Valtonen, A., A. Hirka, L. Szocs, M. P. Ayres, H. Roininen, and G. Csoka. 2017. Long-term species loss and homogenization of moth communities in Central Europe. Journal of Animal Ecology 86:730-738. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12687

Firmino, P.N., T Calvao, M.P. Ayres, and C.S. Pimentel. 2017. Monochamus galloprovincialis and Bursaphelenchus xylophilus life history in an area severely affected by pine wilt disease: implications for forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 389: 105-115. 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.12.027

Clark, K.L., M.P. Ayres, C. Aoki, E, Wengrowski, and J Peterken. 2017. Impact of southern pine beetle on forest structure and fuel loading in a wildfire-prone landscape.. Pp 147-154 in Potter, K.M., and B.L. Conkling, eds. Forest Health Monitoring: National Status, Trends, and Analysis 2016. General Technical Report SRS-222.. U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Asheville, NC.

Lombardero, M. J., M. P. Ayres, P. Bonello, D. Cipollini, and D. A. Herms. 2016. Effects of defoliation and site quality on growth and defenses of Pinus pinaster and P. radiata. Forest Ecology and Management 382: 39-50.

Pimentel, C. A., P. N. Firmino, T. Calvao, M. P. Ayres, I. Miranda, and H. Pereira. 2016. Pinewood nematode population growth in relation to pine phloem chemical composition. Plant Pathology 66:856-864. DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12638

Lovett, Gary M., Marissa Weiss, Andrew M. Liebhold, Thomas P. Holmes, Brian Leung, Kathy-Fallon Lambert, David A. Orwig, Faith T. Campbell, Jonathan Rosenthal,Deborah G. McCullough, Radka Wildova, Matthew P. Ayres, Charles D. Canham, David R. Foster, Shannon L. LaDeau, Troy Weldy. 2016. Nonnative forest insects and pathogens in the United States: impacts and policy options. Ecological Applications 26: 1437-1455, doi: 10.1890/15-1176.1

Kolb, T. E., C. J. Fettig, M. P. Ayres, B. J. Bentz, J. A. Hicke, R. Mathiasen, J. E. Stewart, and A. S. Weed, 2016. Observed and anticipated impacts of drought on forest insects and diseases in the United States. Forest Ecology and Management 380: 321-334.. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2016.04.051

Lombardero, Maria J., Matthew P. Ayres, Flora E. Krivak-Tetley, and Katrin N.E. Fitza. 2016. Population biology of the European woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in Galicia, Spain. Bulletin of Entomological Research 106: 569-580.

Weed, Aaron S., M. P. Ayres, Andrew M. Liebhold, and Ronald F. Billings. 2016. Spatio-temporal dynamics of a tree-killing beetle and its predator. Ecography: in press.

Thomas E. Kolb, T. E., C. J. Fettig, B. J. Bentz, J. E. Stewart, A. S. Weed, J. A. Hicke, and M. P. Ayres. 2016. Forest insect and fungal pathogen responses to drought. Pages 113-133 in J.M. Vose, J.S. Clark, C.H. Luce, and T. Patel-Weynand, editors. Effects of drought on forests and rangelands in the United States: A comprehensive science synthesis. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report WO-93b. Link.

Lany, Nina K., Matthew P. Ayres, Erik E. Stange, T. Scott Sillett, Nicholas L. Rodenhouse, & Richard T. Holmes. 2015. Breeding timed to maximize reproductive success for a migratory songbird: the importance of phenological asynchrony. Oikos 125: 656-666.

Ayres, M.P. 2015. Forward to Climate Change and Insect Pests. Edited by Christer Björkman and Pekka Niemelä. CAB International, Oxfordshire, UK. 292 pp. ISBN 9781780643786.

Culler, Lauren E., Matthew P. Ayres, and Ross A. Virginia. 2015. In a warmer Arctic, mosquitoes avoid increased mortality from predators by growing faster. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20151549.

Symes, Laurel B., Matthew P. Ayres, Colleen P. Cowdery, and Robin A. Costello. 2015. Signal diversification in Oecanthus tree crickets is shaped by energetic, morphometric, and acoustic trade-offs. Evolution 69: 1518-1527.

Weed, Aaron S, Barbara J Bentz, Matthew P Ayres, and Thomas P Holmes. 2015. Geographically variable response of Dendroctonus ponderosae to winter warming in the western United States. Landscape Ecology 30: 1075-1093

Symes, Laurel. B. , Nancy Serrell, and M. P. Ayres. 2015. A practical guide for mentoring scientific inquiry. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 96(2): 352-367.

Weed, Aaron S., M. P. Ayres, and Barbara J. Bentz. 2015. Population dynamics of bark beetles. Pages 157-176 in F. E. Vega and R. W. Hofstetter, editors. Bark Beetles: Biology and Ecology of Native and Invasive Species. Elsevier Academic Press., ISBN: 9780124171565.

Culler, Lauren E. , Mark A. McPeek, and M. P. Ayres. 2014. Predation risk shapes thermal physiology of a predaceous damselfly. Oecologia 176: 653-660. doi: 10.1007/s00442-014-3058-8..

Ayres, M.P., Rebeca Pena, Jeffrey A. Lombardo, and Maria J. Lombardero. 2014. Host use patterns by the European woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, in its native and invaded range. PLoS ONE 9(3): e90321. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090321.

Pimentel, Carla S., M. P. Ayres, Erich Vallery, Christopher Young, and Douglas A. Streett. 2014. Geographical variation in seasonality and life history of pine sawyer beetles Monochamus spp: its relation with phoresy by the pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 16: 196-206

Valtonen, Anu, Reima Leinonen, Juha Pöyry, Heikki Roininen, Jukka Tuomela, and Matthew P. Ayres. 2014. Is climate warming more consequential towards poles? The phenology of Lepidoptera in Finland. Global Change Biology 20:16-27

Lombardero, Maria J., Javier  Pereira-Espinel, and M.P. Ayres. 2013. Foliar terpene chemistry of Pinus pinaster and P. radiata responds differently to Methyl Jasmonate and feeding by larvae of the pine processionary moth. 2013. Forest Ecology and Management 310: 935-943.

Weed, Aaron S., M.P. Ayres, and Jeffrey A. Hicke. 2013. Consequences of climate change for biotic disturbances in North American forests. Ecological Monographs 83:441–470.

Ayres, MP, Jeffrey A. Hicke, Becky K. Kerns, Don McKenzie, Jeremy S. Littell, Lawrence E. Band, Charles H. Luce, Aaron S. Weed,and Crystal L. Raymond. 2014. Disturbance regimes and stressors. Chapter 4 in David L.Peterson, James M. Vose, and Toral Patel-Weynand (eds.), Climate Change and United States Forests, Advances
in Global Change Researc
h 57. Springer. ISBN 978-94-007-7514-5

Martinson, S. J., T. Ylioja, B. T. Sullivan, R. F. Billings, and M. P. Ayres. 2013. Alternate attractors in the population dynamics of a tree-killing bark beetle. Population Ecology 55:95-106.

Valtonen, A., F. Molleman, C.A. Chapman, J.R. Carey, M.P. Ayres, and H. Roininen. 2013. Tropical phenology: bi-annual rhythms and interannual variation in an Afrotropical butterfly assemblage. Ecosphere 4(3): 36.

Garnas, J.R., D.R. Houston, M.J. Twery, M.P. Ayres, and C. Evans. 2013. Inferring controls on the epidemiology of beech bark disease by examining spatial patterning of disease organisms. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 15: 146-156.

Huttunen L., Ayres M. P., Niemelä P., Heiska S., Tegelberg R., Rousi M., Kellomäki S. (2013). Interactive effects of defoliation and climate change on compensatory growth of silver birch seedlings. Silva Fennica 47(3): article id 964

Marini, L., M. P. Ayres, A. Battisti, and M. Faccoli. 2012. Climate affects severity and altitudinal distribution of outbreaks in an eruptive bark beetle. Climatic Change 115:327-341.

Vose, J.M.; D.L. Peterson, T. Patel-Weynand, editors. 2012. Effects of climatic variability and change on forest ecosystems: a comprehensive science synthesis for the U.S. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-870. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 265 p.

Shi, Peijan, Bo Wang, MP Ayres, Feng Gea, Ling Zhong, and Bai-Lian Li. 2012. Influence of temperature on the northern distribution limits of Scirpophaga incertulas Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in China. Journal of Thermal Biology 37:130-137.

Klapwijk, M. J., M. P. Ayres, A. Battisti and S. Larsson. 2012. Assessing the impact of climate change on outbreak potential. Pages 429-450 in P. Barbosa, D.K. Letourneau, and A.A. Agrawal, editors. Insect outbreaks revisited. Wiley-Blackwell, West Sussex, UK.

Shumate, AM, SA Teale, BD Ayres, and MP Ayres. 2011. Disruptive selection maintains variation in pheromone production by the bark beetle Ips pini. Environmental Entomology 6:1530-1540.

Lombardero, MJ and MP Ayres. 2011. Forest fires and the population dynamics of bark beetles. Environmental Entomology 40: 1007-1018.

Evans, L. M., R. W. Hofstetter, M. P. Ayres, and K. D. Klepzig. 2011. Temperature alters the relative abundance and population growth rates of species within the Dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) community. Environmental Entomology 40: 824-834.

Haavik, L. J., M. P. Ayres, E. E. Stange, and F. M. Stephen. 2011. Phloem and xylem nitrogen availability in Quercus rubra attacked by Enaphalodes rufulus. Canadian Entomologist 143: 380-383.

Garnas, JR., DR Houston, MP Ayres, and C. Evans. 2011. Disease ontogeny overshadows effects of climate and species interactions on population dynamics in a nonnative forest disease complex. Ecography 34: 1-10.

Stange, E. E., M. P. Ayres, and J. A. Bess. 2011. Concordant population dynamics of Lepidoptera herbivores in a forest ecosystem. Ecography 34: 772-779

Garnas, JR., MP Ayres, AM Liebhold, and C Evans. 2011. Subcontinental impacts of an invasive tree disease on forest structure and dynamics. Journal of Ecology 99: 532-541.

Pimentel, Carla S, T. Calvão, and M.P. Ayres. 2011. Impact of climatic variation on populations of pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa in a core area of its distribution. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 13: 273-281.

Valtonen, A, MP Ayres, H Roininen, J Pöyry and R Leinonen. 2011. Environmental controls on the phenology of moths - predicting plasticity and constraint under climate change. Oecologia 165: 237-248.

Stange, E.E., and M.P. Ayres. 2010. Climate change impacts: Insects. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, John Wiley & Sons.

Morrison, T.A. and M.P. Ayres.  2010.  Speaking out: weighing advocacy and objectivity as a junior scientist.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8(1): 51-52.  LinkReprint available on request.

Ayres, M. P. J. M. Sullivan, T. Harrison, and M. J. Lombardero.  2009.  Diagnosing the presence of Sirex noctilio from examination of dying and recently dead pine trees.  Report for USDA APHIS.

Day, K.R., M.P. Ayres, R. Harrington and N.A.C. Kidd.  2010.  Inter-annual dynamics of aerial and arboreal green spruce aphid populationsPopulation Ecology 52: 317-327. 

Seppälä, R., A. Buck, and P. Katila. (eds.). 2009.  Adaptation of Forests and People to Climate Change: A Global Assessment Report.  International Union of Forest Research Organizations, Helsinki.  IUFRO World Series Volume 22.  224 p.

Berggren, A., C. Björkman, H. Bylund, and M.P. Ayres.  2009.  The distribution and abundance of animal populations in a climate of uncertaintyOikos 118: 1121-1126.

Ayres, M. P., S.J. Martinson and N.A. Friedenberg.  2011.  Southern pine beetle ecology: populations within stands.  Pages 75-89 in R.N. Coulson and K.D. Klepzig, editors. Southern Pine Beetle II. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-140. USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Asheville, NC.

Bentz, B.J., C. Allen, M. Ayres, E. Berg, A. Carroll, M. Hansen, J. Hicke, L. Joyce, J. Logan, J. MacMahon, W. Macfarlane, S. Munson, J. Negron, H. Nordhaus, T. Paine, J. Powell, K. Raffa, J. Régnière, M. Reid, B. Romme, S. Seybold, D. Six, D. Tomback, J. Vandygriff, T. Veblen, M. White, J. Witcosky, and D. Wood. 2009.  Bark Beetle Outbreaks in Western North America: Causes and Consequences.  Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Logan, UT.

Dukes, J., J. Pontius, D. Orwig, J. Garnas, V. Rodgers, N. Brazee, B. Cooke, K.A. Theoharides, E. Stange, R. Harrington, J. Ehrenfeld, J. Gurevitch, M. Lerdau, K. Stinson, R.Wick, and M.P. Ayres.  2009.   Responses of pests, pathogens and invasive species to climate change in the forests of northeastern North America:  What can we predict?  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 231-248

Lombardero, M.J., P. Vázquez-Mejuto, and M.P. Ayres.  2008.  Role of plant enemies in the forestry of indigenous versus nonindigenous pinesEcological Applications 18: 1171-1181.

Friedenberg, N.A., S. Sarkar, N. Kouchoukos, R.F. Billings, and M.P. Ayres.  2008.  Temperature extremes, density dependence, and southern pine beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) population dynamics in east Texas.  Environmental Entomology 37: 650-659.  

Shu, Y., X. Feng, E.S. Posmentier, A.M. Faiia, M.P. Ayres, and L.E. Conkey. 2008. Isotopic studies on leaf water. Part 2: Between-age and between-species isotopic variations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72: 5189-5200.

Pureswaran, D.S, B.T. Sullivan, and M.P. Ayres.  2008.  High individual variation in pheromone production by tree-killing bark beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae)Naturwissenschaften 95:33–44. 

Martinson, S.J., R.W. Hofstetter, and M.P.Ayres.  2007.  Why does longleaf pine have low susceptibility to southern pine beetle?  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 1966–1977.

Friedenberg, N.A., J.A. Powell and M.P. Ayres.  2007   Synchrony's double edge: transient dynamics and the Allee effect in stage-structured populations.   Ecology Letters 10: 564–573.

Hofstter, R.W., T.D. Dempsey, K.D. Klepzig, and M.P. Ayres.  2007.   Temperature-dependent effects on mutualistic and phoretic associationsCommunity Ecology 8: 47-56.

Friedenberg, N.A, B.M. Whited, D.H. Slone, S.J. Martinson, and M.P. Ayres.  2007.  The differential impact of a destructive forest pest on two species of Pinus.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research: 1427-1437.

Tran , J.K., T. Ylioja, R. Billings, J. Régnière, and M.P. Ayres. 2007.  Impact of minimum winter temperatures on the population dynamics of Dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera: Scolytinae)   Ecological Applications 17: 882-899.

Reynolds, L.V., M.P. Ayres, T.G. Siccama, and R.T. Holmes.  2007.  Climatic effects on caterpillar fluctuations in northern hardwood forestsCanadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 481-491  

Pureswaran, D.S, B.T. Sullivan, and M.P. Ayres.  2006.  Fitness consequences of pheromone production and host selection strategies in a tree-killing bark beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytinae).  Oecologia 148: 720-728.

Lombardero, M.J., M.P. Ayres, and B.D. Ayres.  2006.  Effects of fire and mechanical wounding on Pinus resinosa resin defenses, beetle attacks, and pathogensForest Ecology & Management 225: 349-358. 

Hofstetter, R. W., K.D. Klepzig, J.C. Moser, and M.P. Ayres.  2006.  Seasonal dynamics of mites and fungi and their interaction with southern pine beetleEnvironmental Entomology 35: 22-30.

Hofstetter, R.W., J.T. Cronin, K.D. Klepzig, J.C. Moser, and M.P. Ayres. 2006.  Antagonisms, mutualisms and commensalisms affect outbreak dynamics of the southern pine beetleOecologia 147: 679-691.

Ylioja, T., D. H. Slone, and M. P. Ayres.  2005.  Mismatch between herbivore behavior and demographics explains scale-dependence of host susceptibility in two pine species.  Forest Science 51: 522-531.

Hofstetter. R W, J. B. Mahfouz, K.D. Klepzig, and M. P. Ayres. 2005. Effects of tree phytochemistry on the interactions among endophloedic fungi associated with the southern pine beetle. Journal of Chemical Ecology 31:539-560.

Wullschleger, S., S. McLaughlin, and Ayres MP. 2004. High-resolution analysis of stem increment and sap flow for loblolly pine trees attacked by southern pine beetle. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34:2387-2393.

Klepzig, K.D., J.Flores-Otero, R.W. Hofstetter, and M.P. Ayres. 2004. Effects of available water on growth and competition of southern pine beetle associated fungi. Mycological Research 108:183-188.

Ayres, B.D, and M.P. Ayres. 2004. Ips grandicollis (Coleoptera, Scolytinae). Encyclopaedia contribution for Crop Protection Compendium, CAB International, Oxon, UK.

Lombardero, M.J., M. P. Ayres, R. W. Hofstetter, J.C. Moser, and K.D. Klepzig. 2003. Strong indirect interactions of Tarsonemus mites (Acarina, Tarsonemidae) and  Dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera:Scolytidae).Oikos 102: 243-252.

Veysey, J. S., M. P. Ayres, M. J. Lombardero, R. W. Hofstetter, and K. Klepzig. 2003. Relative suitability of Virginia pine and loblolly pine as host species for Dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae).Environmental Entomology32: 668-679.

Ayres, M.P., B.D. Ayres, M. Peltier, and J. Albers. 2003. Impacts of drought and bark beetles on red pine forests of the Anoka Plains, Minnesota. Great Lakes Insitute of Pine Ecosystem Research, Colfax, WI. 23 pp.

Eaton, G.K., and M.P. Ayres. 2002. Plasticity and constraint in growth and protein mineralization of ectomycorrhizal fungi under simulated nitrogen deposition. Mycologia 94:921-932.

Rubenstein, D.R., C.P. Chamberlain, R.T. Holmes, M.P. Ayres, J.R. Waldbauer, G.R. Graves, and N.C. Tuross. 2002. Linking breeding and wintering ranges of a migrant songbird using stable isotopes. Science 295:1062-1065.

Tanhuanpää, M., Ruohomäki, K., Turchin, P., Ayres, M. P., Bylund, H., Kaitaniemi, P., Tammaru, T. and Haukioja, E. 2002. Population cycles of the autumnal moth in Fennoscandia. Pages 142-164 in A. A. Berryman (ed.), Population cycles: the case for trophic interactions. Oxford University Press, New York.

Klepzig, K.D., J.C. Moser, M.J. Lombardero, R.W. Hofstetter, and M.P. Ayres. 2001. Symbiosis and competition: Complex interactions among beetles, fungi, and mites.Symbiosis 30:83-96.

Ayres, B.D., M.P. Ayres, M.D. Abrahamson, and S.A. Teale. 2001. Resource partitioning and overlap among Ips bark beetles.Oecologia128:443-453.

Klepzig, K.D., J.C. Moser, M.J. Lombardero, M.P. Ayres, R.W. Hofstetter, and C.J. Walkinshaw.2001. Mutualism and antagonism: Ecological interactions among bark beetles, mites, and fungi.Pages 237-269 in M.J. Jeger and N.J. Spence, editors. Biotic interactions in plant-pathogen associations. CABI publishing, New York.

Berg, E.S., G.K. Eaton, and M.P. Ayres. 2001. Augmentation of AM fungi fails to ameliorate the adverse effects of temporal resource variation on a lettuce crop.Plant & Soil 236: 251-262.

Santoro, A.E., M.J. Lombardero, M.P. Ayres, and J.J. Ruel. 2001. Interactions between fire and bark beetles in an old growth pine forest.Forest Ecology & Management144:245-254.

Dale, V.H., L.A. Joyce, S. McNulty, R.P. Neilson, M.P. Ayres, M.D. Flannigan, P.J. Hanson, L.C. Irland, A.E. Lugo, C.J. Peterson, D. Simberloff, F.J. Swanson, B.J. Stocks, and B.M. Wotton. 2001. Climate change and forest disturbances. Bioscience 51(9): 723-734.

Lombardero, M.J., M.P. Ayres, P.L. Lorio, Jr., and J.J. Ruel. 2000. Environmental effects on constitutive and inducible resin defenses of loblolly pine. Ecology Letters 3:329-339.

RuohomÄki, K., M. TanhuanpÄÄ, M.P. Ayres, P. Kaitaniemi, T. Tammaru, and E. Haukioja. 2000. Causes of cyclicity of in Epirrita autumnata (Lepidoptera :Geometridae) - grandiose theory and tedious practice. opulation Ecology 42: 211-223.

Ayres, M.P., and M.J. Lombardero.2000. Assessing the consequences of climate change for forest herbivore and pathogens. The Science of the Total Environment 262: 263-286.

Lombardero, M., M.P. Ayres, B.D. Ayres, and J.D. Reeve. 2000. Cold tolerance of four species of bark beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in North America. Environmental Entomology 29:421-432.

Lombardero, M.J., K.D. Klepzig, J.C. Moser, and M.P. Ayres. 2000. Biology, demography, and community interactions of Tarsonemus (Acarina: Tarsonemidae) mites phoretic on Dendroctonusfrontalis (Coleoptera:Scolytidae).Agricultural and Forest Entomology 2:193-202.

Ayres, M.P., Wilkens, R.T., Ruel, J.J., M.J. Lombardero, and E. Vallery. 2000. Nitrogen budgets of phloem-feeding bark beetles with and without symbiotic fungi (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Ecology 81:2198-2210.

Ungerer, M.J., M.P. Ayres, and M.J. Lombardero. 1999. Climate and the northern distribution limits of Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Coleoptera:Scolytidae). Journal of Biogeography 26:1133-1145.

Ayres, M.P., M.J. Lombardero, B.D. Ayres, A.M. Shumate, and A.E. Santoro. 1999. The biology and management of bark beetles in old growth pine forests of Itasca State Park. Great Lakes Institute for Pine Ecosystem Research, Colfax, Wisconsin.128 pp.

Ruel, J. J., and M.P. Ayres. 1999. Jensen's inequality predicts effects of environmental variation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14:361-366.

Ylioja, T., H. Roininen, M.P. Ayres, M. Rousi, and P.W. Price. 1999. Host-driven population dynamics in an herbivorous insect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 96(19):10735-10740.

Strand, R.M., D.A. Herms, M.P. Ayres, M.E. Kubiske, M.G. Kaufman, E.D. Walker, K.S. Pregitzer, and R.W. Merritt. 1999. Effects of atmospheric CO2, light availability, and tree species on the quality of leaf detritus as a resource for treehole mosquitoes. Oikos 84:277-283.

Ruben, J.A., D.T. Bolger, D.R. Peart, and M.P. Ayres. 1999. Understory herb assemblages 25 and 60 years after clearcuttingof a northern hardwood forest, USA. Biological Conservation 90:203-215.

Erelli, M.C., M.P. Ayres, and G.K. Eaton. 1998. Altitudinal patterns in host suitability for forest insects. Oecologia117:133-142.

Ruel, J.J., M.P. Ayres and P.L. Lorio, Jr. 1998. Inducible defense? Loblolly pine responds to mechanical wounding with increased resin flow. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28: 596-602.

Ayres, M. P., T. P. Clausen, S. F. MacLean, Jr., A. M. Redman, and P. B. Reichardt. 1997. Diversity of structure and anti-herbivore activity in condensed tannins. Ecology 78: 1696-1712.

Ayres, M. P. and G. A. Reams. 1997. Global change and disturbance in southern forest ecosystems. Pages 741-753 inR. A. Mickler and S. Fox, editors. The productivity and sustainability of southern forest ecosystems in a changing environment. Springer-Verlag, New York .

Walker, E.D., M.G. Kaufman, M.P. Ayres, M.H. Reidel, R.W. Merritt. 1997. Effects of variation in quality of leaf detritus on growth of the eastern tree hole mosquito, Aedes triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology75: 706-718.

Wilkens, R. T., M. P. Ayres, P. L. Lorio, Jr. and J. D. Hodges. 1997. Environmental effects on pine tree carbon budgets and resistance to bark beetles. Pages 591-616 inR. A. Mickler and S. Fox, editors. The productivity and sustainability of southern forest ecosystems in a changing environment. Springer-Verlag, New York .

McNulty, S. G., P. L. Lorio, Jr., M. P. Ayres and J. D. Reeve. 1997. Predictions of southern pine beetle populations under historic and projected climate using a forest ecosystem model. Pages 617-634 in R. A. Mickler and S. Fox, editors. The productivity and sustainability of southern forest ecosystems in a changing environment. Springer-Verlag, New York .

Strom, B. L., F. P. Hain, and M. P. Ayres. 1996. Field performance of F1-sterile gypsy moth larvae (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) on loblolly pine and sweetgum. Environmental Entomology 25:749-756.

Ruel, J. J., and M. P. Ayres. 1996. Variation in temperature responses among populations of Betula papyrifera.  Silvae Fennica 30:145-158.

Reeve, J.R., M.P. Ayres, and P.L. Lorio, Jr. 1995.Host suitability, predation, and bark beetle population dynamics.Pages 339-357 in N. Cappuccino and P. Price, editors. Population dynamics: new approaches and synthesis. Academic Press.

Lederhouse, R. C., M. P. Ayres, and J. M. Scriber. 1995. Physiological and behavioral adaptations to variable thermal environments in North American Swallowtail butterflies. Pages 71-82inScriber, J. M., Y. Tsubaki, and R. C. Lederhouse, editors. Swallowtail butterflies: their ecology and evolution. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Gainesville, GA.

Ayres, M.P., and J.M. Scriber. 1994. Local adaptation to regional climates in Papilio canadensis (Lepidoptera:Papilionidae). Ecological Monographs 64: 465-482.

Suomela, J. and M. P. Ayres. 1994. Within-tree and among-tree variation in leaf characteristics of mountain birch and its implication for herbivory. Oikos 70:212-222.

Matsuki, M., M. P. Ayres, and S. F. Maclean, Jr. 1994. Temperature effects on the growth and molt of Nematus calais (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Environmental Entomology 23: 719-725.

Ayres, M. P. 1993. Global change, plant defense, and herbivory.Pages 75-94 in P. M. Kareiva, J. G. Kingsolver and R. B. Huey, editors. Biotic interactions and global change. SinauerAssociates, Sunderland, MA.

Schamel, D., and M. P. Ayres. 1992. The "minds-on" approach: student creativity and personal involvement in the undergraduate science laboratory. Journal of College Science Teaching 21:226-229.

Lederhouse, R. C., M. P. Ayres, J. K. Nitao, and J. M. Scriber. 1992. Differential use of lauraceous hosts by swallowtail butterflies, Papilio troilusand P. palamedes (Papilionidae). Oikos 63:244-252.

Nitao, J. K., M. P. Ayres, and R. C. Lederhouse. 1991. Larval adaptation to Lauraceae hosts: geographic divergence in the spicebush swallowtail. Ecology 72:1428-1435.

Kukal, O., M. P. Ayres, and J. M. Scriber. 1991. Cold tolerance of pupae in relation to the distribution of swallowtail butterflies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 69:3028-3037.

Ayres, M.P., J.L. Bossart, and J.M. Scriber. 1991. Variation in the nutritional physiology of tree-feeding swallowtails. Pages 85-102 inY. N. Baranchikov, W. J. Mattson, F. P. Haine, and T. L. Payne, eds. Forest insect guilds: patterns of interaction with their host trees.US Forest Service, GTR NE-153.

Lederhouse, R.C., M.P. Ayres, and J.M. Scriber. 1990. Adult diet affects male virility in Papilio glaucus. Functional Ecology 4:743-751.

Ayres, M.P., and D.L. Thomas. 1990. Alternative formulations of the mixed model ANOVA applied to quantitative genetics. Evolution 44:221-226.

Scriber, J.M., and M.P Ayres. 1990. New foodplant and oviposition records for the tiger swallowtail butterfly, Papilio glaucus in Alaska. Great Lakes Entomologist 23:145-147.

Lederhouse, R.C., M.P. Ayres, and J.M. Scriber. 1989. Evaluation of spermatophore counts in studying the mating behavior of Lepidoptera. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 43:93-101.

Scriber, J.M., and M.P. Ayres. 1988. Leaf chemistry as a defense against insects.ISI Atlas of Science (Plant and Animal Section) 1:117-123.

Scriber, J.M., and M.P. Ayres. 1988. Observations on the puddling behavior of the Canadian Tiger swallowtail butterfly, Papilio R & J in northern Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist 21:141-142.

Ayres, M.P. and S.F. MacLean, Jr. 1987. Development of birch leaves and the growth energetics of Epirrita autumnata (Geometridae). Ecology 68:558-568.

Ayres, M.P. and S.F. MacLean, Jr. 1987. Molt as a component of insect development: Galerucella sagittariae (Chrysomelidae) and Epirrita autumnata(Geometridae). Oikos 48:273-279.

Ayres, M.P., J. Suomela, and S.F. MacLean, Jr. 1987. Growth performance of Epirrita autumnata on mountain birch: trees, broods, and tree-brood interactions. Oecologia 74:450-457.

MacLean, S.F., Jr. and M.P. Ayres. 1985. Estimation of soil temperatures from climatic variables at Barrow, Alaska. Arctic and Alpine Research 17:425-432.