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Government

INTRODUCTORY COURSES

3. The American Political System

09F: 2A 10W: 10 10S: 2A 10F: 12 11W, 11S: 2A

An examination of the American political process as manifested in voting behavior, par ties and their nominating conventions, interest groups, the Presidency, Congress, and the Judiciary. Special emphasis is placed on providing the student with a theoretical framework for evaluating the system including discussions of decision-making, bargaining, and democratic control. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Winters, Fowler, D. Brooks.

4. Comparative Politics

09F, 10W: 11 10S: 10A 10F: 10 11W: 12 11S: 11

This course will introduce students to the field of comparative government and politics through an examination of selected political systems. Special attention will be given to analytic techniques involved in the study of the field and to certain basic concepts, such as power and political culture, decision-making, and communications. Dist: SOC or INT. Carey, Sa’adah, Vandewalle, Dimitrov.

5. International Politics

09F: 10, 10A, 2A 10W: 10A, 10, 11 10S: 10A

10F: 10A, 2A, 11, 12 11W: 10A, 10, 11 11S: 10A

This course introduces the systematic analysis of international society, the factors that motivate foreign policies, and instruments used in the conduct of international relations. Particular attention is given to power and economic relations; to cultural differences that may inhibit mutual understanding or lead to conflict; to nationalism and other ideologies; to the requisites and limits of cooperation; and to the historical structuring and functioning of international institutions. Dist: SOC or INT. Walker, S. Brooks, Valentino, W. W. Wohlforth, Lind.

6. Political Ideas

09F: 11 10W: 10A 10S, 10X: 10 10F: 11 11W: 10A

This course introduces student to political theory by reading and discussing classic works. We will discuss the meaning and significance of law, justice, virtue, power, equality, freedom and property. Readings may include: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Burke, Kant, Hegel, Tocqueville, Mill, Marx and Nietzsche. Dist: TMV. Murphy, Clarke, Kasfir, Swaine.

7. First-Year Seminars in Government

Consult special listings

POLITICAL ANALYSIS

10. Quantitative Political Analysis

09F: 2 10W: 10 10S: 11

This course will provide students with useful tools for undertaking empirical research in political science and will help them to become informed consumers of quantitative political analysis. The course will first consider the general theoretical concepts underlying empirical research, including the nature of causality, the structure and content of theories, and the formulation and testing of competing hypotheses. The course will then employ these concepts to develop several quantitative approaches to political analysis. Students will be introduced to two statistical methods frequently used by political scientists, contingency tables and linear regression. By learning to systematically analyze political data, students will gain the ability to better conduct and evaluate empirical research in both its quantitative and qualitative forms. Because of the large overlap in material covered, no student may receive credit for more than one of the courses Government 10, Economics 10, Mathematics 10, Psychology 10, Social Sciences 10, Mathematics and Social Sciences 15 or 45, or Sociology 10 except by special petition. Dist: QDS. Bafumi, Herron, Lacy.

18. The Theory of Choice and Introductory Political Game Theory

10W: 11

Game theory is used to study how individuals or organizations interact strategically, and this course introduces game theory with a focus on political science applications. Insights from game theory are essential to understanding many facets of politics, such as international relations and political party competition. Among other topics the course will cover Nash equilibria, normal and extensive form games, and the basics of repeated games. The course will also focus on how simple games, like the prisoner’s dilemma and chicken, can be used to understand patterns of human and organizational behavior. Dist: QDS. Herron.

19. Topics in Political Analysis

10F: 2A

This course will enable regular or visiting faculty members to examine political topics not treated in the established curriculum. Subjects may therefore vary each time the course is offered. Dist: Varies.

In 10F at 2A, Research Design and Qualitative Analysis. This course surveys qualitative methods and research design. First, it introduces qualitative methods’ tools, techniques, strengths and limitations. It then explores the craft of research design and effective communication. Unlike traditional political analysis courses, this class is a practicum for those actively engaged in research. It is ideal for individuals contemplating a thesis or independent study because students concentrate on one topic throughout the term. However, it will benefit anyone interested in political science research. Coggins.

COMPARATIVE POLITICS: ISSUES

20. Topics in Comparative Politics

10X: 11

This course will enable regular or visiting faculty members to examine topics in Comparative Politics not treated in the established curriculum. Subjects may therefore vary each time the course is offered. Dist: Varies.

In 10X, Development in Emerging Economies. Countries in developing regions of the world face a number of unique challenges within a globalized economy as their financial and trade links become ever closely intertwined with those of powerful, developed countries that dominate international economic institutions. Drawing on a wide range of case studies, this course investigates some of these new developments in the world economy. What strategies can developing countries adapt in order to develop most efficiently in a global market-oriented economy? How can a country maximize its chances for economic success, and what precisely is the role of international financial and trade institutions in their development? Readings in this course range from theoretical academic writings on development strategies to policy pieces written by local practitioners and by those working for international financial and trade institutions. Dist. SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Vandewalle.

25. Problems of Political Development: India, South Africa and China

Not offered in 2009-2010 may be offered in 2010-2011

Is democratic government always better than the alternatives? In the contemporary world, what is the relationship between economic development, democratic politics, and political order? What kinds of justice does democracy promote? This course will address these questions by examining institutional arrangements, elite politics, and popular movements in India, South Africa, and China.

Prerequisite: Government 4. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Sa’adah.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

30. Topics in American Government

09F: 11 10W: 2 10S: 10 11W: 11 11S: 10A

This course will enable regular or visiting faculty members to examine topics in American Government not treated in the established curriculum. Subjects may therefore vary each time the course is offered. Dist: Varies.

In 09F at 11, American Elections and Voting Behavior. This course will introduce students to the study of elections and voting behavior.  Topics to be covered include partisanship in the electorate, voter turnout, nomination rules and procedures, campaign organization and strategy, and the effects of campaigns on voters.  Although we will focus on the United States, throughout the course comparisons will be made with other industrialized democracies in order to better understand the peculiar features of elections in the U.S.  The course will also provide a non-technical introduction to some of the methods used by political scientists to study public opinion, elections and voting behavior.  Because of the timing of the course, special attention will be paid to the results of the 2004 presidential and congressional elections and the outlook for the 2006 midterm elections. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Lacy.

In 10W at 2, Law and Politics of the Environment. Although most Americans believe that environmental protection should be a policy priority, environmental regulation is routinely criticized for delivering only modest benefits at an exorbitant cost.  This course provides an overview of the development and current state of environmental law and policy in the United States, with special attention to the recurring technical and political challenges that frustrate policymakers’ attempts to solve environmental problems. Huber.

In 10S at 10, The American Legal System. A legal system is an integral part of a nation’s political system. It provides mechanisms for implementing and reformulating public policies, for resolving individual and group conflicts, and for holding political and economic processes to certain standards of fairness. This course will examine selected features of the American legal system and the ways it deals with basic social problems, e.g., regulating criminal law enforcement, controlling physical and environmental hazards that stem from industrial technology, and regulating the struggle for economic power. Readings and lectures will explore how the American legal system’s approach to these problems has changed over time. Huber.

In 11W at 11, Great Issues in American Politics. Lacy.

In 11S at 10A, Women in the American Political System. D. Brooks.

31. Campaigns and Elections

10F: 11

This course examines two major areas of American politics: the behavior of voters in elections and the behavior of candidates in campaigns. The first few weeks of the course focus on the fundamental questions of voting behavior. Why do people vote in elections? Does Party affiliation mean anything to voters? Do issues matter in elections? Do candidate traits make a difference to voters? Which of these things matters most? Finally, do campaigns matter to election outcomes? This question motivates the second portion of the course. Campaign institutions such as debates, advertisements, media coverage, polls, nominations, voting rules, and financing are discussed. Potential reforms are debated.

Prerequisite: Government 3 or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Lacy.

32. American State Politics

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

A study of the American federal system of government in which authority is distributed between the national and state governments. Readings, lectures, and discussions will focus specifically on likely explanations of the origins, maintenance, and/or changes in public policies in the states. Specific topics include the original and changing federal relationship, cooperative, competitive, and ‘free rider’ relationships among the states, public policy preferences of the public in the states, and similarities and differences among major political institutions in the states.

Prerequisite: Government 3, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Winters.

34. Congress and the American Political System

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

This course introduces students to the analysis of public policymaking in the U.S. Congress. Special attention is paid to the evolution of the House and Senate as institutions, to elections and to the interactions among elections, institutional arrangements, and policymaking.

Prerequisite: Government 3, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Fowler.

36. The Making of American Public Policy

09F: 10A 11W: 2A

This course examines the process through which public policy is made in the United States. Topics covered include the nature and goals of public policy, the various stages of the policy process, and the different models of and factors involved in policy making. The course seeks to explain why policy making in the U.S. is mostly ‘incremental’ in character, i.e., involves only marginal departures from the status quo. The course also explores the conditions under which non-incremental change is feasible or even likely.

Prerequisite: Government 3, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Fowler.

37. Public Opinion

11W: 10A

This course examines the connection between public opinion and political behavior, primarily in the contemporary American setting. The first part of the course focuses on the nature and origins of public opinion. The second part explores the links between public opinion and political behavior with particular attention paid to election outcomes, policy making, and issues of tolerance.

Prerequisite: Government 3 or permission of the instructor: Dist: SOC; WCult: W. D. Brooks.

38. Government and Business

10W, 10F: 10

Government and business are inextricably linked, each exerting a great deal of influence over the other.  This course examines their interrelationship, focusing in particular on economic and political theories of regulation and subsidization; foreign trade, free trade and protectionism; the power of corporate interests in the policymaking process; and business within the American legal system. 

Prerequisite: Government 3, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Winters, Huber.

COMPARATIVE POLITICS: AREAS

40. Topics in Area Politics

10S: 11, 10A 10X: 12 10F: 2 11W: 11 11S: 12

This course will enable regular or visiting faculty members to examine topics in Regional Politics not treated in the established curriculum. Subjects may therefore vary each time the course is offered. Dist: Varies.

In 10S and 10F, Democracy, European Style. All democracies share important features (e.g., elections), but they also differ in significant ways (e.g., party systems, constitutional arrangements, power).  Many of the patterns typical of European democracies are unfamiliar to Americans.  In this course, we will explore how the major European countries “do” democracy.   How did they get there?  How does parliamentary government work?  How do citizens participate in the political process?  What issues do European elites and electorates view as central and what sorts of policy options have been proposed in response?  How “European” are Europeans? Dist:  INT or SOC WCult: W. Sa’adah.

In 10S at 10A, Survival of the Fittest: Language and Politics in the South Caucasus (Identical to College Course 9, Russian 39 and Linguistics 11). Most nations are not linguistically homogeneous, yet they all rely on language as a powerful tool for defining and building the nation. Language is exploited as an irrefutable symbol of the unity of a nation. For this reason the fate of a language is closely intertwined with the historical-political fate of its community of speakers. The complex scenario of the Caucasus is the focus of this course. Here the relationships of language and politics have led to separatist struggles and political explosions such as the August 2008 conflict in Georgia, the Chechen wars, the war in Nagorno-Karabakh. The Caucasus is one of the areas of the world with the highest linguistic and cultural diversity—it forms an intricate web of Indo-European, Turkic, and over 50 indigenous languages spoken across this mountain range. Many languages from the last group are currently endangered - no longer transmitted to younger generations.
The goal of this course is to follow in parallel the political development of the Caucasus and its linguistic history, under the hypothesis that one informs the other. The course is conceived as a dialogue between two disciplines— linguistics and political science. We will study primarily the South Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan), the linguistic features of the languages spoken in this area, the language policies that have affected them, and the major political trends in the region. Dist: SOC: WCult: CI. Yalowitz, Chitoran.

In 10X, Globalization and Global Development, The latest wave of economic globalization has differently affected various regions of the world. One of the most often repeated (and disputed) assertions is that the economic power of the United States is fading and that the fortunes of the so-called BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) as well as other selected Emerging Economies (“the Second World”) will mark the dawn of a more equal and, economically speaking, a more balanced global economy. The most recent financial crisis has put into question many of the assertions on both sides of this debate, in ways that question the very basic assumptions analysts of the global economy have been making since the creation of the Bretton Woods system in the aftermath of World War II. In this course we investigate the impact of the economic boom of the last two decades, the current crisis, and their impact on the economic fate and standing of particularly the United States, India, China, and Russia. We focus in part on efforts to create a new financial architecture for the global economy, and investigate how the debate between markets and state intervention has been affected by the ongoing financial crisis—and what this may mean for both countries that rely extensively on markets, and for those that strategically promote state intervention. Vandewalle

In 11W, Does Europe Exist? Are the British Europeans? Are the Turks? Who is to say? How would we know? Why might it matter? This course looks at how European identity has been constructed and contested by interested groups since the 1940s. We will examine how these debates have shaped and been shaped by domestic as well as international politics and consider how they illuminate the challenges currently facing the European Union. Sa’adah.

In 11S, Political Economy of the Arab Gulf States. For decades the Arab Gulf states—Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar and Kuwait—were viewed both economically and politically as anomalies, utterly dependent on world oil markets for their development, conservative if not backward, and marked by highly authoritarian regimes.  However, the creation within the region of the Gulf Cooperation Council as an economic bloc, and the emergence of Dubai as a post-oil financial and commercial center for the region, are clear indicators of the changing economic (and perhaps political) fortunes of the local countries. Vandewalle.

41. European Politics

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

An intensive study of the political development, institutions, and behavior of selected West European countries. Special attention will be paid to the problems of political change and to present trends in the study of comparative politics.

Prerequisite Government 4, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: W. Sa’adah.

42. Chinese Politics

09F: 10A

What explains the remarkable resilience of communism in China? In this course, we will first focus on the Mao period (1949--1978). We will then examine the reform period (from 1978 to the present), analyzing both economic and political reform as strategies for regime preservation in China. By the end of the course, students will have a good sense of China’s development trajectory after 1949, as well as an appreciation of the challenges that lie ahead.

Prerequisite Government 4, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: W. Dimitrov.

43. The Rise of China.

10W, 10S: 10A

The rise of China is one of the most important developments that took place after the end of the Cold War. In this course, we will examine two facets of China’s rise: economic and military. We will end this course by analyzing China’s attempt to build soft power through cultural diplomacy. By the end of the course, students will have a more balanced view of the dangers and opportunities that China’s rise affords for the future of international relations.

Prerequisite Government 42, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Dimitrov.

44. Politics and Political Economies in Africa (Identical to African and African American Studies 47)

10W: 10A

This course contrasts the most important approaches to development in Africa as they are used to explain the structure of political economy and politics in specific African countries. Special attention is paid to the consequences of external agencies, including external relations with industrialized countries and the World Bank, and the internal relations based on the interaction of the African state, ethnicity, patronage, class and local capitalism. Selected countries will be analyzed in detail. Prerequisite Government 4, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT: WCult: NW. Kasfir.

46. Politics of the Middle East and North Africa

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

This course will introduce students to the politics of the Middle East and North Africa. It will systematically compare the process of state formation of different types of regimes in selected countries of the region following the break-up of the Ottoman Empire.

Prerequisite: Government 4, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Vandewalle.

47. The Arab-Israeli Conflict (Comparative Politics or International Relations)

09F: 2 10F: 11

For the better part of a century, the conflict over Palestine has defied resolution. The tensions and instability it has generated have profoundly affected—and been affected by—both international relations and the domestic politics of a wide range of countries. This course examines the changing external and local forces that have shaped the confrontation. Using primary as well as secondary sources, we will try to understand how the various parties to the conflict have defined its stakes, understood their interests, viewed their adversaries, mobilized support, and formulated policy. We will consider grassroots politics as well as elite calculations. We will look at the role played by ideas, institutions, material interests, and leadership, at both the regional and the broader international levels. We will end by assessing the current prospects for a settlement.

Prerequisite: Government 4, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Sa’adah.

49.01 Latin American Politics and Government

11W: 10A

This course is an introduction to the political development and the current context of politics in Latin America. It combines material on historical and theoretical topics with material on the current politics of specific countries, particularly in the Andean region, which has experienced particularly turbulent politics in recent years. The central theme of the course is to evaluate the performance and stability of democracy in Latin America. We consider the impact of political culture, economic development, representative institutions, and the legacies of authoritarian and revolutionary regimes on the contemporary politics of the region.

Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Carey.

49.02 State and Society in Latin America (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 32)

Not offered in the period from 09F through 11S

This class provides an introduction to the political and economic development of Latin America in the latter half of the 20th century. We will focus on only six of the countries in this vast and diverse region: Argentina, Chile, Cuba, El Salvador, Colombia and Mexico. Our analysis will emphasize the following themes: political systems and regime change; economic strategy; U.S. foreign policy; social movements and revolution; democratization; identity politics; and human rights. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Baldez.

49.03 Latin American Politics: Cuba (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 33)

Not offered in the period from 09F through 11S

As one of the world’s few remaining socialist regimes, Cuba is unique. But Cuba is also subject to many of the forces that have shaped other countries in Latin America and the third world: a heritage of Spanish colonialism and slavery, a geography that contains a limited array of natural resources and a system of government that has evolved under the constant shadow of the United States. This course examines the politics and culture of Cuba in the 20th and early 21st centuries in order to understand Latin American politics-and politics more generally. Dist. SOC or INT. Baldez

49.04 Gender Politics in Latin America (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 52 and Women’s and Gender Studies 31)

10S, 11W: 2A

The seminar will introduce students to recent scholarship on gender politics in Latin America in the 20th century, a field of study that has exploded in the past two decades. The goal of the seminar is to understand the ways in gender affects politics, and vice-versa. What does it mean to use gender as a category of analysis in political science? How do norms about masculinity and femininity shape public policy, legislative behavior and foreign relations? Under what conditions will people mobilize on the basis of their gender identity or sexual orientation? Readings will focus on a range of countries throughout the region. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Baldez.

49.05 Protest and Parties in Latin America (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 53)

10F: 2

This course will examine the conditions that prompt people organize on behalf of their collective interests, how those movements evolve, and under what conditions efforts to mobilize will succeed. We compare protests, revolutionary movements, social movements, political parties and other forms of political action in various countries throughout the region. Dist: SOC or INT. WCult: NW. Baldez.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

50. Topics in International Relations

09F: 12 10W: 2A 10S: 11, 10A, 2A 10F: 12, 10 11W: 2A , 2 11S: 2A, 10A, 2

This course will enable regular or visiting faculty members to examine topics in International Relations not treated in the established curriculum. Subjects may therefore vary each time the course is offered. Dist: Varies.

In 09F and 10F at 12, Violence and Security (Identical to International Studies 15). One of the four core courses in the International Studies minor, Violence and Security is a multidisciplinary introduction to scholarship on the causes, consequences and possible prevention of armed violence between groups. Using multiple social science disciplines, we will examine armed violence within, between and across states, ranging from civil war, “ethnic” conflict, insurgency, and inter-state war. The course addresses the trade-offs created by different political solutions to the problem of security, and features a group simulation exercise to explore the challenges faced by governments and non-governmental organizations when they seek to ameliorate it. W. Wohlforth.

In 10W and 11W at 2A, International Relations of East Asia. The international relations of Asia are a major concern of the United States. In the past few years, there has been increasing concern about the threat North Korea may pose to the security of the United States. The past decade has seen China emerge as a potential economic, political, and military superpower, that some view as a potential rival to the U.S. Japan’s economy, although experiencing difficulties, remains the world’s second largest and most technologically advanced. What happens in Asia has a direct and important impact on the U.S.? How do we understand the international relations of these countries? What are the issues, and consequences? In answering these questions, we will view the international relations of Asia from historical and theoretical viewpoints. I assume that students are familiar with the basic tools of international relations theory, including realism, liberalism, and institutionalism. In addition I assume prior coursework in international relations. I do not assume extensive knowledge of Asia. Government 5 is recommended but not required. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Lind.

In 10S at 11, Race and Gender in International Relations. This course examines the effects of race, gender and ethnicity on different aspects of international relations. Although generally under-emphasized, these three factors often exert significant influences on a variety of global issues. Race often plays important roles in immigration policies, supranational integration, and foreign military interventions. Similarly, ethnicity often impinges decisively on the outbreaks and resolutions of internal wars, secessionist conflicts, and major human rights abuses. Meanwhile, gender often significantly affects international economic production, human trafficking, and global labor migrations. In addition, gender, race and ethnicity (often in conjunction with other ideational factors) play important roles in global civil society movements, conflicts between international and traditional norms, and the politics of international organizations. This course analyzes these and other related topics theoretically and empirically by investigating various recent cases in international relations. Yee.

In 10S and 11S at 2A, Nuclear Weapons: Physical and Strategic Effects. This course examines the effects of nuclear weapons on the conduct of international politics. It begins by examining the physical properties of nuclear weapons, and then uses evidence from the Cold War to address the following questions: Why did the United States and Soviet Union build such large nuclear arsenals? What did they plan to do with these weapons? How did nuclear weapons fit into U.S. and Soviet military strategy at various phases of the Cold War? The course uses evidence from the Cold War to evaluate theories of nuclear deterrence and the so-called “nuclear peace.” The last section of the course focuses on current issues relating to nuclear weapons: the spread of nuclear weapons in the developing world, the dangers of nuclear terrorism, the potential for effective missile defenses, and the changing strategic nuclear balance of power. Dist: SOC or INT. Press.

In 10S and 11S at 10A, War and Peace in the Modern Age (Identical to Social Sciences 1 and War and Peace Studies 1). This course is designed to acquaint students with the fundamentals of war and peace; that is, with the political uses of military power and the respective roles of military and civilian leaders in formulating and implementing foreign policy. We will also investigate how war affects civil society’s social movements and how the characteristics of states’ domestic politics arrangements affect or constrain the ways that leaders choose to execute their most preferred strategies. Finally, we will also try to come to an understanding of what war is actually like for those, both combatant and non-combatant, that must participate in war on a daily basis. Dist: SOC. Press.

In 10F at 10, 11W and 11S at 2, What’s So Civil about War Anyway? Civil wars are far more common in the contemporary world than international wars. They tend to affect more people, go on for longer, and destroy more property. Yet most of our theory and expertise on war derives from experiences of international war. Are the two types of conflict essentially similar? What’s so civil about civil war? Are civil wars simply international wars played out within borders? Or might the causes, dynamics, and consequences of civil war differ fundamentally from those of inter-state war? Finally, what role do international politics play in civil war (and vice versa)? In this course, we will compare and contrast civil and international war placing special emphasis on modern cases of civil war, its international dimensions and potential strategies for conflict resolution. Topics addressed will include intervention, ethnic conflict, guerilla war and non-state actors. Dist: SOC or INT. Coggins.

51. International Law

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

An introduction to international law, with particular emphasis on law that attempts to govern the use of force by states.  Materials include the United Nations Charter and other multilateral treaties, decisions of the International Court of Justice, and commentary by scholars. Dist: INT. W. Wohlforth.

52. Russian Foreign Policy

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

This course is a survey of Russia’s relations with the world, and particularly with Europe and the United States, from the Revolution through the Soviet period to the present. Special emphasis will be placed on the politics of the national security process in the USSR and Russia. Although intended as an overview of Russian foreign policy, the course gives primary attention to three areas: the origins and nature of Soviet-American competition; Russia’s political and military relationship with the West; and the future development of Russian-American relations.

Prerequisite: Government 4 or 5; Government 42 is recommended. Open only to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: W. W. Wohlforth.

53. International Security

09F, 10F: 10A

This course will focus on military strategy in the post-cold war world. The course will cover deterrence theory, crisis stability, nuclear strategy, and the political uses of military coercion. Other topics may include the obsolescence of major war, collective security, nuclear proliferation, and escalation of regional wars.

Prerequisite: Government 5 or permission of instructor. Dist: SOC or INT. Press.

54. United States Foreign Policy

09F: 2 10W: 10, 2A 11W: 10

An inquiry into relationships between the social structure and ideological tradition of the United States and its conduct in world affairs. Attention is given to the substance of American foreign and military policy; to the roles of the White House, State Department, CIA, the military, Congress, private elites, and mass opinion; and to foreign policy impacts on domestic life.

Prerequisite: Government 5 or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Strathman, Walker.

56. International Relations Theory

09F: 3B 10W: 10A

Is war unavoidable? Or is most violent conflict unnecessary and preventable? How should statesmen best protect the interests and physical security of their countrymen? Do they meet that standard, or fall short? Can a people ever be truly safe? Or is the international environment inherently uncertain? Which peoples ought to live together? Or are identities dynamic? These are the enduring questions of international politics. Perhaps not surprisingly, theorists come to different conclusions. This course explores a wide variety of international relations theories and evaluates their implications for real world politics. Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism, and other major strands of IR theory will be discussed as will American hegemony, international laws and norms and grand strategy.

Prerequisite: Government 5, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT. Lebow, Walker.

58. International Political Economy

09F, 10S: 2

The political aspects of international and transnational economic relations will be examined. Topics will include economic imperialism, politico-economic dependence and interdependence, economic instruments of statecraft, the role of economic factors in foreign policy making, economic causes of international conflict, economic determinants of national power, the politics of international economic organizations, and the role of multinational corporations in world politics.

Prerequisite: Government 5 and Economics 29 or 64, or permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT. S. Brooks.

59. Foreign Policy and Decision Making

09F, 10F: 2A

The objectives of this course are to introduce the most influential theoretical approaches to the study of strategic decision-making in political science and to apply and evaluate these approaches in a series of historical and contemporary case studies of foreign policy. These immediate objectives serve a larger purpose: to make you a better strategist and more sophisticated analyst of foreign policy. The empirical focus of the course is on states and their problems, but its basic precepts are applicable to other domains as well. Each of the decision-making theories we study represents a venerable tradition of social science scholarship. Mastering them can contribute to the acquisition of extremely useful analytical and critical skills. The first four sections of the course introduce the four most basic models of strategic decision-making and explore them in selected case studies. The last section provides an opportunity to integrate the different models in a series of case studies and simulations exercises involving the foreign policies of major powers.

Dist: INT or SOC. Strathman.

POLITICAL THEORY AND PUBLIC LAW

60. Topics in Political Theory or Public Law

09F: 10, 12, 2 10W: 2A 10S: 10A, 10 10X: 10A

10F: 10, 12, 2A 11W: 10A 11S: 10

This course will enable regular or visiting faculty members to examine topics in Political Theory or Public Law not treated in the established curriculum. Subjects may therefore vary each time the course is offered. Dist: Varies.

In 09F at 10. American Political Thought. The course focuses on the period from the Revolution to the Civil War. Topics include toleration, constitutionalism, rights, individualism, and slavery. Readings are drawn mainly from primary sources, including Jefferson, Madison, Adams, Hamilton, Jackson, Calhoun, Taylor, Anthony, Thoreau, and Lincoln. Muirhead.

In 09F and 10F at 10, Ethics and Public Policy (Identical to Public Policy 42). This course examines the nature and validity of arguments about vexing moral issues in public policy.  Students examine a number of basic moral controversies in public life, focusing on different frameworks for thinking about justice and he ends of politics.  The primary aim of the course is to provide each student with an opportunity to develop his/her ability to think in sophisticated ways about morally difficult policy issues.  Amount the questions students address will be the following:  Are policies that permit torture justifiable under any circumstances?  Do people have basic moral claims to unequal economic holdings and rewards, or should economic distribution be patterned for the sake of social justice?  Should people be permitted to move freely between countries?   Is abortion wrong, in theory or in practice, and in what ways should it be restricted? Dist: TMV; WCult: W. Swaine.

In 09F and 11W at 10A, Immigration, Asylum and Politics. This course examines the topic of immigration and asylum from a political, social, legal and public policy perspective. As a nation of immigrants, much of our self-identity is bound up in the idea that we are forever the “unfinished” nation. What does this mean? How are our views and policies on immigration different from those of other nations with different identities and histories? How do we address the problems of security and the need (both in law and philosophy) to provide a safe haven to those who seek asylum from persecution elsewhere? Dist: SOC. Bohmer.

In 09F and 10F at 12, Indigenous Nationalism: Native Rights and Sovereignty (Identical to Native American Studies 36). This course focuses on the legal and political relationship between the indigenous peoples of Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand and their respective colonial governments. Students will examine contemporary indigenous demands for self-government, especially territorial claims, within the context of the legislative and political practices of their colonial governments. The course will begin with an examination of the notion of Aboriginal self-government in Canada and develop it in light of the policy recommendations found in the recent report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1996). Using the Canadian experience as a benchmark, students will then compare these developments to indigenous peoples’ experiences in the United States, Australia and New Zealand. An important theme of the course will be to develop an international approach to the issue of indigenous rights and to explore how colonial governments are responding to indigenous demands for justice. Not open to first-year students without permission of instructor. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Turner.

In 09F at 2, Liberalism and Its Critics. Liberal political theory is renowned for its emphasis on rights, freedoms, and limited government; but critics of liberalism hold that the liberal legacy in free societies is one of misguided energies and broken promises. Students in this course chart the development of liberal thought from the Seventeenth Century to the present, with a view to considering the central values and commitments liberals may share, and examining important contemporary work in liberal theory. The course integrates weighty challenges to the moral and political viability of liberalism, from communitarian, conservative, libertarian, and postmodern critics. Government 6 recommended. Dist: TMV. Swaine.

In 10W and 10F at 2A, Theorizing Free Speech. The First Amendment of the United States Constitution reads in part: “Congress shall make no law. . . abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press...or the right of the people to peacefully assemble.” This course examines the philosophical and constitutional issues regarding the First Amendment’s speech, press, and association clauses. Readings draw from Supreme Court cases and secondary sources. Areas covered include: philosophical foundations of free speech, compelled speech, defamation, hate speech, expressive discrimination, obscenity and pornography. Recommended background: A course in law and/or political theory. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Bedi.

In 10S at 10A and 11S at 10, Machiavelli and Machiavellianism. Machiavelli is famous for instructing princes about the need to be deceitful, unscrupulous, manipulative, and even cruel if they want to maintain their power, so much so that his name has become synonymous with that teaching.  Why did Machiavelli teach this lesson given his apparent preference for free republics?  What, if anything, is philosophically interesting about the Prince, which appears at first glance to be merely a technical manual?  Is there any merit to the claim that Machiavelli’s recommendations signal a transition to distinctively modern ways of thinking about politics? Dist; TMV, WCult: W. Clarke.

In 10S at 10, Theoretical Foundations of Modern Politics. The great goals of modern politics are peace, longevity, and prosperity—in contrast to older forms of politics that focused more on the excellence of the soul. This revolution was not accidental. It was thought out as it was being worked out. Understanding that thought—the invisible infrastructure of today’s society and politics—is the task of this course. Muirhead

In 10X at 10A, Democratic Theory. Can we defend the value of democracy against serious and thoughtful criticism? Using a combination of classic and contemporary texts, this course encourages students to think rigorously about one of their most basic political values. It examines the origins of democratic theory in ancient Athenian political practice and the normative and practical criticisms of more contemporary thinkers. What makes politics “democratic?” What features distinguish the democratic regime from other regimes? What is democracy supposed to reflect or achieve? And what kinds of concerns about democracy did ancient philosophers like Plato and Aristotle raise? How (and why) did early modern and Enlightenment thinkers relocate the grounds for preferring democracy to other regimes? Dist; TMV, WCult: W. Clarke.

61. Jurisprudence

10W: 11

Jurisprudence is the theory of law—not of a particular body of laws but of law in general. In this course, we explore a variety of approaches to some of the fundamental questions in jurisprudence: Are laws rooted in human nature, in social customs, or in the will of the sovereign authority? How are laws made, interpreted, and enforced? Can morality be legislated? Readings and lectures will draw on both philosophical arguments and legal case-studies to explore these and other questions. Dist: TMV. Murphy.

63. Origins of Political Thought: Render unto God or unto Caesar?

11W: 11

The perennial questions of political thought include: who should rule? and what is justice? The ancient world provides two radically different answers to these questions—that of classical philosophy (represented here by Aristotle) and that of the Bible. After contrasting these two ancient perspectives, we then turn to the medieval attempts (by St. Augustine and by St. Thomas Aquinas) to synthesize Greek philosophy and Biblical faith. What is the relation of divine law to human law? What do we owe to God and what to Caesar? Is justice based on human reason or on faith in God?

Prerequisite: Government 6, or course work in ancient Greek philosophy. Dist: TMV. Murphy.

64. Modern Political Thought

10F: 2

This course complements Government 63, presenting the major themes in Western political philosophy from the Reformation to the twentieth century. The natural right tradition, which has served as the basis of liberal democracy, will be examined at its origin (Hobbes’ Leviathan) along with Rousseau’s revision and criticism of classical liberalism (First and Second Discourses, Social Contract). Then the historicist tradition—the major alternative which has dominated European thought since the French Revolution—will be studied first in Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, then in Marx’s transformation of the Hegelian dialectic (Critique of Hegelian Philosophy of Right, 1844 M.S.S., and German Ideology). As in Government 63, lecture-discussions will focus closely on the texts of the four philosophers being studied while relating them to the development of modern political thought and contemporary social science.

While Government 63 and 64 form a sequence, either may be taken separately. Dist: TMV. Swaine.

66. Constitutional Law, Development, and Theory

10W, 10F: 10A

This course covers some of the main themes of the American Constitution with a particular emphasis on constitutional history, structure, interpretation, development and theory. Areas covered include: federalism, separation of powers, judicial review, slavery and Reconstruction.

Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Bedi.

67. Civil Liberties Legal and Normative Approaches

10S, 11S: 2A

This course examines the normative and constitutional (textual) bases for protecting certain civil liberties or rights in the United States. The aim is not only to learn the constitutional language of civil liberties but also to think critically about it.  Areas covered include: property, race, sex, abortion, religious and cultural rights, sexual freedom and “alternative” marriage, and animal rights. Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. Open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. WCult: W. Bedi.

68. Gender and Law (Identical to Women’s and Gender Studies 32)

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

This course examines how gender and law in the United States are used to confer rights, create obligations, and define identities. We explore the theoretical, historical, and empirical basis for gender in law, and pay particular attention to how and when gender-based laws have changed over time. Specific topics covered include, for example, federal legislation on educational and workplace equity, constitutional doctrines of equality and privacy, and state policies on family law, criminal responsibility, and domestic violence. We analyze the relationship between gender politics, legal theory, legal doctrine, and social policy. We also ask whether the gender of legal actors (litigants, lawyers, judges) makes a difference in their reasoning or decision-making.

Prerequisite: Government 3 or a law course strongly recommended. Dist: SOC; W Cult: W. Bohmer.

69. Native Americans and the Law (Identical to Native American Studies 50)

Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

This course will focus on the constitutional, statutory and jurisprudential rules of law that make up the field of Federal Indian Law. Attention will be given to the historical framework from which the rules were derived. After tracing the development of the underlying legal doctrines that are prominent today, the course will turn to a consideration of subject-specified areas of Indian law, including hunting and fishing rights, water rights, and preservation of religious and cultural rights. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW. Duthu.

ADVANCED COURSES

80. Readings in Government

All terms: Arrange

Independent work under the direction of a member of the Department. Open to honors students and to other qualified students. Those interested should discuss their plans with a prospective faculty advisor and must submit written statements of their proposed work to the departmental office before electing the course.

81-87. Seminars in Government

The following seminars will be offered in 2009-2011. Seminars are numbered according to Department subfield: 83 for seminars in American Government, 84 for Comparative Politics, 85 for International Relations, and 86 for Political Theory and Public Law. Seminars that may count in either of two subfields, or which come from outside the Department, are numbered 81. For details concerning individual seminars and their prerequisites consult the Department. Please check the Department website at http://www.dartmouth.edu/~govt/ for further information. Dist: Varies.

81.02 11W: 10A

Memory, Nationalism, and War. (Comparative or International Relations) Dist: SOC or INT. Lind.

81.03 10W: 10A

Economic Growth and Reform in the Emerging Economies. (Comparative or International Relations) Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Vandewalle.

81.04 09F, 11W: 2A (Identical to Public Policy 81.2)

Lawyers and Public Policy (American or Theory/Law subfield). Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Bohmer.

81.05 10S: 3A

Left and Right : Party Spirit and Ideology in American Politics. Muirhead

81.21 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

Democracy in America: Tocqueville and His Critics. (American Politics and Theory/Law) Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Murphy.

81.22 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

Counterfactuals and International Relations. (American Politics and Theory/Law) Dist: TMV. Lebow.

83.02 09F: 2A 11W: 3A (Identical to Public Policy 81.9)

Politics and Markets. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Fowler.

83.03 10S: 3A

Environmental Politics. Huber.

83.06 09F, 10S: 10A 10F: 3A

Political Communication. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. D. Brooks.

83.16 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

Voting Irregularities and Issues in Electoral Reform. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Herron.

83.17 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

The American Voter through Time. Bafumi.

83.18 10W, 10S: 3B

Politics and Policy in the American States (a 2-part seminar). Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Winters.

83.19 09F, 10F: 3A

American Political Behavior. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Lacy.

83.20 10W, 11W: 3A

Law and Political Institutions. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Lacy.

84.09 11S: 10A

Political Responses to Capitalism. Dist: SOC or INT. Sa’adah.

84.10 10W, 11S: 2A

The 1989 Revolution. Dimitrov.

84.11 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011 (Identical to Latin American and Caribbean Studies 77)

Democracy and Accountability in Latin America. Dist: SOC. Carey.

84.12 10S: 10A

Gender and American Politics. Baldez

84.15 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

State-Building, Oil, and Islam in the Arab Gulf States. Vandewalle.

84.17 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

The Rule of Law. Dist: SOC. Dimitrov.

84.21 09F: 2A 11W: 3A

Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Former Soviet Union. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: W. Dimitrov

84.23 10W: 2A

Politics of Peace in the Middle East. Sa’adah.

84.24 10S: 2A

Will China Democratize? Dimitrov.

85.02 10S: 2A

Leadership and Grand Strategy. Dist: SOC or INT. W. Wohlforth.

85.03 10S: 3A

Conflict Resolution in World Politics. Walker.

85.04 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

International Relations Theory.

85.07 10W: 10A

US – China Relations. Yee.

85.12 09F, 10F: 2A (Identical to Public Policy 82.1)

Military Statecraft in International Relations. Dist: SOC or INT. Press.

85.14 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011 (Identical to Public Policy 83.2)

Economics, Security, and U.S. Foreign Policy. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. S. Brooks.

85.16 10F: 10A

The Causes and Prevention of Genocide and Mass Killing. Valentino.

85.19 11W: 3B

Secession and State Creation. Dist: INT or SOC. Coggins.

85.20 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

The Psychology of International Relations. Dist: INT or SOC. Strathman.

85.22 10W, 11W: 12

Techniques of Statecraft. Dist: INT or SOC. Strathman.

85.23 09F :3A 11W: 2A

Unipolarity and US Security. Dist: INT or SOC S. Brooks.

85.24 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011

Psychological Experimentation in International Relations. Lebow.

85.26 11S: 2A

International Law. W. Wohlforth.

86.01 11W: 2A

Multiculturalism. Dist: SOC; WCult: CI. Swaine.

86.03 10W: 2A

Contemporary Political Thought. Dist: TMV. Swaine.

86.08 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011.

International Relations in Political Theory. Dist: TMV or INT; WCult: W. Murphy.

86.10 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011.

Order and Justice: Greek Perspectives. Dist: TMV. Lebow.

86.15 11W: 2

Tocqueville and His Critics. Dist: TMV; WCult: W. Murphy.

86.16 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011.

Contemporary Aboriginal Politics in Canada. Dist: SOC; WCult: CI. Turner.

86.18 10S: 3A

Contemporary Readings on Justice. Bedi.

86.19 11S: 10A.

Race, Law and Identity. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Bedi.

86.20 11S: 10A

Ideology and Intellectuals. Dist: SOC; WCult: W. Clarke.

86.22 Not offered in 2009–2010; may be offered in 2010–2011.

Rousseau. Clarke.

86.23 10W: 2

The Bible as Political Theory. Murphy.

90. Seminar

09F, 10F: London F.S.P.

Course taught by a member of the faculty of the Department of International Relations of the London School of Economics and Political Science. Dartmouth students attend class with the LSE faculty member. (This course counts as an upper level course and not as a seminar for the major or minor).

91. Seminar

09F, 10F: London F.S.P.

Course taught by a member of the faculty of the Department of International Relations of the London School of Economics and Political Science. Dartmouth students attend class with LSE faculty. (This course counts as an upper level course and not as a seminar for the major or minor).

92. Seminar

09F, 10F: London F.S.P.

Seminar taught by the faculty advisor. (This course counts as a seminar for the major or minor). 09F: Winters, 10F: Lebow.

93. Internship Essays

10S, 11S: Washington D.C. O.C.P.

An internship with a public or private agency or organization intended to give students practical experience of political life in the nation’s capital. Each student will write weekly essays relating his or her work experience to broader issues in political science. (This course counts as an upper level course for the major or minor.) Dist: SOC. 10S: Bafumi, 11S: Winters

94. Congress, the Presidency, Courts and Policy Making at the Federal Level

10S, 11S: Washington D.C. O.C.P.

This course will investigate the complex relationships between and within the three branches of the federal government (with a heavy focus on the presidency and Congress) as they bargain over policy. Several theoretical tools will be introduced and used to explain recent and historical policy change (and gridlock). These include ideal point theory, simple spatial models, delegation, and bargaining theory. (This course counts as an upper level course for the major or minor.) Dist: SOC; WCult: W. 10S: Bafumi, 11S: Winters.

95. Federal Budgetary Process

10S, 11S: Washington D.C. O.C.P.

This course will investigate the process by which the federal government passes an annual budget. It will focus on both what is supposed to happen and what actually happens in pursuit of a budget compromise. Students will gain an in-depth understanding of the revenue generating and expenditure decisions made by the federal government. Much of the course will be spent considering possible reforms that can be made to the federal budgetary system and the costs and benefits of these reforms. (This course counts as an upper level course for the major or minor.) Dist: SOC: WCult: W. 10S: Bafumi, 11S: Winters.

98. Honors Research

09F, 10F: 3B

99. Honors Thesis

10W, 11W Arrange

Government 98 and 99 consist of independent research and writing on a selected topic under the supervision of a Department member who acts as advisor. Open to honors students. In exceptional cases these courses are also open to other qualified students by vote of the Department. Carey, Valentino.