Janice Yip '15
Student Director for Nicaragua CCESP
Major: Computer Engineering
Hometown: San Jose, CA
Since its dedication in 1885 Rollins Chapel has served as the College's spiritual center, its physical arrangement being changed or modified as times warranted. Prior to its construction services were held in a large room in Dartmouth Hall which was also used for classes lectures and special events. According to "A History of Dartmouth, 1815-1909" by John King Lord (p 417):
"the old chapel in Dartmouth Hall had long ceased to be suited for chapel services…the seats were uncomfortable and covered with inscriptions and names of those who sought the immortality of the jack-knife, the room was unattractive and there was nothing about it hat tended to give dignity or sacredness to the service"
In June, 1883, the Honorable Edward Ashton Rollins offered to give the College $30,000 for the erection of chapel on the condition that $60,000 would be raised for a library in Wilson Hall. Work began on the new chapel in June 1884. The building, which President Lord described as "Romanesque in general style with entrances under heavy round arches," was constructed of pink granite with red sandstone trimming. Its floor plan was in the form of a Greek cross, and it had a seating capacity of about 600. The architect was John L. Faxon of Boston.
The continuous growth of the college soon necessitated an expanded seating capacity in the Chapel, and in 1908 the building was changed radically by moving the apse forty feet to the cast. Four years later, in 1912, the College again expanded Rollins Chapel by extending the transepts twenty feet and increasing the seating capacity to 1179.
In 1903 the steeple of Rollins Chapel was dedicated. Its peal of three bells bearing the following mottos: the largest Vox clamantis in deserto; middle Laus Deo; smallest, Gloria on excelsis, was a gift of the Honorable William E. Barrett '80 of Boston, in memory of Chalmers Williams Stevens, BS '77, Thayer School '80.
Above: View from the Rollins Chapel Pulpit
An organ was installed in the Chapel in 1887 as a gift from Harold C. Bullard '84; it was subsequently enlarged by him, and in 1918 parts of that organ were incorporated into a new instrument donated by Frank E. Streeter, LLD '74, a Dartmouth Trustee. In 1963 the Streeter organ was replaced by the present Austin organ given by Basil F. Austin '31, a life long devotee of the design and construction of high-grade-pipe-organs.
In 1965 Rollins Chapel was renovated. The interior was white washed from top to bottom in order to make the chapel feel more open and illuminated. The side arches were plastered in to form a sacristy and a choir robbing room; a large metallic sculpture, The Ark by Judith Brown, was added to the chapel; and the floors were covered with rich blue carpeting. The seats were controversially turned around toward the rear apse of the chapel, which is now the front. According to the Reverend Richard Unsworth, then the Dean of the Tucker Foundation, the purpose of the renovation was to achieve a vibrant, stimulating place to be in: "to excite a relationship to the world rather than a retreat from it."
Due to erosion between the stone face and the structure behind it, the west wall was rebuilt in 1985. Each stone was taken down, numbered, and replaced in the same position after the structure was made sound.
As part of its hundredth year anniversary and in order to return it to a Romanesque style, the Chapel was again renovated in the winter of 1986. The interior was repainted in the original colors as were the ceiling beams. The blue carpeting was removed and hardwood floors put in, with patterned carpet runners in the aisles. The eastern most arches on either side of the west end were opened to provide a better view of the round apse from the transepts. The Austin organ was also refurbished and given a thorough cleaning.
Last Updated: 8/7/11