shew of wisdom. Colossians 2.23: "Which things indeed have a shew of wisdom in will worship."

Image of God. Milton here summarizes the opinions of the Renaissance commentators on Genesis, particularly that of Paraeus, who understood the image of God to consist in those qualities of man in which he most resembled God. For other opinions and a discussion of the interpretation of the image of God, see Arnold Williams, The Common Expositor (Chapel Hill: North Carolina University Press, 1948), 72-74.

first Book of Invention. Cicero, De Inventione, 1.38, trans. H. M. Hubbell (Cambridge, 1929), 111-13.

belly-doctrines. Romans 16.18: "For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly."

David in the shew-bread. 2 Samuel 21.2-6.

Hezekiah in the passover. 2 Chronicles 30.18-19.

Hermaphrodite. See Symposium 189d-192d.

Catharist. The Catharists were an ascetic sect prominent, under the name of Albigenses and other names, in Europe in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Milton transfers the meaning of the word to ascetics in general.

Austin. Augustine, The Literal Meaning of Genesis (translated by John Hammond Taylor, S.J. Volume 2, page 75): "How much more agreeably could two male friends, rather than a man and a woman, enjoy companionship and conversation in a life shared together." Paraeus, In Genesin (Geneva 1614), cols 410-11, quotes the whole passage.

genial. Genial: for procreation.

daily his delight, playing always before him. Proverbs 8.30.

his gravest Proverbs. Proverbs 5.18-19.

Socinians. The Socinians, according to their adversaries, taught that Adam was created entirely ignorant and acquired knowledge after eating of the tree of knowledge.