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Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and LiteraturesArabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean

ASIAN AND MIDDLE EASTERN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES (AMELL)

7. First-Year Seminars in Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literatures

Consult special listings

17. Discourse, Culture and Identity in Asia and the Middle East (Identical to Linguistics 50)

09W, 09F: 10A

This course introduces theories of discourse, communication and sociolinguistics and illustrates how Asian and Middle Eastern cultures employ language to construct and reflect values, identities and institutions, to negotiate relationships, and to perform actions (such as ending a phone call, apologizing, worshipping, and writing a scientific paper). Particular attention will be paid to uses of orality and literacy, to gender and ethnicity, and to the social and material contexts in which language and literature operate.

Open to all classes. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW. Glinert.

85. Independent Research

All terms: Arrange

Under the direction of members of the faculty. Students should consult with a member of the faculty in the term preceding the term in which the independent work is to be done.

87. Honors Thesis

All terms: Arrange

Open only to AMELL majors who are participating in the Honors Program. See guide­lines under ‘Honors Program.’

ARABIC LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

1-2-3. First-Year Courses in Arabic

1. 08F: 9S, 10 09F: 8, 9S, 10

2. 09W, 10W: 9S, 10

3. 09S, 10S: 9S, 10

An introduction to written and spoken Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). In addition to mastering the basics of grammar, emphasis is placed on active functional communication in the language, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension. Mandatory apprentice-teacher-run drill sessions meet four times/week (4 hours/week) for all beginning Arabic language classes. Never serve in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. The staff.

10. Introduction to Arab Culture (Identical to Asian and Middle Eastern Studies 4)

09S: 11 10S: 2A

This course will provide a broad introduction to the historical, literary, artistic, and pop­ular cultures of the Middle East, from pre- and early Islamic times to the present. The aim of the course is to give students an appreciation of Arab and Arabo-Islamic culture, but also to examine ways in which prevailing historical, political, economic and social conditions have impacted cultural production and expression in the Middle East. Sources and texts will include, but not be limited to, selections from the Quran, hadith, Arabic poetry and litera­ture, historical chronicles, and film. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Abouali, Smolin.

11. Special Topics in Arabic Studies

09F: D.F.S.P. (Dartmouth in Morocco)

WCult: NW. Abouali.

21-22-23. Intermediate Arabic

21. 08F: 10A, 11 09F: 11, 2

22. 09W: 10A, 11 10W: 11, 2

23. 09S: 10A, 11 10S: 11, 2

Prerequisite: Arabic 3 or equivalent.

Intermediate level of Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). Continuation of presentation of fundamentals of grammar and development of proficiency in reading, writing, and spoken communication skills and aural comprehension, including much authentic cultural material. WCult: NW. The staff.

24. Formal Spoken Arabic

09W, 10S: 10

This course provides training in Formal Spoken Arabic (FSA) with some attention to divergences of certain Arabic dialects. FSA is a register that encompasses interdialectical features as well as features of Modern Standard Arabic. The course emphasizes the func­tional and situational aspects of language. In addition to standard drills, students engage in structured and semi-structured speaking activities as well as content-based language activ­ities built around regional topics. Prerequisite: Arabic 3 or equivalent. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff, Kadhim.

31, 32. Intermediate Modern Arabic

09F: D.F.S.P. (Dartmouth in Morocco)

A continuation of the fundamentals of grammar and further acquisition of spoken com­munication skills, aural comprehension, and proficiency in reading and writing. This is an intensive course that integrates the FSP homestays and the local environment into course materials. Students will be expected to master a wide variety of reading and video materi­als. WCult: NW. Abouali.

41-42-43. Advanced Arabic

41. 08F: 12 09F: 10A

42. 09W: 12 10W: 10A

43. 09S, 10S: 10A

This three-course series may be taken non-sequentially. Readings for the courses are extensive and are of a high level of complexity; they are drawn from a variety of genres and periods. The progression towards full proficiency in the language is a fundamental objective of the sequence. The courses will be conducted entirely in Arabic.

Prerequisite: Two third-year level Arabic courses or permission of the instructor.

Dist: LIT: WCult: NW. The staff.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Arabic Language and Literature

All terms except summer: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Arabic. The stu­dent must get permission from the faculty member with whom he or she wishes to work. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Arabic.

61. Topics in Modern Arabic Literature and Culture

08F: 10A 09F: 2A

This course is an introduction to the study of modern Arabic literature through readings and discussion of key texts in prose and poetry from the 19th and 20th centuries. Each offer­ing of the course will be organized around a particular author, genre, theme, or period. Top­ics may include, inter alia, the question of tradition and modernity, the construction of an Arab national identity, the colonial encounter, post-coloniality, and the status of women in Arab society. The course is conducted entirely in English. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Courses listed under Arabic 61 are open to students of all classes.

In 08F, The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Middle Eastern Literature and Film (Identical to Jewish Studies 56 and Comparative Literature 64). In this course, we examine the Arab-Israeli conflict as portrayed in both Arabic/Palestinian and Hebrew/Israeli literary traditions—poetry, short stories, novels, novellas, literary essays and personal accounts—and film, looking at how adversaries portray each other, how mutual stereotypes are created and reinforced, or broken down as the case may be, and how the conflict has shaped the development of these respective literary and filmic traditions in substantially different ways. Complementing courses which examine the Arab-Israeli conflict through political and historical lenses and approaches, this course offers the unique perspective of examining the conflict through the literature produced by parties to the conflict. Readings will include works by Emile Habiby, Ghassan Kanafani, Sahar Khalifeh, Amos Oz, Khalil Sakakini, A.B. Yehoshua, S. Yizhar, etc. as well as a selection of Palestinian and Israeli films pertaining to the conflict. Dist: INT; WCult: CI. Bardenstein.

In 09F, Modern Arabic Fiction. This course is an introduction to twentieth century fiction across the Arab world. Looking at works from North Africa to the Middle East, we will examine how Arab writers and filmmakers have dealt with such themes as nationalism, immigration, freedom, sexuality, war, violence, and religion. Authors include Tayyib Salih, Mohamed Choukri, Ghassan Kanafani, Tahar Wattar, and Hanah al-Shaykh, among others. No knowledge of Arabic is required. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Smolin.

62. Topics in Classical Arabic Literature and Culture

09S, 10W: 2

Classical Arabic literature spans over thirteen centuries from pre-Islamic times until the advent of the modern Arab “renaissance” in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Among the outstanding products of this literature are the famed pre-Islamic qasidahs, the adab works of the Abbasid al-Jahiz, the maqamas of al-Hariri, the exquisite lyrics of the Andalusian Ibn Zaydun, and the celebrated One Thousand and One Nights. Each offering of the course will focus on a particular author, genre, theme, or period. The course is con­ducted entirely in English. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Courses listed under Arabic 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 09S, The Arabian Nights East and West (Identical to Comparative Literature 35). An introduction to Arabo-Islamic culture through its most accessible and popular exponent, One Thousand and One Nights. The course will take this masterpiece of world literature as the focal point for a multidisciplinary literary study. It will cover the genesis of the text from Indian and Mediterranean antecedents, its Arabic recensions, its reception in the West, and its influence on European literature. The course will be taught in English in its entirety. No prerequisites. Dist: LIT or INT; WCult: NW. Kadhim.

63. Themes in Arabic Literature and Culture

09W: 12 10S: 2A

Arabic literature is widely regarded as the foremost intellectual and artistic accomplish­ment of the Arabs. In the course of over fourteen centuries of vigorous literary activity, Arab poets and writers have elaborated a set of themes which inform Arabo-Islamic culture in profound ways. Offerings of this course might range from the examination of a particular theme to broader comparative studies. The course is conducted entirely in English. May be repeated for credit if topic varies. Courses listed under Arabic 63 are open to students of all classes and, unless otherwise noted, will satisfy the following General Education require­ments: Dist: LIT; WCult: NW.

In 09W, Society, Culture, and Gender in the Middle East. This course will examine the ways in which society, culture, and gender intersect and give shape to various institutions and ideologies in the Arab Middle East. The role of women in Islamic and Middle Eastern society will be looked at in historical perspective, and will serve as the primary lens through which Middle Eastern society, aspects of its culture, and the constructions of gender will be explored. We will examine topics such as family, marriage and divorce, sexuality, colo­nialism, and nationalism through a variety of historical and literary texts and visual media. The course will be taught in English in its entirety. Familiarity with Middle Eastern history or Islam is helpful, but not required. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Abouali.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Topics in Arabic Literature and Culture

08F: 3A 10S: 2A

This seminar is designed to examine closely literary and cultural texts employing theo­retical and historical sources. Topics vary but might range from studies of individual authors to broader comparative themes. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW.

In 08F, The Arabic Novel. Kadhim.

In 10S, The Classical Arabic Tradition. Kadhim.

CHINESE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

1-2-3. First-Year Courses in Chinese: Beginning Chinese

1. 08F: 9S, 10+ 09F: 8, 9S, 10+

2. 09W, 10W: 8, 9S, 10+

3. 09S, 10S: 8, 9S, 10+

An introduction to spoken and written Modern Standard Chinese. Conversational drill and comprehension exercises in classroom and lab­oratory provide practice in pronunciation and the use of the basic patterns of speech. Inten­sive reading is conducted for textbook lessons. Grammar is explained and written exercises given. Traditional characters are learned in Chinese 1 and 2; simplified characters are intro­duced in Chinese 3. Classes are conducted increasingly in Chinese. Mandatory student-run drill sessions meet Monday to Thursday for fifty minutes each day for all beginning Chi­nese language classes.

Satisfactory completion of Chinese 3 fulfills the language requirement. Never serve in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. Blader, Mowry, Rudelson.

4. Advanced Beginning Chinese

08F: 11, 12, 9S 09F: 9S, 11, 2

This course is designed for students with varying, minimal levels of competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Weekly class hours include four or five fifty-minute sessions with the master teacher and up to four fifty-minute drill and/or conversation sessions. There are weekly exams, a midterm, and a final, as well as writing assignments, oral presentations, and supplementary work assigned as needed. This course is intended to achieve two goals: 1) to help students equalize their lev­els of the required speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills; 2) to allow them to raise these levels and thereby significantly increase their understanding of Modern Standard Chi­nese. Chinese 4 is an accelerated first-year course.

Satisfactory completion of Chinese 4, except when taken under the Non-Recording Option, places the student into the 20-level series. Students who plan to use this course to fulfill the language requirement may not take it under the Non-Recording Option. Never serves in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. A. Li, Xing, staff.

10. Introduction to Chinese Culture (Identical to AMES 12)

09W, 10W: 12

The aim of this course is to provide students with a basic knowledge and appreciation of Chinese culture. The course will examine the development of traditional Chinese culture from the earliest Chinese dynasties, dating back more than 3500 years, to the present day. Through readings of literary texts in translation students will be introduced to topics in lan­guage, history, literature and art, philosophy and social and political institutions. The course is open to students of all classes. It is required for participation in the FSP and for the major. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Blader.

11. Special Topics in Chinese Studies

08F, 09X, 09F, 10X: D.F.S.P. (Dartmouth in China)

WCult: NW. The staff.

FSP Language Courses: 22-23, 31-32, 41-42. Intermediate or advanced Modern Chinese (please see description under “Dartmouth Foreign Study Program in Beijing”)

08F, 09X, 09F, 10X: D.F.S.P. (Dartmouth in China)

WCult: NW. The staff.

22-23. Intermediate Modern Chinese (Second-year level)

22. 09W, 10W: 11, 2

23. 09S, 10S: 11, 2

Chinese 22 and 23 covers a full second-year level course, using the textbook Integrated Chinese, Level Two and a variety of other materials. The course is designed for students who have completed Chinese 4 or Chinese 21 or the equivalent. Students who have only completed Chinese 3 may be eligible for this course with permission of the instructor. Class hours include four or five fifty-minute sessions with the master teacher and up to four fifty-minute drill and/or conversation sessions. There are weekly exams, a midterm, and a final, as well as writing assignments, oral presentations, and supplementary work assigned as needed. This series is intended to raise the student’s levels in speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills and, thereby, significantly increase their understanding of Modern Standard Chinese. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. A. Li, Zhu.

31-32-33. Advanced Modern Chinese (Third-year level)

31. 08F: 10 09F: 11

32. 09W: 9S 10W 11

33. 09S: 9S 10S. 11

This series may be taken non-sequentially, and any single course repeated, if content is different. Read­ings will be selected from literary, political, and historical publications. There will be reg­ular exams, writing exercises, oral presentations, and supplementary work assigned as needed.

Prerequisite: Chinese 23 or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

41. Advanced Chinese (Fourth-year level)

09X, 10X: 12

Advanced readings from literary, political, and historical publications.

Prerequisite: Two third-year level Chinese courses or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Zhu.

42. Advanced Chinese (Fourth-year level)

08F: 11 09F: 9S

A progression of materials from Chinese 41.

Prerequisite: Two third-year level Chinese courses or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Zhu, the staff.

43. Advanced Chinese (Fourth-year level)

09W: 11 10W: 9S

A progression of materials from Chinese 42.

Prerequisite: Two third-year level Chinese courses or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Li, the staff.

44. Chinese Martial Arts Fiction (pending faculty approval)

09S: 11 10S: 9S

This course is an introduction to the Chinese literary genre of martial arts fiction, including the world of Chinese martial arts, especially taijiquan. It will focus on Yitian tulong ji (Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber; literally, The Tale of Relying on Heaven to Slay the Dragon) by Jin Yong (Louis Cha), the most successful and influential contemporary Chinese martial arts fiction writer. Supplementary readings of the relevant original classics on the martial arts will also be introduced. Prerequisite: Two third-year level Chinese courses or permission of the instructor. Xing, staff.

51. Introduction to Classical Chinese

09W, 10W: 2A

An introduction to the basic grammar and vocabulary of the Classical Chinese language using examples from a selection of texts from the Warring States Period.

Prerequisite: First-year Chinese. This course serves as a requirement for students wishing to major in the Chinese language and literature track. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Xing, Allan.

52. Readings in Classical Chinese: Daoist Philosophical Texts

09S: 2A

Readings in the Daoist classics, such as the Laozi Daodejing and Zhuangzi. Readings will be in the original Chinese. Emphasis will be placed on key philosophical issues, such as the meaning of the Way in Daoist texts and the relationship of language to thought.

Prerequisite: Chinese 51. Chinese 52 may be considered a non-lan­guage course. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

53. Readings in Classical Chinese: Confucian Philosophical Texts

10S: 2A

Readings in the Confucian classics, primarily Mencius and Xunzi. Readings will be in the original Chinese. Emphasis will be placed on key philosophical issues, such as the concept of kingship in ancient China and the debate on human nature.

Prerequisite: Chinese 51. Chinese 53 may be considered a non-lan­guage course with approval of the advisor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Chinese Language and Literature

All terms: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Chinese. Chinese 59 may be considered a non-language course with approval of the advisor. Students enrolling in this course must obtain prior approval of the department. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Chi­nese.

61. Topics in Modern Chinese Literature and Culture

08F: 12

Following the definition generally accepted by the Chinese themselves, “modern” in this context refers to two large periods: that preceding the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, and that following 1949. The former (i.e., xiandai) can be pushed as far back as the Opium War of 1839-42, and the latter (i.e., dangdai) can be extended to “today”. Courses offered under this rubric examine the main literary and cultural phenomena and events taking place in China (including Taiwan and Hongkong) over this period of one and a half centuries. Courses listed under Chinese 61 are open to students of all classes.

In 08F, Literature and Revolution in 20th Century China. The revolutionary literature of 20th century China may be approached as fruitfully from the sociological point of view as from the literary one. This course will examine short stories, novels, plays, and poems in the context of their function as a political tool of the Chinese revolution. The methodology used will be developed in the first weeks of the course through extensive readings of west­ern and translated Chinese theoretical sources, such as Marx and Engels’ The Communist Manifesto, Mao Zedong’s The Yenan Forum on Literature and Art, Leon Trotsky’s ‘On Lit­erature and Art,’ and other works. Among the Chinese authors to be studied in English translation are Lu Xun, Cao Yu, Ding Ling, Lao She, Wang Anyi, and many others. The goal of this course is to reach a deeper understanding of the role of the artist and the art work in a communist society. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Blader.

62. Topics in Traditional Chinese Literature and Culture

09W: 2 09S, 10S: 10A

Traditional Chinese literature ranges from the earliest examples, divinations inscribed on turtle plastrons and ox scapulae dating back more than 3000 years, to the popular knight-errant novels of the early 19th century. The Opium War of 1839-42 is taken as the cut off point for courses in this topic category, which considers cultural as well as literary themes. Courses reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff and include early Chinese culture, the development of the Chinese script, historical prose, fiction and drama, poetry, and oral literature. Courses under this rubric are defined by historical period and/or literary genres. Courses listed under Chinese 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 09W (section 2), Chinese Calligraphy. This course is a survey of the major script types in the Chinese writing system and an introduction to the art of Chinese calligraphy. Along with studying the history of Chinese calligraphy, the student will learn about the similar technical origins of Chinese calligraphy and painting, study and practice the basic techniques of Chinese calligraphy, and learn the basic rules of formation of Chinese characters. Classroom practice will give the student hands-on experience of using traditional Chinese writing tools. WCult: NW. Xing.

In 09S and 10S (section 1), Early Chinese Culture (Identical to History 73). A survey of early Chinese cul­ture. The literary tradition will be taken as the primary evidence in the reconstruction and students will read early Chinese poetry and historical texts in translation. This tradition will then be examined in the light of new evidence from archaeological excavations, concerning the material culture of ancient China, and from ancient inscriptions. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

63. Themes in Chinese Literature and Culture

09F: 12

Courses under this rubric will provide the student with a comprehensive view of the most frequently occurring themes in Chinese literary writings from the second millennium B.C.E. to the present. The most prominent among these themes are love (patriotic, familial, romantic, and platonic) and social protest. Individual literary genres in China have tradi­tionally been associated, in a general way, with historical/dynastic periods. Therefore, trac­ing the evolution, for example, of the theme of romantic love will lead the student through the multiplicity of ways that an idea can be transformed by diverse literary mediums and different historical periods. In reaching a fundamental understanding through literature of the Chinese way of looking at a specific idea as it evolved over time, we will understand better the uniqueness of both Chinese values and institutions and their Western counter­parts. Courses listed under Chinese 63 are open to students of all classes.

In 09F, Storytelling in China. This course attempts to provide the student with both a general understanding of the nature of oral, performed narrative and a specific grasp of the pre-modern and contemporary oral tradition in China. The course naturally divides itself into three parts: readings in English, from both the general folklore tradition and performance theory specifically, and from the history of Chinese oral performed narrative; analysis of videotaped performances from among China’s most renowned storytellers; and the creation and performance of three versions of a short narrative in English. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Blader.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Lu Xun and Hu Shi

09F: 10A

Through the writings of Lu Xun (1881-1936) and Hu Shi (1891-1962), two of the most important scholar-writers of the twentieth century, this course will examine several issues that were raised during the first two decades of this century by Chinese intellectuals who felt an acute, ever-increasing inadequacy of their own cultural heritage in the face of West­ern democracy and technological and scientific advancements. Those issues, raised more than seven decades ago, have persistently engaged the central attention of modern Chinese intellectuals, and include discussions of China’s modernization (or Westernization) and of China’s vernacular language movement, debates about various political and social philos­ophies, questions surrounding the so-called new culture movement, and other such issues. The seminar will be conducted in English; however, readings will include several original articles in Chinese. Permission of instructor required. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

82. Chinese Poetry

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

This course will provide the student with an in-depth examination of the Chinese poetic tradition of more than three thousand years. Main focus: a close reading of representative poetic works in the original, with critical exploration of Chinese poetics, in both Chinese and English. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW.

83. Topics in Chinese Literature and Culture

09W: 10A

Key Concepts of Confucian and Daoist Philosophical Thought. In this course, we will examine the imagery at the root of certain key concepts, such as the Way (dao), non-action (wu wei), the mind/heart (xin), energy/ether/breath (qi), in early Chinese philosophy, and explore the relationship between these images and the structure of early Chinese philosophical thought. Students will do some reading in meta­phor theory, as well as of early Chinese philosophical texts, such as the Analects, the Mencius, Laozi Daodejing, and Zhuangzi. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Allan.

HEBREW LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

1-2-3. First-Year Courses in Modern Hebrew

1. 08F, 09F: 2

2. 09W, 10W: 2

3. 09S, 10S: 2

An introduction to spoken and written Modern Israeli Hebrew (MIH). In addition to mas­tering the basics of grammar, emphasis is placed on active functional communication in the language, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension. Mandatory student-run drill sessions meet four times/week for one hour (4 hours/week) for all beginning Hebrew language classes. Never serve in partial satisfaction of Distributive or World Culture requirements. Ben Yehuda.

10. Introduction to Hebrew and Israeli Culture (Identical to AMES 17 and Jewish Studies 16)

09S, 10S: 10A

This course is interdisciplinary, exploring the interaction of Hebrew literature, film, music, religion and society. For millennia, Hebrew has had a unique spiritual hold on both the Jewish and Christian imagination. We will focus on the Bible as wisdom, law, and poetry, the Talmud of the ancient Rabbis, Kabbalah and Hebrew alphabet mysticism, war and the Israeli cinema, Hebrew folk and rock culture, and a modern political mystery: how today’s Hebrew was raised from the dead. Required for the major.

No knowledge of Hebrew is required. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Glinert.

21-22. Intermediate Modern Hebrew

21. 08F, 09F: By arranged time

22. 09S, 10S: By arranged time

Continued study of Modern Israeli Hebrew grammar and syntax. Emphasis is placed on acquisition of the spoken language and on listening and reading comprehension. The course includes selected readings from contemporary Hebrew authors. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ben Yehuda.

23. Intermediate Modern Hebrew

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

This course offers further study of Modern Israeli Hebrew. Students acquire the basic morphology and syntactic structures used in the colloquial, a vocabulary of about 2000 words, and acquire the following skills: (a) oral ability to respond to unprepared questions and to converse casually on such topics as personal details, family, house and home, finding one’s way, current affairs, (b) reading comprehension of simplified unvocalized newspapers and short stories by contemporary Israeli authors, and (c) writing letters, notes, applications, etc. There will be regular exams, writing exercises, oral presentations, and supplementary work assigned as needed. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

31. Advanced Modern Hebrew

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

Continued study of Modern Israeli Hebrew grammar and syntax. Emphasis is placed on acquisition of the spoken language and on listening and reading comprehension. The course includes selected readings from contemporary Hebrew authors. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

32. Advanced Modern Hebrew

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

A variation on materials used in Hebrew 31.

Note: although the materials used in this course differ from the materials used in Hebrew 31, the general level of proficiency required to enroll in either Hebrew 31 or 32 is roughly equivalent. Students may take Hebrew 32 even if they have been unable to enroll in Hebrew 31.

Prerequisite: Hebrew 31 or permission of instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

33. Advanced Modern Hebrew

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

A continuation and progression of materials used in Hebrew 31 and 32.

Note: the level of proficiency required to enroll in Hebrew 33 is higher than the proficiency required for Hebrew 32.

Prerequisite: Hebrew 32 or equivalent. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. The staff.

51. The Hebrew of the Bible (formerly Hebrew 4, identical to Jewish Studies 24.1)

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

An introduction to the language of the Hebrew Bible. The course teaches basic Biblical grammar, script, and vocabulary for recognition. Readings will be taken from a sampling of Biblical texts.

This course serves as a requirement for students wishing to major in Hebrew language and literature. Glinert.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Hebrew Language and Literature

All terms except summer: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Hebrew. The stu­dent must get permission from the faculty member with whom he or she wishes to work. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Glinert.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Hebrew.

61. Topics in Modern Hebrew Literature and Culture

09F: 2A

Emerging in 18th and 19th century Europe, Modern Hebrew literature produced the Hasidic anecdote and fable seeking to revitalize the religious Jewish masses, then the excited and tortured novels and poetry of Jewish intellectuals seeking to Westernize them­selves while remaining true to their roots, and now the radically different literature of con­temporary Israel dealing with Zionism, modernity, the lonely individual, war and peace. Courses listed under Hebrew 61 are open to students of all classes.

In 09F, Film, Fiction and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (Identical to Jewish Studies 42). This course explores Israeli cinema in the context of the social and historical backdrop of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the painful emergence of a new Jewish-Israeli identity in the shadow of the Holocaust and constant warfare. We will study a dozen or so films in depth, situate them in the evolution of an Israeli cinema, and consider the problems of turning fiction into film.

No Hebrew or Yiddish required. Dist: LIT; WCult: W. Glinert.

62. Topics in Classical Hebrew Literature and Culture

10S: 2A

Classical Hebrew literature spans 3000 years from the Biblical period until the advent of Jewish ‘modernity’ in the 18th-19th centuries, and reflects the lives and values of Jews in their ancient homeland and across the Ashkenazi and Sephardi diasporas. Among the out­standing products of this literature, whose effects on Jewish and Western civilization have been incalculable, are the Bible, the Midrash and Talmud of late Antiquity. Medieval Hebrew genres include the theological and erotic poetry of Spain and Italy, the laments of the Crusades, the travelogue, ethical fables, philosophical essays, and Messianic folklore. Courses listed under Hebrew 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 10S, Midrash: How the Rabbis Interpreted the Bible (Identical to Comparative Literature 70 and Jewish Studies 24.3). Midrash is the ancient Jewish term for Biblical interpre-tation. We examine how the Bible was interpreted by the Rabbis 1500 to 2000 years ago, at the crucial juncture in history when the Bible was being canonized in the form it now has. We focus on powerful motifs such as the Creation, the Flood, Jacob and Esau, the Sacrifice of Isaac, and the Exodus, and view them through two prisms: through a wide range of ancient Midrashic texts themselves; and through one influential modern Jewish literary reading of the Midrashic themes of Genesis. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Glinert.

63. Themes in Hebrew Literature and Culture

09S: 2A

Committed to tradition but irresistibly changing, Hebrew literature across the centuries has created a delicate set of modulations on major themes, which may be deemed leitmotifs of Jewish culture and which continue to surface even in secular Israel: Among them are love and the mystical eros, holy land and holy people, the sacrifice of Isaac and martyrdom, exile and the messiah. Courses listed under Hebrew 63 are open to students of all classes.

In 09S, Rabbis, Rogues and Schlemiels: Jewish Humor and its Roots (Identical to Com­parative Literature 41 and Jewish Studies 24.2). What is Jewish humor, what are its roots, and what can it begin to tell us about Jewish society, its values and its self-image? Using Freudian and other humor theory, we examine 2000 years of Hebrew comedy and satire, from the Bible to contemporary Israel, in such genres as short stories, jokes, and strip cartoons, and its relationship to American Jewish humor. Taught in English translation. Open to all classes. Dist: LIT. WCult: W. Glinert.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Topics in Hebrew Literature and Culture

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

JAPANESE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

1-2-3. First-Year Courses in Japanese

1. 08F, 09F: 9S

2. 09W, 10W: 9S, 10+

3. 09S, 10S: 9S, 10+

An introduction to written and spoken modern Japanese. In addition to mastering the basics of grammar, emphasis is placed on active functional communication in the language, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension. Conversational drill and comprehen­sive exercises in classroom and laboratory provide practice in pronunciation and the use of the basic patterns of speech. Classes are conducted in Japanese. Reading in simple materials is extensive. Mandatory student-run drill sessions meet daily for one hour (5 hours/week) for all beginning Japanese language classes. Never serve in partial satisfaction of Distrib­utive or World Culture requirements. Ishida, Watanabe.

10. Introduction to Japanese Culture (Identical to AMES 13)

09S, 10S: 11

Japanese cultural history through a broad survey of literature, art, social and political institutions, and popular culture. Modern conceptions of Japan and formations of Japanese identity have evolved under the pressures created by radical swings between periods of wholesale appropriation of foreign cultural forms and periods of extreme isolation. The course will trace the evolution of Japanese culture by examining the ways in which cultural archetypes are distinguished in Japan. Taught in English. Open to all classes. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Washburn.

11. Special Topics in Japanese Studies

09X, 10X: D.L.S.A.+ (Dartmouth in Japan)

WCult: NW. The staff.

22, 23. Intermediate Modern Japanese

09X, 10X: D.L.S.A.+ (Dartmouth in Japan)

A continuation of the fundamentals of grammar and further acquisition of spoken com­munication skills, aural comprehension, and proficiency in reading and writing. This is an intensive course that integrates homestays and the local environment into course materials. Students will be expected to master a wide variety of reading and video materi­als. WCult: NW. The staff.

31. Advanced Japanese

08F: 10 09F: 11

A progression of materials from Japanese 23. Intensive review and continued study of modern Japanese at the advanced level. Conversation skills will continue to be an impor­tant aspect of this course, but more emphasis will be placed on reading and writing skills. Reading materials will be drawn from current newspapers, contemporary fiction, essays from journals and excerpts from poetry. Short audiovisual selections will be used as well. Assigned work includes written compositions and oral presentations.

Prerequisite: Japanese 23 or permission of instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ishida.

32. Advanced Japanese

09W, 10W: 11

A progression of materials from Japanese 31. A variation of materials used in Japanese 31. Note: although the materials used in this course differ from the materials used in Japa­nese 31 the general level of proficiency required to enroll in either Japanese 31 or 32 is roughly equivalent. Students may take Japanese 32 even if they have been unable to enroll in Japanese 31.

Prerequisite: Japanese 31 or permission of instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Watanabe.

33. Advanced Japanese

09S, 10S: 11

A continuation and progression of materials used in Japanese 31 and 32. Note: the level of proficiency required to enroll in Japanese 33 is higher than the proficiency required for either Japanese 31 or 32.

Prerequisite: Japanese 32 or equivalent. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Ishida.

41. Advanced Japanese

08F, 09F: 11

A variation of materials used in Japanese 33. Note: although the materials used in this course differ from the materials used in Japanese 33, the general level of proficiency required to enroll in either Japanese 33 or 41 is roughly equivalent. Students may take Jap­anese 41 even if they have been unable to enroll in Japanese 33.

Prerequisite: Third-year Japanese or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Watanabe.

42. Advanced Japanese

10W: 11

A progression of materials from Japanese 41. Designed to develop mastery of the spoken and written language. Assigned work includes written compositions and oral presentations.

Prerequisite: Japanese 41 or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey.

43. Advanced Japanese

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

A progression of materials from Japanese 42.

Prerequisite: Japanese 41 or 42 or permission of the instructor. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW.

59. Independent Advanced Study in Japanese Language and Literature

All terms except summer: Arrange

Available to students who wish to do advanced or independent study in Japanese. The student must get permission from the faculty member with whom he or she wishes to work. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey, Washburn.

Courses numbered 61 through 63 are literature-in-translation courses, not requiring Japa­nese.

61. Topics in 20th Century Japanese Literature and Culture

09W: 12 10S: 10A

Classes offered under this rubric deal with major figures, themes, or issues of twentieth-century Japanese literature, popular culture, and intellectual history. Techniques of critical reading and interpretation are studied as an integral part of these courses, which reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff. Since each offering is based on a particular theme or period students may take this course more than once. Courses listed under Japa­nese 61 are open to students of all classes.

In 09W, Godzilla’s Revenge: Anime, Manga, J-Pop and Cultural Identities in Modern Japan (Identical to Comparative Literature 49 in 09W). A vague suspicion that Japan’s ultimately disastrous war effort had been fueled by both the culture of the elite meant that popular culture took on a new significance after WW II. This course will explore the evolution of this popular culture through the changing technologies of representation, from the manga (comic books), film, pulp fiction and popular music of the early postwar years through the animation, TV programming, and video games of present times. Topics to be addressed include the dynamics between high- and low-brow genres; the delineation of race, gender, and national identity in popular culture; the nature of culture in post-industrial consumer capitalism.

No knowledge of the Japanese language required. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey.

In 10S, Tokyo as an Idea: Race, Empire, and the Modern Metropolis. The dramatic rise of Edo, the shogun’s capital, and its later transformation into the imperial capital called Tokyo mirrors the extraordinary history of modern Japan as a whole. We will examine the place that Edo/Tokyo has held in the cultural imagination of Japanese writers, artists, and intellectuals, and the role the metropolis plays as a major center of global culture We will look at various sources and materials -- prints, photographs, and maps; literary works; historical and architectural writings; advertisements, film, and television -- to trace the development of Tokyo as an idea within a comparative framework that considers other major urban centers such as Paris, New York, and Shanghai. Dist: LIT or INT; WCult: NW. Washburn.

62. Topics in Early Modern Japanese Literature and Culture

09S, 10W: 12

Classes offered under this rubric explore the emergence of modern Japan between the years 1600 and 1900 through an examination of literature, popular culture, and intellectual history. Techniques of critical reading and interpretation are studied as an integral part of these courses, which reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff. Since each offering is based on a particular theme or period students may take this course more than once. Courses listed under Japanese 62 are open to students of all classes.

In 09S, From Floating World to Imperial State: the Art of the Short Story. A survey of short fiction from the late 17th century to the 20th century with an emphasis on formal variations that developed within the genre during the period when Japan developed from a late feudal, agrarian society to a modern imperial, capitalist culture. We will examine a variety of works within the particular contexts of changing cultural practices and social institutions, giving special to the growing interaction between the literary cultures of Japan and Western nations. Readings may include works by Saikaku, Akinari, Hiraga Gennai, Shikitei Sanba, Higuchi Ichiyo, Ozaki Koyo, Soseki, Ogai, Shiga Naoya, and Akutagawa among others. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Washburn.

In 10W, Word and Image in Modernizing Japan. Images and text have been variously combined in the Japanese tradition, from the ancient picture scrolls to today’s manga (comics). This course traces the evolution of such media in early modern Japan, with a focus on the late nineteenth century shift from the “communal reading” of visually-oriented texts to the silent, solitary reading of fiction. Some consideration will also be given to the re-emergence of the visual imagination in film, manga, and animation. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey.

63. Topics in Classical Japanese Literature and Culture

Not offered in the period from 08F through 10S

Classes offered under this rubric will explore key developments in the cultural history of Japan between the years 700 and 1600 through a close examination of literary artifacts. Techniques of critical reading and interpretation are studied as an integral part of these courses, which reflect the interests and expertise of the teaching staff. Since each offering is based on a particular theme or period students may take this course more than once. Courses listed under Japanese 63 are open to students of all classes.

Courses numbered 81 or above are advanced seminar courses.

81. Topics in Japanese Literature and Culture

09W, 09F: 10A

This seminar is designed to examine closely literary and cultural texts employing theo­retical and historical sources. Topics vary according to instructor, but might range from studies of single authors to broader comparative themes, where students will be urged to incorporate readings in the original language.

In 09W, The Art of War: Stories, Paintings, Films, and Propaganda From Japan’s Modern Wars. In this course we will examine the relationship between a wide variety of cultural artifacts and modern Japan’s experience of war, particularly WW II. Topics addressed within this context include: government censorship, literary subversion, popular culture versus high culture, visual versus written media, postwar cultural memory, the ideology of suicide squads, and the mentality of victimhood. No Japanese language is required for the course, but students with sufficient ability will be expected to make use of original sources. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Dorsey.

In 09F, Cultures of Defeat: Postwar Japanese Film and Fiction. An examination of the production and reception of key literary and film texts in Japan between the surrender in 1945 and the return of Okinawa in 1970. Topics addressed include: nostalgia and the uses of the past in the language of Japanese film and fiction; censorship and cultural amnesia; violence as an expression of cultural authenticity; the reconstruction of national identity; youth culture and changing perceptions of gender; the impact of Western aesthetic and political movements on Japanese understandings of postwar culture. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Washburn.

KOREAN LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

10. Introduction to Korean Culture (Identical to AMES 11)

08F, 09F: 10A

A multi-disciplinary introduction to Korean history, society, and culture, this course covers pre-modern and modern periods, tracing issues such as the rise of imperialism and colonial rule, the Korean War and national division, and the emergence of democracy in the post-war period. In addition to historical texts, the course examines modern Korean life through literature, religion, education, family life, gender relations, and popular media, in conjunction with political and economic transformations. Asking how and why historical events, periods, or people are represented in the way that they are will allow a critical perspective as we examine the formation of Korean culture and identity. All readings are in English. No prior knowledge of Korea or Korean language assumed. Dist: SOC; WCult: CI. Hanscom.

61. Topics in Modern Korean Literature and Culture (Identical to Comparative Literature 55)

09W, 10W: 10A

This course offers an examination of topics in modern Korean literature in English translation from the late-nineteenth century to the present, focusing on representative works of short fiction, novels, and poetry. Topics including the question of tradition and modernity, colonialism and imperialism, the construction of national identity, class, and gender, the Korean War and national division, U.S.-Korea relations, and industrialization and socio-economic change as reflected in cultural production may be considered in relation to the development of Korean literature and literary history.

In 09W, Introduction to Modern Korean Literature. The course will focus on providing an introductory overview of twentieth and twenty-first century Korean literature, aiming to approach Korean texts through the use of broadly applicable critical concepts and in opening up comparisons with other Asian literatures. Topics addressed will include: national literatures, genre, historical trauma and reconciliation, diaspora, and autobiography. No Korean language ability is required; no background knowledge in Korean history or culture is assumed. Dist: LIT; WCult: NW. Hanscom.

63. Topics in Modern Korean Film (Identical to Film and Media Studies 42)

08F, 09F: 3A

Each offering of this course will undertake an examination of one or more topics in modern Korean film history. National or cultural identity, genre, representations of social or political movements, adaptation of literary works, the reworking of tradition (and representations of modernity), gender and sexuality, treatments of national division and international relations, and representations of war and violence may all be treated in the context of Korean film. Discussion and written assignments will focus both on the films themselves as well as on related critical texts.

In 08F, Introduction to Korean Film. This course will provide a broad overview of Korean film history, from the beginning of the twentieth century into the present, tracing the correlation between film and major historical, political and cultural events or shifts over the same period. Focusing on how film narratives represent (rather than reflect) social reality, we will analyze the imagination and construction of national identity and cultural tradition (and its critique) across representative films. No Korean language ability is required; no background knowledge in Korean history or culture is assumed; all films are subtitled in English. Dist: ART; WCult: NW. Hanscom.