German 43: Exiles and Émigrés

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Photo of Oskar HomolkaHomolka, Oscar

(Vienna 1898–Sussex, England 1978)

Born as Oskar Homolka. Actor. Although he once performed in a play in Munich completely drunk, he became one of Berlin's most famous theater actors during the Weimar years. When he turned to film, his stern, expressive facial features destined him to play scoundrels. In 1934, he returns to Vienna and a year later he emigrates to Britain, replacing the "k" in his first name with a "c." There he is cast in Hitchcock's Sabotage (1936). His success in Europe secures him entry into the United States in 1937. He would go on to have a long and successful career in movies, playing intriguing roles in Seven Sinners (1940), The Invisible Woman (1940), The Seven Year Itch (dir. Billy Wilder, 1955), and War and Peace (1956). He even received an Oscar nomination for I Remember Mama in 1948. But Homolka received even more acclaim during the 1950s through the early '70s by co-starring in television series such as "The Philco Television Playhouse," "Alfred Hitchcock Presents," "The World of Disney" and "Kojak." He also appeared in theater productions in Austria, Switzerland, and London. His career outlasted that of most of his fellow émigrés by a decade or two.

GERMAN 43: Exiles and Émigrés
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