211 Silsby Hall
Hanover, New Hampshire 03755
Tel: (603) 646-2544
Fax: (603) 646-2152
This course explores diplomacy, the essential instrument of foreign policy. We will begin with elemental questions: What is diplomacy? Who uses it and how? The course will examine both the daily work of diplomats -- how they obtain and use information on the politics, economics and society of their host nations – and the way in which negotiations are conducted at the highest levels. The course will take up a number of case studies (possibilities include Bosnia, the Gulf War, Kirkuk, North Korea, and Iran) in order to answer the following questions: What makes for successful negotiations? Is the threat of force essential to effective diplomacy? When is multilateral diplomacy more effective than unilateral action? What is the role of the United Nations? The class will engage in debates and other in-class exercises that utilize critical diplomatic skills. Dist: SOC.
Is strategic leadership possible in international affairs? If so, how is it achieved? The objectives of this course are to introduce you the most influential theoretical approaches to the study of strategy in political science and to apply and evaluate these approaches in a series of historical and contemporary case studies of leadership and grand strategy. These immediate objectives serve a larger purpose: to make you a better strategist and more sophisticated analyst of strategic decision-making. Students will be required to craft and defend alternative grand strategies for real leaders in selected cases, including World War I, the transition from apartheid in South Africa, and the war for Kosovo. The empirical focus of the course is on states and their problems, but its basic precepts are applicable to other domains as well. Prerequisite: Government 5. Dist: SOC or INT.
This course will begin by exploring the causes of war and the conditions of peace from a traditional international relations perspective. We will then move to exploring challenges to conflict management in the contemporary setting. This includes questions of human security that include intervention to safeguard human rights, limiting terrorism, and rebuilding post-conflict societies. We will also explore conflict resolution techniques applied in a variety of settings. Dist: SOC or INT.
International Relations Theory focuses on close reading and discussion of classic and contemporary texts describing the underlying causal patterns of international politics. Major themes include morality and politics; debates over methods and theory; foreign policy and global conflict; and the search for peace and cooperation. Some of the questions we will address include: What might virtue and the national interest mean in international politics? Why is war so common or is it really quite rare? Are there alternatives to nation states? To what extent is "international relations" a gendered concept? These are all questions that are explored in various theories of international relations. The objectives of this course include helping students to interpret and describe international relations, to study a variety of explanations for various events and non-events, and to consider various prescriptions or solutions to different kinds of problems.
Over the past fifty years Asia has become important to the US in terms of both security and economics. From the Korean War, Vietnam, the rise of Japanese economic power, and to the current IMF crisis and rise of China, Asian issues are now a central part of US policy circles. This course will discuss how the US formulates its policy towards Asia, and treat three major themes. First, what are the domestic sources of US policy towards Asia? How do these internal politics play themselves out? Second, how has the US acted toward and negotiated with Asian Nations? Has the interaction benefited the US and has the US understood the implications of the policies it undertook? Finally, what are the lessons and implications for current and future US policy towards Asia? The course will treat both economic and security issues, historical and current. Dist: SOC.
This seminar will focus on the international political economy of trade policy and negotiations. We will be interested in the link between theories, concepts, and evidence, and each student will be required to write a substantial research paper. Among the conceptual issues to be explored are the role of power, interest groups, bureaucracies, and ideas in the formulation of trade policy, and issue linkage, bargaining strategies, and sources of leverage in trade negotiations. The substantive focus will be on cases involving the United States, European Community, Japan, Canada, Korea, and other states in bilateral and multilateral negotiations over agriculture, industry, and high technology. The course will be taught using the case method and materials, which is meant to maximize student participation. Prerequisites: Government 58 or an appropriate substitute, and permission of the instructor. Dist: SOC or INT.
This seminar examines the complex and crucial relationship between China and the United States in the post-Cold War era. It focuses on both the constraints imposed by the international system as well as the effects of domestic politics in both China and the US. Particular attention is devoted to the dilemmas facing contemporary China and how they pose challenges and opportunities for the US. The seminar proceeds by systematically using major international relations theories (such as realism, neoliberalism, economic interdependence and constructivism) to examine specific substantive aspects of this key bilateral relationship. In addition, the course also investigates alternative theoretical approaches to US-China relations derived from economic globalization, game theory, two-level negotiations, and regional integration. The course concludes by assessing the global impact of the rise of China and the resulting implications for the US. Dist: INT or SOC.
For the past twenty years, the United States has occupied a unique role in the system as the world's only superpower. Yet many analysts argue that the United States will soon have to adjust to a new global order in which it has a less central role. In light of this argument, we will examine a range of questions and debates pertaining to the current and future course of American security policy. Dist: SOC or INT.
Is it possible to create stable states in the international system by force? This course will examine typologies, theories, and case studies of forcible attempts to create secure and economically productive states. The class will critically assess state building processes such as internal security, political legitimacy, interim governance, and counterinsurgency. It will examine territories that were administered by the British Empire, those that have been administered by the United States (such as the Philippines, Japan, Germany, Vietnam, and Iraq), and those that have been administered by the United Nations (such as Kosovo and East Timor). Dist: SOC or INT.
Finding answers for many complex foreign policy questions requires weighing a set of political goals against an estimate of the potential military costs and risks. The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with the missions and capabilities of military forces, and to teach them how to estimate the likely costs, risks, and outcomes of military operations. This course will use theoretical works and historical cases to familiarize students with some of the principles of air, ground, and naval operations. Students will use the tools which they learn in class to conduct a detailed military analysis that bears on an important current foreign policy question. No prior knowledge of military forces is needed for this class. Prerequisite: Government 5 or permission of the instructor. The instructor encourages seniors, juniors, as well as sophomores with strong writing and research skills, to enroll in this seminar. Dist: SOC or INT.
This course examines China's complex relations with the world since 1949, focusing mainly on the period since the 1989 Tiananmen crisis. The first half of the course begins with a brief consideration of traditional Chinese understandings of international relations, historical legacies, geopolitical predicaments, and China's foreign policymaking process. Problems of "security dilemma" and "deterrence" are used to illuminate the triangular US-China-Japan relationship and the prospects for conflict over the Taiwan issue. The course next considers the contemporary "rise of China" and how this phenomenon affects the international relations of the Asia-Pacific. The second half of the course examines China's increasing political and economic relations with developing countries, especially in Africa. It then delves more deeply into the domestic sources and international ramifications of China's foreign relations, especially with the USA. In particular, the course examines the effects of public opinion, media, elite conflict, "interactive nationalisms," two-level game theory, and "two-level negotiations." Finally, the course ends by considering the future of US-China relations and the prospects for alternative world orders in the 21st C.
This course explores the role of economics and security in international relations theory. Special attention will be devoted to exploring how changes in the international economy are likely to influence the security behavior of states. Prerequisites: Govt. 5 and at least one midlevel IR course. Dist: SOC; WCult: NA.
From the Chinese entry into the WTO to the Asian financial crisis of 1997, it is often asserted that countries in Asia are increasingly interconnected with each other and with the rest of the world. In this seminar, we will first explore in detail what globalization means from the perspective of international relations: how do we define globalization? What are the important causes and consequences? We will then explore a series of issues in Asia that involve globalization, including political (China's rise and the meaning of the U.S. alliance system in Asia), economic (the financial crisis and the changing pattern of investment and trade), and social (anti-Americanism in South Korea, increased travel and tourism within Asia). The goal of the seminar will be to more fully understand whether and why globalization has an impact on Asia. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW.
This course examines genocide and other kinds of mass killing in historical and theoretical perspective. The course will begin by examining the debate over the concept of genocide. Then the course reviews psychological, sociological, and political perspectives on causes of genocide and mass killing. Next, the course examines a number of historical episodes of genocide and mass killing including the Holocaust, the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, mass killings by communist states in China, the Soviet Union and Cambodia, and episodes involving the mass killing of civilian populations during war. Finally, the course addresses the question of what measures the United States and the international community should take to limit or prevent genocide and mass killing in the future. For example, should the international community use military force to prevent genocide if necessary? Will institutions like the international criminal court help to deter genocide and mass killing? Dist: SOC or INT.
This course provides an overview of the legal principles related to armed conflict. The purpose of this class is to introduce the important theoretical and empirical concerns in the international law and conflict literatures, and to engage the core debates in the field. No prior knowledge of international law is assumed or necessary to be successful in this class. The course is organized into three sections. In the first part, we will cover the basics of international law using introductory texts from the legal literature. In the second part, we will review the international law compliance literatures from both international law and international relations scholars. Finally, we will examine specific issues areas, including, but not limited to, international law on the use of force, war crimes, human rights law, genocide, and the extraterritorial use of force against non-state actors. By the end of the course, you will have a basic understanding of the international legal system, especially as it concerns war, and be familiar with the theoretical and empirical debates on international law and armed conflict. Dist: SOC or INT.
This course tests the practical application of 'smart diplomacy' – the integration of defense, diplomacy, development, multi-lateral actors, non-governmental organizations, and others – in the shaping and implementation of U.S. policy in the Middle East. Class discussions and simulation exercises will examine case studies focused on recent policy scenarios with respect to Egypt, Yemen, Syria, and the Israeli/Palestinian conflict. For these case studies, students will be assigned rotating policy-maker roles, domestically and internationally. The goals of the course are (1) to increase understanding on the need for a fully integrated approach to sound, sustainable policy-making and an appreciation of the challenges of such an undertaking; (2) to improve knowledge on critical aspects of current Middle East political dynamics; and (3) to hone research and communication skills applicable in the national security policy arena.
It’s true, breaking up is hard to do. Each year dozens of secessionist movements attempt to escape their governments in order to form their own, newly independent countries. And though secession is rarely successful, it causes a great deal of conflict and consternation. Some of the most protracted and deadly modern conflicts are tied to secession, including those in the horn of Africa, the Former Yugoslavia, China, and the Former Soviet Union. In contrast, much secession remains peaceful, exemplified by Czechoslovakia, the Baltic States, and Canada. In this seminar, we will explore secession’s political, legal and normative implications. What traits are characteristic of secessionist movements? What are the conditions under which secession is more or less likely to succeed? Is secession legal? When do secessionist aspirations provoke violence? Finally, is secession ever justified? Dist: SOC or INT
Many theories of international relations rely on implicit assumptions of state or leader motivations without appreciating the complex psychology driving behavior. This course takes a contrary approach by focusing on the operation of psychology in international relations. Readings and discussions introduce psychological explanations and models, and apply this scholarship to state behavior. Topics will provide a broad introduction to the field of political psychology, with a particular focus on issues of international relations: individual and group theories of decision making, the psychology of deterrence, individual and group motivations for violence, the effect of culture, leader personality and psychology, public opinion, and theories of conflict resolution. In-class simulations and applications to foreign policy highlight political psychology as a unique and useful perspective to explain international relations. Dist: INT or SOC
Can international law, institutions or norms serve as a check on the power of states in the international system? Realists claim the answer is no, whereas constructivists argue that these institutions can go so far as to fundamentally reshape states’ interests. In this seminar we’ll explore these conflicting theories and consider how they apply in the context of international issues such as trade, the use of force, environmental regulation and human rights.
At the beginning of her book on statecraft, Margaret Thatcher describes foreign and security policy as “much more than the two opposing poles of war and peace. It concerns the whole range of risks and opportunities which the far-sighted statesman must appreciate and evaluate in the conduct of his craft.” State behavior is complex, and leaders rarely enjoy obvious policy decisions. However, much of the scholarly attention devoted to the study of international relations ignores this uncertainty, concentrating instead on responses to easily discernible markers of power. While this parsimony is appreciated, a simple view of the process omits the politics behind foreign policy and the universe of possible options available to decision makers. This class provides a contrasting view by concentrating on the techniques of statecraft. We will examine the varied tools at the disposal of statesmen and stateswomen, and dissect the pros and cons of military, economic, and diplomatic statecraft across a variety of foreign policy decisions. Coursework will combine research on grand strategy, statecraft, foreign policy analysis, and decision making with in-depth case histories and in-class exercises. (NOTE: “GOVT. 59: Foreign Policy Decision Making” is recommended as a prerequisite.) Dist: INT or SOC
The end of the Cold War ushered in an era in which the U.S. became the world's only superpower, standing far above all other states in terms of military, economic, and technological capabilities. Analysts commonly argue that today's "unipolar" system is historically unprecedented. In this course, we will explore how unipolarity influences the conduct of US security policy. We will examine a wide range of questions, including: How long can the US maintain its leadership position in the international system? Is the US in a position to effectively reshape international institutions? Why does the US maintain such a large network of overseas military commitments? As the leading power, does the US have a greater obligation to help the world's poor and engage in humanitarian interventions than other states? Dist: INT or SOC
Psychologists have long used surveys and experiments to study human behavior. International relations have drawn on this literature extensively but are only now beginning to conduct experiments on their own. We will study experimental methods, assess their utility to international relations and collectively design and conduct surveys and experiments.These will probe the claims of prospect theory and attempt to show how risk-taking in foreign policy varies as function of the motive of policymakers.The goal of the course is to educate students and produce a publishable journal article. Dist: INT or SOC.
This course addresses the growing complexity between biotechnology policy and international law in world affairs. We examine several contemporary global controversies surrounding the recent advancements in biotechnology to demonstrate how this area of science impacts food security, public health, economic development, and weapons proliferation. These various dimensions of biotechnology policy are analyzed through the lens of different bodies of international law, such as intellectual property, human rights, and arms control. Our primary objective questions whether biotechnology and international law will promote cooperation and peace or spur conflict and war in the 21st Century.
It has been just over two hundred years since the United State and Canada fought each other. What can international relations students learn from these two centuries of peace and cooperation? How should we think of the North American security community in comparison to NATO? And where does this security cooperation fit in the foreign policies of the United States and Canada? To better understand the limits and possibilities of US power in the world, it bears considering what that power gets the US on its own continent.
Last Updated: 11/20/13