Ph. D., Japanese Language and Literature. University
of Washington, Seattle, WA (1997).
Dissertation title: "The Intersection of Aesthetics
and Ideology: The Criticism of Kobayashi Hideo, 1927-1945."
- M.A., Japanese Language and Literature. Indiana
University, Bloomington, IN (1992).
- B.A. , Philosophy/Religion, minor in East Asian
Studies, Japan. Colgate University, Hamilton, NY (1983).