1899

Weimar

The composer Richard Strauss visits the Nietzsche Archive in January.

August 31: Seidl, having nothing better to do than to correct the supposed mistakes of Kögel, resigns, and is replaced by Dr. Ernst Horneffer, who is later joined by his brother August Horneffer. Köselitz agrees to rejoin the archive editorial staff in October 1899 to work on the correspondence volumes.

On the Genealogy of Morals is published in England.

During the decade of FN's incapacity, there were no fewer than three attempts to publish the complete works. The first, undertaken by Köselitz, was the "Gesamtausgabe Gast" [complete edition Gast, identified by the initials GAG]. This edition commenced in 1892 and ran through 1894. The GAG consisted of 5 volumes (the Betrachtungen, Menschliches I & II, Zarathustra I-IV, Jenseits, and Genealogie der Moral.) More than the other editors, Köselitz applied "corrections," divided Menschliches into a new schema, and supplied titles to numerous aphorisms in Jenseits. Next was Koegel's edition (Gesammtausgabe Koegel or "GAK"), which ran from 1895 to 1897. The GAK consisted of two Abteilungen [divisions]. Division I had 8 volumes that spanned Nietzsche's published books; division II had four volumes that published a subset of the Nachlaß [unpublished notes]. Koegel undertook many "reconstructions," utilizing not only the printing manuscripts but also reaching back to Nietzsche's earlier drafts. The third edition, the so-called "Großoktavausgabe" [GOA], commenced in 1899. It was largely done by 1913; only a index volume as added in 1926. The distribution of works in the GOA's first division followed the GAG and GAK. The GOA's second division was a greatly expanded (though still incomplete) compilation of the unpublished notes. It was here that the myth of the Will to Power "work" was initiated.

From 1898 through 1899, Elisabeth sends Köselitz a series of letters, trying to win him back. She baits her hook in October 1899 by offering Köselitz the editorship of FN's musical works. Janz suggests that she was able to pull Köselitz in by offering to suppress passages in FN's notes and letters in which he referred to Köselitz in less than complimentary terms.

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