1. Katakana Chart
Memorize the reading of all 46 katakana characters as quickly as you can.
2. Writing of the Characters
1) General Rules of Stroke Orders
Both kana (hiragana and katakana) and Kanji have the same general rules of stroke orders.
a. Write from top to bottom, and left to right
b. Horizontal before vertical
When horizontal and vertical lines cross, horizontal lines are usually written before vertical lines.
c. Character-spanning strokes last
Vertical line that pass through other strokes are written after the strokes passed through are written.
When you write Japanese characters, pay special attention to:
a. length of each the line
3. Katakana with Diacritical Marks
You can create 23 additional sounds by adding diacritical marks. With short parallel lines, the unvoiced consonants [k], [s], [t], and [h] become voiced consonants [g], [z], [d], and [b] respectively. Additionally, by adding a small circle to [h], the sound changes to [p].
4. Transcribing Contracted Sounds
When small $B!V%d!W!V%f!W!V%h!W(Bare added to the letters in the $B!V%$!W(Bcolumn except for $B!V%$!W(B, it transcribe contracted sounds. Contracted sounds are single syllable.
5. Other Rules
1) Long Vowels
The long vowels are written with $B!V!
$B%1(B$B!<(B$B%-!!(Bke e ki (cake)
2) Additional combination with small letters for foreign sounds
These sound combination was created for transcribing foreign words because Japanese language did not have them.
3) The sound [v]
[v] sound is usually written with $B!V%P%S%V%Y%\!W(Bas in $B!V(B$B%P(B$B!<%8%K%"!W(B(ba a ji ni a: Virginia), however, sometimes it is written with$B!V%t!W(Bletter to be closer to the pronunciation of the original language.
$B%t(B$B%#!<%J%9!'(Bvi i na su (Venus$B!K(B
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