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The American Chronicles of José Martí
Journalism and Modernity in Spanish America
Susana Rotker



Reencounters with Colonialism: New Perspectives on the Americas

Dartmouth College Press
2000 • 156 pp. 6 x 9"
Latin American History / Colonialism & Post-Colonialism / Literary Criticism


Trans. from the Spanish

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"This study reveals Cuban national hero José Martí as an innovative modernista who created masterful narratives in the hybrid subgenre known as the chronicle . . . Rotker's clear presentation and insightful analysis make this essential reading for all upper-division undergraduates through faculty interested in fin de siècle literature and culture." —Choice

A prize-winning study of a key Latin American writer and thinker, now available in English.

José Martí, who was the main organizer of the triumphant movement for Cuban independence as well as a revolutionary of poetic language, lived most of his adult life as an exile in the U.S., reporting for several South American newspapers. Viewed by some as a Cuban George Washington and Walt Whitman combined, Martí was one of several writers who used the genre of the crónica to disseminate ideas through news channels. His chronicles became pivotal in articulating cultural debates and questions of national and cultural identity, and in forming Spanish America's "modernism."

In the first complete study of Martí's chronicles, Susana Rotker assesses the class of professional journalists and writers of whom Martí was the most prominent example. She examines their response to and influence on the issue of modernization, which symbolized the breach between the U.S. and its southern neighbors, and she provides close readings of some of the most important chronicles. A critical reassessment of these texts is crucial to an understanding of how Spanish- and Anglo-America came to interact culturally at the turn of the century and of the forms of literature generated around locations of exile in the continent. The book, originally published in 1992 as Fundación de una escritura, received the prestigious "Premio Casa de las Américas" award

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SUSANA ROTKER, Professor of Spanish at Rutgers University, is author of The Memoirs of Fray Servando Teresa De Mier (1998), Ensayistas de Nuestra América (1994), and other books.






Wed, 23 Apr 2014 11:55:29 -0500