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Creating Resumes

A resume is a written document that showcases your abilities, educational background and experience. It should feature your strongest assets and what you have to offer to the potential employer.

Chronological vs. Functional Resume
There are two basic ways you can format your resume-chronological and functional. A chronological resume is typically used when your experience reflects a stable, solid career progression. Your experience and education are presented with the most recent dates first. If you are interested in performing the same responsibilities, a chronological resume can be utilized.

Chronological Resume
• Contact information (name, address, primary email address, and primary phone)
• Education
• Certifications
• Technical skills and soft skills
• Professional experience
• Awards
• Associations

Note: The order in which you present this information will depend on your job search goals or where you are in your career (e.g., entry level, mid-level, seasoned professional). For instance, if your educational experience or certifications are relevant to the job, or if you are a recent graduate, you can include this section in the beginning of your resume. Otherwise, you can have this section at the end.

A functional resume focuses attention on your achievements and skills instead of your employment history if you have diverse experiences that don't translate into a specific job. It organizes your work experience by skill or by the functions you performed, regardless of date. This is an ideal format for individuals interested in moving into a different role or looking to expand their current role. It is also easier to tailor to specific positions.

Functional Resume
• Profile Statement
• Summary of Qualifications
• Accomplishments
• Employment History
• Education
• Certifications
• Awards
• Associations

Note: Layout should be clear, simple and logical.

Chronological/Functional Hybrid
A hybrid resume is also acceptable. Here you place your skills together in one section like a functional resume and also highlight your employment history in the style of a chronological resume with minimal details.

There are a number of online references for sample resumes to help you get started in creating or revising your resume.

Tips for Writing a Resume
• Revise your resume for each position you apply for.
• Be concise and avoid over-writing. Keep statements action-oriented.
• Edit and proofread your resume before applying.
• Update your resume regularly.
• Be consistent in your use of grammatical structure and style.
• Avoid including personal data such as reasons for leaving a job, marital status, social security number, or date of birth.
• Do not attach photographs.
• Avoid including salary history or reasons for leaving previous jobs.
• Do not inflate skills, accomplishments, or responsibilities.
• Briefly include interests and hobbies if they are relevant to the position.
• Get feedback.
• Avoid stating a date by which you are available to start.
• Avoid "References Available Upon Request." This is expected and does not need to appear on your resume. Also listing references contact information on the resume is not recommended. Protect the privacy of your references.
• A one-page resume is no longer the rule as long as the content is relevant to the position. (Don't go over 3 pages.)

Effective resumes are essential to your job search. Whether in chronological or functional form, you should present yourself in the way that best highlights your strengths and competencies.


Last Updated: 2/5/09