Lesson 15: Bibliography

Lesson 15: Minoan Religion

[Updated January 2012]

  1. Colloquia, Symposia, and Festschriften
  2. Minoan Cult: General
  3. Religious Architecture
  4. Minoan Altars
  5. Extramural Cult Locales: Cave and Peak Sanctuaries
  6. Extramural Cult Locales: The Sanctuary at Kato Syme
  7. Divine Images and Epiphanies
  8. Figurines
  9. Genii
  10. Miscellaneous Religious Iconography
  11. Cult Furniture: Artifact Types Associated with Cult
  12. Sacrificial Ritual and Rites
  13. Human Sacrifice
  14. Medicine and Healing Cults
  15. Tree and Pillar Cult
  16. Fertility and Funerary Cult
  17. Bull Jumping and Other Bull-related Activities
  18. Long-term Continuity of Cult at Individual Minoan Cult Places
  19. Miscellaneous Minoan Ritual Behavior
  20. Foundation Deposits
  21. Minoan Religion and Linear A
  22. Priests, Priestesses, Priest-Kings, and Matriarchs
  23. Reflections of Minoan Crete in Later Greek Mythology

Colloquia, Symposia, and Festschriften

 S. A. Alcock and R. Osborne (eds.), Placing the Gods: Sanctuaries and Sacred Space in Ancient Greece (Oxford 1994) .

F. Blakolmer (ed.), Österreichische Forschungen zur ägäischen Bronzezeit 1998 (Vienna 2000).

Centre Gustave Glotz, Aux origines de l’hellénisme: Hommage à Henri van Effenterre (Paris 1984).

A. Chaniotis (ed.), From Minoan Farmers to Roman Traders: Sidelights on the Economy of Ancient Crete (Stuttgart 1999).

A. Chapin (ed.), CHARIS : Essays in Honor of Sara A. Immerwahr [Hesperia Supplement 33] (Princeton 2004).

A. Cohen and J. B. Rutter, Constructions of Childhood in Ancient Greece and Italy [Hesperia Supplement 41] (Princeton 2007).

A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009).

L. P. Day, M. S. Mook, and J. D. Muhly (eds.), Crete Beyond the Palaces: Proceedings of the Crete 2000 Conference (Philadelphia 2004).

L. Goodison and C. Morris (eds.), Ancient Goddesses: The Myths and the Evidence (London 1998).

R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), Sanctuaries and Cults in the Aegean Bronze Age (Stockholm 1981).

R. Hägg, N. Marinatos, and G. Nordquist (eds.), Early Greek Cult Practice (Göteborg 1988).

L. A. Hitchcock, R. Laffineur, and J. Crowley (eds.), DAIS: The Aegean Feast [Aegaeum 29] (Liège/Austin 2008).

V. Karageorghis, H. Matthäus, and S. Rogge (eds.), Cyprus: Religion and Society from the Late Bronze Age to the End of the Archaic Period (Bibliopolis 2005).

K. Kopaka (ed.), FYLO. Engendering Prehistoric ‘Stratigraphies’ in the Aegean and the Mediterranean [Aegaeum 30] (Liège/Austin 2009).

O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010).

R. Laffineur (ed.), THANATOS:  Les coutûmes funéraires en Égée à l’âge du Bronze [Aegaeum 1] (Liège 1987).

R. Laffineur (ed.), Transition. Le monde égéen du Bronze moyen au Bronze récent [Aegaeum 3] (Liège 1989).

R. Laffineur and L. Basch (eds.), THALASSA: L’Égée préhistorique et la mer [Aegaeum 7] (Liège 1991).

R. Laffineur and J. L. Crowley (eds.), EIKON: Aegean Bronze Age Iconography: Shaping a Methodology [Aegaeum 8] (Liège 1992).

R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001).

F. Lang, C. Reinholdt, and J. Weilhartner (eds.), STEPHANOS ARISTEIOS: Archäologische Forschungen zwischen Nil und Istros: Festschrift für Stefan Hiller zum 65. Geburtstag (Vienna 2007).

V. La Rosa, D. Palermo, and L. Vagnetti (eds.), EPI PONTON PLAZOMENOI: Simposio italiano di Studi Egei dedicato a Luigi Bernabò Brea e Giovanni Pugliese Carratelli (Rome 1999).

P. Rehak (ed.), The Role of the Ruler in the Prehistoric Aegean [Aegaeum 11] (Liège/Austin1995).

A. Vlachopoulos and K. Birtacha (eds.), ARGONAUTIS: Timetikos tomos yia ton Kathegete Christo G. Douma apo tous mathetes tou sto Panepistimio Athenon (1980-2000) (Athens 2003).

M. Wedde (ed.), Celebrations: Sanctuaries and the Vestiges of Cult Acitvity [Papers from the Norwegian Institute at Athens 6] (Bergen 2004).

Antichità Cretesi. Studi in onore di Doro Levi I-II (Catania 1973,1974).

EILAPINE. Tomos timetikos gia ton kathegete Nikolao Platona (Heraklion 1987).

 

Minoan Cult: General

 E. Adams, “Power and Ritual in Neopalatial Crete,” World Archaeology 36(2004) 26-42.

M. Andreadaki-Vlasaki, “Cultes et divinités dans la ville minoennne de la Canée. Quleques réflaxions,” in I. Bradfer, B. Detournay, and R. Laffineur (eds.), KRES TECHNITES: L’artisan crétois: Recueil d’articles en l’honneur de Jean-Claude Poursat, publié à l’occasion des 40 ans de la découverte du Quartier Mu [Aegaeum 26] (Liège/Austin 2005) 17-27.

L. Banti, “I culti minoici e greci di Haghia Triada (Creta),” Annuario 3-5(1941-43) 9-74.

P. P. Betancourt, “Discontinuity in the Minoan-Mycenaean Religions: Smooth Development or Disruptions and War?,”  in R. Laffineur (ed.), POLEMOS. Le contexte guerrier en Égée à l’Âge du Bronze [Aegaeum 19] (Liège/Austin 1999) 219-225.

F. Carinci and A. L. D’Agata, “L’attività cultuale a Creta nel III e nel II millennio a.C.,” in Anathema. Regime delle offerte e vita nei santuari nel Mediterraneo antico [Scienze dell'Antichità 3-4] (1989-90) 221-242.

A. L. D’Agata, “Religion, Society and Ethnicity on Crete at the End of the Late Bronze Age. The Contextual Framework of LM IIIC Cult Activities,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 345-354.

A. L. D’Agata, “Cult Activity on Crete and Cyprus at the End of the Late Bronze Age and the Beginning of the Early Iron Age. What Comparative Analysis Can Tell Us,” in V. Karageorghis, H. Matthäus, and S. Rogge (eds.), Cyprus: Religion and Society from the Late Bronze Age to the End of the Archaic Period (Bibliopolis 2005) 1-17.

A. L. D’Agata, “Introduction: How Many Archaeologies of Cult?,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42]  (Princeton 2009) 1-8.

J. Dempsey, Calendar House: Secrets of Time, Life and Power in Ancient Crete’s Great Year (2008). [available in pdf form from author at jpd37@hotmail.com]

O. T. P. K. Dickinson, “Comments on a Popular Model of Minoan Religion,” OJA 13(1994) 173-184.

B. C. Dietrich, “Uniformity and Change in Minoan and Mycenaean Religion,” Kernos 6(1993) 113-122.

B. C. Dietrich, “Death and Afterlife in Minoan Religion,” Kernos 10(1997) 19-38.

J. Driessen, “Crisis Cults on Minoan Crete?,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 361-369.

P. Faure, “Cultes populaires dans la Crète antique,” BCH 96(1972) 389-426.

G. C. Gesell, Town, Palace, and House Cult in Minoan Crete (Göteborg 1985).

G. C. Gesell, “The Minoan Palace and Public Cult,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), The Function of the Minoan Palaces (Stockholm 1987) 123-128.

G. C. Gesell, “From Knossos to Kavousi: The Popularizing of the Minoan Palace Goddess,” in A. Chapin (ed.), CHARIS : Essays in Honor of Sara A. Immerwahr [Hesperia Supplement 33] (Princeton 2004) 131-150.

L. Goodison, Death, Women and the Sun: Symbolism of Regeneration in Aegean Religion (London 1989).

L. Goodison and C. Morris, “Beyond the ‘Great Mother’: The Sacred World of the Minoans,” in L. Goodison and C. Morris (eds.), Ancient Goddesses: The Myths and the Evidence (London 1998) 113-133.

E. Hallager, “A Waste Deposit from a LBA-Shrine in Khania (?),” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 175-180.

C. F. Herberger, The Thread of Ariadne: The Labyrinth of the Calendar of Minos (New York 1972).

C. F. Herberger, The Riddle of the Sphinx: Calendric Symbolism in Myth and Icon (New York 1979).

V.-P. Herva, “Flower Lovers, After All? Rethinking Religion and Human-Environment Relations in Minoan Crete,” World Archaeology 38(2006) 586-598.

J. T. Hooker, “Minoan Religion in the Late Palace Period,” in O. Krzyszkowska and L. Nixon (eds.), Minoan Society (Bristol 1983) 137-142.

A. Kanta and A. Tzigounaki, “The Character of the Minoan Goddess. New Evidence from the Area of Amari,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 151-157.

K. Kopaka, “A Day in Potnia’s Life: Aspects of Potnia and Reflected ‘Mistress’ Activities in the Aegean Bronze Age,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 15-27.

E. Kyriakidis, “The Economics of Potnia: Storage in ‘Temples’ of Prehistoric Greece,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 123-129.

E. Kyriakidis, Ritual and its Establishment: The Case of Some Minoan Open Air Rituals (Ph.D. dissertation, Cambridge University 2002).

V. La Rosa, “La ricerca delle prove. Il contributo di Luisa Banti agli studi sulla religione minoica e micenea,” PdP 53(1998) 442-462.

N. Marinatos, Minoan Religion: Ritual, Image, and Symbol (Columbia 1993).

N. Marinatos, Minoan Kingship and the Solar Goddess. A Near Eastern Koine (Chicago 2010).

C. Morris and A. D. Peatfield, “Feeling thrugh the Body: Gesture in Cretan Bronze Age Religion,” in Y. Hamilakis, M. Pluciennik, and S. Tarlow (eds.), Thinking through the Body: Archaeologies of Corporeality (New York 2002) 105-120.

C. Morris and A. Peatfield, “Experiencing Ritual: Shamanic Elements in Minoan Religion,” in M. Wedde (ed.), Celebrations: Sanctuaries and the Vestiges of Cult Activity [Papers from the Norwegian Institute at Athens 6] (Bergen 2004) 35-59.

M. L. Moss, The Minoan Pantheon: Towards an Understanding of its Nature and Extent [BAR-IS 1343] (Oxford 2005).

J. M. A. Murphy, Changing Roles and Locations of Religious Practices in South Central Crete During the Pre-Palatial and Proto-Palatial Periods (Ph.D. thesis, University of Cincinnati 2003). http://www.ohiolink.edu/etd/view.cgi?acc_num=ucin1068728120

M. Nikolaïdou and D. Kokkinidou, The Archaeology and Social Identity of Gender: Approaches in Aegean Prehistory (Thessaloniki 1993) <in Greek>.

M. P. Nilsson, The Minoan-Mycenaean Religion and its Survival in Greek Religion [2nd edition] (Lund 1950).

O. Pelon, “Aspects de la vie religieuse minoenne à la lumière des recherches récentes au palais de Malia (Crète),” CRAI (1980) 658-670.

A. W. Persson, The Religion of Greece in Prehistoric Times (Berkeley 1942).

W. Pötscher, Aspekte und Probleme der minoischen Religion: Ein Versuch [Religionswissenschaftliche Texte und Studien 4] (Hildesheim 1990).

M. Prent, Cretan Sanctuaries and Cults: Continuity and Change from Late Minoan IIIC to the Archaic Period (Leiden/Boston 2005).

C. Renfrew, The Archaeology of Cult. The Sanctuary at Phylakopi (London 1985).

I. M. Ruud, Minoan Religion: A Bibliography [SIMA Pocket-book 141] (Jonsered 1996).

M. C. Shaw, “Religion at Minoan Kommos,” in L. P. Day, M. S. Mook, and J. D. Muhly (eds.), Crete Beyond the Palaces: Proceedings of the Crete 2000 Conference (Philadelphia 2004) 137-150.

P. M. Warren, “The Beginnings of Minoan Religion,” in Antichità Cretesi. Studi in onore di Doro Levi  I (Catania 1973) 137-147.

P. Warren, “Minoan Crete and Ecstatic Religion,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), Sanctuaries and Cults in the Aegean Bronze Age (Stockholm 1981) 155-167.

P. M. Warren, “The Minoans and their Gods,” in B. Cunliffe (ed.), Origins (London 1987) 30-41.

P. M. Warren, Minoan Religion as Ritual Action (Göteborg 1988).

P. M. Warren, “Hlusion Minvikon,” in F. Lang, C. Reinholdt, and J. Weilhartner (eds.), STEPHANOS ARISTEIOS: Archäologische Forschungen zwischen Nil und Istros: Festschrift für Stefan Hiller zum 65. Geburtstag (Vienna 2007) 261-270.

R. F. Willetts, Cretan Cults and Festivals (London 1962).

J. C. Wright, “The Archaeological Correlates of Religion: Case Studies in the Aegean,” in R. Laffineur and W-D. Niemeier (eds.), POLITEIA: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 12] (Liège/Austin1995) II: 341-348.

E. Yiannouli, “Fecundity and the Sacred: Some Preliminary Thoughts Regarding Bronze Age Greece,” JPR 11-12(1998) 65-84.

J. G. Younger and P. Rehak, “Minoan Culture: Religion, Burial Customs, and Administration,” in C. W. Shelmerdine (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Aegean Bronze Age (Cambridge 2008) 105-120.

 

Religious Architecture

 S. Alexiou, “Ieron para to Kavousi Ierapetras,” Kretika Chronika 10(1965) 7-19.

P. P. Betancourt, “The Household Shrine in the House of the Rhyta at Pseira,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 145-149.

P. P. Betancourt and N. Marinatos, “The Minoan Villa. Part II: Some Special Cases of Urban and Manorial Cults,” in R. Hägg (ed.), The Function of the ‘Minoan Villa’ (Stockholm 1997)  92-98.

I. Beyer, Der minoisch-mykenische Palasttempel und seine Wirkung auf den dorischen Tempel (Freiburg 1981).

I. Beyer, “Der Palasttempel von Phaistos,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), The Function of the Minoan Palaces (Stockholm 1987) 213-225.

K. Branigan, “Open-Air Shrines in Pre-Palatial Crete,” in LOIBE: Eis mnemen Andrea G. Kalokairinou (Heraklion 1994) 279-290.

G. Cadogan, “A Probable Shrine in the Country House at Pyrgos,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), Sanctuaries and Cults in the Aegean Bronze Age (Stockholm 1981) 169-171.

N. Cucuzza, “Religion and Architecture: Early LM IIIA2 Buildings in the Southern Area of Haghia Triada,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 169-174.

A. L. D’Agata, “Un vano di culto TM III nell-abitato di Haghia Triada (Creta),” Sileno 13(1987) 135-145.

A. L. D’Agata, “I santuari sul Piazzale dei Sacelli ad Haghia Triada (Creta),” Athenaeum 81(1993) 5-12.

C. Davaras, “The ‘Cult Villa’ at Makriyialos,” in R. Hägg (ed.), The Function of the ‘Minoan Villa’ (Stockholm 1997) 117-135.

L. P. Day, “Ritual Activity at Karphi: A Reappraisal,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 137-151.

T. Eliopoulos, “Gournia, Vronda Kavousi, Kephala Vasilikis: A Triad of Interrelated Shrines of the Expiring Minoan Age on the Isthmus of Ierapetra,” in L. P. Day, M. S. Mook, and J. D. Muhly (eds.), Crete Beyond the Palaces: Proceedings of the Crete 2000 Conference (Philadelphia 2004) 81-90.

G. C. Gesell, Town, Palace, and House Cult in Minoan Crete (Göteborg 1985).

G. C. Gesell, “The Minoan Palace and Public Cult,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), The Function of the Minoan Palaces (Stockholm 1987) 123-128.

R. Hägg, “On the Reconstruction of the West Facade of the Palace at Knossos,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), The Function of the Minoan Palaces (Stockholm 1987) 129-134.

B. Hallager, “Domestic Shrines in Late Minoan IIIA2-Late Minoan IIIC Crete: Fact or Fiction?,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42]  (Princeton 2009) 107-120.

M. S. F. Hood, “Minoan Town-shrines?,” in K. H. Kinzl (ed.), Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean in Ancient History and Prehistory (Berlin/New York 1977) 158-172.

S. Hood, “The Magico-Religious Background of the Minoan ‘Villa’,” in R. Hägg (ed.), The Function of the ‘Minoan Villa’ (Stockholm 1997) 105-116.

N. L. Klein, “The Architecture of the Late Minoan IIIC Shrine (Building G) at Vronda, Kavousi,” in L. P. Day, M. S. Mook, and J. D. Muhly (eds.), Crete Beyond the Palaces: Proceedings of the Crete 2000 Conference (Philadelphia 2004) 91-101.

N. L. Klein and K. T. Glowacki, “From Kavousi Vronda to Dreros: Architecture and Display in Cretan Cult Buildings,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 153-167.

W-D. Niemeier, “Zur Deutung des Thronraumes im Palast von Knossos,” AM 101(1986) 63-95.

M. Panagiotaki, “The Temple Repositories at Knossos: New Information from the Unpublished Notes of Sir Arthur Evans,” BSA 88(1993) 49-91.

M. Panagiotaki, The Central Palace Sanctuary at Knossos [BSA Supplementary Volume 31] (London 1999).

A. Pilali-Papasteriou, “Anaktorika iera tes minoïkes Kretes,” AMETOS. Timetikos tomos gia ton kathegeten Manole Androniko (Thessaloniki1987) II: 665-680.

N. Platon, “To hieron Maza kai ta minoïka hiera koryphes,” Kretika Chronika 5(1951) 96-160.

N. Platon, “Ta minoïka oikiaka hiera,” Kretika Chronika 8(1954) 428-483.

M. R. Popham, “A Late Minoan Shrine from Knossos,” BSA 65(1970) 191-194.

W. H. D. Rouse, “The Double Axe and the Labyrinth,” JHS 21(1901) 268-274.

B. Rutkowski, Cult Places in the Aegean World (Warsaw 1972).

B. Rutkowski, The Cult Places of the Aegean (New Haven 1986).

B. Rutkowski, “Minoan Sanctuaries: The Topography and Architecture,” in R. Laffineur (ed.), Annales d’archéologie égéenne de l’Université de Liège 2 [Aegaeum 2] (Liège 1988) 71-98.

B. Rutkowski, “Minoan Sanctuaries at Christos and Koumasa, Crete: New Field Research,” Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 19(1989) 47-51.

P. Russell, “The Date of the Gournia Shrine,” TUAS 4(1979) 27-33.

Y. Sakellarakis and E. Sapouna-Sakellarakis, “Drama of Death in a Minoan Temple,” National Geographic 159:2(1981) 205-222.

J. W. Shaw, “Evidence for the Minoan Tripartite Shrine,” AJA 82(1978) 429-448.

T. E. Strasser, “Horns of Consecration or Rooftop Granaries? Another Look at the Master Impression,” in R. Laffineur and P. P. Betancourt (eds.), TEXNH: Craftsmen, Craftswomen and Craftsmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 16] (Liège/Austin 1997) 201-207.

M. Tsipopoulou, “A New Late Minoan IIIC Shrine at Halasmenos, East Crete,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 99-101.

M. Tsipopoulou, “Goddesses for ‘Gene’? The Late Minoan IIIC Shrine at Halasmenos, Ierapetra,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 121-136.

H. Waterhouse, “The Flat Alabastron and the Last Ritual in the Throne Room,” OJA 7(1988) 361-367.

 

Minoan Altars

 Th. Eliopoulos, “O Ysterominoïkos IIIC ‘omphaloeis’ bomos tes Kephalas Vasilikes,” in A. Vlachopoulos and K. Birtacha (eds.), ARGONAUTIS: Timetikos tomos yia ton Kathegete Christo G. Douma apo tous mathetes tou sto Panepistimio Athenon (1980-2000) (Athens 2003) 389-408.

S. Hood, “A Horned Altar at Knossos,” in EILAPINE. Tomos timetikos yia ton kathegete Nikolao Platona (Heraklion 1987) 355-358.

V. La Rosa, “Preghiere fatte in casa? Altari mobili da un edificio di H. Triada,” in Pepragmena tou H’ Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Heraklion 2000) A2: 137-153.

O. Pelon, “L’autel minoen sur le site de Malia,” Annales d’archéologie égéenne de l’Université de Liège 2 [Aegaeum 2] (1988) 31-46.

M. C. Shaw, “The Lion Gate Relief at Mycenae Reconsidered,” in Philia Epe eis Georgion E. Mylonas (Athens 1986) 108-123.


Extramural Cult Locales: Cave and Peak Sanctuaries

 E. Banou, “Ta lithina antikeimena apo to minoïko iero koryphes ston A. Giorge sto Vouno Kytheron,” Pepragmena tou H Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Heraklion 2000) 383-394.

E. Banou, “Ta Kythera anamesa ste minoïke Krete kai te mykenaïke Peloponneso: Ta mikroantikeimena apo to minoïko ieor koryphes ston A. Giorge sto Vouno,” Praktika tou A Diethnous Synedriou Kytheraïkon Meleton (Kythera 2003) 69-75.

E. Banou, “Minoïka iera koryphes: e periptose tou Agiou Georgiou sto Vouno Kytheron,” in EPATHLON: Archaiologikon Synedrion pros Timen tou Adonidos K. Kyrou (Athens 2007) A’: 285-294.

M. Benzi, “Daskalio (Vathy), Kalymnos: A Late Bronze I Sacred Cave in the East Aegean,” in W. Gauss, M. Lindblom, R. A. K. Smith, and J. C. Wright (eds.), Our Cups Are Full: Pottery and Society in the Aegean Bronze Age (Oxford 2011) 13-24.

C. Briault, “Making Mountains Out of Molehills in the Bronze Age Aegean: Visibility, Ritual Kits, and the Idea of a Peak Sanctuary,” World Archaeology 39(2007) 122-141.

S. Chryssoulaki, “The Traostalos Peak Sanctuary: Aspects of Spatial Organization,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 57-66.

C. Davaras, “Three New Linear A Libation Vessel Fragments from Petsophas,” Kadmos 20(1981) 1-6.

C. Davaras, “One Minoan Peak Sanctuary Less: The Case of Thylakas,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 71-88.

R. M. Dawkins and M. L. W. Laistner, “The Excavation of the Kamares Cave in Crete,” BSA 19(1912-13) 1-34.

P. Faure, “Cultes de sommets et cultes de cavernes en Crète,” BCH 87(1963) 493-508.

P. Faure, Fonctions des cavernes crétoises (Paris 1964).

P. Faure, “Recherches sur le peuplement du montagne en Crète. Sites, cavernes et cultes,” BCH 89(1965) 27-63.

P. Faure, “Nouvelles recherches sur trois sortes de sanctuaires crétois,” BCH 91(1967) 114-150.

P. Faure, “Sur trois sortes de sanctuaries crétois,” BCH 93(1969) 174-213.

P. Faure, “Cavernes sacrées de la Crète antique,” Cretan Studies 4(1994) 77-83.

N. Fernandez, “Les lieux de culte de l’âge du Bronze en Crète: question de méthode,” RA (1985) 257-268.

D. C. Haggis, “Staple Finance, Peak Sanctuaries, and Economic Complexity in Late Prepalatial Crete,” in  A. Chaniotis (ed.), From Minoan Farmers to Roman Traders: Sidelights on the Economy of Ancient Crete (Stuttgart 1999) 53-86.

J. Hazzidakis, “An Early Minoan Sacred Cave at Arkalochori in Crete,” BSA 19(1912-13) 35-47.

G. Henriksson and M. Blomberg, “Evidence for Minoan Astronomical Observations from the Peak Sanctuaries on Petsophas and Traostalos,” Opuscula Atheniensia 21(1996)  99-114.

D. G. Hogarth, “The Dictaean Cave,” BSA 6(1899-1900) 94-116.

D. W. Jones, Peak Sanctuaries and Sacred Caves in Minoan Crete: A Comparison of Artifacts [SIMA Pocket-book 156] (Jonsered 1999).

A. Kanta, “To spelaio tou Lilianou,” Kretika Chronika 23(1971) 425-439.

A. Karetsou, “To iero korifes tou Iouchta,” PAE (1978) 232-258.

A. Karetsou, “The Peak Sanctuary of Mt. Iuktas,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), Sanctuaries and Cults in the Aegean Bronze Age (Stockholm 1981) 137-153.

A. Karetsou, L. Godart, and J-P. Olivier, “Inscriptions en linéaire A du sanctuaire de sommet du mont Iouktas,” Kadmos 24(1985) 89-147.

E. Kyriakidis, Ritual in the Bronze Age Aegean: The Minoan Peak Sanctuaries (London 2005).

S. Marinatos, “Zur Frage der Grotte von Arkalochori,” Kadmos 1(1962) 87-94.

J. Moody, “Environmental Change and Minoan Sacred Landscapes,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 241-249.

L. Nixon, “Investigating Minoan Sacred Landscapes,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 269-275.

K. Nowicki, “Some Remarks on the Pre- and Protopalatial Peak Sanctuaries in Crete,” in B. Rutkowski (ed.), Aegean Archaeology  2(1994) 31-48.

K. Nowicki, “Minoan Peak Sanctuaries: Reassessing Their Origins,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 31-37.

A. D. Peatfield, “The Topography of Minoan Peak Sanctuaries,” BSA 78(1983) 273-280.

A. D. Peatfield, “Palace and Peak: The Political and Religious Relationship between Palaces and Peak Sanctuaries,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), The Function of the Minoan Palaces (Stockholm 1987) 89-93.

A. D. Peatfield, The Peak Sanctuaries of Minoan Crete (Ph.D. dissertation; University of London 1989).

A. D. Peatfield, “Minoan Peak Sanctuaries: History and Society,” Opuscula Atheniensia 17(1990) 117-131.

A. D. Peatfield, “Rural Ritual in Bronze Age Crete: The Peak Sanctuary at Atsipadhes,” CAJ 2(1992) 59-87.

A. Peatfield, “The Atsipadhes Korakias Peak Sanctuary Project,” Classics Ireland 1(1994) 90-95.

A. D. Peatfield, “After the ‘Big Bang’ – What? Or, Minoan Symbols and Shrines beyond Palatial Collapse,” in S. A. Alcock and R. Osborne (eds.), Placing the Gods: Sanctuaries and Sacred Space in Ancient Greece (Oxford 1994) 19-36.

A. Peatfield, “Divinity and Performance on Minoan Peak Sanctuaries,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 51-55.

A. Peatfield, “The Topography of Minoan Peak Sanctuaries Revisited,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 251-259.

N. Platon, “To ieron Maza kai ta minoïka iera koryphes,” Kretika Chronika 5(1951) 96-160.

B. Rutkowski, Cult Places in the Aegean World (Warsaw 1972).

B. Rutkowski, The Cult Places of the Aegean (New Haven 1986).

B. Rutkowski, “Minoan Peak Sanctuaries: Topography and Architecture,” Annales d’archéologie égéenne de l’Université de Liège 2 [Aegaeum 2] (Liège 1988) 71-98.

B. Rutkowski, Petsophas. A Cretan Peak Sanctuary (Warsaw 1991).

B. Rutkowski, “Minoan Caves: The Main Cult Area,” in B. Rutkowski (ed.), Aegean Archaeology  1 (1994) 26-30.

B. Rutkowski and K. Nowicki, The Psychro Cave and Other Sacred Grottoes in Crete (Warsaw 1996).

J. A. Sakellarakis, “To minoïko iero ton Kytheron,” in LOIBE: Eis Mnemen Andrea G. Kalokairinou (Heraklion 1994) 195-203.

Y. Sakellarakis, “Minoan Religious Influence in the Aegean. The Case of Kythera,” BSA  91(1996) 81-99.

N. Schlager, “Korakomouri: Ein neues MM Höhenheiligtum in Sphaka, Gem. Zakros, und die MM Höhen- und Feldheiligtümer von Ostsitia,” Österreichisches Jahresheft 64(1995) 1-24.

S. Soetens, “Juktas and Kophinas: Two Ritual Landscapes Out of the Ordinary,“ in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 261-268.

S. Soetens, J. Driessen, A. Sarris, and S. Topouzi, “The Minoan Peak Sanctuary Landscape through a GIS Approach,“ Archeologia e Calcolatori 13(2002) 161-170.

S. Soetens, A. Sarris, K. Vansteenhuyse, and S. Topouzi, “GIS Variations on a Cretan Theme: Minoan Peak Sanctuaries,“ in K. P. Foster and R. Laffineur (eds.), METRON: Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 24] (Liège/Austin 2003) 483-488.

S. Soetens, A. Sarris, and S. Topouzi, “Peak Sanctuaries in the Minoan Cultural Landscape,“ Pepragmena tou Q Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Heraklion 2006) 76-82.

V. Stürmer, “’Naturkulträume’ auf Kreta und Thera: Ausstattung, Definition und Funktion,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 69-75.

I. Tournavitou, “Minoïko iero koryphes sta Kythera: e kerameike,” Pepragmena tou H Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Heraklion 2000) 297-316.

I. Tournavitou, “Does Size Matter? Miniature Pottery Vessels in Minoan Peak Sanctuaries,“ in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 213-230.

E. L. Tyree, Cretan Sacred Caves: Archaeological Evidence (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Missouri at Columbia 1974).

E. L. Tyree, “Diachronic Changes in Minoan Cave Cult,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 39-50.

L. Tyree, A. Kanta, and D. Sphakianakis, “The Neopalatial Chalice: Forms and Function in the Cave of Skoteino,” in P. P. Betancourt, M. C. Nelson, and H. Williams (eds.), Krinoi kai Limenes: Studies in Honor of Joseph and Maria Shaw (Philadelphia 2007) 277-283.

L. Tyree, A. Kanta, and H. L. Robinson, “Evidence for Ritual Eating and Drinking: A View from Skoteino Cave,” in L. A. Hitchcock, R. Laffineur, and J. Crowley (eds.), DAIS: The Aegean Feast [Aegaeum 29] (Liège/Austin 2008) 179-185.

L. Tyree, F. W. McCoy, A. Kanta, D. Sphakianiakis, A. Stamos, K. Aretaki, and E. Kamilaki, “Inferences for Use of Skotino Cave during the Bronze Age and Later Based on a Speleological and Environmental Study at Skotino Cave, Crete,” Aegean Archaeology 8(2005-2006) [2009] 51-63.

I. Tzachili, “Quantitative Analysis of the Pottery from the Peak Sanctuary at Vrysinas, Rethymnon,” in K. P. Foster and R. Laffineur (eds.), METRON: Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 24] (Liège/Austin 2003) 327-331.

A. Vasilakis, “Minoïke keramike apo to Idaion Antron,” Pepragmena tou ST’ Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Chania 1990) A1: 125-130.

L. V. Watrous, “Some Observations on Minoan Peak Sanctuaries,” in R. Laffineur and W-D. Niemeier (eds.), POLITEIA: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 12] (Liège/Austin1995) II: 393-403.

L. V. Watrous, The Cave Sanctuary of Zeus at Psychro: A Study of Extra-Urban Sanctuaries in Minoan and Early Iron Age Crete [Aegaeum 15] (Liège/Austin 1996).

L. V. Watrous, “New Pottery from the Psychro Cave and its Implications for Minoan Crete,” BSA 99(2004) 129-147.

M. Zeimbeki, “The Organization of Votive Production and Distribution in the Peak Sanctuaries of State Society Crete: A Perspective Offered by the Juktas Clay Animal Figurines,” in G. Cadogan, E. Hatzaki, and A. Vasilakis (eds.), Knossos: Palace, City, State [BSA Studies 12] (London 2004) 351-361.

 

Extramural Cult Locales: The Sanctuary at Kato Syme

[see also below under "Cult Continuity"]

 A. Lebessi, “Hermes as Master of Lions at the Syme Sanctuary, Crete,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 195-202.

A. Lebessi and P. Muhly, “The Sanctuary of Hermes and Aphrodite at Syme, Crete,” National Geographic Research 3:1(1987) 102-113.

A. Lebessi and P. Muhly, “Aspects of Minoan Cult. Sacred Enclosures: The Evidence from the Syme Sanctuary (Crete),” AA (1990) 315-336.

A. Lebessi and P. Muhly, “Ideology and Cultural Interaction: Evidence from the Syme Sanctuary, Crete,” Cretan Studies 9(2003) 95-103.

A. Lebessi, P. Muhly, and G. Papasavvas, “The Runner’s Ring: A Minoan Athlete’s Dedication at the Syme Sanctuary, Crete,” AM 119(2004) 1-31.

E. Pharmakidou, “E proïstorike periodos ste Syme,” in A. Vlachopoulos and K. Birtacha (eds.), ARGONAUTIS: Timetikos tomos yia ton Kathegete Christo G. Douma apo tous mathetes tou sto Panepistimio Athenon (1980-2000) (Athens 2003) 292-299.

 

Divine Images and Epiphanies

S. N. D. Alexiou, “He minoïke thea meth’ upsomenon cheiron,” Kretika Chronika 12(1958) 179-299.

A. E. Barclay, “The Potnia Theron: Adaptation of a Near Eastern Image,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 373-386.

K. Branigan, “The Genesis of the Household Goddess,” SMEA 8(1969) 22-38.

S. L. Budin, Images of Woman and Child from the Bronze Age : Reconsidering Fertility, Maternity, and Gender in the Ancient World (Cambridge 2011).

C. D. Cain, “Dancing in the Dark: Deconstructing a Narrative of Epiphany on the Isopata Ring,” AJA 105(2001) 27-49.

J. L. Crowley, “In Honour of the Gods – But Which Gods? Identifying Deities in Aegean Glyptic,” in L. A. Hitchcock, R. Laffineur, and J. Crowley (eds.), DAIS: The Aegean Feast [Aegaeum 29] (Liège/Austin 2008) 75-87.

P. Demargne, “Deux représentations de la déesse minoenne dans la nécropole de Mallia (Crète),” Mélanges Gustave Glotz I (Paris 1932) 305-318.

B. C. Dietrich, “A Minoan Symbol of Renewal,” JPR 2(1988) 12-24.

E. Fowden, “The Early Minoan Goddess: Images of Provision,” JPR 3-4(1990) 15-18.

A. Furumark, “Gods of Ancient Crete,” Opuscula Atheniensia 6(1965) 85-98.

G. C. Gesell, “The Place of the Goddess in Minoan Society,” in O. Krzyszkowska and L. Nixon (eds.), Minoan Society (Bristol 1983) 93-99.

G. C. Gesell, “The Snake Goddesses of the LM IIIB and LM IIIC Periods,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 131-140.

R. Hägg, “Die göttliche Epiphanie im minoischen Ritual,” AM 101(1986) 41-62.

B. Jones, “The Minoan ‘Snake Goddess’. New Interpretations of Her Costume and Identity,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 259-265.

R. Laffineur, “Seeing is Believing: Reflections on Divine Imagery in the Aegean Bronze Age,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 387-392.

N. Marinatos, “Rosette and Palm on the Bull Frieze from Tell el-Dab’a and the Minoan Solar Goddess of Kingship,” in M. Bietak, N. Marinatos, and C. Palyvou, Taureador Scenes in Tell el-Dab’a (Avaris) and Knossos (Vienna 2007) 145-150.

N. Marinatos and R. Hägg, “Anthropomorphic Cult Images in Minoan Crete?,” in O. Krzyszkowska and L. Nixon (eds.), Minoan Society (Bristol 1983) 185-202.

S. Marinatos, “Hai minoïkai theai tou Gazi,” ArchEph (1937) 278-291.

F. Matz, Göttererscheinung und Kultbild im minoischen Kreta (Wiesbaden 1958).

M. L. Moss, The Minoan Pantheon: Towards an Understanding of its Nature and Extent [BAR-IS 1343] (Oxford 2005).

P. Muhly, “The Great Goddess and the Priest King: Minoan Religion in Flux,” Expedition 32:3(1990) 54-60.

W-D. Niemeier, “Zur Ikonographie von Gottheiten und Adoranten in den Kultszenen auf minoischen und mykenischen Siegeln,” in W. Müller (ed.), Fragen und Probleme der bronzezeitlichen ägäischen Glyptik [CMS Beiheft 3] (Berlin 1989) 163-184.

G. Owens, “‘All Religions are One’ (William Blake 1757-1827), Astarte/Ishtar/Ishassaras/Asasarame: The Great Mother Goddess of Minoan Crete and the Eastern Mediterranean,” Cretan Studies 5(1996) 209-218.

G. A. Owens, “New Evidence for Minoan ‘Demeter’,” Kadmos 35(1996) 172-175.

M. Prent, “The Survival of the Goddess with Upraised Arms: Early Iron Age Representations and Contexts,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 231-238.

B. Rutkowski, Frühgriechische Kultdarstellungen [AM Beiheft 8] (Berlin 1981).


Figurines

 A. L. D’Agata, Hagia Triada II. Statuine minoiche e post-minoiche dai vecchi scavi di Haghia Triada (Creta) [Monografie della Scuola Archeologica di Atene IX] (Padova 1999).

S. L. Budin, Images of Woman and Child from the Bronze Age : Reconsidering Fertility, Maternity, and Gender in the Ancient World (Cambridge 2011).

G. C. Gesell, “The Snake Goddesses of the LM IIIB and LM IIIC Periods,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 131-140.

L. Girella, “Vasi rituali con elementi miniaurizzati a Creta, in Egeo, e nel Mediterraneo Orientale all fine dell’Età del Bronzo. Indicatori archeologici ed etnici,“ Creta Antica 3(2002) 167-216.

C. Morris, “Configuring the Individual: Bodies of Figurines in Minoan Crete,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 179-187.

M. Zeimbekis, The Typological Forms and Functions of Animal Figures from Minoan Peak Sanctuaries with Special Reference to Juktas and Kophinas (PhD dissertation, University of Bristol 1998).

M. Zeimbeki, “The Organization of Votive Production and Distribution in the Peak Sanctuaries of State Society Crete: A Perspective Offered by the Juktas Clay Animal Figurines,” in G. Cadogan, E. Hatzaki, and A. Vasilakis (eds.), Knossos: Palace, City, State [BSA Studies 12] (London 2004) 351-361.


Genii

 C. Baurain, “Pour une autre interprétation des génies minoens,” in P. Darcque and J-C. Poursat (eds.), L’iconographie minoenne [BCH Supplement 11] (Paris 1985) 95-118.

M. Benzi, “Minoan Genius on a LH III Pictorial Sherd from Phylakopi, Melos? Some Remarks on Religious and Ceremonial Scenes on Mycenaean Pictorial Pottery,” Pasiphae 3(2009) 9-26.

M. A. V. Gill, “The Minoan ‘Genius’,” AM 79(1964) 1-21.

M. A. V. Gill, “A propos the Minoan Genius,” AJA 74(1970) 404-406.

D. Isaac, “Les démons minoens,” RHR 118(1938) 55-91.

P. Rehak, “The ‘Genius’ in Late Bronze Age Glyptic: the Later Evolution of an Aegean Cult Figure,” in W. Müller (ed.), Sceaux Minoens et Mycéniens [CMS Beiheft 5] (Berlin 1995) 215-231.

C. Sambin, “Génie minoen et génie egyptien, un emprunt raisonné,” BCH 113(1989) 77-96.

F. T. Van Straten, “The Minoan Genius in Mycenaean Art,” BABesch 44(1969) 110-121.

J. Weingarten, The Transformation of Egyptian Taweret into the Minoan Genius: A Study in Cultural Transmission in the Middle Bronze Age [SIMA 88] (Partille 1991).

J. Weingarten, “The Transformation of Egyptian Taweret into the Minoan Genius,” in A. Karetsou (ed.), Krete-Aigyptos: Politismikoi desmoi trion chilietion (Athens 2000) 114-119.

 

Miscellaneous Religious Iconography

 F. Blakolmer, “Processions in Aegean Iconography II: Who Are the Participants?,” in L. A. Hitchcock, R. Laffineur, and J. Crowley (eds.), DAIS: The Aegean Feast [Aegaeum 29] (Liège/Austin 2008) 257-268.

E. F. Bloedow and C. Björk, “The Mallia Pendant: a Study in Iconography and Minoan Religion,” SMEA 27(1989) 9-68.

C. Briault, “High Fidelity or Chinese Whispers? Cult Symbols and Ritual Transmission in the Bronze Age Aegean,” JMA 20(2007) 239-265.

N. Dimopoulou and G. Rethemiotakis, “The ‘Sacred Conversation’ Ring from Poros,” in W. Müller (ed.), Minoisch-mykenische Glyptik: Stil, Ikonographie, Funktion [CMS Beiheft 6] (Berlin 2000) 39-56.

A. Evans, “The ‘Ring of Nestor’: A Glimpse into the Minoan After-world,” JHS 45(1925)  43-75.

R. Hägg and Y. Lindau, “The Minoan ‘Snake Frame’ Reconsidered,” Opuscula Atheniensia 15(1984) 67-77.

B. P. Hallager, “The Ram in Cultic Contexts?,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 315-320.

B. P. Hallager, “A Unique Cult Scene,” in P. P. Betancourt, M. C. Nelson, and H. Williams (eds.), Krinoi kai Limenes: Studies in Honor of Joseph and Maria Shaw (Philadelphia 2007) 285-290.

S. Hiller, “Potnia/Potnios Aigon. On the Religious Aspects of Goats in the Aegean Late Bronze Age,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 293-304.

R. Jung, “Menschenopferdarstellungen? Zur Analyse minoischer und mykenischer Siegelbilder,” PZ 72(1997) 133-194.

R. B. Koehl, “The Chieftain Cup and a Minoan Rite of Passage,” JHS 106(1986) 99-110.

L. Kontorli-Papadopoulou, Aegean Frescoes of Religious Character [SIMA 117] (Göteborg 1996).

K. Krattenmaker, “Architecture in Glyptic Cult Scenes: The Minoan Examples,” in W. Müller (ed.), Sceaux Minoens et Mycéniens [CMS Beiheft 5] (Berlin 1995) 117-133.

E. Kyriakidis, “Pithos or Baetyl? On the Interpretation of a Group of Minoan Rings,” Opuscula Atheniensia 25-26(2000-01) 117-118.

A. Lebessi, “Flagellation ou autoflagellation: Données iconographiques pour une tentative d’interpretation,” BCH 115(1991) 99-123.

N. Marinatos, “Role and Sex Division in Ritual Scenes of Aegean Art,” JPR 1(1987) 23-34.

N. Marinatos, “Rosette and Palm on the Bull Frieze from Tell el-Dab’a and the Minoan Solar Goddess of Kingship,” in M. Bietak, N. Marinatos, and C. Palyvou, Taureador Scenes in Tell el-Dab’a (Avaris) and Knossos (Vienna 2007) 145-150.

N. Marinatos, “Proskynesis and Minoan Theocracy,” in F. Lang, C. Reinholdt, and J. Weilhartner (eds.), STEPHANOS ARISTEIOS. Archäologische Forschungen zwischen Nil und Istros: Festschrift für Stefan Hiller zum 65. Geburtstag (Vienna 2007) 179-186.

P. Militello, “Archeologia, Iconografia e Culti ad Haghia Triada in Età TM IB,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 159-168.

C. Morris, “The Language of Gesture in Minoan Religion,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 245-251.

M. Nikolaïdou, The Double Axe in the Iconography of Minoan Vessels: Approaches to the Dynamics of Minoan Religious Symbolism (Ph.D. dissertation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 1994)  <in Greek>.

E. Papatsaroucha, “Le sanctuaire représenté en fragments: un aspect de l’iconographie talismanique,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 269-274.

I. Pini, “Zum ‘Ring des Minos’,” in EILAPINE. Tomos timetikos gia ton kathegete Nikolao Platona (Heraklion 1987) 441-455.

I. Pini, “Ergänzende Bemerkungen zum “Ring des Minos”,” AA (1989) 1-4.

I. Pini, “The ‘Ring of Nestor’,” OJA 17(1998) 1-13.

J. A. Sakellarakis, “Über die Echtheit des sogenannten Nestorringes,” Pepragmena tou G Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Athens 1973) A: 308-318.

A. Simandiraki-Grimshaw, “The Human Body in Minoan Religious Iconography,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 321-330.

C. Sourvinou-Inwood, “On the Authenticity of the Ashmolean Ring 1919.56,” Kadmos 10(1971) 60-69.

C. Sourvinou-Inwood, “On the Lost ‘Boat’ Ring from Mochlos,” Kadmos 12(1973) 145-158.

P. M. Warren, “The Ring of Minos,” in EILAPINE. Tomos timetikos gia ton kathegete Nikolao Platona (Heraklion 1987) 485-500.

P. M. Warren, “Of Squills,” in Centre Gustave Glotz, Aux origines de l’hellénisme: Hommage à Henri van Effenterre (Paris 1984) 17-24.

M. Wedde, “On the Road to the Godhead : Aegean Bronze Age Glyptic Procession Scenes,” in Celebrations: Sanctuaries and the Vestiges of Cult Activity [Papers from the Norwegian Institute at Athens 6] (Bergen 2004) 151-186.

 

Cult Furniture: Artifact Types Associated with Cult

P. Åström and D. S. Reese, “Triton Shells in East Mediterranean Cults,” JPR 3-4(1990) 5-14.

M. Benzi, “Daskalio (Vathy), Kalymnos: A Late Bronze I Sacred Cave in the East Aegean,” in W. Gauss, M. Lindblom, R. A. K. Smith, and J. C. Wright (eds.), Our Cups Are Full: Pottery and Society in the Aegean Bronze Age (Oxford 2011) 13-24.

P. P. Betancourt, M. G. Ciaccio, B. Crowell, J. M. Donohoe, and R. C. Green, “Ceramic Stands: A Group of Domestic and Ritual Objects from Crete and the Near East,” Expedition 26(1983) 32-37.

A. M. Bignasca, I kernoi circolari in Oriente e in Occidente: strumenti di culto e immagini cosmiche  [Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis: Series Archaeologica 19]  (Göttingen 2000).

H-G. Buchholz, Zur Herkunft der kretischen Doppelaxt: Geschichte und auswärtige Beziehungen eines minoischen Kultsymbols (Munich 1959).

G. Cadogan, “Clay Tubes in Minoan Religion,” Pepragmena tou G Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Athens 1973) 34-38.

G. Cadogan, “Tubular Stands in Neopalatial Crete,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 201-212.

D. Cameron, “The Minoan Horns of Consecration,” in J. Marler (ed.), From the Realm of the Ancestors: An Anthology in Honor of Marija Gimbutas (Manchester 1997) 508-518.

A. L. D’Agata, “Late Minoan Crete and Horns of Consecration: A Symbol in Action,” in R. Laffineur and J. L. Crowley (eds.), EIKON: Aegean Bronze Age Iconography: Shaping a Methodology [Aegaeum 8] (Liège 1992) 247-256.

P. Darcque and A. Van de Moortel, “Special, Ritual, or Cultic: A Case Study from Malia,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 31-41.

P. M. Day, L. Joyner, V. Kilikoglou, and G. C. Gesell, “Goddesses, Snake Tubes, and Plaques: Analysis of Ceramic Ritual Objects from the LM IIIC Shrine at Kavousi,” Hesperia 75(2006) 137-175.

P. Demargne, “La robe de la déesse minoenne sur un cachet de Mallia,” RA 29-30 [Mélanges Charles Picard] (1949) 280-288.

S. Diamant and J. Rutter, “Horned Objects from Anatolia and the Near East and Possible Connexions with the Minoan ‘Horns of Consecration’,” AS 19(1969) 147-177.

H. Georgiou, “Late Minoan Incense Burners,” AJA 83(1979) 427-435.

G. C. Gesell, “The Minoan Snake Tube: A Survey and Catalogue,” AJA 80(1976) 247-259.

G. C. Gesell, “The Goddesses with Up-raised Hands from Kavousi Ierapetras,” Pepragmena tou Z’ Diethnous Kretologikou Synedriou (Rethymnon 1995) A1: 349-351.

G. C. Gesell and T. C. Saupe, “Methods used in the Construction of Ceramic Objects from the Shrine of the Goddess with Up-raised Hands at Kavousi,” in R. Laffineur and P. P. Betancourt (eds.), TEXNH: Craftsmen, Craftswomen and Craftsmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 16] (Liège/Austin 1997) 123-125.

G. C. Gesell, “The Function of the Plaque in the Shrines of the Goddess with Up-raised Hands,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 253-258.

E. Hatzaki, “Structured Deposition as Ritual Action at Knossos,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 19-30.

M. Haysom, “The Double-Axe: A Contextual Approach to the Understanding of a Cretan Symbol in the Neopalatial Period,” OJA 29(2010) 35-55.

S. Hood, “Minoan Cup-Marks,” Eirene 31(1995) 7-43.

D. Lefèvre-Novaro, “Un nouvel examen des modèles réduits trouvés dans la grande tombe de Kamilari,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 89-98.

M. Lowe Fri, The Double Axe in Minoan Crete: A Functional Analysis of Production and Use (Stockholm 2007).

M. Mante-Platonos, “Teletourgikes sphyres kai ropala sto minoïko kosmo,” ArchEph (1981) 74-83.

P. Muhly, Minoan Libation Tables (Ph.D. dissertation, Bryn Mawr College 1981).

M. Nikolaïdou, The Double Axe in the Iconography of Minoan Vessels: Approaches to the Dynamics of Minoan Religious Symbolism (Ph.D. dissertation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 1994)  <in Greek>.

D. Novaro, “I modellini fittili della tomba di Kamilari: il problema cronologico,” in V. La Rosa, D. Palermo, and L. Vagnetti (eds.), EPI PONTON PLAZOMENOI: Simposio italiano di Studi Egei dedicato a Luigi Bernabò Brea e Giovanni Pugliese Carratelli (Rome 1999) 151-161.

B. R. Powell, “The Significance of the So-called Horns of Consecration,” Kadmos 16(1977) 70-82.

M. Prent, “The Survival of the Goddess with Upraised Arms: Early Iron Age Representations and Contexts,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 231-238.

D. Puglisi, “Dal ‘vassoio tripodato’ al kernos: un set di ceramiche TM IA da Haghia Triada e il suo contributo alla conoscenza del rituale minoico,” Creta Antica 11(2010) 45-129.

G. Rethemiotakis, “A Neopalatial Shrine Model from the Minoan Peak Sanctuary at Gournos Krousonas,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 189-199.

G. Rethemiotakis, “A Shrine-Model from Galatas,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 293-302.

W. H. D. Rouse, “The Double Axe and the Labyrinth,” JHS 21(1901) 268-274.

W. Schiering, “Ein minoisches Tonrhyton in Hammerform,” Kretika Chronika 14(1972) 476-486.

I. Tournavitou, “Does Size Matter? Miniature Pottery Vessels in Minoan Peak Sanctuaries,“ in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 213-230.

E. Yiannouli, “Minoïka kerata kathieroseos,“ Pepragmena tou H Kretologikou Diethnous Synedriou (Heraklion 2000) 235-270.


Sacrificial Ritual and Rites

B. Bergquist, “Bronze Age Sacrificial Koine in the Eastern Mediterranean? A Study of Animal Sacrifice in the Ancient Near East,” in J. Quaegebeuer, Ritual and Sacrifice in the Ancient Near East  (Louvain 1993) 11-43.

E. F. Bloedow, “Notes on Animal Sacrifices in Minoan Religion,” JPR 10(1996) 31-44.

R. J. Cromarty, Burning Bulls, Broken Bones: Sacrificial Ritual in the Context of Palace Period Minoan Religion [BAR-IS 1792] (Oxford 2008).

N. Marinatos, Minoan Sacrificial Ritual: Cult Practice and Symbolism (Stockholm 1986).

N. Marinatos, “An Offering of Saffron to the Minoan Goddess of Nature: The Role of the Monkey and the Importance of Saffron,” in T. Linders and G. Nordquist (eds.), Gifts to the Gods (Uppsala 1987) 123-132.

N. Marinatos, “The Imagery of Sacrifice: Minoan and Greek,” in R. Hägg, N. Marinatos, and G. Nordquist (eds.), Early Greek Cult Practice (Göteborg 1988) 9-10.


Human Sacrifice

J. D. Bremmer, The Strange World of Human Sacrifice (Leuven 2007).

D. D. Hughes, Human Sacrifice in Ancient Greece  (London 1991).

R. Jung, “Menschenopferdarstellungen? Zur Analyse minoischer und mykenischer Siegelbilder,” PZ 72(1997) 133-194.

Y. Sakellarakis and E. Sapouna-Sakellarakis, “Drama of Death in a Minoan Temple,” National Geographic 159:2(1981) 205-222.

S. M. Wall, J. H. Musgrave, and P. M. Warren, “Human Bones from a Late Minoan IB House at Knossos,” BSA 81(1986) 333-388.


Medicine and Healing Cults

 R. Arnott, “Healing and Medicine in the Aegean Bronze Age,” Journal of Royal Society of Medicine 89(1996) 265-270.

C. Milani and C. Onofrio, La farmacia nel mondo minoico-miceneo ed egeo-anatolico (Chieti 1986).

L. Press, “The Worship of Healing Divinities and the Oracle in the Second Millennium B.C. from a Study  in Aegean Glyptic Art,” Archaeologia 29(1978) 1-15.

 

Tree and Pillar Cult

 A. Evans, “The Mycenaean Tree and Pillar Cult and its Mediterranean Relations,” JHS 21(1901) 99-204.

M. Gallo, “Per una reconsiderazione del betilo in ambito minoico,” Creta Antica 6(2005) 47-58.

L. Goodison, “‘Why All This about Oak or Stone?’: Trees and Boulders in Minoan Religion,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 51-57.

Ch. Kardara, “Hypaithrioi styloi kai dendra os mesa epiphaneias tou theou tou keraunou,” ArchEph (1966) 149-200.

E. Kyriakidis, “Pithos or Baetyl? On the Interpretation of a Group of Minoan Rings,” Opuscula Atheniensia 25-26(2000-01) 117-118.

V. La Rosa, “Minoan Baetyls: Between Funerary Rituals and Epiphanies,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 221-227.

K. T. Mammel, Bodies in Bloom: The Association of Flora and Female Figures in Late Bronze Age Aegean Iconography (Senior Honors thesis, Dartmouth College 2011). http://www.dartmouth.edu/~classics/studenttheses/mammel11.html

N. Marinatos, “The Date-Palm in Minoan Iconography and Religion,” Opuscula Atheniensia 15(1984) 115-122.

N. Marinatos, “The Tree as a Focus of Ritual Action in Minoan Glyptic Art,” in W. Müller (ed.),  Fragen und Probleme der bronzezeitlichen ägäischen Glyptik [CMS Beiheft 3] (Berlin 1989) 127-143.

N. Marinatos, “The Tree, the Stone and the Pithos: Glimpses into a Minoan Ritual,” in R. Laffineur (ed.), Annales d’archéologie de la Grèce antique [Aegaeum 6] (Liège 1990) 79-91.

E. Papatsaroucha, “La pierre et l’objet double: questions iconographiques de la glyptique minoenne,” in I. Bradfer, B. Detournay, and R. Laffineur (eds.), KRES TECHNITES: L’artisan crétois: Recueil d’articles en l’honneur de Jean-Claude Poursat, publié à l’occasion des 40 ans de la découverte du Quartier Mu [Aegaeum 26] (Liège/Austin 2005) 177-184.

B. Rutkowski, “Der Baumkult in der Ägäis,” Visible Religion 3(1984) 159-171.

T. Strasser, “Storage and States on Prehistoric Crete: The Function of the Koulouras in the First Minoan Palaces,” JMA 10(1997) 73-100.

P. Warren, “Of Baetyls,” Opuscula Atheniensia 18(1990) 193-206.

J. G. Younger, “Tree Tugging and Omphalos Hugging on Minoan Gold Rings,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 43-49.

 

Fertility and Funerary Cult

 L. Alberti, “Rethinking the Tomb of the Double Axes at Isopata, Knossos,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 99-105.

B. Burke, “Materialization of Mycenaean Ideology and the Ayia Triada Sarcophagus,” AJA 109(2005) 403-422.

B. C. Dietrich, “Death and Afterlife in Minoan Religion,” Kernos 10(1997) 19-38.

R. Laffineur, “Fécondité et pratiques funéraires en Égée à l’âge du Bronze,” in A. Bonanno (ed.), Archaeology and Fertility Cult in the Ancient Mediterranean (Amsterdam 1986) 79-96.

R. Laffineur, “À propos du sarcophagi d’Aghia Triada : Un ritual de nécromancie à l’époque protohistorique?,” Kernos 4(1991) 277-285.

D. Levi, “The Sarcophagus of Haghia Triada Restored,” Archaeology 9(1956) 192-199.

C. R. Long, “Shrines in Sepulchres? A Re-examination of Three Middle to Late Minoan Tombs,” AJA 63(1959) 59-65.

C. Long, The Ayia Triadha Sarcophagus: A Study of Late Minoan and Mycenaean Funerary Practices and Beliefs [SIMA 41] (Göteborg 1974).

P.Militello, “Minoische Tradition und mykenische Innovation: Wandbilder und Kultaktivitäten in Agia Triada in SM IIIA,” JOAI 75(2006) 185-203.

J. P. Nauert, “The Hagia Triada Sarcophagus: An Iconographical Study,” Antike Kunst 8(1965) 91-98.

J. P. Nauert, “A Goat-Chariot on the Hagia Triada Sarcophagus: A Further Note,” AJA 76(1972) 437.

R. Paribeni, “Il sarcofago dipinto di Haghia Triada,” Monumenti Antichi 19(1908) 677-756.

A. D. Peatfield, “Water, Fertility, and Purification in Minoan Religion,” in C. Morris (ed.), Klados: Essays in Honour of J. N. Coldstream [BICS Supplement 63] (London 1995) 217-227.

W. Pötscher, “Der Termin des Festes auf dem Sarkophag von Hagia Triada,” Klio 76(1994) 67-77.

W. Pötscher, “Tag und Nacht auf dem Sarkophag von Hagia Triada,“ Klio 79(1997) 19-22.

W. Pötscher, “Bemerkungen zum Sarkophag von Hagia Triada,” in F. Blakolmer (ed.), Österreichische Forschungen zur ägäischen Bronzezeit 1998 (Vienna 2000) 107-110.

J. S. Soles, “Reverence for Dead Ancestors in Prehistoric Crete,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 229-236.

J. S. Soles, “Evidence for Ancestor Worship in Minoan Crete : New Finds from Mochlos,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 331-338.

E. Yannouli, “Fecundity and the Sacred: Some Preliminary Thoughts Regarding Bronze Age Greece,” JPR 11-12(1998) 65-84.

Bull-jumping and Other Bull-related Activities

W. G. Arnott, “Bull-leaping as Initiation,” Liverpool Classical Monthly 18:8(1993) 114-116.

M. Bietak, “The Toreador Scenes in Avaris/Tell el-Dab’a,” Cretan Studies 5(1996) 123-125.

M. Bietak and N. Marinatos, “The Minoan Wall Paintings from Avaris,” Ägypten und Levante 5(1995) 49-62.

D. Collon, “Bull-Leaping in Syria,” Ägypten und Levante 4(1994) 81-88.

S. Damiani Indelicato, “Were Cretan Girls Playing at Bull-leaping?,” Cretan Studies 1(1988) 39-47.

W. Decker, Sport in der griechischen Antike: vom minoischen Wettkampf bis zu den olympischen Spielen (Munich 1995).

W. Decker, “Zum Stand der Erforschung des ‘Stierspiels’ in der Alten Welt,” in R. Dittmann, C. Eder, and B. Jacobs (eds.), Altertumswissenschaften im Dialog: Festschrift für Wolfram Nagel (Münster 2003) 31-79.

G. Forstenpointner, “Stierspiel oder Bocksgesang? Archäozoologische Aspekte zur Interpretation des Hornviehs als Opfertier in der Ägäis,” in F. Blakolmer (ed.), Österreichische Forschungen zur ägäischen Bronzezeit 1998 (Vienna 2000) 51-68.

B. P. and E. Hallager, “The Knossian Bull – Political Propaganda in Neopalatial Crete?,” in R. Laffineur and W-D. Niemeier (eds.), POLITEIA: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 12] (Liège/Austin 1995) II: 547-556.

R. Harrison, “The Bull Cult in Ancient Crete,” History Today (April 1978) 218.

O. Lendle, “Das kretische Stiersprungspiel,” Marburger Wincklemann-Programm,1965 (Marburg 1966) 30-37.

E. Loughlin, “Grasping the Bull by the Horns: Minoan Bull Sports,” in S. Bell and G. Davies (eds.), Games and Festivals in Classical Antiquity  [BAR-IS 1220] (Oxford 2004) 1-8.

J. A. Mac Gillivray, “Labyrinths and Bull-leapers,” Archaeology 53:6(2000) 53-55.

N. Marinatos, “The Bull as Adversary: Some Observations on Bull-Hunting and Bull-Leaping,” Ariadne 5(1989) 23-32.

N. Marinatos, “The ‘Export’ Significance of Minoan Bull Hunting and Bull Leaping Scenes,” Ägypten und Levante 4(1994) 89-93.

N. Marinatos, “Tell el-Dab’a Paintings – A Study in Pictorial Tradition,” Ägypten und Levante 8(1998) 83-99.

N. Marinatos, “Bull-leaping and Royal Ideology,” in M. Bietak, N. Marinatos, and C. Palyvou, Taureador Scenes in Tell el-Dab’a (Avaris) and Knossos (Vienna 2007) 127-132.

C. Obsomer, “Hérodote II 148 à l’origine du mot Labyrinthos? La Minotauromachie revisitée,” Cretan Studies 9(2003) 105-186.

D. Panagiotopoulos, “Das minoische Stierspringen. Zur Performanz und Darstellung eines altägäischen Rituals,” in J. Mylonopoulos and H. Roeder (eds.), Archäologie und Ritual. Auf der Suche nach der rituellen Handlung in den antiken Kulturen Ägyptens und Griechenlands (Vienna 2006) 125-138. http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/propylaeumdok/volltexte/2007/75/

R. Perez, “Ringkampf mit dem Stier,” Merian XII:8(1959) 43.

O. Pelon, “Le palais de Malia et les jeux de taureaux,” in L. Hadermann-Misguich et al. (eds.), Rayonnement grec: hommages à Charles Delroye (Brussels 1982) 45-57.

J. Pinsent, “Bull-leaping,” in O. Krzyszkowska and L. Nixon (eds.), Minoan Society (Bristol 1983) 259-271.

P. Rehak, “The Use and Destruction of Minoan Stone Bull’s Head Rhyta,” in R. Laffineur and W-D. Niemeier (eds.), POLITEIA: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 12] (Liège/Austin1995) II: 435-460.

A. Reichel, “Die Stierspiele in der kretisch-mykenischen Kultur,” AM 34(1909) 85-99.

J. A. Sakellarakis, “Das Kuppelgrab A von Archanes und das kretisch-mykenische Tieropferritual,” PZ 45(1970) 135-219.

T. F. Scanlon, “Women, Bull Sports, Cults and Initiation in Minoan Crete,“ Nikephoros 12(1999) 33-70.

M. C. Shaw, “Bull Leaping Frescoes at Knossos and their Influence on the El Dab’a Murals,” Ägypten und Levante 5(1995) 91-120.

M. C. Shaw, “The Bull-leaping Fresco from below the Ramp House at Mycenae: a Study in Iconography and Artistic Transmission,” BSA 91(1996) 167-190.

T. Sipahi, “Eine althethitische Reliefvase vom Hüseyindede Tepesi,” Istanbuler Mitteilungen 50(2000) 63-85.

T. Sipahi, “New Evidence from Anatolia Regarding Bull-leaping Scenes in the Art of the Aegean and the Near East,” Anatolica 27(2001) 107-126.

P. Taracha, “Bull-leaping on a Hittite Vase. New Light on Anatolian and Minoan Religion,” Archaeologica Warsawa 53(2002) 7-20.

J. G. Thompson, “The Bull-jumping Exhibition at Mallia,” Archaeological News 14(1985) 1-8.

A. Ward, “The Cretan Bull Sports,” Antiquity 42(1968) 117-122.

J. G. Younger, “Bronze Age Representations of Aegean Bull-leaping,” AJA 80(1976) 125-137.

J. G. Younger, “A  New Look at Aegean Bull-leaping,” Muse 17(1983) 72-80.

J. Younger, “Bronze Age Representations of Aegean Bull-Games, III,” in R. Laffineur and W-D. Niemeier (eds.), POLITEIA: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 12] (Liège/Austin1995) II: 507-545.

 

Long-term Continuity of Cult at Individual Minoan Cult Places

A. Kanta, “Cult, Continuity and the Evidence of Pottery at the Sanctuary of Syme Viannou, Crete,” in D. Musti (ed.), La transizione dal miceneo all’alto arcaismo (Rome 1991) 479-505.

S. Hiller, “Cretan Sanctuaries and Mycenaean Palatial Administration at Knossos,” in J. Driessen and A. Farnoux (eds.), La Crète mycénienne [BCH Supplement 30] (Paris 1997) 205-212.

A. Lebessi, “E synecheia tes kretomykenaikes latreias. Epibioseis kai anabioseis,” ArchEph (1981) 1-24.

A. D. Peatfield, “After the Big Bang – What? or Minoan Symbols and Shrines beyong Palatial Collapse,” in S. E. Alcock and R. Osborne (eds.), Placing the Gods: Sanctuaries and Sacred Space in Ancient Greece (Oxford 1994) 19-36.

J. Whitley, “The Chimera of Continuity: What Would ‘Continuity of Cult’ Actually Demonstrate?,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult : Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hepseria Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 279-288.


Miscellaneous Minoan Ritual Behavior

 T. Carter, “Transformative Processes in Liminal Spaces: Craft as Ritual Action in the Throne Room Area,” in G. Cadogan, E. Hatzaki, and A. Vasilakis (eds.), Knossos: Palace, City, State [BSA Studies 12] (London 2004) 273-282.

F. Chapouthier, “Une table à offrandes au palais de Mallia,” BCH 52(1928) 292-323.

T. F. Cunningham and L. H. Sackett, “Does the Widespread Cult Activity at Palaikastro Call for a Special Explanation?,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 79-97.

C. Ferrari and N. Cucuzza, “I cosiddetti kernoi di Festòs,” Creta Antica 5(2004) 53-96.

L. Girella, “Un pitharaki MM III dal nuovo “Settore Nord-est” di Haghia Triada,” Creta Antica 4(2003) 343-358.

L. Girella, “Forms of Commensal Politics in Neopalatial Crete,” Creta Antica 8(2007) 135-168.

L. Goodison, “From Tholos Tomb to Throne Room: Perceptions of the Sun in Minoan Ritual,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 77-88.

R. Hägg, “The Last Ceremony in the Throne Room at Knossos,” Opuscula Atheniensia 17(1988) 99-106.

N. Hillbom, For Games or for Gods? An Investigation of Minoan Cup Holes [SIMA 132] (Sävedalen 2003).

S. Hood, “Minoan Cup Marks,” Eirene 31(1995) 7-43.

E. Karagianni, Minoika syntheta skeve (kernoi) (Athens 1984).

R. B. Koehl, “The ‘Sacred Marriage’ in Minoan Religion and Ritual,” in R. Laffineur and R. Hägg (eds.), POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 22] (Liège/Austin 2001) 237-243.

A. Lebessi, “Flagellation ou autoflagellation: Données iconographiques pour une tentative d’interpretation,” BCH 115(1991) 99-123.

S. H. Lonsdale, “A Dancing Floor for Ariadne (Iliad 18.590-592): Aspects of Ritual Movement in Homer and Minoan Religion,” in J. B. Carter and S. P. Morris (eds.), The Ages of Homer: A Tribute to Emily Townsend Vermeule (Austin 1995) 273-284.

N. Marinatos, “Public Festivals in the West Courts of the Palaces,” in R. Hägg and N. Marinatos (eds.), The Function of the Minoan Palaces (Stockholm 1987) 135-143.

N. Marinatos, “Cult by the Seashore: What Happened at Amnisos?,” in R. Hägg (ed.), The Role of Religion in the Early Greek Polis (Stockholm 1996) 135-139.

J. M. A. Murphy, “Gods in the House? Religious Rituals in the Settlements of South Central Crete,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 11-17.

D. Palermo, “La cronologia dei cosiddetti ‘kernoi’ e il problema delle origini del culto sull’Acropoli di Gortyna,” Creta Antica 3(2002) 255-262.

D. Puglisi, “Azione rituale da Festòs a Thera: Un’interpretazione funzionale del complesso adyton-polythyron nel mondo egeo,” in Studi in onore di Vincenzo La Rosa (Catania 2011) 323-342.

P. Rehak, “The Ritual Destruction of Minoan Art,” Archaeological News 19(1994) 1-6.

P. Rehak, “The Use and Destruction of Minoan Stone Bull’s Head Rhyta,” in R. Laffineur and W-D. Niemeier (eds.), POLITEIA: Society and State in the Aegean Bronze Age [Aegaeum 12] (Liège/Austin1995) II: 435-460.

A. Sarpaki, “Harvest Rites and Corn Dollies in the Bronze Age Aegean,” in A. L. D’Agata and A. Van de Moortel (eds.), Archaeologies of Cult: Essays on Ritual and Cult in Crete in Honor of Geraldine C. Gesell [Hesperia Supplement 42] (Princeton 2009) 59-67.

A. Simandiraki-Grimshaw, “Religious Exchanges between Minoan Crete and its Neighbours : Methodological Considerations,” in K. Duistermaat and I. Regulski (eds.), Intercultural Contacts in the Ancient Mediterranean [Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 202] (Leuven 2011) 79-88.

J. S. Soles, “Evidence for Ancestor Worship in Minoan Crete : New Finds from Mochlos,” in O. Krzsyzkowska (ed.), Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren [BSA Studies 18] (London 2010) 331-338.

A. Suter, The Narcissus and the Pomegranate. An Archaeology of the Homeric Hymn to Demeter (Ann Arbor 2002).

H. Whittaker, “Minoan Board Games: The Function and Meaning of Stones with Depressions (So-called Kernoi) from Bronze Age Crete,” Aegean Archaeology 6(2002) 73-87.

 

Foundation Deposits

 C. Boulotis, “Ein Gründungsdepositum im minoischen Palast von Kato Zakros. Minoisch-mykenische Bauopfer,” Archälogisches Korrespondenzblatt 12(1982) 153-166.

C. Boulotis, “Minoïkoi apothetes themeliosis,“ in Pepragmena tou E’ Diethnes Kretologikou Synedriou  (Heraklion 1985) A: 248-257.

V. La Rosa, “Liturgie domestiche e/o depositi di fondazione? Vecchi e nuovi dati da Festòs e Haghia Triada,” Creta Antica 3(2002) 13-50.

O. Pelon, “Un depôt de fondation au palais de Mallia,” BCH 110(1986) 3-19.


Minoan Religion and Linear A

 C. Davaras, “Three New Linear A Libation Vessel Fragments from Petsophas,” Kadmos 20(1981) 1-6.

A. Furumark, “Linear A and Minoan Religion,” Opuscula Atheniensia 17(1988) 51-90.

A. Karetsou, L. Godart, and J-P. Olivier, “Inscriptions en linéaire A du sanctuaire de sommet du mont Iouktas,” Kadmos 24(1985) 89-147.

M. L. Moss, The Minoan Pantheon: Towards an Understanding of its Nature and Extent [BAR-IS 1343] (Oxford 2005).

K. Nikolidaki and G. Owens, “The Minoan Libation Formula – Practical Considerations,” Cretan Studies 4(1994) 149-155.

G. Owens, “Evidence for the Minoan Language: The Minoan Libation Formula,” Cretan Studies 5(1996) 163-208.

Y. Sakellarakis and J-P. Olivier, “Un vase en pierre avec inscription en linéaire A du sanctuaire de sommet minoen de Cythère,” BCH 118(1994) 343-351.

I. Schoep, “Ritual, Politics and Script on Minoan Crete,” in B. Rutkowski (ed.), Aegean Archaeology  1(1994) 7-25.


Priests, Priestesses, Priest-Kings, and Matriarchs

 J. Bamberger, “The Myth of Matriarchy: Why Men Rule in Primitive Society,” in M. Z. Rosaldo and L. Lamphere (eds.), Women, Culture and Society (Stanford 1974) 263-280.

E. L. Bennett, “On the Use and Misuse of the Term ‘Priest-King’,” Kretika Chronika 15-16(1961-62) 327-335.

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