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SEARCHING FOR NAMES OF VOLCANOES-USE OF INITIAL WORDS OR "LEAD-IN WORDS"

Lead-in words in volcano names are terms which preceed the proper name of the volcano such as Mount in English and Piton and many other terms in the romance languages. These lead-in words are often but not always omitted when alphabetizing or searching volcano names in a database.

Lead-in words in the volcano name may or may not be commonly in use. For consistency, in The Electronic Volcano lead-in words in the following list are always omitted. This despite local usage as in Hawaii where O'o is always Puu O'o and in Nicaragua where Negro is always Cerro Negro. This convention, to omit lead-in words, is almost always followed in the standard reference "Volcanoes of the World", in its gazeteer and chronology, despite the authors' remark on p. 7 that "modifiers such as Mount are dropped unless deemed necessary". Because of inadequate knowledge of foreign languages one may not be sure whether to include the first word as part of a proper name of a volcano when dealing with alphabetization or searching a database. The list, much of it taken from information in Volcanoes of the World, contains most lead-in words used in connection with the names of active volcanoes.

Lead-in wordEnglish equivalentLanguage or country
AltoPeakSpanish
AusolesFumarole fieldSpanish
BanosSpaSpanish
Bato, BatuMountainDutch, Indonesian
Boekit, BoerMountain, HillDutch
Bukit, BurMountain, HillDutch, Indonesian
CalderaCalderaSpanish
CerroHillSpanish
ColliHillsItalian
DanauLakeIndonesian
DeunugMountainMasai
ElTheSpanish
EmiMountainChad
Geiser, GeysirGeyserSpanish
GofHillKenya
GunungMountainIndonesian
Hala-Volcanic coneArabic
Harra, HarrasLava fieldArabic
HarratLava fieldArabic
HerviderosHot springsSpanish
IhiMountainChad
IleIslandFrench
IlhaIslandPortuguese
Isla, Islota, IsoleIslandRomance languages
Jebel, Jibal, JibbelMountainArabic
KabaCraterIndonesian
KawahCraterIndonesian
KepundanCraterIndonesian
LaTheSpanish
Lago, Lagoa, LagunaLakeSpanish
LeTheFrench
LomaHillSpanish
LosTheSpanish
LuaCraterHawaiian
MassifMountain rangeFrench
MaunaMountainHawaiian
MaungaMountainPolynesian
Mont, MonteMountainRomance languages
MontagneMountainFrench
MountMountainEnglish
MorneMountainFrench
NarretLava fieldArabic
NevadoMountainSpanish
Oldoinyo,OldonyoMountainMasai
Ol DoinyoMountainMasai
PitonPeakRomance languages
PuigHillSpanish
PuuHillHawaiian
PuyHillFrench
SierraMountain rangeSpanish
SopkaVolcanoRussian
TavaniMountainMelanesia
TermasSpaSpanish
TjipanisHot springDutch, Indonesian
Volcan,VolcancitoVolcanoSpanish

TRASLITERATIONS AND VARIANTS MAY BE USEFUL IN SEARCHING

Indonesian:

The older Tj is C

The older Dj is J

Russian variations and transliterations

Either y or i may be used:

Karymsky, Karymskiy, Karymskii, Karymskaya, Karymskaia; Kliuchevskoi or Kliuchevskaya Sopka

Japanese

Several variants in transliteration may be useful.

Synonyms:

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Latest Version, October 21, 1997 s