The Brothers Karamazov

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19th Century Russia

19th Century Time Line – The Age of Dostoevsky

Dostoevsky Russian History World History
1800 1798-1814 French Predominance in Central Europe
1801 1801-25 Reign of Alexander I
1802
1803
1804 1804-14 Reign of Napoleon I: The Empire, 1804-1811 Napoleonic
Codes
1805
1806 1806-12 Russo-Turkish War, Russia acquires Bessarabia 1806 End of Holy Roman Empire1806-25 Latin American countries win independence
1807 Franco-Russian Alliance British slave trade ended
1808 1808-09 Russo-Swedish War; Russia acquires Finland 1808-13 Peninsular War in Spain
1809 1809-11 Napoleon at height of power
1810
1811 1811-48 V. Belinsky ushers in Russian Literary Criticism
1812 Napoleon invades Russia US British War
1813 1813-14 German War of Liberation: Leipzig
1814 1814-15 Congress of Vienna1814-24 Louis XVIII of France
1815 Hundred Days War: Waterloo
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821 Dostoevsky born Oct. 10 in Moscow
1822
1823 Monroe Doctrine
1824 1824-30 Reign of Charles X of France
1825 Decembrists1825-55 Reign of Nicholas I
1826 1826-28 War with Persia; Russia gains Armenia
1827
1828 1828-29 Russo-Turkish War; Russia penetrates into the Balkans
1829
1830 Revolutionary Flurries1830-48 July Monarchy in France: Louis Philippe
1831 A. Pushkin writes Eugene and Onegin and the play Boris
Godunov
1832
1833 Abolition Act abolishes slavery in Britain
1834 Enters Chermak Private High School in Moscow
1835
1836
1837 D’s mother dies at age 37. Death of Pushkin 1837-1901 Victoria queen in Britain
1838 Enters St. Petersburg Military Engineering Academy
1839 D’s father, Mikhail Andreevich, is killed by village serfs First Anglo-Chinese (Opium) War
1840
1841
1842 Gogol published Dead Souls
1843 Graduates from Military Academy. Begins work as a draughtsman
1844 Begins work on Poor People. Resigns from job as draughtsman
1845
1846 Poor People is published
1847 Starts visiting the Petrashevsky Circle
1848 Marx & Engels write The Communist Manifesto 

Revolution: Second French Republic

1849 Arrested, tried, and sentenced to death with other Petrashevsky
Circle members
1850 1850-54 incarcerated at Omsk maximum security prison 1850-73: Golden Age of British Capitalism: Free Trade
1851
1852 1852-70: Reign of Napoleon III
1853 Russo-Turkish War
1854 1854-59 Military exile in Siberia 1854-56 Crimean War 1854-68 Westernizing of Japan
1855 1855-81 Reign of Alexander II
1856 Proposes to Maria Isaeva
1857 Marries Maria IsaevaAchieves the rank of lieutenant
1858 Begins work as editor of Time Formation of Rumania
1859 Darwin writes Origin of Species 

1859-70 Unification of Italy

1860 Returns to St. PetersburgPublishes The House of the Dead Russians found Vladivostok Westren Europe – free trade with England
1861 Publishes The Insulted and Injured Emancipation of Serfs 1861-65 American Civil War
1862 Travels to Paris and several European countries Turgenev publishes Fathers and Sons
1863
1864 Notes from the UndergroundpublishedHis wife dies

His brother dies

1865 The Complete Works of Dostoevsky published
1866 Proposes to Anna Gregorievna Snitkina
1867 Marries Anna. The Dostoevskys go to Europe ans stay for four
years
Russia sells Alaska to the US Dominion of CanadaMarx writes Capital
1868 Birth of first child, Sofia, who dies after three monthsThe Idiot published
1869 Mendeleev devises the periodic table of the elements
1870 1870-80 Populism and Nihilism Vatican Council IFranco-Prussian War

1870-1940 Third Republic in France

1871 Publishes Demons 1871-1918 German Empire (Bismark)Darwin writes Descent of Man
1872
1873 1873-76 Tolstoy writes Anna Karenina
1874
1875 Publishes The Raw Youth
1876 Publishes The Writer’s Diary
1877 Russo-Turkish WarTchaikovsky composes the score for Swan Lake
1878 Son Alexei dies at age 3 Autonomy of Bulgaria; Independence of SiberiaCongress of Berlin Bismark’s Anti-Socialist Laws
1879
1880 1880-90 Socialist parties founded; revisionism1880-1914 Height of Imperialism
1881 Brothers KaramazovfinishedDostoevsky dies Assassination of Alexander II1881-94 Reign of Alexander III
1882
1883 1883-93 French in Indochina
1884
1885 1885-98 Partition of Africa
1886
1887
1888 1888-1918 Reign of William II of Germany
1889
1890 Tchaikovsky: Sleeping Beauty
1891
1892 Tchaikovsky: The Nutcracker
1893 Triple Entente with France and Britain
1894 1894-1917 Reign of Nicholas II 1894-1906 Dreyfus Affair in France
1895
1896 Chekhov: The Sea Gull
1897 Lenin arrested for radical activities
1898 Formation of Russian Social Democratic Labor Party Spanish-American War; Fashoda crisis
1899 Chekhov: Uncle Vanya 1899-1902 Boer War
1900 Freud writes Interpretation of Dreams
1901
1902 Anglo-Japanese War
1903 Bolshevik-Menshevik split in the Social Democratic Labor
party
1904 Russo-Japanese WarChekhov: The Cherry Orchard

Pavlov wins Nobel prize for Physiology and Medicine

1905 Revolution in RussiaTrans-Siberian railroad completed
1914 World War I begins
1917 Lenin successfully topples the monarchyRussia becomes a socialist state