January through April: Nice

Negotiations with the publishing firm of Veit and Co. for a "second volume" of Morgenröte [Dawn] seem promising, but fail because Schmeitzner refuses to give up the remaining volumes of Allzumenschliches [All Too Human].

FN works on preparing a clean copy of material he initially envisions for a new volume of Allzumenschliches. In the process, he changes his plans, deciding to publish the new material as a new book to be called Jenseits von Gut und Böse [Beyond Good and Evil]. FN's attempt to interest the Berlin publishing firm Carl Duncker in the new book fails.

Mid-March: Rohde visits for several days in Basel.

Bernhard Föster and his wife, FN's sister Elisabeth, depart for South America in early February, with some one hundred settlers. They arrive in Asuncion, the capital of Paraguary, in mid-March.

May and June: Venice, München, Naumburg, Leipzig

While in Leipzig, FN conducts negotiations for the publication of his works. FN's original publisher Fritzsch negotiates with Schmeitzner for the rights to the published works, and FN decides to have his future works be published at his expense by the firm C. G. Naumann. While in Leipzig, FN delivers the manuscript of Jenseits von Gut und Böse to Naumann for typesetting.

Also while in Leipzig, FN has numerous meetings with Rohde (from June 5th to the 27th). These prove disappointing. Unable to resolve their differences, this is the last time they meet during FN's sane life. During this time, Rohde learns of his appointment to the university in Heidelberg.

Late June to September: Sils-Maria

Title page Jenseits von Gut und Boese

Title page for Jenseits von Gut und Böse.

Fifth summer in Sils-Maria. Discussions and outings with Meta von Salis, Emily Flynn, Helen Zimmern.

The printing of Jenseits von Gut und Böse. Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft [Beyond Good and Evil. Prelude of a Philosophy of the Future] concludes at the end of July. FN again contracts with Naumann for the typesetting and printing. The print run is 600 copies and lists a selling price of five marks. The list of complimentary copies is very lengthy with 66 recipients. It includes the usual recipients (among others Rohde, Burkhardt, Overbeck, Gottfried Keller, Hans von Bülow, Georg Brandes, and now Helen Zimmern) but now contains a fair number sent to magazine writers in hopes of reviews (some of these are: Kreuzzeitung, Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, Westminister Review, and Litterarisches Zentralblatt.). Amusingly, FN, as anti-Christian a writer as one could ever imagine, sends a review copy to a writer for the Litterarischer Handweiser für das katholische Deutschland [Literary Guide for Catholic Germany]. A review of the book by J. V. Widmann appears in the Berner Bund in mid-September.

Fritzsch receives the new preface to volume one of Allzumenschliches and a new concluding poem. In August, Fritzsch is able to conclude an agreement with Schmeitzner for the purchase of the remaining copies of FN's works.

Title page, 2nd edition Geburt der Tragödie

Title page for the second edition of Geburt der Tragödie.

FN provides Fritzsch with a new preface for the first volume of Allzumenschliches and a new concluding poem. Fritzsch binds together the first three parts of Zarathustra, allowing the work to appear as a single volume for the first time. In late August, FN sends Fritzsch the Versuch einer Selbstkritik [Attempt at a self-criticism] for the new issuing of Geburt der Tragödie [Birth of Tragedy].

October: Genua, Ruta Ligure

Completes the preface to the second volume of Allzumenschliches and works on the second editions of Morgenröthe and Fröhliche Wissenschaft.

Reserved and distant letter from Jacob Burkhardt regarding Jenseits von Gut und Böse.

Title page, 2nd edition Allzumenschliches

Title page for the second edition of Allzumenschliches.

Excerpts from the notebooks
Das "Sein" – wir haben keine andere Vorstellung davon als "leben". – Wie kann also etwas Todtes "sein"? ["Being" – we have no other conception of it other than "life". – How can something dead "be"?] (KGW VIII-1 p. 151)

wir glauben an die Vernunft: diese aber ist die Philosophie der grauen Begriffe, die Sprache ist auf die aller naivsten Vorurtheile hin gebaut... Das vernünftige Denken ist ein Interpretiren nach einem Schema, welches wir nicht abwerfen können. [We believe in reason: it is however the philosophy of grey concepts, language is built upon the most naive prejudices... Rational thought is an interpretation according to a scheme that we cannot throw off.] (KGW VIII-1 p. 197)

November and December: Nice

Work continues on the fifth book of Fröhliche Wissenschaft.

Readings: Renan; Sybel, Geschichte der Revolutionszeit 1789-1800 [History of the Revolutionary Period 1789-1800]; Montalembert, Moines d'Occident [Monks of the West]. Accidentally "discovers" Dostoevsky in French translation and likens it to his discoveries of Schopenhauer and Stendhal. To Overbeck FN writes: "...meine Freude war außerordentlich: ich muß bis zu meinem Bekanntwerden mit Stendhals Rouge et Noir zurückgehen, um einer gleichen Freude mich zu erinnern." [...my joy was extraordinary: I would have to go back to my acquaintance with Stendhals Rouge et Noir to recall the same degree of delight].

Reports to Overbeck on 14 November the completion of new prefaces for Morgenröte [Dawn] and Fröhliche Wissenschaft [Gay Science].

Overbeck visits Rohde in Heidelberg during December.

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