August 10th, 2015

In Press

Lopez, R.B., Wagner, D.D., Vohs, K.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (in press). Self-regulatory strength: neural mechanisms and implications for training. In Gendolla, H.E., Tops, M., & Koole, S.L. (Eds.), Biobehavioral Foundations of Self-regulation. New York: Springer.

Lopez, R.B., Wagner, D.D., Vohs, K.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (in press). The neuroscience of desire regulation. In W. Hofmann & L.F. Nordgren (Eds.), The Psychology of Desire. New York: Guilford Press.

Ma, Y., Liu, Y., Rand, D.G., Heatherton, T.F., & Hans, S. (in press). Opposing oxytocin effects on social cooperative behavior in intuitive and reflective minds. Neuropsychopharmacology.

Rapuano, K.M., Huckins, J.F., Sargent, J.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (in press). Individual differences in reward and somatosensory-motor brain regions correlates with adiposity in adolescents. Cerebral Cortex. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhv097.

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (in press). Self-regulation and its failure: The seven deadly threats to self-regulation. In M. Mikulincer, P.R. Shaver, E. Borgida, & J.A. Bargh (Eds.), APA handbook of personality and social psychology, Volume 1: Attitudes and social cognition. (pp. 805-842). Washington: American Psychological Association. doi: 10.1037/14341-000.

Wagner, D.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (in press). Giving in to temptation: The cognitive neuroscience of self-regulatory failure. In K.D. Vows & R.F. Baumeister (Eds.), The Handbook of Self-Regulation (3rd edition). New York: Guilford Press.


Chavez, R.S., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Multimodal frontostriatal connectivity underlies individual differences in self-esteem. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10(3), pp. 364-370. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsu063. {PDF}

Chavez, R.S., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Representational similarity of social valence information in the medial pFC. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(1), pp. 73-82. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00697. {PDF}

Chen, P.-H.A., Whalen, P.J., Freeman, J.B., Taylor, J.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Brain reward activity to masked in-group smiling faces predicts friendship development. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(4), 415-421. doi: 10.1177/194855061466093. {PDF}

Chen, P.H.-A., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Activity in cortical midline structures is modulated by self-construal changes during acculturation. Culture and Brain, 3(1), pp. 39-52. doi: 10.1007/s40167-015-0026-z {PDF}

Chen, P.-H.A., Heatherton, T.F., & Freeman, J.B. (2015). Brain-as-predictor approach: An alternative way to explore acculturation processes. In J.E. Warnick & D. Landis (Eds.), Neuroscience in Intercultural Contexts, pp. 143-170. New York: Springer. {PDF}

Kelley, W.M., Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). In search of a human self-regulation system. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 38, pp. 389-411. doi: 10.1146/annurev-neuro-071013-014243. {PDF}


Kim, M.J., Neta, M., Davis, F.C., Ruberry, E.J., Dinescu, D., Heatherton, T.F., Stotland, M.A., & Whalen, P.J. (2014). Botulinum toxin-induced facial muscle paralysis affects amygdala responses to the perception of emotion expressions: Preliminary findings from and A-B-A design. Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, 4:11. doi: 10.1186/2045-5380-4-11.

Lopez, R.B., Hofmann, W., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2014). Neural predictors of giving in to temptation in daily life.Psychological Science, 25(7), 1337-44. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., Worsham, A.L., Freeman, J.B., Wheatley, T., & Heatherton, T.F. (2014). Social connection modulates perceptions of animacy. Psychological Science, 1-6. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614547706. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2014). Self-regulation and its failures. In M.S. Gazzaniga & R. Mangun (Eds.), The Cognitive Neurosciences (5th ed.). pp. 709-717. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. {PDF}


Chen, P.A., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., Powers, K.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Medial prefrontal cortex differentiates self from mother in Chinese:  Evidence from self-motivated immigrants. Culture and Brain, 1(1), 3-15. doi: 10.1007/s40167-013-001-5. {PDF}

Keel, P.K., Forney, K.J., Brown, T.A., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Influence of college peers on disordered eating in women and men at 10-year follow-up. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 105-110. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). What can the organization of the brain’s default network tell us about self-knowledge. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10.3389/fnhum.2013.003931. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Self-knowledge. In K.N. Ochsner & S. Kosslyn (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience. Pp. 135-147. New York, Oxford Press. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Implicitly priming the social brain: Failure to find neural effects. PLoS One, 8(2), 1-5. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., Wagner, D.D., Norris, C.J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Socially excluded individuals fail to recruit medial prefrontal cortex for negative social scenes. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(2), 151-157. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr079. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., Somerville, L.H., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Rejection sensitivity polarizes striatal-medial prefrontal activity when anticipating social feedback. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25(11), 1887-1895. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Altman, M., Boswell, R.G., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Self-regulatory depletion enhances neural responses to rewards and impairs top-down control. Psychological Science, 24(11), 2262-2271. doi: 10.1177/095679613492985. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Self-regulatory depletion increases emotional reactivity in the amygdala. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8, 410-417. doi:10.1093/scan/nss082. {PDF} {See commentary on our paper: PDF}

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Emotion regulation and self-regulatory failure. In J. Gross (Ed.). Handbook of Emotion Regulation (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press. {PDF}


Demos, K.E., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (2012). Individual differences in nucleus accumben activity to food and sexual images predict weight gain and sexual behavior.  Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 5549-5552.  {PDF}

Powers, K.E. & Heatherton, T.F. (2012).  Characterizing socially avoidant and affiliative responses to social exclusion.  Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 6(46), 1-5.  {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Boswell, R.G., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2012). Inducing negative affect increases the reward value of appetizing food in dieters. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(7), 1625-33. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00238. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Haxby, J.V., & Heatherton, T.F. (2012).  The representation of self and person knowledge in the medial prefrontal cortex.  Wiley Interdisciplinary Review:  Cognitive Science, 3, 451-470.  {PDF}


Cloutier, J., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  The influence of perceptual and knowledge-based familiarity on the neural substrates of face perception.  Social Neuroscience, 6, 63-75.  {PDF}

Demos, K.E., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Dietary restraint violations influence reward responses in nucleus accumbens and amygdala.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(8), 1952-1963.  {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2011). A life changing paper?  That depends on your interpretation. In R. Arkin (Ed.), Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Talk About Their Most Unloved Work. Pp. 22-26.  {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Neuroscience of Self and Self-Regulation.  Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 363-390. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Wagner, D.D. (2011).  Cognitive neuroscience of self-regulation failure.  Trends in Cognitive Science, 15, 132-139. {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., Magoon, N.S., Hull, J.G., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Judging a book by its cover:  the differential impact of attractiveness on predicting one’s acceptance to high- or low-status social groups.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 41(10), 2538-2550.  {PDF}

Thomas, J.J., Keel, P.K., Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Disordered eating and injuries among adolescent ballet dancers*.  Eating and Weight Disorders Journal, 16, e216-e222.  {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Dal Cin, S., Sargent, J.D., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Spontaneous action representation in smokers when watching movie characters smoke.  Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 894-898. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Demos, K.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Staying in Control:  The Neural Basis of Self-Regulation and Its Failure. In J.Decety & J.T. Cacioppo (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience, (1st ed., pp. 360-377). Oxford University Press.  {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Individual differences in the spontaneous recruitment of brain regions supporting mental state understanding when viewing natural social scenes.  Cerebral Cortex, (21), 2788-2796.  {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Building a social brain.  In Reuter-Lorenz, P.A., Bane, K., Phelps, E.A., Mangun, R.  (Eds.).  The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael Gazzaniga. Pp. 173-188. Cambridge, MA; MIT Press. {PDF}

Keel, P.K. & Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Weight suppression predicts maintenance and onset of bulimic syndromes at 10-year follow-up.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 199, 268-275. {PDF}

Somerville, L. H., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Self-esteem modulates medial prefrontal cortical responses to evaluative social feedback.  Cerebral Cortex, 20, 3005-3013. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Giving in to Temptation: The Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience of Self-Regulatory Failure. In K.D. Vohs & R.F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed., pp. 41-63). New York:  The Guilford Press.  {PDF}


Dalton, M.A., Beach, M.L., Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Longacre, M.R., Matzkin, A.L., Sargent, J.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Titus-Ernstoff, L. (2009).  Early exposure to movie smoking predicts established smoking by older teens and young adults.  Pediatrics, 123, e551-558. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2009).  Self-Esteem.  Oxford Companion to the Affective Sciences.  (p. 357). Oxford, UK:  Oxford. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Krendl, A.C. (2009).  Social Emotions: Neuroimaging.  In Squire, L. (Ed). Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, vol. 9, (pp. 35-39). Oxford: Academic Press. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Sargent, J.D. (2009). Does watching smoking in movies promote teenage smoking?  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 63-67. {PDF}

Krendl, A.K. & Heatherton, T.F. (2009). Self versus others/Self-Regulation.  In, G.G. Berntson & J.T. Cacioppo (Eds), Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. (pp. 859-878). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.  {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., Heatherton, T.F., & Kensinger, E.A. (2009). Aging minds & twisting attitudes: An fMRI investigation of age differences in inhibiting prejudice.  Psychology and Aging, 24, 530-541. {PDF}

Mitchell, J. & Heatherton, T.F. (2009).  Components of a social brain. In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), Cognitive Neurosciences IV. 4th ed., (pp. 951–958). Cambridge, MA:  MIT Press. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (2009).  Modulation of cortical midline structures by implicit and explicit self-reference evaluation. Social Neuroscience, 4, 197-211. {PDF}

Sargent, J., Gibson, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2009).  Comparing the effects of entertainment media and tobacco marketing on youth smoking.  Tobacco Control, 18, 47-53. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2009). Comparison of trends for adolescent smoking and smoking in movies, 1990-2007.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 301, 2211-2213. {PDF}


Cloutier, J., Heatherton, T.F., Whalen, P.J., & Kelley, W.M. (2008). Are attractive people rewarding? Sex differences in the neural substrates of facial attractiveness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 941-951. {PDF}

Daley, K.A., Jimerson, D.C., Heatherton, T.F., Metzger, E.D., & Wolfe B.E. (2008). State self-esteem ratings in women with bulimia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in remission. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 159-163. {PDF}

Gravener, J.A., Haedt, A.A., Heatherton, T.F., & Keel, P.K. (2008).  Gender and age differences in associations between peer dieting and drive for thinness.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 57-63. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Krendl, A.C. (2008).  Neuroscience. In  W.A. Darity, Jr. (Ed). International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences. Vol. 5. 2nd ed. (pp 484-485). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. {PDF}

Holm-Denoma, J.M., Joiner, T.E., Vohs, K.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2008). “The ‘Freshman Fifteen’ (the freshman five actually): Predictors and possible explanations. Health Psychology, 27, S3-S9. {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., & Richeson, J.A., Kelley, W.M. & Heatherton, T.F. (2008).  The negative consequences of threat:  An fmri investigation of the neural mechanisms underlying women’s underperformance in math.  Psychological Science, 19, 168-175. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Worth, K.A., Beach, M., Gerrard, M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2008).  Population-based assessment of exposure to risk behaviors in motion pictures.  Communications Methods and Measures, 2, 134-151. {PDF}

Sutherland, L.A., Beavers, D.P., Kupper, L., Bernhardt, A.M., Heatherton, T.F., & Dalton, M.A. (2008).  Like parent, like child?  Child food and beverage choices during make believe play. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 162, 1-63-1069. {PDF}


Cacioppo, J.T., Amaral, D., Blanchard, J.J., Cameron, J.L., Carter, C.S., Crews, D.P., Fiske, S., Heatherton, T.F., Johnson, M.K., Kozak, M.J., Levenson, R.W., Lord, C., Miller, E.K., Ochsner, K., Raichle, M.E., Shea, M.T., Taylor, S.E., Young, L.J., & Quinn, K.J. (2007).  Social neuroscience:  Progress and promise.  Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 99-123. {PDF}

Forbush, K., Heatherton, T.F., & Keel, P.K. (2007).  Relationship between perfectionism and specific disordered eating behaviors.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40, 37 – 41. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Krendl, A.C., Macrae, C.N., & Kelley, W.M.  (2007).  A social brain sciences approach to understanding the self.  In C. Sedikides & S. Spencer (Eds.), Frontiers in social psychology: The self. (pp. 3 – 20). New York:  Psychology Press. {PDF}

Keel, P. K., Baxter, M. G., Heatherton, T. F., & Joiner, T. E. (2007). A 20-year longitudinal study of body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 422-432. {PDF}

Mar, R.A., Kelley, W.M., Heatherton, T.F., & Macrae, C.N. (2007).  Detecting agency from the biological motion of veridical versus animated agents.  Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2, 199-205. {PDF}

Mitchell, J.P., Heatherton, T.F., Kelley, W.M., Wyland, C.L., Wegner, D.M., & Macrae, C.N. (2007).  Separating sustained from transient aspects of cognitive control during thought suppression.  Psychological Science, 18, 292 – 297. {PDF}


Abramson, L.Y., Bardone-Cone, A.M., Vohs, K.D., Joiner, T.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2006).  Cognitive vulnerability to bulimia.   In L.B. Alloy & J.H. Riskind (Eds.), Cognitive vulnerability to emotional disorders. (pp. 329 – 364).  Hillsdale, N.J.:  Erlbaum. {PDF}

Bardone-Cone, A.M., Abramson, L.Y., Vohs, K.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E., Jr. (2006). Predicting bulimic symptoms: An interactive model of self-efficacy, perfectionism, and perceived weight status. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 27-42. {PDF}

Haedt, A.A.,  Edler, C.,  Heatherton, T.F.,  & Keel P.K. (2006). Importance of multiple purging methods in the classification of eating disorder subtypes. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 39, 648 – 654. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., Macrae, C.N., Demos, K.E., Denny, B.T., & Kelley, W.M.  (2006).  Medial prefrontal activity differentiates self from close others. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1, 18-25. {PDF}

Keel, P.K., Heatherton, T.F., Dorer, D.J., Joiner, T.E, & Zalta, A.K. (2006).  Point prevalence of bulimia nervosa in 1982, 1992, and 2002. Psychological Medicine, 65, 119-127. {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F.  (2006). The good, the bad, and the ugly: An fMRI Investigation of the functional anatomic correlates of stigma.  Social Neuroscience, 1, 5 – 15. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Macrae, C.N., Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., & Kelley, W.M. (2006).  Neuroanatomical evidence for distinct cognitive and affective components of self.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1586-1594. {PDF}

Somerville, L.H., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (2006). Disambiguating anterior cingulate cortex function: Differential response to experiences of expectancy violation and social rejection.  Nature Neuroscience, 9, 1007-1008. {PDF}

Tickle J.J, Hull J.G., Sargent J.D., Dalton M.A, & Heatherton T.F. (2006). A structural equation model of social influences and exposure to media smoking on adolescent smoking. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 117-129. {PDF}


Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Dalton, M.A., Gibson, J.J., Beach, M.L., Titus-Ernstoff, L.T., Heatherton, T.F., & Sargent, J.D. (2005). Tobacco brand appearances in movies before and after the master settlement agreement.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 293, 2341-2342. {PDF}

Dalton, M.A., Bernhardt, A.M., Gibson, J.J., Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Titus-Ernstoff, L.T.,  & Heatherton, T.F. (2005). Use of cigarettes and alcohol by preschoolers while role-playing as adults:  “Honey, have some smokes.” Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 159, 854-859. {PDF}

Holm-Denoma, J.M., Gordon, K.H., Bardone, A.M., Vohs, K.D., Abramson, L.Y., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E. (2005).  A test of an interactive model of bulimic symptomatology in adult women. Behavior Therapy, 36, 311-321. {PDF}

King, E.B., Hebl, M.R., & Heatherton, T.F. (2005). Theories of stigma: Limitations and needed directions.  In K.D. Brownell, R. Puhl, M.B. Schwartz, & L. Rudd, (Eds,).   Weight Bias: Nature, consequences, and remedies (pp. 109-120). New York:  Guilford Press. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Gibson, J.J., Titus-Ernstoff, L., Carusi, C., Swain, S., Heatherton, T.F., & Dalton, M.A. (2005).  Exposure to movie smoking: Its relation to smoking initiation among U.S. adolescents. Pediatrics, 116, 1183-1191. {PDF}

Thomas, J.J., Keel, P.K., & Heatherton, T.F. (2005).  Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in ballet students: Examination of environmental and individual risk factors.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 38, 263-268. {PDF}


Banfield, J., Wyland, C.L., Macrae, C.N., Munte, T.F., & Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  The cognitive neuroscience of self-regulation.  In R.F. Baumeister & K.D. Vohs (Eds), The Handbook of Self-Regulation.  pp. 62- 83. New York: Guilford Press. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  Introduction to special issue on social cognitive neuroscience. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1681-1682. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N. & Kelley, W.M. (2004). A social brain sciences approach to studying the self.  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 190 – 193. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Phelps, E.A., & LeDoux, J.E. (2004).  The emotional and social brain (section introduction). In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), Cognitive Neurosciences III.  pp. 973-976.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT Press. {PDF}

Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  A self less ordinary:  The medial prefrontal cortex and you.  In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), Cognitive Neurosciences III.  pp. 1067- 1076. Cambridge, MA:  MIT Press. {PDF}

Macrae, C.N., Moran, J.M., Heatherton, T.F., Banfield, J.F. & Kelley, W.M. (2004).  Medial prefrontal activity predicts memory for self.  Cerebral Cortex, 14, 647-654. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Beach, M., Dalton, M.A., Titus-Ernstoff, L., Gibson, J.J., Tickle, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  Effect of parental r-rated movie restriction on adolescent smoking initiation:  A prospective study.  Pediatrics, 114, 149-156. {PDF}

Turk, D.J., Banfield, J.F., Walling, B.O., Heatherton, T.F., Grafton, S.T., Handy, T.C., Gazzaniga, M.S., & Macrae, C.N. (2004).  From facial cue to dinner for two:  The neural substrates of personal choice.  Neuroimage, 22, 1281-1290. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2004). Ego threat elicits different social comparison processes among high and low self-esteem people: Implications for interpersonal perceptions.  Social Cognition, 22, 168-190. {PDF}


Dalton, M.A., Sergeant, J.D., Beach, M., Titus-Ernstoff, L., Gibson, J.J., Ahrens, M.B., Tickle, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2003). Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: A Cohort Study.  Lancet, 362, 281-285. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Wyland, C. (2003) Assessing self-esteem. In S. Lopez and R. Snyder, (Eds). Assessing Positive Psychology. (pp. 219 – 233). Washington, DC:  APA. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Wyland, C. (2003).  Why is there self-esteem?  Psychological Inquiry, 14, 38-41. {PDF}

Richeson, J.A., Baird, A.A., Gordon, H.L., Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., Trawalter, S., & Shelton, J.N. (2003).  An fMRI investigation of the impact of interracial contact on executive function. Nature Neuroscience, 6, 1323-1328. {PDF}

Sargent J.D., Dalton M.A., Heatherton T.F., & Beach M.  (2003).  Modifiable risk factors for exposure to movie smoking in young adolescents. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 157, 643-648. {PDF}

Turk, D.J., Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., & Gazzaniga, M.S. (2003). Out of contact, out of mind: The distributed nature of self.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1001, 65-79. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2003).  The effects of self-esteem and ego threat on interpersonal appraisals of men and women: A naturalistic study.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 11, 1407-1420. {PDF}

Wyland, C.L., Kelley, W.M., Macrae, C.N., Gordon, H.L., & Heatherton, T.F. (2003).  Neural correlates of thought suppression.  Neuropsychologia, 41, 1863-1867. {PDF}


Dalton, M.A., Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Ahrens, M.B., Tickle, J.J., & Heatherton, T.F.  (2002).  Parental media restriction associated with lower alcohol and tobacco use among adolescents.  Effective Clinical Practice, 5, 1-10.  {PDF}

Dalton M.A., Tickle J.J., Sargent J.D., Beach M.L., Ahrens M.B,, & Heatherton T,F,. (2002). The incidence and context of tobacco use in popular movies from 1988-1997. Preventive Medicine, 34, 516-523. {PDF}

Kelley, W.T., Macrae, C.N., Wyland, C., Caglar, S., Inati, S. & Heatherton, T.F. (2002).  Finding the self?  An event-related fMRI Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 785-794. {PDF}

Mitchell, J.P., Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N. (2002).  Distinct neural systems subserve person and object knowledge.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99, 15238-15243. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Dalton M.A., Beach M.L., Mott L.A., Tickle J.J., Ahrens M.B., & Heatherton T.F. (2002). Viewing tobacco use in movies: Does it shape attitudes that mediate adolescent smoking? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22, 137 – 145. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Heatherton T.F., Ahrens B., Dalton M.A. , Tickle, J.J., & Beach, M.L. (2002). Adolescent exposure to extremely violent movies.  Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 449-454. {PDF}

Tickle, J.J. & Heatherton, T.F. (2002).  Research involving college students.  In R.J. Amdur & E.A. Bankert (Eds.)  Institutional Review Board:  Management and Function.  (pp. 399-400).  Boston:  Jones and Bartlett. {PDF}

Turk, D.J., Heatherton, T.F., Kelley, W.M., Funnell, M.G., Gazzaniga, M.S., Macrae, C.N. (2002).  Mike or me?  Self-recognition in a split-brain patient. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 841-842. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. (2001).  Body image and gender. In N.J. Smelser & P.B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 1282-1285.  Oxford, England: Elsevier. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Dalton, M.A., Mott, L., Tickle, J.J., Ahrens, M.B. & Heatherton, T.F. (2001). Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: Cross sectional study. British Medical Journal, 323, 1-6. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Dalton, M.A., Tickle, J.J., Beach, M.L., & Heatherton, T.F. (2001).  Tobacco brand placement in movies.  Lancet, 357, 29-32. {PDF}

Tickle, J.J., Sargent, J.D., Dalton, M.A., Beach, M.L., & Heatherton, T.F. (2001).  Favorite movie stars, their tobacco use in contemporary movies and its association with adolescent smoking.  Tobacco Control, 10, 16-22. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Herrin, M.  (2001).  Disordered eating and the college experience:  A prospective study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 280-288. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2001). Self-esteem and threats to self: Implications for self-construals and interpersonal perceptions.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1103-1118. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D., Voelz, Z.R., Pettit, J.W., Bardone, A.M., Katz, J., Abramson, L.Y., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E., Jr. (2001). Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and self-esteem: An interactive model of bulimic symptom development. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 20, 476-496. {PDF}


Bardone, A.M., Vohs, K.D., Abramson, L.Y., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E. (2000). The confluence of perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem predicts bulimic symptoms: Clinical implications  Behavior Therapy 31, 265-280. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., & Vohs, K.D. (2000). Interpersonal evaluations following threats to self:  Role of self-esteem Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 725-736. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Vohs, K.D. (2000).  Self-esteem.  In E.F. Borgatta & R.J.V. Montgomery (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Sociology. Pp.  2511-2518.  New York:  Macmillan. {PDF}

Hebl, M., Tickle, J., & Heatherton, T.F.  Awkward moments.  (2000).  In T.F. Heatherton, R.E. Kleck, M. Hebl & J.G. Hull (Eds).  Stigma:  Social psychological processes New York:  Guilford. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Katz, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2000).  Personality features differentiate late adolescent females and males with chronic bulimic symptoms, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 27, 191-197. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Vohs, K.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2000).  Three studies on the factorial distinctiveness of binge eating and bulimic symptoms among non-clinical men and women, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 27, 198-205. {PDF}

Sargent J.D., Dalton, M., Beach, M., Bernhardt, A., Heatherton, T.F., & Stevens, M.  (2000). Effect of Cigarette Promotions on Smoking Uptake in a Cohort of Adolescents.  Preventive Medicine, 30, 320-327. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2000). Self-regulatory failure: A resource depletion approach.  Psychological Science, 11, 249-254. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. & Tickle, J. (1999).  Dieting doesn’t make you thin.  Healthy Weight Journal, 13, 7-9. {PDF}

Vohs , K.D., Bardone, A.M., Joiner, T.E., Abramson, L.Y., & Heatherton, T.F. (1999).  Perfectionism, perceived weight status, and self-esteem interact to predict bulimic symptoms: A model of bulimic symptom development Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 695-700. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. & Vohs, K. (1998).  Why is it so difficult to inhibit behavior? Psychological Inquiry, 9, 212-216. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Hebl, M. (1998).  Body image.  In H. Friedman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Mental Health (Volume 1). pp. 257-266.  San Diego: Academic Press. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Striepe, M., & Wittenberg, L.  (1998).  Emotional distress and disinhibited eating:  the role of self.  Personality and Psychology Bulletin, 24, 301-313.  {PDF}

Hebl, M.R. & Heatherton, T.F.  (1998).  Stigma of obesity:  The differences are black and white. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 417-426. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E. & Heatherton, T.F. (1998).  First- and second-order factor structure of five subscales of the Eating Disorders Inventory. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 23, 189-198. {PDF}


Estrada-Hollenbeck, M. & Heatherton, T.F. (1997).  Avoiding and Repairing Guilt through Prosocial Behavior.  In J. Bybee (Ed.), Guilt and Shame in Children. San Diego:  Academic Press. {PDF}

Green, K.L., Cameron, R., Polivy, J., Cooper, K., Liu, L., Leiter, L., & Heatherton, T. (1997).  Weight dissatisfaction and weight loss attempts among Canadian adults.  Canadian Medical Association Journal, 157 (Suppl), S17-S25. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Mahamedi, F., Striepe, M., Field, A., & Keel, P. (1997). A ten year longitudinal study of body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 117-125.        Reprinted in K.J. Sexton Radek (1999). (Ed.) Perspectives in Abnormal Psychology. Bellevue, IA:  CourseWise.  {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Heatherton, T.F. & Keel, P.K. (1997). Ten-year stability and predictive validity of five bulimotypic indicators.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1133-1138. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Heatherton, T.F., Rudd, M.D., & Schmidt, N.B. (1997).  Perfectionism, perceived weight status, and bulimic symptoms: Two studies testing a diathesis-stress model. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 145-153. {PDF}

Keel, P.K., Heatherton, T.F., Harnden J., & Hornig, C. (1997).  Familial patterns of eating habits and attitudes:  Mothers, fathers, and daughters. Eating Disorders:  The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 5, 216-228. {PDF}

Pillitteri, J.L., Kozlowski, L.T., Sweeney, C.T., & Heatherton, T.F. (1997).  Individual differences in the subjective effects of the first cigarette of the day:  A self-report method for studying tolerance.  Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 5, 83-90. {PDF}


Baumeister, R.F. & Heatherton, T.F. (1996).  Self-regulation failure: An overview.  Psychological Inquiry, 7, 1-15. Reprinted in R.M. Kowalski & M.R. Leary (2004).  The interface of social and clinical psychology:  Key readings (pp. 51-69).  New York, NY:  Psychology Press. {PDF}

Field, A.E., Colditz, G.A., & Herzog, D.B., & Heatherton, T.F.  (1996).  Disordered eating: Can women accurately recall their bingeing and purging behaviors ten years later?  Obesity Research, 4, 153-159. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Baumeister, R.F. (1996).  Self-regulation failure: Past, present, future.  Psychological Inquiry, 7, 90-98. {PDF}


Baumeister, R.F., Stillwell, A.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (1995).  Personal narratives about guilt:  Role in action control and interpersonal relationships.  Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 17, 173-198. {PDF}

Baumeister, R.F., Stillwell, A.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (1995).  Interpersonal aspects of guilt: Evidence from narrative studies.  In J.P. Tangney & K.W. Fischer (Eds.), Self-Conscious Emotions: Shame, Guilt, Embarrassment, and Pride. pp.  255-273.  New York: Guilford. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Renn, R.J.  (1995).  Stress and the disinhibition of behavior.  Mind/Body Medicine 1, 72-81. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Nichols, P., Mahamedi, F. & Keel, P.K.  (1995). Body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms among college students 1982 to 1992.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1623-1629. {PDF}


Bagozzi, R.P. & Heatherton, T.F. (1994).  A general approach to representing multifaceted personality constructs:  Application to state self-esteem. Structural Equation Modeling, 1, 35-67. {PDF}

Baumeister, R.F., Stillwell, A.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (1994).  Guilt:  An interpersonal approach.  Psychological Bulletin, 115, 243-267. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Nichols, P.A. (1994).  Personal accounts of successful versus failed attempts at life change. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 664-675. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Nichols, P. (1994).  Conceptual issues in assessing whether personality can change.  In T.F. Heatherton & J.L. Weinberger (Eds.), Can Personality Change? Washington:  American Psychological Association. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T., Porter, C.Q., Orleans, C.T., Pope, M.A., & Heatherton, T.F. (1994).  Predicting smoking cessation with self-reported measures of nicotine dependence:  FTQ, FTND, and HSI.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 34, 211-216. {PDF}


Baumeister, R.F., Heatherton, T.F., & Tice, D.  (1993).  When ego threats lead to self-regulation failure:  Negative consequences of high self-esteem.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 141-156. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Body dissatisfaction, self-focus, and dieting status among women.  Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 7, 225-231. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Personality psychology:  The way we were and the way we are.  Contemporary Psychology, 38, 504-505. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Ambady, N. (1993).  Self-esteem, self-prediction, and living up to commitments.  In R.F. Baumeister (Ed.), Self-Esteem:  The Puzzle of Low Self-Regard (pp. 131 – 145).  New York:  Plenum. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., Herman, C.P., & Baumeister, R.F.  (1993).  Self-awareness, task failure and disinhibition:  How attentional focus affects eating.   Journal of Personality, 61, 49-61. {PDF}

Mahamedi, F. & Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Effects of high calorie preloads on selective processing of food and body shape stimuli among dieters and nondieters.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 13, 305-314. {PDF}

McNally, R. & Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Are covariation biases attributable to a priori expectancy biases?  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 653-658. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. & Polivy, J. (1992).  Chronic dieting and eating disorders:  A spiral model.  In J.H. Crowther, S.E. Hobfall, M.A.P. Stephens, & D.L. Tennenbaum (Eds.), The Etiology of Bulimia Nervosa:  The Individual and Familial Context. (pp. 133 – 155).  Washington, D.C:  Hemisphere Publishers. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Herman, C.P., & Polivy, J.  (1992).  Effects of distress on eating:  The importance of ego-involvement.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 101-103. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F., & Baumeister, R.F. (1991).  Binge eating as an escape from self-awareness.  Psychological Bulletin, 110, 86-108. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Herman, C.P., & Polivy, J. (1991).  The effects of physical threat and ego threat on eating.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 138-143. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Kozlowski, L.T., & Frecker, R.C. & Fagerström, K.O. (1991).  The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence:  A revision of the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire.  British Journal of Addiction, 86, 1119-1127. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., & Polivy, J. (1991).  Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 895-910. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., & Herman, C.P. (1991).  Restraint, weight loss, and variability of body weight.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 78-83. {PDF}


Fagerström, K.O., Heatherton, T.F., & Kozlowski, L.T. (1990).  Nicotine addiction and its assessment.  Ear, Nose, and Throat Journal, 69, 763-766. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., & Herman, C.P. (1990).  Dietary restraint:  Some current findings and speculations.  Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 4, 100-106. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T. & Heatherton, T.F. (1990).  Self-report issues in cigarette smoking:  State of the art and future directions.  Behavioral Assessment, 12, 53-75. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F., Kozlowski, L.T., Frecker, R.C., Rickert W., & Robinson, J. (1989). Measuring the heaviness of smoking:  Using self-reported time to the first cigarette of the day and number of cigarettes smoked per day.  British Journal of Addiction, 84, 791-800. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., & Herman, C.P. (1989). Restraint and internal responsiveness:  Effects of placebo manipulations of hunger state on eating. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 89-92. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T., Heatherton, T.F., & Ferrence, R.G. (1989).  Pack size, reported cigarette smoking rates and the heaviness of smoking. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 80, 266-270. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T., Heatherton, T.F., Frecker, R.C., & Nolte, H.E. (1989).  Self-selected behavioral blocking of vents on low-yield cigarettes.  Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior,  33, 815-819. {PDF}

Rowland G.L., Fouts, G., & Heatherton, T.F. (1989). Television viewing and sensation seeking:  Uses, preferences and attitudes.  Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 1003-1006. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F., Herman, C.P., Polivy, J., King, G.A., & McGree, S.T. (1988).  The (mis)measurement of restraint:  An analysis of conceptual and psychometric issues.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 19–28. {PDF}

Polivy, J., Heatherton, T.F., & Herman, C.P. (1988).  Self-esteem, restraint, and eating behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 354–356. {PDF}

Rowland, G.L., Franken, R.E., Williams, S.E. & Heatherton, T.F. (1988). The perception of sensation seeking in familiar and unfamiliar others.  Personality and Individual Differences, 9, 237–241. {PDF}


Herman, C.P., Polivy, J., Lank, C. & Heatherton, T.F. (1987).  Anxiety, hunger and eating.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 96, 264–269. {PDF}

Rowland, G.L. & Heatherton, T.F. (1987).  Social norms for the desirability of sensation seeking.  Personality and Individual Differences, 8, 753–755. {PDF}

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