; oral history recordings, with approximately 50 interviews recorded between 1975 and 1976; and immigration histories, with studies of monographic length. The collection is full text searchable by keyword or subject heading or may be browsed.

SCANDINAVIAN RESOURCES

Making progress at placing the Nordisk familjebok on the web at http://runeberg.org/nf/, Project Runeberg is appealing for your (Swedish-speaking Wessies) help. Placing the major classic Swedish encyclopedia – and equivalent to Denmark’s Salmonsens, Germany’s Meyers or Brockhaus, or the Britannica in the English speaking world – online requires funding and resources that are beyond those of Project Runeberg. The editors are therefore relying on the generosity of the general public to help with the proofreading of pages. Project Runeberg scans every page of the two first editions of the encyclopedia (1875-1894 and 1904-1926) and runs OCR on all 58 volumes, or 44,000 pages. The pages are placed online and volunteers are requested to proofread and create searchable indexes of articles.

Please continue to submit notifications and/or reviews for inclusion in the upcoming issue of Europe by Bits & Bytes, as well as any comments to Sebastian Hierl at <hierl@uchicago.edu>.


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