Last updated 4:00 PM EST, February 14, 2001 by EKA (Revised by av & sc, July 2003)
2000 Global Register of Extreme Flood Events - Scroll Down and Look For Links to Maps In The Country Column
DFO # Country Detailed Locations Began
Dead Displaced Damage

Main Cause
(sq km)
Notes and Comments
2000-102 Central and southern Croatia and Yugoslavia Central and southern Croatia - Coastal towns of Senj and Otocac. Neretva river at town of Metkovic. -- Yugoslavia - Montenegro Republic. Zeta River in Danilovgrad and surrounding towns. Cetinje, Kotor. 12/28/00 12/30/00 3   2,000   Heavy rain     1    CpSe* 1,050                  0.4 Croatia -"In the southern part of the country, around the town of Metkovic, 490 kilometers south of Zagreb, the Neretva river flooded some hundred houses and devastated vegetable plantations" Montenegro -"The rising level of the Zeta River swamped sections of Danilovgrad and other towns in the area, forcing residents to evacuate more than 400 homes. " DISPLACED: Croatia: nd -- Yugoslavia: 2000CAUSE:Heavy rains 
2000-101 Sri Lanka - Cyclone  Districts of Ampara, Batticaloa, Anuradhapura, Trincomalee, Mannar and Polonnaruwa. 12/24/00 12/28/00 5 5 300,000   Monsoonal rain     1 20,000  Tpz 13,730                  1.9 "The coastal districts of Ampara and Batticaloa were already underwater when the cyclone brought more rain on Tuesday..." CAUSE:Heavy monsoon rains and cyclone rains HECTARES FLOODED: 20,000 hectares of rice fields submerged 
2000-100 Northern Australia  Northwestern Queensland near border with Northern Territory - Gulf of Carpentaria area; Cape York Peninsula; Barkly Highway. Towns: Doomadgee, Gregory, Burketown, Camooweal, Mt Isa, Karumba, Normanton. Rivers: Georgina, Flinders, Thompson, Barcoo, Burke, Diamantina, Albert, Gregory, Norman. 12/15/00 01/09/01 26   300 $24,000,000 Heavy rain     1    Tsu 225,500                15.5 12/20 "Widespread flooding affecting almost half of Queensland had already cost the state $24 million, mostly in road damage" -- 12/27 " vast swathes of Australia's north is under water as a result of seasonal rains known as The Wet"CAUSE:Seasonal rains and floods arrive early
2000-099 Southeastern Brazil  States of Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul. Outskirts of Belo Horizonte, hills surrounding the port city of Santos, Alto Feliz  12/17/00 12/26/00 10 13 2,000   21 See notes   1    Tpo 578,300                17.5 "Worst hit was Espirito Santo where seven people were killed by mudslides that swept through hillside shantytowns" CAUSE:Floods and mudslides triggered by two days of heavy rain 
2000-098 Philippines  Northern Panay Island - Capiz province 12/08/00 12/11/00 4 11 55,000   Tropical cyclone     1    Tpz 2,200                  0.7 "Although the chest-deep floodwaters had receded slightly, many areas remained without electricity and rescuers had to use rubber boats, rowing boats and even military helicopters to pick up villagers who were stranded in their homes."  -- No suitable Landsat7 data locatedCAUSE:Strong rains brought about by a tropical depression
2000-097 Indonesia Sumbawa Island - West Nusa Tenggara province - Taliwang subdistrict. 12/03/00 12/06/00 4 9 3,000   Brief torrential rain See notes "biggest in 50 years"  2    Tpz 590                  0.7 "Flash floods triggered by two days of incessant rains inundated Taliwang subdistrict, Sumbawa district, last night, forcing the evacuation of thousands of residents to safer areas" CAUSE:Flash floods triggered by two days of incessant rains 
2000-096 Indonesia  Northern Sulawesi Island: Manado city. Minahasa district. Kaima village. Sario, Dendengan and Tondano rivers.  11/30/00 12/03/00 4 14 30,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 6,250                  1.1 "Days of monsoon rains caused the city's three rivers to burst their banks late Thursday,"  -- No suitable Landsat7 data located as of 12/20CAUSE:Floods triggered by days of heavy rains 
2000-095 Northern Tanzania  Mwanza city. Mabatini, Nyakato, Uhuru, Rufiji and Mlango Mmoja. Mirongo River. Gonja and Kirinjiko villages in the Kilimanjaro Region 12/01/00 12/31/00 31 3,600     Heavy rain   "worst in 10 years" ... "It was the first time in memory that such heavy flooding hit the region" 1    Tpz 18,960                  4.7 "More than two hours of heavy rainfall on Friday caused the Mirongo River to swell on the outskirts of the Lake Victoria port of Mwanza and caught emergency services by surprise"  -- No suitable Landsat7 data locatedCAUSE:Flash floods following a heavy rainstorm 
2000-094 Iran  Southwest, southern, central and northern regions - Provinces: Khuzistan, Lorestan, Ghilan. cities: Khoramabad, Ahwaz, Bandar-e-Anzali Caspian. Several towns south of Tehran were flooded, including a town in the foothills of the Alborz mountains   11/30/00 12/02/00 3       Brief torrential rain     1    Cs 83,730                  3.2 "Torrential rains have brought flooding throughout Iran, ending the country's longest drought in 30 years"  -- No suitable Landsat7 data located as of 12/5CAUSE: Torrential rains
2000-093 Southern Philippines - Tropical storm Rumbia Wide areas of Mindanao and the central Philippines - Visayasislands. 11/30/00 12/03/00 4 12 70,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 14,310                  1.7 "At least 1,643 people were forced to flee their homes by rising floodwaters and big waves that threatened coastal villages in northern Mindanao"CAUSE:Heavy rain
2000-092 Southern Somalia  Southern Lower and Middle Jubba regions. Main Jubba River.  11/20/00     0 150,000   Heavy rain     1 3,000  Tpz 51,400   "the main Jubba river started bursting its banks in the past few days... the river has already flooded about 60 villages, and large areas of farmland around them "  -- No suitable Landsat7 data locatedCAUSE:Heavy rain
2000-091 Indonesia, Northern Malaysia and Southern Thailand Indonesia - Northern Sumatra: provinces: West Sumatra, North Sumatra, Aceh, Jambi. Districts: Pesisir Selatan, Tanah Datar, Pasaman, Dairi, Bireun, Batangkapas. Towns: Banda Aceh, Padang, Malalo, Duo Koto, Taratak Teleng, Bayang, Lhokseumawe -- Thailand - Provinces: Songkhla, Nakorn Sri Thammarat, Pattalung, Surat Thani, Yala, Narathiwat, Trang, Satun, Pattani, Chumporn and Krabi. City of Hat Yai. -- Malaysia - States: Terengganu, Kedah, Kelantan. Districts: Kuala Krai, Pasir Puteh, Kubang Pasu, Kota Setar, Padang Terap, Kota Baharu, Pasir Mas, Tumpat, Besut, Kuala Pertang. Rivers: Sungai Bata, Sungai Kampung Telok Malik, Sungai Pantai Johor, Sungai Baru, Sungai Golok, Sungai Padang Terap. 11/21/00 12/01/00 11 243 68,682 $94,500,000 Brief torrential rain See notes Indonesia "worst since 1953" -- Hat Yai, Thailand: "worst floods in 12 years"  -- Malaysia: "worst floods in 12 years" 1 753,907  Tpz 344,400                14.1 Sumatra: "Since the seasonal rains began in West Sumatra on Monday last week thousands of hectares of paddy fields have been inundated under two meters of water, and roads have been cut." -- Thailand: "The Bangkok Post said 700,000 head of livstock had perished and many fish and prawn farms were destroyed in the deluge that swamped the region over the past week"  DAMAGE: Indonesia: 37,000,000  -- Thailand: 57,500,000 FATALITIES: Indonesia: 170 -- Thailand: 53 -- Malaysia: 20 DISPLACED: Indonesia:  20,000 -- Thailand: 40,682 -- Malaysia: 8,000CAUSE:Several days of torrential rains causing flooding and landslidesHECTARES FLOODED: Sumatra: 13,756 hectares of farmla as well as 4,151 hectares of ready-for-harvest ricefields. -- Thaila, Songkhla province: 736,000 hectares of farmla were damaged
2000-090 Eastern South Africa  KwaZulu-Natal province - low-lying northern parts; Mtunzini area. Towns: Richard's Bay, KwaDlangezwa, Manzamyana, Saint Lucia, Emadulini, Nongoma. Rivers: Mzingazi, Sikhwedezi, Nkonjane 11/19/00 11/23/00 5 3 3,000   Brief torrential rain     1    Tso 25,650                  2.6 "Weather forecasters told AFP the flooding had struck the same low-lying northern parts of KwaZulu-Natal that were hit by cyclone-driven floods that swept through southern Africa in February and March, devastating neighbouring Mozambique." CAUSE:Torrential rains 
2000-089 Northeastern Sri Lanka  Northeastern Province - Districts: Polonnaruwa, Batticaloa and Ampara; thousands of villages inundated. Karativu, Pottuvil and Dehiattakandiya areas.  11/18/00 11/22/00 5 3 300,000 $3,000,000 Monsoonal rain     1 4,047  Tpz 7,600                  1.4 "More than 150,000 people were forced from their homes by torrential rains that breached dams and caused rivers to flood in eastern districts of Sri Lanka, including areas government relief crews cannot reach because the regions are controlled by separatist rebels." CAUSE:Heavy monsoon rains 
2000-088 Central Vietnam  Provinces: Quang Nam, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Quang Tri, Thua Thien-Hue, Ninh Thuan, Quang Ngai and Khanh Hoa 11/18/00 11/26/00 9 36 25,000 $15,000,000       1 4,047  Tpz 49,140                  4.9 "New floods in Vietnam's central provinces have claimed 29 lives over the past few days, disaster relief officials said Tuesday." CAUSE: nd
2000-087 Eastern Australia  Northern New South Wales - Hunter Valley, northern tablelands, Lachlan Valley, Murray region. Towns: Gunnedah, Wee Waa, Narrabri, Maitland, Dubbo, Walgett, Tamworth, Coonamble, Ashford, Yetman, Denman, Muswellbrook, Calala, Woolomin, Mudgee, Ashford, Bourke and Brewarrina. Rivers: Peel, Namoi, Murray, Edward, Gwydir, Belubula, Castlereagh, Macquarie, Macintyre, Barwon. -- Queensland - town of Quilpie; Bulloo and Ward Rivers. Pioneer River in north coast town of Mackay 11/17/00 12/02/00 16   600 $265,000,000     NSW "worst floods for half a century"  -- Biggest flood in 100 years in Mackay, Qld 2 21,500,000  Tso 112,000                18.6 "Hundreds of traumatised victims were evacuated from their homes on Tuesday as the worst floods for half a century turned parts of eastern Australia into an inland sea the size of Britain." ... "We've never had a loss of this magnitude before ... as floodwater inundated a third of the state" ... "wettest November on record"CAUSE: nd  HECTARES FLOODED: 215,000 sq kilometers  -- "a third of the state uerwater. "
2000-086 Saudi Arabia Wadi Setarah. cities: Jeddah and Mecca 11/15/00 11/18/00 4 7 300   Heavy rain See notes   1    Cs 10,790                  1.4 "Storm waters three metres deep flashed through Wadi Setarah, drowning a husband and wife, her mother, a brother and the couple's three children" CAUSE:Heavy rains causing flash floods 
2000-085 NorthernVenezuela  The capital city of Caracas, Vargas and eight other states on the northern coast and to the west 11/12/00 11/17/00 6 3 6,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpo 77,730                  5.0 "the latest flooding has not reached nearly the same magnitude as last year's disaster, and Chavez declared the state of emergency as a precautionary measure." CAUSE:Heavy rain
2000-084 Canada  Southeastern Manitoba. Sivurtburn, Winnipeg area. Red River  11/08/00 11/10/00 3       Heavy rain   "Red River was at its highest fall level since 1912" 1    TsuCpSs** 7,560                  1.0 "Some 9.8 inches of rain was recorded in southeastern Manitoba over the past few days, the heaviest in 90 years, and flood waters have soaked farmers' fields and damaged roads in the area." CAUSE:Record rainfall 
2000-083 Indonesia   Central Java - districts: Purworejo, Kebumen, Purbalingga  11/05/00 11/07/00 3 21     Brief torrential rain See notes   1   Tpz  7,590                  1.0 "Landslides and floods which had struck three districts in Indonesia's Central Java province following two days of torrential rains" CAUSE:Torrential rains causing floods and landslides 
2000-082 Northern Italy  Northwest Italy between Genoa and San Remo - Imperia province. Liguria region: Savona and Ventimiglia. Val D'Aosta, Alassio. Rivers: Po, Secchia and Oglio. 11/05/00 11/07/00 3 3 30   Heavy rain     1     CpSe* 23,850                  1.7 "Four people were killed as heavy rains and strong winds swept across northern Italy, causing floods and landslides, and forcing scores of people to evacuate their homes." CAUSE:Heavy rains 
2000-081 US - Texas  Central and Southeast Texas - Counties: Kimble, Mason , Kerr, Gillespie. Llano River 11/02/00 11/07/00 6 6           1    Tso 9,650                  1.8 "A new record for rainfall in a 24-hour period was set at Dallas-Fort Worth airport on Sunday, when 2.14 inches of rain surpassed the earlier mark of 1.59 inches set in 1957."CAUSE:Slow passage of a cold front and upper-level low pressure system through the state
2000-080 Philippines - Typhoon Bebinca Luzon Island - Provinces: Rizal, Laguna, Cagayan and Nueva Vizcaya. Manila area, suburban Taguig 11/03/00 11/05/00 3 43 668,000 $2,600,000 Tropical cyclone     1    Tpz 6,000                  0.9 "Government offices, schools, financial markets and many private establishments were closed as floodwaters covered huge areas of the capital, rising above head height in some places," CAUSE:Typhoon rains 
2000-079 US - Hawaii  Eastern side of Main Island -  Hilo area 11/02/00 11/03/00 2   100 $20,000,000 Heavy rain   "This is the worst I've seen in the last six years. "   1    Tpo 86                  0.1 "U.S. National Weather Service (NWS) officials say 25 inches of rain have fallen at Hilo Airport in less than 24 hours, breaking a record set in 1979" ... "We've got houses swept off the foundations, vehicles floating, "CAUSE:Heavy rain 
2000-078 Northern and Eastern Tiawan - Typhoon Xangsane  Counties: Taipei, Pingtung, Kaohsiung, Cities: Keelung, Taipei, Hsichih, Chitu. Keelung River 11/01/00 11/04/00 4 58   $77,000,000 Tropical cyclone   "worst flooding in Taiwan in 30 years"  1    Tszo 4,500                  0.9 "Typhoon Xiangsane brought heavy rain and winds, causing severe flooding and mudslides that swept away homes and roads in many areas."  -- No suitable Modis9 data locatedCAUSE:Typhoon rains  
2000-077 UK and Ireland UK - England, eastern Scotland, northern Wales - Kent, Sussex, the North East, Yorkshire and the Midlands, County Durham, Northumberland, Hampshire, West Sussex. Towns: Skipton, Stockbridge, Shipley, Cottingley, Shrewsbury, Worcester, Bewdley, Yalding, Bath, Shropshire, Leeds, York, Selby, Ripon, Malton, Norton, Skinningrove, Lanchester, Ironbridge, Bridgnorth, Upton on Severn, Burton upon Trent, Doncaster, Uckfield, Ponteland, Exton, West Meon, Barlby, Selby, Surrey, Chichester. Rivers: Ouse, Derwent, Severn, Trent, Dee, Thames, Beult, Teise, Rother, Uck Aire, Foss, Stour, Ure, Gaunless, Don, , Pont, Meon, Medway, Wey, Lavant and Ems. -- Southern Ireland - Bantry in Co Cork, Clonmel in Co Tipperary, Enniscorthy in Co Wexford and Arklow in Co Wicklow. Rathfarnham, Kimmage. Rivers: Poddle, Dodder, Blackwater, Suir 10/29/00     13 6,000 $3,000,000,000 Heavy rain   "worst spate of flooding since the "Great 3     C 96,950   "Britain was crippled by the worst storms for a decade ... Much of Britain's railway network was brought to a standstill by debris and floods ... Warnings of severe flooding were in effect on 22 rivers from Britain's lowlands to its mountains"  ... "Fourteen severe flood warnings were in place on nine rivers, with rivers in Yorkshire, northern England, and the River Severn, in the west, the chief areas of concern." -- "The River Derwent at Stamford Bridge, East Yorkshire, peaked at 32.5 feet - the highest ever recorded" -- "A large part of England and Wales are affected by flooding. The worst floods have been on the Ouse and Derwent Rivers in northeastern England, the Dee in North Wales, the Severn and Trent in the Midlands, and a large number of rivers in southern England, including the Thames, Beult, Teise, Rother and Uck." -- "A spokesman from the Met Office confirmed that England and Wales had experienced the wettest autumn since its records began in 1766." FATALITIES: UK: 12 -- Ireland: 1CAUSE:Heavy rain from storm HECTARES FLOODED:
2000-076 Indonesia  West and Central Java - Districts: Cilacap, Banyumas, Tasikmalaya. Towns: Cibalung, Bandarpanjang, Kupa, Bantarkalong 10/29/00 10/31/00 3 40 10,000   Heavy rain See notes   1 1,492  Tpz 13,700                  1.3 "More than 600 other houses, and wide tracts of rice fields were inundated by up to two meters (more than six feet) of water"  -- No suitable Modis9 data located  CAUSE:Floods and landslides triggered by days of heavy rains 
2000-075 Philippines - Typhoon Xangsane  Philippines - Southeastern Luzon: Provinces: Cavite, Sorsogon, Catanduanes, Samar, Albay. Manila and nearby areas  10/28/00 10/31/00 4 41 100,000 $12,500,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpz 7,000                  1.2 "Thirty-six villages in the capital were still submerged in "flood waters ranging from one foot to waist deep,"" CAUSE:Flash floods triggered by continuing heavy rains 
2000-074 Israel  Tel Aviv area, Jaffa; Gaza Strip  10/24/00 10/26/00 3 1 600   Heavy rain     1    TsuCs 3,000                  0.6 "Naval commandos rescued trapped families from their balconies Wednesday as rain-driven floods swept across the Tel Aviv area, temporarily closing the city's main highway and driving hundreds of residents from their homes" CAUSE:Heavy rain - 3 inches of rain fell in six hours
2000-073 Western Algeria and Eastern Morocco  Algeria - Regions of Naama and Tlemcen. Town: Ain Sefra, Sidi Bel Abbes, Relizane and El Bayadh  -- Morocco - eastern region of Taza 10/22/00 10/25/00 4 28 400   Brief torrential rain     1    Tpu 101,500                  4.4 "Six people were reported dead and a dozen missing Tuesday following flash floods in western Algeria, near the border of Morocco"  FATALITIES: Algeria: 28 DISPLACED: Algeria: 100  -- Morocco: 300CAUSE:flash floods 
2000-072 US - Arizona  La Paz County. Towns: Wenden, Salome. Centennial Wash.  10/22/00 10/23/00 2 1 500 $7,800,000 Brief torrential rain     1    Cp 300                  0.1 "The towns of Wenden and Salome usually get about one-half inch of rain in the entire month of October. But they were drenched by 1.2 inches of rain that fell from Saturday night through Sunday night ... Vehicles in Wenden were turned on their sides by the flood's force and almost completely submerged under murky water that was 8 feet deep in some places. " CAUSE:flash flood 
2000-071 Eastern Spain  11 provinces along Spain's Mediterranean coast. Regions: Valencia, Murcia, Catalonia, Amposta, Zaragoza, Teruel and Albacete. Cities: Cartagena, Tarragona, Murcia, Valencia, Ramonte, Cambrils, Teruel, Alicante, Sagunto. Rivers: Ebro, Palancia 10/20/00 10/26/00 7 8 500 $75,000,000 Brief torrential rain     1    TsuCs 26,690                  3.2 "Heavy rains Monday inundated Spains Mediterranean coast, forcing rescue workers to evacuate dozens of people from their homes in the region of Valencia while six were feared dead near Tarragona and Murcia, officials said. Floods affected entire neighbourhoods in Cartagena, entering shops, garages and homes and leaving the eastern city practically at a standstill. " CAUSE:Torrential rains 
2000-070 Northwestern  Italy and Southern Switzerland  Italy - Regions: Valle D'Aosta, Piedmont, Liguria. Towns: San Rocco al Porto, Turin, Pavia, Cremona, San Benedetto Po, Parma, Piacenza. Rivers: Po and Ticino. -- Switzerland - Valais canton, village of Gondo; Locarno, Lake Maggiore area, Martigny. 10/14/00 10/22/00 9 37 43,000 $50,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes Italy: highest levels on Po River "at least a half- century" -- Switzerland: "damage has exceeded that from 1993 flooding" 2    CpSe* 44,550                  9.3 "Italy hurried more than 15,000 people from the path of two raging rivers Tuesday as flood waters that wreaked death in Alpine towns bore down on the medieval villages and cities of the northern Italian plains. " -- 'This is the Po's worst flood we've ever had" FATALITIES: Italy: 25 -- Switz: 12 DISPLACED: Italy: 43,000 CAUSE:Five days of torrential rains causing flooding and mudslides 
2000-069 Southern China  Hainan Province - 610 villages in northern and eastern areas including Qionghai, Wenchang, and Ding'an. -- Guangdong Province - Xuwen County 10/12/00 10/18/00 7 10 200,000   Tropical cyclone   Hainan "The worst floods in a century" 2 66,000  Tszo 11,170                  4.1 "A total of 600 millimetres of rain fell on many eastern and northern areas from October 11-16, causing flash floods and landslides in some of the worst rainstorms to hit the island for at least 50 years"  -- No suitable Modis 250m, Modis 9 or Landsat7 data locatedCAUSE:"Tropical depression and cold air from the north ... leading to the torrential rains" 
2000-068 Southern Brazil  Rio Grande do Sul State - Cities: Viamao, greater Porto Alegre, 10/12/00 10/15/00 4 6 5,000   Heavy rain     1    TsoCp 10,250                  1.4 "The rainstorms, which began last Wednesday, lashed 33 cities and rural towns in Rio Grande do Sul state," CAUSE:Heavy rains 
2000-067 Mexico  Tabasco State - Villahermosa area. 10/10/00 10/17/00 8   1,500         1    Tso 3,000                  1.1 "...annual flooding, which has affected more than 300,000 people in at least a dozen towns this year" CAUSE:Annual flooding 
2000-066 UK  Southeastern England - East and West Sussex, northwest Kent and Devon, Hampshire. Towns: Uckfield, Lewes, Maidstone, Yalding, Tonbridge. Rivers: Uck, Ouse, Medway 10/11/00 10/14/00 4 0 1,000 $5,900,000,000 Heavy rain   "worst floods in the region for 40 years"  1    C 5,300                  1.0 "Millions of pounds worth of damage was caused to homes and businesses as flood waters deluged property, blocked main roads and disrupted and in some cases halted rail services." CAUSE:Heavy rain
2000-065 Central Vietnam  Provinces: Lam Dong, Dac Lac, Binh Duong, Khanh Hoa, Dong Nai, Ninh Thuan, Tay Ninh, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Ha Tinh. Districts: Cu Chi, Hoc Mon, Binh Chanh. Cities: Hoi An, Danang, Hue, Ho Chi Minh City. Thu Bon River  10/10/00 10/19/00 10 23 200,000   Monsoonal rain     1 48,351  Tpz 71,900                  6.2 "Rainfall reached as much as 30 centimetres (12 inches) in central Vietnam causing water levels to hit danger points on several river systems,"CAUSE:Sporadic monsoon rains
2000-064 Columbia  Caribbean Coast and Andes regions. Rivers: Magdalena, Cauca, San Jorge and Sinu. 09/20/00     9 28,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpz     "Heavy rains that have lasted two months in Colombia have killed nine people and affected 48,500 others in the Caribbean region ... According to weather forecast, heavy rains will last till December" CAUSE:Heavy seasonal rains
2000-063 Belize, Mexico, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala - Hurricane Keith Northeastern Belize - Belize City; San Pedro village on island of Ambergris Cay; Caye Caulker. Corozal District. -- Northwestern Nicaragua - Leon and Chinandega provinces. -- Mexico - Quintana Roo state, Chetumal city. Gulf coast of Tabasco. Tampico. -- Northern Costa Rica - towns of Quepos and Parrita 10/01/00 10/05/00 5 14 10,621   Brief torrential rain See notes   1   Tpo 3,900                  1.0 "Flooding associated with Keith caused two deaths elsewhere in Central America and at least one in Mexico, but the worst damage came in Belize, where streets were flooded with more than a dozen inches (30 cms) of rain that had fallen since Sunday"  -- No suitable Modis 9 data located FATALITIES: Belize: 1 -- Nicaragua: 10 -- Mexico: 1 -- El Salvador: 1 -- Guatemala: 1 DISPLACED: Belize: 3296 -- Nicaragua: 2,800  -- Mexico: 4,000 -- Costa Rica: 525CAUSE:Torrential rains from stalled hurricane 
2000-062 Nigeria   Lagos city 09/20/00 09/21/00 2       Brief torrential rain   "This is the worst I have seen in 12 years in Lagos"  1    Tpz 7,700                  0.6 "The flooding was up to a metre (yard) deep in several low-lying areas of the city"... " tens of thousands of homes all over the city were inundated with water."CAUSE:Torrential rains 
2000-061 Eastern India and Bangladesh India --West Bengal State - Districts: Murshidabad, Birbhum, Nadia, Bardhaman, Hoogly, Howrah, Midnapore, North Dinajpur, Bankura, 24 Parganas. Towns: Mayapur, Salar, Bharatpur, Baroan, Kandi, Katwa, Muraroi, Calcutta. -- Bihar State - Districts: Munger, Bhalagpur, Dumka, Sahebganj, Deogarh, Madhupur, Josidih, Sheikhpura and Banka. Rivers: Ganges, Kosi, Bagmati, Burhi Ganduk, Hoogly, Kharia, Ichamati and Jamuna. Reservoirs discharged on Damodar, Mayurakshi and Ajoy Rivers. Water levels begin to recede in West Bengal on Oct 2. -- Bangladesh -- Districts: Jhenaidah, Chuadanga, Shariatpur, Rangpur, Gaibandha, Bogra, Rajshahi, Manikganj, Kushtia, Chapainawabganj, Jessore, Magura, Satkhira and Meherpur. Towns: Rajshahi, Kurigram. Rivers: Padma Surma and Kushiyara. -- see also DFO-2000037 and DFO-2000031 09/18/00 10/21/00 34 1,468 24,000,000 $700,000,000 Monsoonal rain   Western Bangladesh: "worst in the region in the last 50 years" ... "worst in about 100 years" 2 1,500,000  Tszo 155,000                27.8 "Flooding is common in the eastern India and Bangladesh at this time of year, but it is usually not as extensive or sudden." ... "Besides the flash floods triggered by incessant torrential storms, the disaster is also man made. Sluice gates of at least three dams were opened to stop the water barriers from bursting. This not only worsened the situation in West Bengal but the overspill of water entered the neighboring Bangladesh rendering nearly 100,000 people homeless" ... "The floodwaters have drowned much of the Indian-Bangladesh border under 10 feet (3 meters) of water." -- Bangladesh: "The week-long floods have inundated the country's 10 western border districts, spared from devastating floods in 1998 when more than 1,200 people died. " DAMAGE: India: 700,000,000 -- Bang: "several million dollars worth of property and crops have been destroyed" FATALITIES: India: 1,358 -- Bang: 110 DISPLACED: India: 20,000,000 -- Bang: 4,000,000CAUSE:Late monsoon rains that triggered flash floods HECTARES FLOODED: West Bengal: 1,500,000 hectares
2000-060 Southwestern Mexico - Tropical storm Norman Guerrero and Chiapas States. Cities: Tapachula, Acapulco, municipality of Concordia, Lazaro Cardenas. 09/19/00 09/22/00 4 9     Heavy rain See notes   1    Tso 12,760                  1.6 "In the western state of Guerrero, four people were reported dead and another dozen were missing, while floods cut off some 30,000 people in remote communities" CAUSE:Three days of driving rain causing flooding and mudslidesHECTARES FLOODED:
2000-059 Southern France  Departement of Herault . Cities: Marseille and Montpellier  09/19/00 09/20/00 2 6     Heavy rain See notes   1    TsuCs 18,170                  0.9 "more than 20 centimetres (eight inches) of rain fell between 6:00 p.m. and 11:00 p.m. in an area where annual rainfall is normally 70 centimetres" CAUSE:Severe rainstorm causing flash floods 
2000-058 Southern Sri Lanka  Galle and Matara districts - Nagoda, Baddegama and Weliwitiya Divitura areas. Low lying areas in Colombo. Gin Ganga River 09/18/00 09/22/00 5 2 100,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 8,000                  1.4 "The Sri Lankan navy has been mobilized to evacuate about 12,000 persons marooned in the southern part of the country due to heavy monsoon rains and floods during the past few days" CAUSE:Heavy rains for four days
2000-057 Northeastern Brazil  Pernambuco State, Recife city  09/16/00 09/18/00 3 3 10,000   Heavy rain See notes   1    Tpo 3,000                  0.6  
2000-056 Guatemala  Towns: Teleman, Zacapa, hillsides outside of Guatemala City. Concepcion River overflowed in Escuintla. 09/15/00 09/17/00 3 20 1,000   Heavy rain See notes   1    Tpz 13,970                  1.3 "Major highways were flooded and more than 50 homes have been destroyed throughout the country."... "People say they aren't afraid and choose to live in areas that during the rainy season are always hit with mudslides and floods," ... "The tragedies we are seeing now are in areas that everyone knew were unsafe." CAUSE:Four days of heavy rains causing floods and mudslides 
2000-055 Central Japan and South Korea - Typhoon Somai Japan - Prefectures: Aichi, Shizuoka, Mie and Gifu. Cities: Nagoya, Daito, Inuyama, Nishibiwajima, Toyota, Higashiura. Rivers: Shonai, Shin, Kiso, Ishigase, 8 rivers in Aichi prefecture  . -- South Korea - (struck by Typhoon Somai on Sep 16) North and South Kyongsang provinces 09/11/00 09/17/00 7 13 100,000 $28,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1 6,000  TsoCpSe*  42,970                  4.0 "The floods damaged 171 roads, swept away 12 bridges and triggered 452 landslides"... "The storm dumped 428 millimeters (17 inches) of rain on Nagoya on Tuesday alone, the highest figure recorded by the local observatory since records began in 1891" DAMAGE: Japan: 10,000,000 -- SKorea: 18,000,000 FATALITIES: Japan: 9 -- SKorea: 4 DISPLACED: Japan: 100,000CAUSE:Rains from Typhoon Saomai - "heaviest downpour ever in Japan" HECTARES FLOODED: SKorea: 6,000 ha
2000-054 North Korea  Northeastern province of South Hamgyong. Chongjin city.  08/31/00 09/04/00 5 42     Tropical cyclone     1    TsoCpSe* 16,450                  2.1 "U.N. staff observed widespread damage from the storm that ravaged North Korea's east coast for 27 hours beginning the night of Aug. 31" CAUSE:Rains from a tropical storm 
2000-053 El Salvador  Central and eastern regions  09/05/00 09/08/00 4 2 400   Heavy rain     1   Tso                      -   "The rains have caused flooding throughout much of the country, causing rivers to jump their banks ... in the central and eastern regions" ... "forecasters expect the rains to continue over the next two days."CAUSE:Five days of heavy rains 
2000-052 Philippines Northern and eastern Manila city - districts of Caloocan, Quezon, Malabon 09/04/00 09/05/00 2 3 5,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz  1,636                  0.3 "A tropical depression north of the Philippines and a low-pressure area in the South China Sea combined to dump 90 milliliters of rain in Manila over a six-hour period"  -- No suitable Modis 9 data locatedCAUSE:90 milliliters of rain in 6 hours overflow Manila's drainage system
2000-051 Central and southern China - Typhoon Maria Guangdong Province - Shaoguan city area, cities of Chaozhou and Jieyang. Beijiang River. -- Hunan Province - southern area. Chenzhou city 09/01/00 09/06/00 6 47 46,000 $169,000,000 Heavy rain See notes   1 166,000 Tszo  25,900                  2.9 Guangdong: "Dozens of reservoirs overflowed, hundreds of dikes were damaged and more than 200 hectares of farmland were flooded ... Total rainfall reached 163 millimetres in some areas, with streets in the cities of Chaozhou and Jieyang under 1 metre of water on Sunday and Monday"  -- In Hunan province the storm causes flash floods and landslides. -- No suitable Modis 9 data locatedCAUSE:Heavy rain from tropical storm HECTARES FLOODED: Hunan: 44,000 ha  -- Guangdong:122,000 ha
2000-050 China - Tibet  Tibet Autonomous Region - Counties: Gyangze and Bainang. Xigaze City. Nyangqu River 08/28/00 09/05/00 9   1,300   Heavy rain     1 333  Tszo 9,210                  2.1 "Water in the Nyangqu River rose and exceeded the warning level on August 28. Over 120-meter breach along the dike in the Bainang county inundated over 333 hectares of farmland in the county, and over 600 families were affected. " CAUSE:Rainstorms since late August 
2000-049 Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Laos --Mekong Delta -- Cambodia - Provinces: Takeo, Prey Veng, Kompong Cham, Kandal, Stung Treng, Kratie, Kompong Speu. Municipality of Phnom Penh. Districts: Peam Ro, Lovi-em. Rivers: Mekong, Bassac and Tonle Sap. Water levels begin to recede in Cambodia Oct 2, but begin rising again on Oct 15. -- Vietnam - Mekong Delta provinces: An Giang, Dong Thap, Long An, Kien Giang, Can Tho. Mekong River. -- Northeast Thailand - Provinces: 42 of Thailand's 76 provinces including Phetchabun. Districts: Lom Sak, Lom Kao. Cities: Phetchabun, Khon Kaen. -- Southeastern Laos - Provinces: Khammouan, Saravan, Champasak, Borikhamxay. Mekong River. -- see also DFO-2000042 and DFO-2000034 08/28/00     1,139 6,574,000 $782,000,000 Monsoonal rain   "Vietnamese government officials have declared this year's floods in the Mekong Delta the worst in seven decades, surpassing even the infamous floods of 1961 and 1966." -- Cambodia "worst in 70 years" -- "worst flooding in the Mekong Delta in 70 years" -- Laos "worst flooding in two decades" 2 3,161,710 Tpz  208,200   Sep 21 "The water level in the Mekong River as it passes Phnom Penh hit a record 11.20 meters (36.7 feet) on Thursday -- a point at which it would naturally flood the capital, home to more than one million people, if it weren't for hundreds of thousands of sandbags now lining the river at low points." -- Oct 17 "Flood waters continued to rise in the Mekong Delta Tuesday sparking fears that residents of the worst hit areas would be unable to harvest a spring rice crop...But torrential rains which lashed southern and central Vietnam throughout last week have again swollen the region's rivers." -- Oct 23 "The Mekong water levels have fallen, in general, by 60 to 70 cm relative to the peak levels reached in September but they will remain high until the end of the month," DAMAGE: Cambodia: 100,000,000 -- Vietnam: 250,000,000 -- Thailand: 185,000,000 -- Laos: nd -- Total Damage in Mekong Delta: 247,000,000 FATALITIES: Cambodia: 300 -- Vietnam: 407 -- Thailand: 43 -- Laos: 15 -- SE Asia total: 374 (also includes floods DFO- 2000034 and 2000042) DISPLACED: Cambodia: 500,000 -- Vietnam: 2,000,000 -- Thailand: 74,000 -- Laos: nd -- Total displaced in Mekong Delta: 4,000,000CAUSE:Heavy monsoon rains continue in Southeast Asia - (a continuation of DFO floods 2000034 and 2000042)  HECTARES FLOODED: Cambodia - one million hectares of rice crops destroyed or flooded -- Vietnam: 321,710 ha -- Thaila: 1,040,000 ha -- Laos: 72,500 ha -- "floodwaters cover more than 800,000 square kilometers in Vietnam, Cambodia, Thaila a Laos"
2000-048 Western India  Maharashtra State -  "low-lying areas" 08/30/00 09/01/00 3 40 5,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 36,850                  2.1 "Swirling rivers from the neighboring flood-battered Andhra Pradesh state carried the water into the Maharashtra state and flooded low-lying areas. India's Star TV news says that thousands of people have been evacuated from the low-lying areas"  DISPLACED: "THOUSDANDS"CAUSE:Heavy rain and runoff from floods in state of Andhra Pradesh
2000-047 Eastern China, Russian Far East and Korea - Typhoon Prapiroon China - Jiangsu Province - Northern coastal area, Xiangshui County. -- Russia - Primorye region - 11 districts in the southern and central parts of the Maritime Territory as well as the cities of Nakhodka, Ussuriisk, and Spassk-Dalny. Vladivostok area. (hit by Typhoon Prapiraoon on Sept 1) -- North and South Korea - Imjin River 08/30/00 09/10/00 12 31 14,140 $1,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1 463,933 TsoCp  81,860                  7.1 "There were rainstorms for 24 hours, ... Xiangshui County received a 821 millimeters of precipitation, a record in the history of Jiangsu. The water level of some coastal rivers surpassed the warning line by 50-100 centimeters"  -- Russia - "A total of 2,077 houses were flooded in 50 towns and villages; 54 bridges, eight dikes and more than ten kilometers of power and telephone lines were damaged" DAMAGE: Russia: 1,000,000 FATALITIES: China: 4 -- Korea: 27 DISPLACED: China:13,800 -- Russia: 440CAUSE:Coastal river flooding from typhoon rains  HECTARES FLOODED: China: 363,933 ha -- Russia:1,000 sq km
2000-046 Northern India  Uttar Pradesh State -  Districts: Sidharthnagar, Gonda, Balrampur, Shravast, Bahraich, Raebareli and Barabanki. Regions: Farrukhabad, Badau, Hardoi and Pratapgarh. Towns: Bijnour, Azamgarh. Rivers: Ganges, Yamuna and Ghaghra. -- Bihar State - "Rivers Ganga, Burhi Gandak, Kosi, Bagmati and Punpun were all in spate affecting about five million people in over 2,146 villages in 21 north and central Bihar districts" 08/29/00 09/14/00 17 578     Monsoonal rain     1    Tszo 223,200                13.4 "Uttar Pradesh officials said major rivers were in spate in the sprawling province adjoining the Indian capital and added that relief and rescue operations were underway. They said the 31 died in the past 48 hours in eight flooded Uttar Pradesh districts. The latest deaths have taken the flood-related death toll in Uttar Pradesh to 226 since the onset of the monsoon in June"  FATALITIES: Uttar Pradesh: 131 -- Uttar Pradesh total for this season: 370 -- Bihar: 7 -- Bihar total for this season: 70CAUSE:Monsoon rains 
2000-045 South Korea  Provinces: Cholla-namdo (Yongkwang, Sunchon); Cholla-pukto (Chongup, Sunchang, Kochang, Kunsan city); Chungchong-namdo (Poryong, Puyo, Nonsan, villages near Taejon) Rivers: Kum and Imjin 08/26/00 08/29/00 4 7 500 $27,000,000 Brief torrential rain     1 14,000 TsoCp  27,590                  2.3 "the late summer rain spell was caused by the strong rain front formed by the collision of hot and humid atmospheric low pressure originating from the Pacific ocean with cold streams from China." CAUSE:Torrential rains swept the nation for five days in a row
2000-044 Central Ethiopia  Afar Region - Dubti Woreda district, Danakil Lowlands inundated. Dubti-Assaita city. Awash River 08/10/00 08/21/00 12 9 30,000   Heavy rain   Record high levels on the Awash at Dubti  1    Tpz 57,500                  6.0 " It was reported that a seven-meter-high dike near Dubti failed to withstand the water level that reached a record high of 8.95 meters" CAUSE:More than a week of heavy rain 
2000-043 Southern India  Andhra Pradesh State -  Hyderabad city, also13 districts in the state including: Guntur, Kurnool, Prakasam, Khammam, Rayalaseema, Nalgonda, Krishna, Nandial, East and West Godavari. River: Godavari. Aug 26 - a dam burst near Hyderabad. Aug 31 - Godivari River begins to recede. 08/23/00 08/31/00 9 162 3,000,000 $177,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes "worst flood to hit the state in 50 years" 2 300,000  Tpz 129,500                15.8 "More than 90 neighborhoods in Hyderabad were submerged under 5 to 15 feet (1.5 to 4.5 meters) of water and hundreds of people were stranded on rooftops. A bridge in the heart of the city was damaged." ... "floods, which have inundated vaste swathes of Andra Pradesh including the state capital Hyderabad" -- August 31 -"water levels in the main Godavari river fell back below danger point"CAUSE:Four days of torrential monsoon rains 
2000-042 Vietnam and Thailand - Tropical storm Kaemi Central Vietnam - Provinces: Quang Ngai, Thua Thien Hue. Danang. Huong River . -- Northeastern Thailand - (hit by Kaemi on Aug 23) Provinces: Ubon Ratchathani, Si Sa Ket, Nakhon Ratchasima, Buri Ram. -- see also DFO-2000049 and DFO-2000034 08/21/00 08/28/00 8 14 400,500 $21,500,000 Tropical cyclone     1 326,000 Tpz  78,210                  5.8 "Heavy rains from Kaemi inundated tens of thousands of hectares (acres) of rice fields along a 400-kilometer (250-mile) stretch in seven central provinces Monday"  DAMAGE: Vietnam: 6,400,000 -- Thailand: 15,100,000 FATALITIES: Vietnam: 5 -- Thailand: 9 DISPLACED: Vietnam: 500  -- Thailand: 400,000CAUSE:Tropical storm HECTARES FLOODED: Vietnam: >22,000 ha  -- Thaila: 304,000 ha
2000-041 Northeastern Iran Khorasan province; Maneh va Salmaqan region  08/07/00 08/09/00 3 8 400 $6,000,000 Brief torrential rain     1 400 Cs  16,200                  1.4 "floods... were sparked by heavy rains in the area of Bojnourd"CAUSE:flash flooding
2000-040 Cameroon Douala city 08/03/00 08/05/00 3 3 500   Heavy rain   "worst flooding on record" 2   Tpo 3,700                  1.3 "About a third of the city of more than 2 million people was affected."CAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-039 Russian Far East - Typhoon Bolaven Far East - Regions: Primoriye, Khabarovsk, Sakhalin. Districts: Tomari, Lesozavodsk. Cities: Vladivostok, Partizansk, Artyom 07/30/00 08/06/00 8   24,000 $30,000,000 Heavy rain See notes   1 60,000 TsuCpSs* 192,100                  9.1 "The flood, caused by heavy rains and a typhoon in the Pacific Ocean at the end of July, damaged 9,211 homes, washed out 196 bridges and downed 253 kilometers (157 miles) of power and telephone lines" ..."The Bulavin typhoon flooded almost a half of the territory and over 9,000 houses"CAUSE:Heavy rains and Typhoon Bolaven
2000-038 Northeastern Brazil States: Pernambuco and Alagoas; Cities: Palmares, Maceio, metropolitan region of Recife, Catende, Belem de Maria; 07/30/00 08/17/00 19 70 120,000 $75,000,000 Brief torrential rain   25 1   Tpz, Tpo 48,100                  6.5 "It was perhaps the worst natural disaster ever to hit Pernambuco," civil defense official Carlos D'Alburquerque said."CAUSE:Three days of torrential rains
2000-037 Northeast India Northern Bangladesh Bhutan Nepal India - States: Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh. Districts: 17 Distritcts in Assam including Nalbari, Assams, Kokrajhar, Sonitpur; also Katihar, Kumaon, Pithoragarh, Nainital. Towns: Guwahati, Tezpur, Sitamarhi. Majuli Island. Rivers: Brahmaputra and its tributaries, Bagmati, Kosi, Gandak, Murigandak, Kamlabalan, Mahananada, Adhwara, Ganges, Bhagra, Ganga, Burhi Gandak, Bagmati and Punpun. -- Bangladesh - Districts: Kurigram, Gaibandha, Lalmonirhat, Sylhet, Dhaka, Manikganj, Munshiganj, Narayanganj and Narsingdi. Rivers: Brahmaputra, Jamuna and its tributaries; Padma, Surma and Kushiyara. -- Bhutan - Townships: Phuentsholing, Chukha. Villages: Pasakha, Rivers: Brahmaputra, Varsha. -- Nepal - Districts: Bhadrapur, Nawalparasi, Kailali. Villages: Dhajaha, Narayanpur. Rivers: Ratuwa, Narayani, Karnali. -- see also DFO-2000061 and DFO-2000031 08/02/00 08/30/00 29 637 10,504,000 $50,000,000 Monsoonal rain   "So far, the situation is regarded as normal for the season" (August 17) 1 300,000 Tszo 324,400                19.2 In all countries involved, landslides accompany the flooding. -- India: "The Assam government has sounded a maximum alert with the Brahmpautra flowing at least five metres (16 feet) above the danger mark." -- "In all, 3,568 villages in 16 districts have been inundated and crops in more than 197,031 hectares damaged. More than three million people have been affected by the floods." -- Bhutan: "the landslides blocked nearly the country's entire road network" -- August 21 - Bramaputra begins to recede in Assam. -- Sep 5 Eastern India - "The floods are receding in places and people have gone back to their homes. But there are large pools of stagnant water surrounding people's homes where water-borne diseases could proliferate" DAMAGE: India (Assam province): $50,000,000 -- Nepal : millions of rupees FATALITIES: India: 300 -- Bangladesh: 31 -- Bhutan: 200 -- Nepal: 106 DISPLACED: India: 4,000,000 in Assam 5,500,000 in all India. -- Bangladesh: 1,000,000 -- Nepal: 4,000CAUSE:Flooding triggered by monsoon rains HECTARES FLOODED: Assam: 300,000Ha
2000-036 Northern India  States: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab. Districts: Kullu, Mandi, Bhawa, Nathpa-Jhakri, Kinnaur, Rampur; Towns: Chandigarh, Arth, Rampur, Tattapani; River: Sutlej 07/31/00 08/04/00 5 140 4,000 $238,000,000 Brief torrential rain     1    Tszo 12,400                  1.8 Flash floods due to torrential rains in Tibet. -- Flooding along a 180-mile stretch of the Sutlej River. Sutlej River reached levels 40 feet above normal.CAUSE:Flash flood
2000-035 Western India West coast 07/17/00     140     Monsoonal rain     1   Tpz or Tszo     "Unending monsoon rains continued to cause flooding along India's west coast where the death toll was up to 140 on Saturday."CAUSE:Monsoon rains
2000-034 Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia Northeastern Thailand - town of Udon Thani, Mekong River. -- Southern Vietnam - Mekong Delta region; Provinces: An Giang, Dong Thap, Long An, Tien Giang; Rivers: Tien, Hau. -- Northern Vietnam - Red River Delta region: Provinces: Vin Phuc, Bac Thai, Ha Giang, Lao Cai; Districts: Lap Thac, Thanh Son; Rivers: Lo, Ca. -- Cambodia - 11 out of 19 Provinces: Takeo, Siem Reap, Kampong Cham, Oddar Meanchay, Kampong Thom, Kratie, Stung Treng, Koh Kong, Prey Veng, Takeo, Svay Rieng, Kandal, and the Municipality of Phnom Penh. -- Rivers: Mekong. -- see also DFO-2000049 and DFO-2000042 07/11/00 08/10/00 31 33 25,000 $6,000,000 Monsoonal rain   Thailand : 26 -- Vietnam: 40 -- Cambodia: 40 1 422,180 Tpz  104,700                11.1 Thailand: "flood waters were cascading down from the nearby Phuparn mountain ... reached levels anticipated to occur only once in a thousand years ... overnight rainfall Tuesday of 274.5 mm (10.8 inches) was a record for the province "  -- "Local media have dubbed the downpour a "thousand-year rain," but meteorologists told Reuters the heaviest rain ever recorded in Thailand was 547.1 mm on August 16, 1974 in the northeastern province of Sakon Nakorn." -- Vietnam: "the river bank had already been washed away in at least 80 separate places on the two main branches of the Mekong and warned that hundreds of thousands of riverside homes were under threat" -- Jul 17 "The water level on the Mekong River has been rising about 4 inches daily." -- No suitable AVHRR or Landsat7 data located as of 7/17/00 DAMAGE: Cambodia: $6,000,000 (not including bridge and road damage) FATALITIES: Thailand: 4  -- Vietnam: 14 -- Cambodia: 15 DISPLACED: Vietnam: 5,000 -- Cambodia: 20,000CAUSE:Mosoon rains flooding the Mekong delta arrive a month early HECTARES FLOODED: Vietnam: 316,180 Ha -- Cambodia: 106,000 H
2000-033 China  Hubei Province: Enshi district. -- Sichuan Province: Dazhou city and Chongqing municipality. -- Shaanxi Province: Counties: Ziyang, Huxian, Hu; Rivers: Ren, Han. -- Henan Province: Pingdingshan and Nanyang cities. 06/30/00     65 88,000 $83,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1 278,145 Tszo  108,000   Yangtze River first flood crest of the season passed Yichang City site of Three Gorges Dam (news report dated July 6)  -- ~200 people in Shaanxi province were killed 07/10 - 07/11/00 in rain-triggered landslides. DAMAGE: Hubei: $55,000,000   -- Sichuan: $16,000,000 -- Shaanxi: $12,000,000 (Ziyang only) FATALITES: Hubei: 12  -- Sichuan: 18 -- Shaanxi: 35 DISPLACED: Hubei: 60,000 -- Sichuan: 3000 -- Henan: 25,000CAUSE:Torrential rains causing flooding and mudslidesHECTARES FLOODED: Hubei: 38,145 hectares. --  Sichuan:35,000 hectares. -- Shaanxi: 119,000 hectares. -- Henan: 86,000 ha.of farmla
2000-032 Northern Philippines, Central Japan and Taiwan - Typhoons Kirogi, Edeng and Kai Tak Philippines - Luzon Island. western regions of Luzon and central Visayas. Provinces: Pampanga, Bulacan and Bataan. Towns: Manila, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Baguio, Malolos. Tullahan River. -- Japan: coastal areas near Tokyo. Izu island chain, Honshu Island. -- Taiwan: eastern coast 07/04/00     45 800,000 $2,200,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1   Tpz  11,600   "Floodwaters, some more than 10 feet (3 meters) high, also swamped many villages in the provinces of Pampanga, Bulacan and Bataan in central Luzon region"..."Parts of Manila and 47 towns north of the capital were submerged"..."Power authority officials opened the gates of four hydro-electric dams north of Manila to prevent water from overflowing and worsening the floods." -- July 8:"While Typhoon Kirogi moved off the Philippines' eastern side and hit Japan, flooding streets and killing two there, a second typhoon, Kai Tak, continued to dump monsoon rains over the main island of Luzon." -- No suitable AVHRR or Landsat 7 data located for Philippines and Japan. No suitable Landsat 7 data located for Tiawan. No suitable Modis 9 data located for Philippines DAMAGE: Philippines: 2,200,000 FATALITIES: Philippines: 42 -- Japan: 3 DISPLACED: Philippines: 800,000CAUSE:Torrential monsoon rains and typhoons
2000-031 Bangladesh Northern Bangladesh: Kurigram district, Rangpur region; Rivers: Darala, Brahmaputra. -- Southeast Bangladesh: city of Chittagong and in the neighbouring areas of Cowkbazar, Mirzapool, Katalganj, Rahmatganj, Chaktai, Halishahr, Bakalia, Chandgaon, Pahartoli, Hathazari, Patiya, Satkania and Keranirhat. Bramputra River 06/19/00 06/26/00 8 14 20,000   Monsoonal rain   nd (annual?) 1   Tszo 17,000                  2.7 150 mud-thatch huts swept away by the Darala River, "At least 30 villages have been submerged in the Kurigram district, 240 kilometers north of the capital, Dhaka, according to the Flood Warning Center in Dhaka", 237 millimeters of rain recorded in 4 days -- No suitable AVHRR or Landsat7 data located FATALITIES: Northern:14 DISPLACED: Northern: 20,000CAUSE:Monsoon rains
2000-030 China  Fujian Province: Longhai County; Cities: Quanzhou, Zhangzhou and Xiamen. -- Jiangxi Province: Eight counties; Cities: Gangzhou 06/17/00 06/30/00 14 18 31,000   Monsoonal rain     1 8,000  Tszo 76,000                  7.3 Fujian Province: "35 counties in the province have received more than 100 millimeters (four inches) of rain over the past two days" "12.6 inches of rain that fell Sunday on the Fujian port of Xiamen were the most since meteorological records began being kept 108 years ago" Flooding in this province ended FATALITIES: Fujian:19 -- Jiangxi: 9 DISPLACED: Jiangxi: 31,000 CAUSE:Monsoon rains  HECTARES FLOODED: Fujian:1,000Ha (Xiamen) -- Jiangxi: 7,000 Ha
2000-029 Guatemala  City of Guatemala, regions of Alta Verapaz, Huehuetenango, Escuintla, Jalapa, Quiche, Totonicapan y Zacapa. Rivers: Achiguate and Motagua  06/06/00 06/21/00 16 16 2,600   Heavy rain     1   Tpo  11,600                  3.0 "This year the seasonal rains began in the third week of May...The intensity of the rainfall prompted Guatemalan President Alfonso Portillo to declare a 30-day "state of public disaster" on June 6 for the entire country" CAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-028 Colombia Provinces: Northeastern Caucasia, Cities: inner city of Nechi, Rivers: Cauca, Nechi 06/05/00 06/07/00 3       Heavy rain     1   Tpz 26,000                  1.8 "Intense rains...have left some 10,000 victims"CAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-027 Chile Southern Chile - Cities: Valdivia; Provinces: Valdivia, Llanquihue, Osorno; Rivers: Leufucade. -- Central Chile - Cities: Santiago, Valparaiso, Vina del Mar, Talca, Rancagua; Rivers: Mapocho 06/05/00 06/16/00 12   41,000   Heavy rain   Central: "worst rains in 20 years" 2   Tsu and Cp 84,000                14.4 Flooding in southern Chile began on 06/01/00. After two weeks in the southern region, rains moved to the central Chile. -- Number displaced in southern Chile are for the area near Valdivia. "Near the city of Valdivia, the river Leufucade rose over its banks, closing the Panamericana highway."CAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-026 Eastern India  States: Assam and Arunachel Pradesh. Kaziranga National Park; six districts, districts of Upper Siang, West Siang and East Siang. Towns: Pasighat, Boleng, Sika-bamin, Komlighat, Raneghat, Tezu, Mahadevpur, Yingkiang, Tuting. Rivers: Brahmaputra, Siang, Lohit, Noa-dihing  06/10/00     30 50,000   Dam/Levy, break or release See notes 41 2 11,000 Tszo 55,000   "worst flood to hit Arunachal Pradesh since 1959"  -- June 26"The United News of India reported that the floods have inundated 250 communities in six districts and affected almost a quarter of a million people. " -- "Preliminary findings suggest the floods in Arunachal Pradesh were due to the breach of a dam on the Tsangpo, as the river makes a turn to enter India" -- On April 9 a large landslide occurred that blocked the Yigong Zangbo River (a Bramaputra tributary) in eastern Tibet. A lake formed behind the earth dam which was breached on June 11, causing the flash floods downriver in Arunachal Pradesh, IndiaCAUSE:Intial flooding on June 11 caused by breach of landslide-blocked river near Yigong, Tibet. Monsoon rains followed.
2000-025 China Gansu Province - Counties: Dangchang and Minxian ; district of Longnan; River: Minjiang. -- Sichuan Province - Counties: Gulin and Xuyong. -- Guizhou Province - town and county of Duyun 05/31/00 06/19/00 20 94 8,725 $81,500,000 Monsoonal rain   Gansu Province:150 3 13,000  CSs* 114,000                30.3 Flooding in Gansu Province occurred on 05/31/00: " in Awu township... the River Ming flowed at a record 677 cubic metres per second, the highest flow measurement for 150 years" -- Sichuan Province flooding and landslides on 06/07/00: "Hail, flooding and landslides have devastated areas in Gulin and Xuyong counties... since the beginning of June," -- Guizhou Province flooding on 06/16/00: "the heaviest rains in 400 years...Duyun was submerged under 1.5 and three metres of water after ... a river flowing through the town to burst its banks" -- No suitable AVHRR data locatedCAUSE:Monsoon rains  HECTARES FLOODED: Gansu: 13,000 Ha
2000-024 Vietnam  Central Vietnam -  Lac Duong district in the central highlands, near resort of Dalat, a stream which runs into the Cam Ly waterfall. 05/31/00 06/02/00 3     Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpz 4,000                  0.7 Flash flooding from three days of torrential rain CAUSE:Flash flood from heavy rain
2000-023 Bangladesh Northeastern Bangladesh: Moulavibazar District; subdistricts of Kulaura, Komolganj, and Rajnagar. Rivers: Kushiara, Manu and Dholai. -- Southeastern Bangladesh districts: Khagrachari, Bandarban, Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Comilla, Mymenshingh, Tangail, Chandpur, Kishoreganj, and Rangamati. Rivers: Sangu and Matamuhuri. 05/27/00 06/19/00 24 36 10,000   Monsoonal rain See notes   1    Tszo 17,000                  4.1 Flooding due to heavy monsoonal rains, flash floods. -- Monsoon starting early this year -- No suitable AVHRR or Landsat7 data locatedCAUSE:Monsoonal rains and flash flooding
2000-022 Northern Turkey Samsun and Tokat provinces       2   $40,000,000 Heavy rain     1 16,000  Cs 17,000   Flooding due to heavy rainsCAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-021 Colombia  States: southwestern - Narino, Putumayo, northeastern - Santander; Rivers : San Miguel 05/18/00 05/24/00 7 9 67,500   Heavy rain     1 1,900   Tpz 200,000                  8.7 Flooding and mudslides due to heavy rainsCAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-020 Timor Beneneai River along the border between East and West Timor. -- West Timor -Nusa Tenggara Timur Province, southern Belu Regency, southern Betun region, Besikama area, central, east, and West Malaka, Malaka Barat, Malaka Tengah. -- East Timor - Towns: Suai, Los Palos, Viqueque. 05/16/00 05/24/00 9 126 15,000   Heavy rain   "flash floods ... follow the worst rains in the region for 22 years" (West Timor) 2 300  Tpz 11,400                  4.7 Flooding following 3 days of heavy rain. -- Water "engulfed some estimated 100 square kms of broad and flat delta plain" -- No suitable Landsat7 data locatedCAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-019 Philippines Island of Luzon - Manila and north; Towns: Valenzuela, 21 towns in the provinces of Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija and Pampanga north of Manila; Rivers: Tullahan, Marikina 05/18/00     6 112,000   Tropical cyclone     1    Tpz 11,740   Flooding due to heavy rains associated with a tropical depression -- No suitable AVHRR or Landsat 7 data locatedCAUSE:Tropical depression
2000-018 Somalia Towns: Coriolei, Bombasso, Qoryooley, Mubaahrak, Jowhar, between the towns of Jilib and Jamama, Beletuein, Howo Takoh, Hawlwadag; Rivers: Juba, Lower Shabelle 05/01/00       3,500   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 46,000   Unusually heavy rains in southern Somalia and Ethiopian highlands; 4 villages washed away -- No suitable AVHRR data locatedCAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-017 Central US- Missouri and Oklahoma  East-central Missouri - Franklin and Jefferson counties. Rivers: Flat Creek, Bourbeuse, Big and Meramec rivers. Towns: Union, Robertsville, Byrnesville, Cedar Hill, Washington, St. Clair. -- Eastern Oklahoma - Creek, Tulsa, Osage, Wagoner, Pawnee, Okmulgee, McIntosh counties, Tulsa area. Towns: Kiefer, Sapulpa, Jenks, Tulsa, Coweta, Sand Springs, Skiatook, Dewey, Lenepah, Owasso, Collinsville, and Bartlesville, Vinita, Miami. Rivers: Polecat Creek, Bird Creek, Neosho River, and Caney River. 05/06/00 05/09/00 4 3 1,200 $30,000,000 Brief torrential rain   Oklahoma - 30 2    TusCpSe* 75,000                  7.6 Slow moving storm system caused heavy rains CAUSE:Flash flooding from heavy rain
2000-016 Southern China Near Hong Kong and Macau, Shenzhen, Zhuhai area, Zhongshan 04/13/00 04/17/00 5 15   $12,000,000 Heavy rain     1    Tszo 21,000                  2.3 "The flooding was especially bad in Shenzhen, the special economic zone (SEZ) located just north of Hong Kong, where six people were killed and five counted as missing"CAUSE:Heavy rains
2000-015 Romania, Hungary, Serbia and Ukraine Romania: 16 counties in central and western Romania (Alba, Arad, Bihor, Bistrita, Botosani, Brasov, Caras - Severin, Cluj, Harghita, Hunedoara, Maramures, Mures, Olt, Satu-Mate, Salaj and Timis). Villages: Blajeni, Criscior, Baia de Cris, Vata de Jos, Basarabeanca, Brad, Ciuruleasa, Garda, Arieseni, Abrud, Albac and Vadu Motilor, Lugoj, Buzias, Faget, Fardea, Tomesti, Nadrag, Copalnic, Manastur, Targu Lapus, Milova, Oradea, and Graniceri. Rivers: Lapus, Cavnis, Iza, Viseu, Tisa, Cris, Olt, Mures, Somes, Bega, Crisul Alb, Tirnava Mica, and Timis. -- Northeast Hungary: Towns: Tokaj, Tiszabercel. Rivers: Bodrog, Tisza, Takta, Theiss, and Koeroes. -- Northern Serbia: Serbia, Secanj district, Becej region. Rivers: Tamis, Tisza. -- Ukraine: near mountainous border with Hungary. Rivers: Rata and Sokolia 04/05/00 04/25/00 21 10 623 $212,000,000 Snowmelt   Hungary: 100+ -- Serbia: Tamis - highest level in history 3 355,644  CSs** 116,000                31.1 Rain-on-snow in Romanian and Ukrainian highlands (Carpathian Mountains, Transylvanian Alps)CAUSE:Rain-on-snow
2000-014 US - Texas Dallas-Fort Worth area. Rivers: Trinity River, Chambers Creek 03/29/00 03/31/00 3 3     Brief torrential rain     1    Tsu 24,000                  1.7  
2000-013 South Africa Provinces: Eastern Cape, Izele area. Cities: Queenstown. Rivers: Magwala nd      14     Heavy rain     1    Tso 49,000    
2000-012 Czech Republic and Romania Czech Republic: Jaromer on the Elbe River; also Mlada Boleslav. -- Western Romania: Tisza, Iza and Viseu rivers. -- Also: northern Slovakia 03/09/00 03/11/00 3 2     Snowmelt See notes   1 2,000  CpSe* 16,500                  1.4 Heavy rains and warm temperatures for last three daysCAUSE:Rain-on-snow
2000-011 Northern Argentina and Southern Boliva  Argentina Provinces: Tucuman (60 percent under water), Jujuy, Santiago del Estero, Catamarca, Salta and La Rioja. -- Peru: Rimac River in Lima. -- Also: Southern Boliva: five provinces in the departments of Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Chuquisaca, in particular Obispo Santiesteban and Nuflo de Chavez. Rivers: Pirai, Grande and Vermejo. 03/09/00 03/17/00 9 7 15,000   Heavy rain   "worst to hit Argentina since 1998" 1 89,000  Tsu 786,000                19.5 "30,000 homes threatened in Peru, 20,000 in northern and northeastern Argentina and another 10,000 in Bolivia"  -- "Argentina's northern provinces, where crops in Santiago del Estero, Catamarca and Tucuman were already 65 percent, 50 percent and 30 percent destroyed, respectively"CAUSE:Heavy rains HECTARES FLOODED:14,000 Ha. -- Bolivia: 75,000 Ha crops lost
2000-010 Western Australia - Cyclone Steve  Regions: western and central Pilbara, eastern and western Kimberley, and north Gascoyne. Towns: Carnarvon. Rivers: Gascoyne and Fitzroy 03/06/00 03/11/00 6 1     Extra-tropical cyclone     1    Tsu 545,000                13.2 Two days of cyclone-related rain. Cyclone Steve reformed three times, an event unprecedented since records began. -- No suitable AVHRR data locatedCAUSE:Cyclone
2000-009 Zambia  Floodgates on the Kariba dam were opened in response to high water; the area of Chiawa was flooded. 03/03/00 03/04/00 2   12,000   Dam/Levy, break or release          nd  8,500                   -   "The Zambezi River Authority reported that torrential rains in the region had pushed water behind the dam to the highest levels ever seen...Four of the five floodgates were opened to relieve pressure on the huge dam that supplies hydroelectric power for both Zambia and Zimbabwe....floods left more than 12,000 people in the region homeless, cropless and facing a severe famine"CAUSE:Dam release
2000-008 Cambodia  Northeastern province of Ratanakkiri, Se San River 03/03/00 03/04/00 2 3     Dam/Levy, break or release           12,000                   -   A hydroelectric dam in Vietnam accidentally unleashed into the Se San River. Hundreds of farms were inundated.CAUSE:Dam failure
2000-007 Madagascar - Cyclones Eline and Gloria Districts of Vatomandry, Mahanoro, Antanambao Manampotsy, Anosibe an'Ala, Marolambo, and Belo-Tsiribihina 02/17/00 03/11/00 24 200 800,000   Tropical cyclone     1    Tpo  256,000                16.1 Cyclones Eline and Gloria CAUSE:Rain from two cyclones
2000-006 Australia  Inland Queensland: area bounded by Richmond, Hughenden, Muttaburra, Longreach and Winton. Rivers: Paroo, Bulloo, Lower Burdekin, Flinders, Diamantina, Georgina, Haughton, Thompson and Barcoo, and Cooper Creek. -- New South Wales. -- South Australia's far north-west: Napri and Kanpi communities in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Lands. Marla Town, Ayers Rock area. Finke, Hugh and Palmer rivers 02/18/00 03/01/00 13 1 200 $50,000,000 Monsoonal rain See notes Queensland - 25, -- South Australia's far north -10 2 3,000,000  Tsu 474,000                35.3 The Thomson River was10 km wide in parts. "About 3,000 square kilometres covering Broken Hill, White Cliffs, Wilcannia, Tilpa and Louth are affected by floodwaters 5 cm to 50 cm deep following a downpour on February 20 which dumped 300 millimetres in 12 hours" -- "Floodwaters haven't quite reached the levels of the 1955 record flood"  -- Heavy monsoon rains followed by Cyclone Steve in North Queensland on February 26. -- No suitable AVHRR data locatedCAUSE:Monsoon rains, cyclone
2000-005 US- Kentucky, Ohio North-central Kentucky, Licking River; Southern Ohio, Ohio River, Scioto River. Scioto and Meigs Counties. 02/18/00 02/22/00 5 8 40         1    TsuCpSe* 55,000                  3.8 Flooding due to heavy rainsCAUSE:nd
2000-004 Southeastern Philippines  Southern region of Mindanao - Provinces: Davao del Norte, Compostela Valley and Agusan del Sur. Other areas: Mount Diwalwal, Monkay city. 01/28/00 02/01/00 5 23 20,000 $4,100,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpz  16,700                  2.1 Heavy rain causing flash floods and mudslidesCAUSE:Flash flood from heavy rains
2002-003 Southern Mozambique, Northeastern South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Swaziland Mozambique - Provinces: Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica and Sofala. Rivers: Incomati, Umbeluzi, Limpopo, Sabie, Save, Lucite, Buzi. Cities: Maputo, Matola,Xai-Xai, Nova Mambone. -- South Africa - Provinces: Northern, Mpumalanga, Kwa-Zulu Natal and Guateng. Kruger National Park, Gauteng, Giyani, Louis Trichardt, and Thohoyandou areas. A dam break in Alexandria township. Cities: Johannesburg, Soweto. Rivers: Jukskei, Klip, Crocodile. -- East and Southern Botswana - Towns: Morwa, Kopong, Gaborone. Metsimotlhabe River. Nywane, Shashe, Letsibogo, Gaborone and Bokaa dams overtopped. -- Zimbabwe - floods after Cyclone Eline in provinces of Manicaland, Matebeleland South and Masvingo. Limpopo, Save, Mutirikwi and Runde rivers. -- Malawi - Districts: Nkhotakota, Salima, Nsanje, Chikwawa, Karonga. Rivers: 5 rivers in south by Mozambique, 4 rivers in north including the Songwe 01/26/00 03/27/00 62 929 733,000 $1,000,000,000 Heavy rain   Maputo - 48 -- Mozambique - 30 -- Northern South Africa - 50 -- Botswana - 30 2 109,500  Tso 436,000                54.5 Torrential rains in Mozambique begining in late Jan.... more heavy rain Feb 4-7th caused flooding in both Mozambique, South Africa and Botswana. Rain continued for two weeks; then Cyclone Eline arrived on 2/22/00 causing more flooding in Mozambique and South AfricaCAUSE:Heavy rains and cycloneHECTARES FLOODED: Mozambique: 80,000 Ha Zimbabwe: 29,500 Ha
2000-002 Angola Benguela Province, Dombe Grande town, Coporolo River. Kwanza Norte Province, Chongoroi, Kwanza and Lucala rivers 01/08/00 01/15/00 8 31 70,000 $10,000,000 Heavy rain     1 6,000  Tpo 47,000                  4.5 No suitable AVHRR data located CAUSE:Heavy rains HECTARES FLOODED: 6,000 Ha (River Coporolo only) 
2000-001 Southeastern Brazil   States of Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo; Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Campos de Jordao cities. Towns: Volta Redonda, Barra Mansa, Resende, Boa Vista, Pirangucu. Santa Rita do Sapucai. Rivers: Paraiba, Tiete, Maracana, Rio Verde. 01/01/00 01/10/00 6 40 100,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpo 350,000                10.6 Six days heavy rain. Floods and mudslides. "millions of pounds worth of damage"
Minas Gerais - 11 dead. 80,000 homeless
Rio de Janeiro - 13 dead. 6,000 displaced.
Sao Paulo - 4 dead. 3,000 displaced. river Tiete bursts banks.
Yearly Totals or Averages     8.7    10,698    50,258,261 $13,381,700,000                33,011,889           8,039,092  
An archive number is assigned to any flood that appears to be "large": significant damage to structures or agriculture, long intervals since the last similar event, and/or fatalities
*Severity assessment is on 1-3 scale
Class I: large flood events: significant damage to structures or agriculture; fatalities; and/or 1-2 decades-long reported interval since the last similar event. 
Class 2: very large events: greater than 20 yr but less than 100 year recurrence interval, and/or a local recurrence interval of at 10-20 yr.
Class 3: Extreme events: with an estimated recurrence interval greater than 100 years
**Flood Magnitude = ln(duration) * severity class * sqrt(affected region)/100 {if duration=1, then duration is set at 1.1 for this calculation.}
Dartmouth Flood Observatory Homepage