1. The first experiment is to create a large stationary planet at the center
of the screen and one satellite to be put in orbit around it. The user adjusts
the initial conditions (position and velocity) to give the planet a circular
orbit. Once a circular orbit is achieved, the student is asked to use the
formula to calculate a value for the gravitational constant (which in this program is 5).
The student then tries various values of v, R and Mp to see if G is constant in
this program.

2. The second experiment is to create a large planet on the far left of the
screen and a small "rocket" a small distance to its right. The rocket is given a
positive x-velocity. By adjusting the x-velocity the rocket can be made to
travel almost all the way across the screen before being captures and accelerated
back towards the planet. The student is then asked to calculate G using the
formula vo is the initial velocity, Ro is the initial distance between the planet and the
rocket and R1 is the distance between the planet and the farthest position of the
rocket along the x-axis. This value of G is compared to the value computed in
the first experiment.

3. The third experiment is to create a planet of mass 2m at the center of the
screen and two satellites of mass m located along the x axis at positions x and
-x. One satellite is given a velocicty of vy and the other is given a velocity -
vy . The numerical value of the velocity is adjusted until both satellites
travel in the same circular orbit. Under these circumstances, v is given by the
formula

The student confirms this formula by substituting values of G (=5), m and R taken
from their plot and computing a value for v. This value is compared to the value
they had to use to get the satellites to travel in the same circular orbit.

4. The fourth experiment is to use the program to test the validity of
Kepler's third law relating the period of an elliptical orbit to the semi-major
axis of the orbit.