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Dartmouth researchers link movies to teen smoking

Posted 12/15/01

Smoking in movies has been linked to adolescents trying their first cigarette, according to a new study by a team from Dartmouth College and Dartmouth Medical School. Published in the Dec. 15, 2001, issue of the British Medical Journal, the report reveals that as adolescents see more smoking in movies, it's more likely to entice them to try smoking. A team of researchers surveyed about 5,000 middle school students asking them which movies they had seen using randomly selected titles from this movie list. Researchers then compared the students' viewing history to their personal smoking history.

Title

Rating

Year

54

R

1998

10 Things I Hate About You

PG-13

1999

101 Dalmatians (live)

G

1996

12 Monkeys

R

1996

8MM

R

1999

Absolute Power

R

1997

Abyss, The

PG-13

1989

Ace Ventura: Pet Detective

PG-13

1994

Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls

PG-13

1995

Addams Family, The

PG-13

1991

Addicted to Love

R

1997

Air Bud

PG

1997

Air Force One

R

1997

Aladdin

G

1992

Alien: Resurrection

R

1997

American Pie

R

1999

American Werewolf in Paris, An

R

1997

Amistad

R

1997

Anaconda

PG-13

1997

Analyze This

R

1999

Anastasia

G

1997

Another 48 HRS

R

1990

Antz

PG

1998

Apollo 13

PG

1995

Apostle, The

PG-13

1997

Arachnophobia

PG-13

1990

Armageddon

PG-13

1998

As Good As It Gets

PG-13

1997

At First Sight

PG-13

1999

Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery

PG-13

1997

Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me

PG-13

1999

Avengers, The

PG-13

1998

Awakenings

PG-13

1990

Babe: Pig in the City

G

1998

Baby Geniuses

PG

1999

Babysitter, The

R

1995

Back to the Future Part II

PG

1989

Back to the Future Part III

PG

1990

Backdraft

R

1991

Bad Boys

R

1995

Basic Instinct

R

1992

Basketball Diaries

R

1995

Batman

PG-13

1989

Batman & Robin

PG-13

1997

Batman Forever

PG-13

1995

Batman Returns

PG-13

1992

Beaches

PG-13

1988

Bean

PG-13

1997

Beautiful Girls

R

1996

Beauty and the Beast

G

1991

Beavis and Butt-head Do America

PG-13

1996

Bed of Roses

PG

1996

Beethoven's 2nd

PG

1993

Beetlejuice

PG

1988

Before and After

PG-13

1996

Beloved

R

1998

Best Men

R

1997

Beverly Hills Ninja

PG-13

1997

Big

PG

1988

Big Daddy

PG-13

1999

Big Hit, The

R

1998

Big Lebowski, The

R

1998

Billy Madison

PG-13

1995

Biloxi Blues

PG-13

1988

Bio-Dome

PG-13

1996

Bird on a Wire

PG-13

1990

Birdcage, The

R

1996

Black Mask

R

1999

Black Sheep

PG-13

1996

Blade

R

1998

Blast from the Past

PG-13

1999

Blues Brothers 2000

PG-13

1998

Bodyguard, The

R

1992

Boogie Nights

R

1997

Boomerang

R

1992

Booty Call

R

1997

Born on the Fourth of July

R

1989

Borrowers, The

PG

1997

Boyz N the Hood

R

1991

Braveheart

R

1995

Breakdown

R

1997

Bride of Chucky

R

1998

Bridges of Madison County

PG-13

1995

Broken Arrow

R

1996

Bug's Life, A

G

1998

Bugsy

R

1991

Bull Durham

R

1988

Bulletproof

R

1996

Bulworth

R

1998

Cable Guy, The

PG-13

1996

Can't Hardly Wait

PG-13

1998

Cape Fear

R

1991

Casper

PG

1995

Celebrity

R

1998

Chain Reaction

PG-13

1996

Chasing Amy

R

1997

City Hall

R

1996

City of Angels

PG-13

1998

City Slickers

PG-13

1991

Civil Action, A

PG-13

1998

Clear and Present Danger

PG-13

1994

Client, The

PG-13

1994

Cliffhanger

R

1993

Clueless

PG-13

1995

Cocktail

R

1988

Colors

R

1988

Coming to America

R

1988

Con Air

R

1997

Congo

PG-13

1995

Conspiracy Theory

R

1997

Contact

PG

1997

Cookie's Fortune

PG-13

1999

Cool Runnings

PG

1993

Cop Land

R

1997

Corruptor, The

R

1999

Courage Under Fire

R

1996

Craft, The

R

1996

Crimson Tide

R

1995

Crocodile Dundee II

PG

1988

Crow, The

R

1994

Crow: City of Angels, The

R

1996

Cruel Intentions

R

1999

Crying Game, The

R

1992

D3: The Mighty Ducks

PG

1996

Dance with Me

PG

1998

Dances with Wolves

PG-13

1990

Dangerous Minds

R

1995

Dante's Peak

PG-13

1997

Dark City

R

1998

Dave

PG-13

1993

Daylight

PG-13

1996

Days of Thunder

PG-13

1990

Dead Man on Campus

R

1998

Dead Poets Society

PG

1989

Death Becomes Her

PG-13

1992

Deep End of the Ocean, The

PG-13

1999

Deep Impact

PG-13

1998

Demolition Man

R

1993

Dennis the Menace

PG

1993

Desperate Measures

R

1998

Devil's Advocate, The

R

1997

Devil's Own, The

R

1997

Diabolique

R

1996

Dick Tracy

PG

1990

Die Hard

R

1988

Die Hard 2

R

1990

Die Hard: With a Vengeance

R

1995

Dirty Rotten Scoundrels

PG

1988

Dirty Work

PG-13

1998

Disclosure

R

1994

Disturbing Behavior

R

1998

Doc Hollywood

PG-13

1991

Doctor Dolittle

PG-13

1998

Donnie Brasco

R

1997

Don't Be a Menace

R

1996

Doug's 1st Movie

G

1999

Down Periscope

PG-13

1996

Dracula

R

1992

Dragonheart

PG-13

1996

Driving Miss Daisy

PG

1989

Dumb & Dumber

PG-13

1994

Dunston Checks In

PG

1996

Eddie

PG-13

1996

Edge, The

R

1997

Edtv

PG-13

1999

Edward Scissorhands

PG-13

1990

Election

R

1999

Elizabeth

R

1998

Emma

PG

1996

Enemy of the State

R

1998

English Patient, The

R

1996

Entrapment

PG-13

1999

Eraser

R

1996

Escape from L A

R

1996

Event Horizon

R

1997

Ever After

PG

1998

Everest

PG

1998

Everyone Says I Love You

R

1996

Eve's Bayou

R

1997

Evita

PG

1996

Excess Baggage

PG-13

1997

Executive Decision

R

1996

Extreme Measures

R

1996

Eye for an Eye

R

1996

Face/Off

R

1997

Faculty, The

R

1998

FairyTale: A True Story

PG

1997

Fallen

R

1998

Fan, The

R

1996

Far and Away

PG-13

1992

Fargo

R

1996

Father of the Bride

PG

1991

Father of the Bride Part II

PG

1995

Fathers' Day

PG-13

1997

Fear

R

1996

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas

R

1998

Feeling Minnesota

R

1996

Few Good Men, A

R

1992

Field of Dreams

PG

1989

Fifth Element, The

PG-13

1997

Fire Down Below

R

1997

Firm, The

R

1993

First Kid

PG

1996

First Wives Club, The

PG

1996

Fish Called Wanda, A

R

1988

Flatliners

R

1990

Fled

R

1996

Flintstones, The

PG

1994

Flipper

PG

1996

Flubber

PG

1997

Fly Away Home

PG

1996

Fools Rush In

PG-13

1997

For Richer or Poorer

PG-13

1997

Forces of Nature

PG-13

1999

Forrest Gump

PG-13

1994

Four Rooms

R

1995

Four Weddings and a Funeral

R

1994

Free Willy

PG

1993

Fried Green Tomatoes

PG-13

1991

Frighteners, The

R

1996

From Dusk Till Dawn

R

1996

Fugitive, The

PG-13

1993

Full Monty, The

R

1997

G I Jane

R

1997

Game, The

R

1997

Gattaca

PG-13

1997

General's Daughter, The

R

1999

George of the Jungle

PG

1997

Get Shorty

R

1995

Ghost

PG-13

1990

Ghost and the Darkness, The

R

1996

Ghostbusters II

PG

1989

Glimmer Man, The

R

1996

Glory Daze

R

1996

Go

R

1999

Godfather: Part III, The

R

1990

Godzilla

PG-13

1998

Going all the Way

R

1997

GoldenEye

PG-13

1995

Gone Fishin'

PG

1997

Good Burger

PG

1997

Good Will Hunting

R

1997

Great Expectations

R

1998

Great Outdoors, The

PG

1988

Grosse Pointe Blank

R

1997

Groundhog Day

PG

1993

Grumpier Old Men

PG-13

1995

Grumpy Old Men

PG-13

1993

Half Baked

R

1998

Halloween H20: Twenty Years Later

R

1998

Hand That Rocks the Cradle, The

R

1992

Happy Gilmore

PG-13

1996

Hard eight

R

1996

Hard Rain

R

1998

Hard to Kill

R

1990

Harlem Nights

R

1989

Harriet the Spy

PG

1996

He Got Game

R

1998

Head Above Water

PG-13

1996

Heat

R

1995

Hellraiser: Bloodline

R

1996

Hercules

G

1997

Hideaway

R

1995

High School High

PG-13

1996

Higher Learning

R

1995

Home Alone

PG

1990

Home Alone 2: Lost in New York

PG

1992

Home Alone 3

PG

1997

Home Fries

PG-13

1998

Homeward Bound II: Lost in San Francisco

G

1996

Honey, I Blew Up the Kid

PG

1992

Honey, I Shrunk the Kids

PG

1989

Hoodlum

R

1997

Hoogtse Tijd

PG-13

1995

Hook

PG

1991

Hope Floats

PG-13

1998

Horse Whisperer, The

PG-13

1998

Hot Shots!

PG-13

1991

House Arrest

PG

1996

HouseSitter

PG

1992

How Stella Got Her Groove Back

R

1998

How to Be a Player

R

1997

Hunchback of Notre Dame, The

G

1996

Hunt for Red October, The

PG

1990

Hurlyburly

R

1998

Hush

PG-13

1998

I Know What You Did Last Summer

R

1997

I Still Know What You Did Last Summer

R

1998

In & Out

PG-13

1997

In Dreams

R

1999

In Love and War

PG-13

1996

In the Line of Fire

R

1993

Indecent Proposal

R

1993

Independence Day

PG-13

1996

Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade

PG-13

1989

Instinct

R

1999

Interview with the Vampire

R

1994

Island of Dr Moreau, The

PG-13

1996

Jack

PG-13

1996

Jack Frost

PG

1998

Jackal, The

R

1997

Jackie Brown

R

1997

James and the Giant Peach

PG

1996

Jane Austen's Mafia

PG-13

1998

Jefferson in Paris

PG-13

1995

Jerry Maguire

R

1996

JFK

R

1991

Jingle All the Way

PG

1996

John Carpenter's Vampires

R

1998

Jumanji

PG

1995

Jungle2Jungle

PG

1997

Jurassic Park

PG-13

1993

Juror, The

R

1996

Kazaam

PG

1996

Keys to Tulsa

R

1996

Kindergarten Cop

PG-13

1990

King and I, The

G

1999

Kingpin

PG-13

1996

Kiss the Girls

R

1997

L A Confidential

R

1997

Land Before Time, The

G

1988

Last Boy Scout, The

R

1991

Last Man Standing

R

1996

Last of the Mohicans, The

R

1992

Last Supper, The

R

1996

League of Their Own, A

PG

1992

Legends of the Fall

R

1994

Les Miserables

PG-13

1998

Lethal Weapon 2

R

1989

Lethal Weapon 3

R

1992

Lethal Weapon 4

R

1998

Liar Liar

PG-13

1997

Life

R

1999

Life Less Ordinary, A

R

1997

Lion King II: Simba's Pride, The

G

1998

Lion King, The

G

1994

Little Mermaid, The

G

1989

Little Rascals, The

PG

1994

Long Kiss Goodnight, The

R

1996

Look Who's Talking

PG-13

1989

Look Who's Talking Too

PG-13

1990

Lost in Space

PG-13

1998

Lost World: Jurassic Park, The

PG-13

1997

Mad Love

PG-13

1995

Madeline

PG

1998

Mallrats

R

1995

Man in the Iron Mask, The

PG-13

1998

Man Who Knew Too Little, The

PG

1997

Mars Attacks!

PG-13

1996

Marvin's Room

PG-13

1996

Mary Reilly

R

1995

Mask of Zorro, The

PG-13

1998

Mask, The

PG-13

1994

Matilda

PG

1996

Matrix, The

R

1999

Maverick

PG

1994

Meet Joe Black

PG-13

1998

Men in Black

PG-13

1997

Mercury Rising

R

1998

Message in a Bottle

PG-13

1999

Metro

R

1997

Michael

PG

1996

Michael Collins

R

1996

Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil

R

1997

Midsummer Night's Dream, A

PG-13

1999

Mighty Joe Young

PG

1998

Mimic

R

1997

Mirror Has Two Faces, The

PG-13

1996

Misery

R

1990

Mission: Impossible

PG-13

1996

Mod Squad, The

R

1999

Money Talks

R

1997

Month By the Lake

PG

1995

Moonlight and Valentino

R

1995

Mortal Kombat

PG-13

1995

Mortal Kombat: Annihilation

PG-13

1997

Mother

PG-13

1996

Mouse Hunt

PG

1997

Mr Holland's Opus

PG

1995

Mr Magoo

PG

1997

Mrs Doubtfire

PG-13

1993

Mulan

G

1998

Multiplicity

PG-13

1996

Mummy, The

PG-13

1999

Muppet Treasure Island

G

1996

Murder at 1600

R

1997

My Best Friend's Wedding

PG-13

1997

My Favorite Martian

PG

1999

My Fellow Americans

PG-13

1996

My Girl

PG

1991

Naked Gun 2 1/2: The Smell of Fear, The

PG-13

1991

Naked Gun 33 1/3: The Final Insult

PG-13

1994

Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad!, The

PG-13

1988

National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation

PG-13

1989

Natural Born Killers

R

1994

Negotiator, The

R

1998

Net, The

PG-13

1995

Never Been Kissed

PG-13

1999

New Jack City

R

1991

Night at the Roxbury, A

PG-13

1998

Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master, A

R

1988

Nine Months

PG-13

1995

Northern Passage

PG-13

1995

Nothing to Lose

R

1997

Notting Hill

PG-13

1999

Nouveau Monde, Le

PG-13

1995

Nutty Professor, The

PG-13

1996

Object of My Affection, The

R

1998

October Sky

PG

1999

Odd Couple II, The

PG-13

1998

Oliver & Company

G

1988

One Fine Day

PG

1996

One True Thing

R

1998

Other Sister, The

PG-13

1999

Out of Sight

R

1998

Out of the Past

PG

1998

Out to Sea

PG-13

1997

Outbreak

R

1995

Out-of-Towners, The

PG-13

1999

Pallbearer, The

PG-13

1996

Parent Trap, The

PG

1998

Parenthood

PG-13

1989

Patch Adams

PG-13

1998

Patriot Games

R

1992

Paulie

PG

1998

Payback

R

1999

Peacemaker, The

R

1997

Pelican Brief, The

PG-13

1993

People vs Larry Flynt, The

R

1996

Perfect Murder, A

R

1998

Pet Cemetery

R

1989

Phantom, The

PG

1996

Phantoms

R

1998

Phenomenon

PG

1996

Philadelphia

PG-13

1993

Picture Perfect

PG-13

1997

Players Club, The

R

1998

Pleasantville

PG-13

1998

Pocahontas

G

1995

Postman, The

PG

1997

Practical Magic

PG-13

1998

Preacher's Wife, The

PG

1996

Presumed Innocent

R

1990

Pretty Woman

R

1990

Primal Fear

R

1996

Primary Colors

R

1998

Prince of Egypt, The

PG

1998

Prince of Tides, The

R

1991

Private Parts

R

1997

Problem Child

PG

1990

Psycho

R

1998

Pulp Fiction

R

1994

Quest for Camelot

G

1998

Quest, The

PG-13

1996

Rage: Carrie 2, The

R

1999

Rain Man

R

1988

Rainmaker, The

PG-13

1997

Rambo III

R

1988

Ransom

R

1996

Red Corner

R

1997

Relic, The

R

1997

Replacement Killers, The

R

1998

Rising Sun

R

1993

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves

PG-13

1991

Rock, The

R

1996

Rocket Man

PG

1997

Romeo + Juliet

PG-13

1996

Romy and Michele's High School Reunion

R

1997

Ronin

R

1998

Rookie of the Year

PG

1993

Rounders

R

1998

Rugrats Movie, The

G

1998

Rush Hour

PG-13

1998

Saint, The

PG-13

1997

Santa Clause, The

PG

1994

Saving Private Ryan

R

1998

Scent of a Woman

R

1992

Schindler's List

R

1993

Scream

R

1996

Scream 2

R

1997

Scrooged

PG-13

1988

Se7en

R

1995

Sea of Love

R

1989

Selena

PG

1997

Set It Off

R

1996

Seven Years in Tibet

PG-13

1997

Sgt Bilko

PG

1996

Shakespeare in Love

R

1998

She's All That

PG-13

1999

She's the One

PG

1996

Shine

PG-13

1996

Siege, The

R

1998

Silence of the Lambs, The

R

1991

Simon Birch

PG

1998

Simple Plan, A

R

1998

Sister Act

PG

1992

Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit

PG

1993

Six Days Seven Nights

PG-13

1998

Sixth Man, The

PG-13

1997

Sleepers

R

1996

Sleeping with the Enemy

R

1991

Sleepless in Seattle

PG

1993

Sliding Doors

R

1998

Sling Blade

R

1996

Small Soldiers

PG-13

1998

Snake Eyes

R

1998

Soldier

R

1998

Something to Talk About

R

1995

Sommersby

PG-13

1993

Soul Food

R

1997

South Park: Bigger, Longer and Uncut

R

1999

Space Jam

PG

1996

Spawn

PG-13

1997

Specialist, The

R

1994

Species II

R

1998

Speed

R

1994

Speed 2: Cruise Control

PG-13

1997

Sphere

PG-13

1998

Spice World

PG

1997

Spy Hard

PG-13

1996

Star Trek V: The Final Frontier

PG

1989

Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country

PG

1991

Star Trek: First Contact

PG-13

1996

Star Trek: Generations

PG

1994

Star Trek: Insurrection

PG

1998

Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace

PG

1999

Stargate

PG-13

1994

Starship Troopers

R

1997

Steel Magnolias

PG

1989

Stepmom

PG-13

1998

Striptease

R

1996

Summer Of Sam

R

1999

Tango and Cash

R

1989

Tarzan

G

1999

Tea with Mussolini

PG

1999

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles

PG

1990

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze

PG

1991

Terminator 2: Judgment Day

R

1991

That Darn Cat

PG

1997

That Old Feeling

PG-13

1997

That Thing You Do!

PG

1996

There's Something About Mary

R

1998

Thin Line Between Love and Hate, A

R

1996

Thin Red Line, The

R

1998

Thirteenth Floor, The

R

1999

Three Men and a Little Lady

PG

1990

Three Musketeers, The

PG

1993

Time to Kill, A

R

1996

Tin Cup

R

1996

Titanic

PG-13

1997

Tombstone

R

1993

Tomorrow Never Dies

PG-13

1997

Total Eclipse

R

1995

Total Recall

R

1990

Toy Story

G

1995

Trainspotting

R

1996

Trojan War

PG-13

1997

True Crime

PG-13

1995

True Crime (1999)

R

1999

True Lies

R

1994

Truman Show, The

PG

1998

Truth About Cats & Dogs, The

PG-13

1996

Turner & Hooch

PG

1989

Twilight

R

1998

Twins

PG

1988

Twister

PG-13

1996

Two if by Sea

R

1996

U S Marshals

PG-13

1998

Uncle Buck

PG

1989

Under Siege

R

1992

Unforgiven

R

1992

Unlawful Entry

R

1992

Up Close and Personal

PG-13

1996

Urban Legend

R

1998

Varsity Blues

R

1999

Vegas Vacation

PG

1997

Very Bad Things

R

1998

Very Brady Sequel, A

PG-13

1996

Virus

R

1999

Volcano

PG-13

1997

Wag the Dog

R

1997

Waking Ned Devine

PG

1998

War of the Roses, The

R

1989

Waterboy, The

PG-13

1998

Waterworld

PG-13

1995

Wayne's World

PG-13

1992

Wedding Singer, The

PG-13

1998

What About Bob?

PG

1991

What Dreams May Come

PG-13

1998

When Harry Met Sally...

R

1989

While You Were Sleeping

PG

1995

White Men Can't Jump

R

1992

Who Framed Roger Rabbit

PG

1988

Wild Things

R

1998

Wild Wild West

PG-13

1999

Willow

PG

1988

Wing Commander

PG-13

1999

Wishmaster

R

1997

Wolf

R

1994

Working Girl

R

1988

X-Files, The

PG-13

1998

Young Guns

R

1988

You've Got Mail

PG

1998

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