1885

January to April 9: Nice

Completion of the fourth part of Zarathustra. FN, who loaned a portion of his savings to Schmeitzner in support of his publishing firm, is now in financial difficulty as Schmeitzner cannot repay the debt. FN is unsuccessful in seeking financial assistance from Gersdorff for the private printing of Zarathustra IV. FN eventually finds the resources for the private printing, with a run of 40 copies.

March 23-29: Rohde visits Overbeck in Basel.

Förster returns from South America for his marriage to Elisabeth.

April to early June: Venice

Title page, first part of Zarathustra

The fourth and final part of Zarathustra appeared in a limited edition of 45 copies.

FN concludes work on part four of Zarathustra in early 1885. Because of fading interest and financial difficulties, Schmeitzner is unable to publish the this fourth part of Zarathustra. FN, taking matters into his own hands, arranges for a private printing. He contracts with the printing firm C. G. Naumann in Leipzig and has a print run of 45 copies. Köselitz and FN complete the correction of the page proofs for Zarathustra IV in mid-April. The circulation is limited, initially, to Overbeck, Köselitz, von Gersdorff, Elisabeth and her husband, and Georg Brandes. As a complete work, Zarathustra will not be republished until 1892. [Chronik, p. 610]

On May 22, Elisabeth and Bernhard Förster are married in Naumburg; FN remains in Venice. The coincidence with Wagner's birthday is quite deliberate.

Early June to mid-September: Sils-Maria

Louise Röder-Wiederhold, a friend of Köselitz, meets FN and transcribes a number of aphorisms at FN's dictation. Most of these will be used in Jenseits von Gut und Böse [Beyond Good and Evil] In a letter, FN wonders if Louise can long stand FN's "antidemocratic" ideas and his aphorisms about women.

Plans for a reworking of Menschliches, Allzumenschliches [Human, All Too Human] and thoughts on a new meditation on Wagner.

Mid-September through October: Naumburg, Leipzig

Chance visit with Heinrich von Stein in Naumburg.

FN travels to Leipzig in the hopes of liberating his books from Schmeitzner. The sale of FN's books to the publisher Erlecke falls through; further discussions with the firm Veit & Co. threaten to fail due to Schmeitzner's high prices. FN in a letter to Overbeck: "meine Schriften liegen vollständig vergraben und unausgrabbar in diesem Antisemiten-Loch" [my writings lie completely buried and unexhumeable in this antisemitic hole (meaning Schmeitzner)].

While in Leipzig, FN reads Rée's Entstehung des Gewissens [Origin of Conscience] and Lou's book Kampf um Gott [Struggle about God]. Concerning Rée's book FN is quite critical ("wie leer, wie langweilig, wie falsch" [how empty, how boring, how false]) but is more favorable disposed to Lou's work.

First half of November: Munich, Florence

Schmeitzner, under legal pressure, pays off his debt to FN.

FN is delighted to encounter an astronomer, a "snow white old man," making his observations and who is able to recite passages from Allzumenschliches.

Mid-November through December: Nice

December: Rohde receives an appointment at Leipzig.

FN enjoys the climate in Nice, but misses his friends.

Jump to top