(Vienna 1880Hollywood 1954)
Born Josef Mandel. Director. A businessman and operetta director, Joe May can be considered one of the founders of the German cinema. He began directing films in 1911 and started his own production company a few years later. He gave famous German director Fritz Lang his start in films by employing him as a screenwriter in his early films. May visited Hollywood in 1929 while working with Erich Pommer on Asphalt (1929) and returned to Germany with valuable information on the techniques of sound film. He was forced to emigrate in 1934, however, and arrived in California to make films for Paramount. His first two films, Music in the Air (produced by Pommer and scripted by Billy Wilder and Robert Liebmann, 1934) and Confession (1937) were flops. After directing a handful of abysmal b-movies, May found himself bankrupt by the mid-1940s. He and his wife Mia, a former actress who starred in many of his early films, struggled to run a restaurant for much of the remainder of their lives; in a bittersweet tone of irony, they called their establishment "The Blue Danube." One of Germany's most celebrated early directors, May never regained the fame he had enjoyed in Weimar Germany.