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Gilded Lions and Jeweled Horses
The Synagogue to the Carousel, Jewish Carving Traditions
Murray Zimiles

Brandeis Series in American Jewish History, Culture, and Life

2007 • 196 pp. 112 illus. (82 color) 1 map. 8 1/2 x 11"
Decorative Arts & Material Culture

$75.00 Hardcover, 978-1-58465-637-1

“This beautiful book . . . is important to synagogue libraries and collectors of Americana, as well as to museums.”American Jewish Libraries Newsletter

A richly illustrated volume celebrating Jewish carving traditions from the Old World to the New

Based on more than 20 years of original research in Europe, Israel, and the United States by artist Murray Zimiles, and accompanied by an essay by distinguished Judaica scholar Vivian B.Mann, this book is the first fully developed study of the secularization of Eastern European Jewish folk art traditions in America.

Until recently, little was known in the United States about the creative work of European Jewish folk artists. The destruction of the material heritage of Eastern European Jews during World War II has made it very difficult to recover artifacts of Jewish artistry. The physical remnants of that heritage—among them, the types of papercuts, gravestones, and wood carvings featured in this volume—can only suggest how extensive the traditions of Jewish folk art in Eastern Europe once were.

Skilled craftsmen, responsible for the painted and carved interiors of Eastern European synagogues and their elaborately carved arks and bimahs, came to the New World in the late nineteenth century, where they soon flourished and became the creators of some of America’s greatest folk art. Folk art embraces many artistic expressions made by gifted individuals who have not had formal training in the arts. Folk artists apply a diverse range of skills to objects used in daily life. Jewish folk artist émigrés encountered in the United States a society more interested in what they could produce than in what religion they practiced. Not only did they continue to carve religious artifacts for new synagogues serving fellow immigrants; they also created wooden trade figures, carnival figures, and some of the greatest carousel animals the world has ever seen.

This volume tells the story of carvers who, released from Eastern European religious strictures, responded with great playfulness to an expansive new environment. Traditional patterns reemerged, often infused with American ideas and images, not only in synagogue decorations and objects intended for ritual use but also in the secular world. Within this dynamic, a surprising link was forged between the Eastern European synagogue and the American carousel.

This volume and the exhibition that it documents recapture a sense of awe and appreciation for a nearly lost tradition. They return to the Jewish people, and to world culture, a visual tradition of great beauty and decorative complexity.

Published in conjunction with the exhibition "Gilded Lions and Jeweled Horses: The Synagogue to the Carousel," presented October 2, 2007, to March 23, 2008, at the American Folk Art Museum, New York; and May 24 to September 1, 2008, at the Fenimore Art Museum, New York State Historical Association, and FarmersŐ Museum, Inc., Cooperstown, New York. Read more about the exhibition at the American Folk Art Museum here.

Click here for TABLE OF CONTENTS

Reviews / Endorsements

"Zimiles tracked down the work and tells the life stories of four exceptional Jewish artisans . . . " —Jewish Exponent

"While the essays are interesting, the heart of the book is the photographs. The most fascinating photos are those of the wooden synagogues of Eastern Europe . . . The extended captions explain the symbolism of many designs, but the true pleasure comes from just gazing at them . . . Anyone with a love of Jewish art will appreciate this book."
The Reporter (Vestal, NY)

“Hats off to Murray Zimiles for pursuing the fascinating connection between synagogue carvings and carousel horses. This catalog reminds us of the intersection of sacred and secular in Jewish folk art as it traces a compelling arc from the wonderful wooden synagogues of eastern Europe to the amazing carousels of Coney Island.”Deborah Dash Moore, author of GI Jews: How World War II Changed a Generation

“All lovers of Jewish culture should be in debt to Murray Zimiles for his groundbreaking volume The Synagogue and the Carousel: Jewish Carving Traditions. Zimiles’ original scholarship and his painstaking investigation of the role that European-born Jewish woodcarvers played in shaping a distinct Jewish culture in the United States is a fascinating, exhilarating and exceedingly valuable addition to the field of Jewish art—that once much-maligned subject which now never ceases to astound us with its infinite variety!”Sylvia Axelrod Herskowitz, Museum Director, Yeshiva University Museum, New York


Winner of the National Jewish Book Award

Author Photo

MURRAY ZIMILES is an artist and Kempner Distinguished Professor at SUNY Purchase, where he has taught drawing and printmaking since 1977.

Tue, 15 May 2018 13:01:44 -0500