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The Wheelock Succession of Dartmouth Presidents

ERNEST MARTIN HOPKINS, 1916-1945

Ernest Martin Hopkins

At the dedication of the Hopkins Center in 1962, the speaker, then-Governor of New York Nelson A. Rockefeller '30, turned to the man for whom the building was named and said, "I came to Dartmouth because of you."

A Dartmouth graduate himself, Ernest Martin Hopkins did not fit the typical mold of a college president when he was selected by the Trustees in 1916. He was not an academic, had never held a teaching position and had spent the bulk of his career in the business world. But any doubts about his leadership qualities were quickly dispelled and he showed himself to be a champion of academic freedom in an era when that basic tenet of scholarship was under attack.

As a young man growing up in New Hampshire, he worked in a granite quarry and decided to attend Dartmouth for his undergraduate education over the stern objections of his father. So strong were the impressions he made in Hanover during his student years that then-President William Jewett Tucker employed him as a clerk and supported him with a scholarship during the depression of the 1890s.

The administration of Ernest Martin Hopkins spanned two world wars and he was called to serve his country on several occasions. In World War I he was named Assistant Secretary of War for Industrial Relations and served in the Office of Production and Management at the outset of World War II. President Hopkins was the recipient of at least 15 honorary degrees, and, while president of Dartmouth, declined an invitation to serve as president of the University of Chicago in order, according to a 1964 New York Times obituary, "to continue development of his ideas of what an undergraduate liberal arts education should encompass." The articulation of these ideas during the Hopkins administration has become an enduring legacy that continues at Dartmouth today.

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Last Updated: 6/25/09