Last updated 9:00 PM EST, May 25, 2006 by ERG
1999 Global Register of Major Flood Events - Scroll Down and Look For Links to Maps In The Country Column
DFO # Country Detailed
Locations
Rivers Began Ended  Duration (days)  Dead  Displaced   Damage (USD)  Main cause Secoary cause Recurrence Interval (anecdotal)   Severity Class*   Hectares flooded  Hayden Code  Affected Region ( sq km)    Flood Magnitude**  MODIS flood inuation limit
file names***
Notes and Comments
                                       
101 Philippines Mindanao northern coast - Medina, Lugait, Talisayan   25-Dec-99 28-Dec-99 4 8 2,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz  32,000               2.5    
100 England, Wales Kent, Sussex; Southwestern counties of Cornwall and Devon Ouse, Cuckmere, Wye, Dee, Severn 25-Dec-99 27-Dec-99 3 2 200   Heavy rain Tidal surge   1   Cp  23,630               1.7    
99 South Africa KwaZulu Natal Province - Durban, Mariannhill   21-Dec-99 23-Dec-99 3 23 2,000  $           6,300,000 Heavy rain   4 1   Tso  183,000               4.7   Flooding and landslides.  South Africa's worst floods since Christmas Day, 1995.  Shanty towns washed away.
98 Italy Campania region - Cervinara, Avellino province, San Martino Valle Caudina, Tivoli, Marche region, Umbria region Aniene, Nera 15-Dec-99 16-Dec-99 2 5 300   Heavy rain     1   TsuCs  30,480               1.2   Flooding and landslides.
97 Venezuela, Columbia Venezuela: Caracas, La Guaira, northern coastal region, Avila mountain range, state of Vargas, Zulia, Falcon, Yaracuy, Nueva Esparta, Carabobo, Miranda
Colombia: Northwestern State of Antioquia
  15-Dec-99 20-Dec-99 6 20,006 400,000  $    2,000,000,000 Brief torrential rain   100 3 35,000 Tpo  328,200             30.8   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Venezuela: 20,000 fatalities, 6 in Columbia.  Flooding and landslides.  35,000 hectares of farmland flooded.  Venezuela's worst natural disaster this century.
96 Colombia      15-Sep-99 15-Dec-99 92 93  771,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz  199,850             20.2   Flooding and mudslides.
95 Thailand  Southern coastal provinces - Chumpon, Songkhla, Naratiwat, Pattani, Yala    4-Dec-99 7-Dec-99 4     Monsoonal rain     1   Tpz   157,200               5.5   Flash Flood.
94 Somalia  Central and Southern Somalia - Sablaleh Shabelle 1-Dec-99 6-Dec-99 6       Heavy rain     1 3,000 Tpz  422,100             11.6   No suitable AVHRR data located.  UN food convoy of 120 trucks has been stuck in Muddul Brava for 12 days due to the floods. 
93 Vietnam Central coastline provinces: Thua Thien Hue, Khanh Hoa, Phu Yen, Binh Dinh, Quang Ngai, Quang Nam, Danang, Khanh Hoa Thu Hong 2-Dec-99 10-Dec-99 9 120 1,000,000  $         50,000,000 Heavy rain   40 2 16,296 Tpz   74,800             12.0   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Heavy rains from Dec 1-6 have dumped over six feet of water on some areas.  40,270 acres of rice crop destroyed.
92 Russia  St. Petersburg Neva 29-Nov-99 2-Dec-99 4 2    $             555,000 Heavy rain   13 1 9,200 CSs**   27,470               2.3   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Worst flooding in St. Petersburg in 13 years.  Neva River rose 2.66 meters overnight on Nov 29, flooding the center of the city. Levels began rising again on Dec 1.
91 USA Oregon Coast - Tillamook, Lincoln counties Siletz, Salmon 26-Nov-99 28-Nov-99 3 0 100  $             300,000 Heavy rain   78 2   Cp  18,280               3.0   No suitable AVHRR data located  First major storm to hit the Pacific Northwest this fall.  Siletz River flooded to its second-highest recorded level - crested at 28.5 feet early Nov 26; previous record of 31.6 feet in 1921.
90 Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo Republic DRCongo (DRC) - Kinshasa, Bandundu
Congo Republic - Brazzaville, Yoro, Mpila, Kangabanzi
  29-Nov-99 31-Dec-99 33 2 75,000  $         30,000,000 Brief torrential rain   100 3   Tpo  738,800             90.2   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flooding of tributaries in the northern and southern Congo basin.  Flood of the century on the Congo River.  Worst flooding in Kinshasa in 38 years. Congo River not expected to recede until January. Level of Congo River on Dec 2: 5.44m - Record level from 1961: 5.20m.
89 France Southwest Regions - Aude, Pyrennees-Orientales, Tarn, Herault; Towns - Toulouse, Narbonne, Nevian, La Bastide-Rouairoux, Davejan   12-Nov-99 15-Nov-99 4 27 3,000   Brief torrential rain   50 2   TsuCs  91,890               8.4   Flooding and landslides.
88 India States - Orissa (Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Khurda, Puri, Cuttack), Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal. Towns: Bhubaneswar, Baleshwar, Cuttack, Paradwip, Bhadrak   29-Oct-99 12-Nov-99 15 9,803 10,000,000  $    2,300,000,000 Tropical cyclone   100 3 1,711,000 Tszo  191,900             35.6   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Cyclone struck with tidal waves and heavy rains causing flooding.  Cyclone estimated to have destroyed over 1,500 villages. The districts of Kendrapara, Jagatsingpur, and Puri suffered saltwater inundation from a 5-meter tide that penetrated 26 km inland.
87 Ethiopia Southeastern Ogaden region Wabe Shebelle 30-Oct-99 2-Nov-99 4 34 79,000   Brief torrential rain     1 4,046 Tpz 197,600               6.2   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Ten days of pounding rains burst the banks of the Wabe Shebelle River, inundating 50 communities between the cities of Mustahil and Kelafo, close to the Somali border.
86 Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia - Tropical Storm Eve Vietnam: central coastal areas: Thua Thien Hue, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Ngai, Da Nang, Qaung Nam, Sing Dinh provinces
Thailand: Provinces - Prachuap Khiri Khan, Phetchaburi, Ratchaburi, Kanchanaburi, Lop Buri, Phichit, Nakhon Sawan, Satun, Phuket
Southern Cambodia: Provinces - Takeo, Kandal, Kampong Speu, Phnom Penh Municipality, Pursat; Phnom Penh district of Dang Kor
Malaysia: Kedah, Pulau Pinang, Perak
Perfume, Chao Phya 25-Oct-99 9-Nov-99 16 632 1,114,000  $       265,000,000 Tropical cyclone Heavy rain 100 3 84,767 Tpz  232,600             40.1   No suitable AVHRR or Landsat7 data located.  Vietnam: $265,000,000 damage, 622 fatalities.  Tropical depression in the Gulf of Thailand and Tropical Storm Eve. Vietnam: 185,000 acres of paddy fields flooded.  Cambodia: 9,900 hectares flooded.
Vietnam's worst ever infrastructure damage.  Worst floods in a century in Vietnam.  Worst flooding in 8 years in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
85 South Africa Eastern KwaZulu-Natal Province - Durban area    26-Oct-99 28-Oct-99 3 4 300   Brief torrential rain   10 1   Tsu  93,380               3.4   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Torrential downpours over KwaZulu-Natal. Worst flooding of the decade.
84 Nigeria Imo State - Oguta, Rivers State, Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni, Ahoada-East, Ahoada-West and Abua/Odual local government areas Niger, Orashi, Sombreiro 26-Oct-99 8-Nov-99 14 50     Heavy rain   30 2   Tpz  251,300             26.5   No suitable AVHRR or Landsat7 data located.  Flood wave passage from heavy rains in the north.  Oguta: worst in the history of the area.  Rivers State: worst in thirty years.
83 Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, St. Criox, Jamaica, St. Maarten, Anguilla - Hurricane Jose Dominican Republic: northern Santiago
Puerto Rico
St. Croix; Jamaica; St. Maarten; Anguilla
Espiritu Santo 22-Oct-99 26-Oct-99 5 4     Tropical cyclone     1   Tso   55,650               3.8    
82 Mexico States - Tabasco, Jalisco, Michoacan, Puebla, Oaxaca, Hidalgo, Chiapas, Veracruz Grijalva, Carrizal, Samaria, Usumacinta, Mezcalpa 12-Oct-99 29-Oct-99 18 425 300,000   Brief torrential rain   40 2   Tso  60,540             14.2   Flooding and landslides.  Weeks of torrential rain forced authorities to open a floodgate on the Penitas dam in Chiapas - rising levels on the Mezcalapa, Samaria and Carrizal rivers downstream in Tabasco. In the Tabasco state capital, Villahermosa, 75 percent of homes flooded.
81 Nigeria, Ghana, Togo Nigeria: States - Niger, Sokoto, Kwara, Adamawa, Borno
Ghana: Northern, Upper East, Upper West regions. Districts - East Gonja, West Gonja, Nanumba, West Mamprusi, Bole
Togo: Regions - Savanes, Kara, Plateaux, Maritime
Niger, Kaduna, Benue 15-Sep-99 11-Oct-99 27 85 396,748  $         21,000,000 Heavy rain Dam/Levy, break or release 30 2 9,010,000 Tpz  862,000             61.2   Damage in Ghana: $21,000,000.  Unusually heavy seasonal rains in September; hydroelectric dams opened their flood gates in Nigeria.  Nigeria: 100,000 hectares flooded.  Ghana: 116,000 acres farmlands destroyed.  Togo: 1,000 hectares of arable land inundated.  Flooding in Ghana started in September after heavy rains and the opening of the flood spillways of two dams in Burkina Faso.  Worst flooding in 30 years in northern Nigeria and Ghana.
80 India, Bangladesh  India - West Bengal Province: 15 districts, Calcutta, Burdwan, Birbhum
Bangldesh - Rajshahi, Chapainwabganj
Padma, Mahananda 24-Sep-99 29-Sep-99 6 45    $       235,000,000 Brief torrential rain Monsoonal rain   1   Tszo  169,000               7.4   Padma and Mahananda 69 cm above danger levels.
79 Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Costa Rica Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia Southeastern Mexico: Tabasco, Veracruz, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Jalisco, Michoacan, Puebla, Hidalgo
El Salvador: Provinces - La Libertad, Ahuachapan, Usulutan, San Vicente
Northern Honduras: Tegucigalpa, Santa Rosa de Copan; Departments of Santa Barbara, Octotepeque, Francisco Morazan
Guatemala: San Sebastian
Costa Rica: Guanacaste Province
Nicaragua
Panama
Colombia: Southern Florencia
Grijalva, Usumacinta, Carrizal, Lempa, Alubaren, Ulua, Choluteca, Sulaco, Humuya, Ixpats, Samala, Platanitos, Botas 12-Sep-99 12-Oct-99 31 160 268,200  $           3,000,000 Tropical cyclone   40 2 66,648 Tso 1,159,000             73.9   Tropical disturbance on the Atlantic coast caused a week of torrential rains in Central America in the wake of Hurricane Floyd.  Worst flooding in Mexico in 40 yrs.  El Cajon hydroelectric dam overflowed in Honduras.
78 China -Typhoon York  Hong Kong, rural New Territories
Guangdong Province - Guangzhou city
Fujian Province - Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Quanzhou, Putian, Fuzhou
Pearl 15-Sep-99 18-Sep-99 4 8 10,000  $         24,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1   Tszo  177,700               5.8    
77 Japan  Osaka   15-Sep-99 16-Sep-99 2 4 14,521   Heavy rain     1   TsoCp  2,620               0.4   Flooding and landslides.  Osaka received nearly 20 inches of rain in 24 hours; thousands sought higher ground in nearby Kobe because of river flooding.
76 USA - Hurricane Floyd, Hurricane Irene Eastern North Carolina: Tarboro, Greenville, Edgecombe, Pitt, Duplin, Beaufort, Craven, Greene, Jones, Wayne, Lenoir Counties
New Jersey: Bound Brook, Manville, Somerset County, Rockland, Bergen, Passaic counties
Southeast Virginia: Franklin, Southampton County
South Carolina: Horry County, Conway
Southeast Pennslyvania
Tar, Cape Fear, Neuse, Waccamaw, Roanoke, Lumber, Passaic, Blackwater, Nottoway, Meherrin, Pee Dee, Raritan 14-Sep-99 10-Oct-99 27 68 35,000  $    3,000,000,000 Tropical cyclone   100 3   TsoCp  175,200             41.4   30,000 Displaced in North Carolina, 5,000 in New Jersey.  Heavy rains from hurricane Floyd followed by Hurricane Irene.
Tar River crested at record 24 feet above flood stage.  The Waccamaw, Cape Fear, Roanoke and Lumber rivers also rose to record levels. Franklin in Southampton County, Virginia - "worst flooding in the history of the city," Blackwater River established a new record, 14 feet above flood stage, at Franklin.  Nottoway and Meherrin rivers at greater than 25-yr and 10-yr floods respectively.  Waccamaw River crested at six feet above flood level (13.05 feet) on Sep 28; surpassing 1928 record level
75 Niger     7-Sep-99 14-Sep-99 8 7 22,000   Brief torrential rain     1 21,600 Tpz   212,070               9.6   No suitable AVHRR data located. Unusually heavy rainfall.
74 Philippines Luzon - Manila, Rizal   10-Sep-99 14-Sep-99 5 1 4,500   Brief torrential rain     1   Tpz  22,630               2.4   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Manilla submerged by up to 5 ft of water.
73 El Salvador  Lower Lempa region - Santa Marta; central province of San Vicente Rio Lempa, Paz 10-Sep-99 13-Sep-99 4 4 5,000   Heavy rain     1   Tso  19,150               1.9   No suitable AVHRR data located.  
72 Ghana  Districts - Builsa, Kassena Nankana   3-Sep-99 13-Sep-99 11 1 9,000   Heavy rain Dam/Levy, break or release   1 214 Tpz  126,700               8.5   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flooding exacerbated by the opening of spillway outlets to relieve pressure in Burkina Faso's Bagre dam.  Three dams burst their banks, submerging several villages.
71 Ethiopia Northeastern lowlands Awash 23-Aug-99 7-Sep-99 16   6,755  $           2,700,000 Heavy rain     1 5 Tpu  216,400             12.9    
70 Malaysia - Typhoon Wendy  Penang Island, Kedah and Perlis states    3-Sep-99 7-Sep-99 5   2,000   Heavy rain Tropical cyclone   1   Tpz  29,030               2.7    
69 China Zhejiang Province - Lishui prefecture: Wenzhou, Taizhou, 1,028 surrounding villages
Guangdong, Jiangxi Provinces also affected
  6-Sep-99 7-Sep-99 2 153 720,000  $       277,000,000 Brief torrential rain     1 117,000 Tszo  112,200               2.3   No suitable AVHRR data located CAUSE:Torrential rains
68 Romania, Bulgaria  Romania counties: Constanta, Buzau, Dolj, Bucharest.
Northeastern Bulgaria: Dolen Chiflik, Dragoevo, Razgrad, Varna, Medovo, Shumen
Ticha 4-Sep-99 8-Sep-99 5 2 80   Brief torrential rain     1   CpSe*  123,900               5.7   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Thousands of houses and fields were flooded and hundreds of livestock and domestic animals drowned.
67 Mexico - Hurricane Greg  States - Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan, Puebla, Morelos, Chiapas Los Mezcales 7-Sep-99 8-Sep-99 2 10 1,400   Tropical cyclone     1   Tso  126,000               2.5   No suitable AVHRR data located CAUSE:Hurricane Greg 
66 Russia Primorsky region - Partizansk district, Nakhodka and Partizansk Partizanskaya 30-Aug-99 2-Sep-99 4 2     Extra-tropical cyclone     1   TsoCpSe*  97,270               4.3   No suitable AVHRR data located.
65 USA Minnesota - Hibbing   4-Jul-99 5-Jul-99 2 0 0  $         14,300,000 Heavy rain     1   TsuCpCs**  29,340               1.2   No suitable AVHRR data located.  $14,300,000 in damage to public infrastructure.  4.35 inches rain in 3 hours in Hibbing.
64 China - Typhoon Sam Hong Kong, New Kowloon, and Sham Tseng in New Territories   21-Aug-99 25-Aug-99 5 1 352   Brief torrential rain     1   Tszo 111,200               5.4   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Torrential rain from Typhoon Sam.
63 Venezuela States: Anzoategui, Delta Amacuro, Portuguesa, Bolivar, Miranda Orinoco 17-Aug-99 21-Aug-99 5   8,000   Tropical cyclone     1   Tpz 67,740               4.2   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Influenced by tropical storms in Gulf of Mexico.
62 Chad Provinces: Batha, Biltine, Chari-Baguirmi, Guera, Kanem, Lac, Mayo-Kebbi, Moyen-Chari Batha, Bhar Azoum 1-Aug-99 23-Aug-99 23   130,000   Brief torrential rain     1 165,124 Tpu  278,800             16.6   No suitable AVHRR data located.  2 weeks of torrential rains.
61 Bangladesh, India Bangladesh: Cox's Bazar, Chittagong, Bandarban districts; Chittagong port city, Aziznagar, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Island of Maheshkhali, Chokoria
India States: Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh
Matamuhri 11-Aug-99 15-Aug-99 5 18 50,000   Heavy rain     1 50,000 Tszo  66,370               4.1   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flooding and mudslides.  Monsoon persisted through August and early September.  50,000 hectares inundated in Cox's Bazar and Chittagong districts.  Worst flooding in Bihar in more than a decade.
60 China Hunan Province - Chenzhou city    12-Aug-99 16-Aug-99 5 77 120,000  $       181,000,000 Brief torrential rain     1 300 TsoCp  104,500               5.2   No suitable AVHRR data located.  :3 days of flash flooding after precipitation reaching 295 mm in 24 hours.
59 USA Nebraska: Omaha, Douglas County, Burt and Dodge counties
Western Iowa: Council Bluffs, Mills and Montgomery counties
Nishnabotna, Logan Creek, Papio Creek, Mosquito Creek, Indian Creek 6-Aug-99 8-Aug-99 3 1    $           8,800,000 Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 73,290               3.0   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Nearly a foot of rain fell in parts of Omaha in a 24-hour period Friday and early Saturday.
58 Iran East Azerbaijan Province - Tabriz city, Northeastern region of Golestan   8-Aug-99 9-Aug-99 2 6     Heavy rain     1   TsuCs  63,180               1.7    
57 China Quinghai Province - Ping'an, Huzhu, Minhe Yellow, Huangshui 4-Aug-99 7-Aug-99 4 8 24,000  $         20,500,000 Brief torrential rain     1 66,700 CSs*  147,200               5.3   No suitable AVHRR data located.
56 Cambodia Southern Provinces: Kampot, Kratie, Kompong Cham, Koh Kong, Sihanoukville Mekong 2-Aug-99 8-Aug-99 7 9 8,000  $           3,000,000 Brief torrential rain     2 12,000 Tpz 92,450             11.8   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flash flooding.  Worst in decades.
55 Sudan States/Provinces: Khartoum, River Nile, North Kordufan, White Nile, Northern, Red Sea, Kassala, Gezira; Towns/Cities: Omdurman, Khartoum North, Daroshab Nile, White Nile, Blue Nile 1-Aug-99 10-Sep-99 41 40 80,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpu 167,100             15.2    2,000 homes destroyed.
54 North Korea, South Korea, Phillipines - Typhoon Olga South Korea Provinces: Kyonggi-do, Kangwon-do. Towns: Hwachon, Paju, Seoul, Yonchon
North Korea: Kaesung area
Phillippines: Luzon Provinces - Rizal, Pampanga, Bulacan, Pangasinan. Cities/towns: Manila, Antipolo, Quezon, Dagupan
Han, Pampanga 30-Jul-99 8-Aug-99 10 152 144,000  $       675,000,000 Tropical cyclone   25 2 195,017  N&S Kor: TsoCpSe* Phil: Tpz 45,340               9.8   No suitable AVHRR data located.  S Kor: $657,000,000; Phillippines: $18,000,000.  50 dead in S Korea (24,000 displaced), 42 in N Korea (40,000 displaced), 160 in Philippines (80,000 displaced).  89,000 acres flooded in South Korea.  16,000 hectares submergedin North Korea. 143,000 hectares of crops ruined in the Philippines.
Heaviest rainfall in Korea in 25 yrs.
La Mesa dam overflowed in North Korea.
53 Vietnam, Thailand South and central Vietnam Provinces: Binh Thuan, Lam Dong, Dac Lac, Dong Nai. Districts: Daknong and Cat Tien
East Thailand Provinces: Chantaburi, Trad, Ubol Ratchathani.
  24-Jul-99 5-Aug-99 13 46 52,000  $         19,500,000 Brief torrential rain   47 2 26,162 Tpz 142,580             19.4   Flash Flood.  Vietnam: $19,500,000.  40 dead in Vietnam, 6 in Thailand.  22,000 displaced in Vietnam, 30,000 in Thailand.  Flooding and landslides.  Vietnam: 48,400 acres inundated. Thailand: 16,250 acres damaged.
Worst storm in 47 years sank 94 ships and submerged 11,000 houses.
52 USA North and Central Iowa - Counties: Black Hawk, Butler, Cerro Gordo, Floyd, Jones, Mitchell, Woodbury and Worth - Towns: Cedar Falls, Kensett, Manly, Marble Rock, Nors Springs, Plymouth, Rockford, Roseville, Waverly Cedar, Shell Rock, Wapsipinicon, Iowa, Winnebago, Beaver Creek, Floyd Creek, Rock Falls Creek 2-Jul-99 24-Jul-99 23 1 1,500   Brief torrential rain   100 3   TsuCpSe* 56,670             22.4   Worse than Flood of 1993; Manly and Charles City rainfall receipts exceed 100 yr recurrence interval; flood stage in Waverly within 3 inches of top of 100 yr floodplain of Cedar River.
51 Iran Provinces: Mazandaran, Khorasan, Golestan, Zanjan.  Towns: Neka, Sari, Behshahr and 59 villages Neka 15-Jul-99 27-Jul-99 13 37 8,000  $           3,000,000 Brief torrential rain   1000 3 6,000 TsuCs 31,880             13.7   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Week of torrential rain after drought.  Flood was the result of an uncompleted dam in Neka.  
Destroyed 5,000 hectares of farmland and 1,000 hectares of forest in Mazaaran.
50 China Ningxia Hui autonomous region - Yanchi County   13-Jul-99 15-Jul-99 3 2    $           3,900,000 Heavy rain     1 6,600 CSs*  35,710               2.1   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Rainfall reached 120 mm in 2 hrs in the early morning of july 13
13,000 head of livestock and poultry died.  Over 6,600 hectares of crops ruined.  310 houses collapsed.
49 Australia New South Wales - Kendall, Bellingen, Kempsey, Dorigo, Gosford Orara, Bellinger, Nambucca, Hastings, Manning, Macleay, Patterson, Williams 14-Jul-99 16-Jul-99 3 3 20   Heavy rain     1   Tso  67,710               2.9   No suitable AVHRR data located.
48 Bangladesh, India Bangladesh Districts: Comilla, Lalmonirhat, Habiganj Jamalpur, Munshiganj, Manikganj, Kustia, Rajshahi, Bogra, Kurigram, Gaibandha, Nilphamari, Lalmonirhat, Sunamganj, Chittagong. Cities: Dhaka, Comilla, Chandpur.
India States: Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Tripura.  Districts: Karbhanga, Khagaria, Darbhanga, Patna. 
Brahmaputra, Jamuna, Padma, Meghna, Gomti, Surma, Khowai 11-Jul-99 3-Aug-99 24 356 33,100,003   Monsoonal rain     1 48,000 Tszo 132,360             11.6   Fatalities: Bangladeh: 31; India: 325
Displaced:  Bangladesh: 310,000; India: 3,000,000
Up to 10" of rain overnight in some areas
Hectares Flooded: homes and crops of 450,000 in Comilla District submerged.  48,000 Hectares crops submerged in Comilla.
Gomti River broke its banks in 2 places and inundated 55 villiages in Comilla (July/19).  On July 13 a tenth of Bangladesh is under water.  July 19-21: monsoonal rains in N Bangladesh flood 10 villages.
47 Yugoslavia Serbia - Cities: Belgrade, Bresje, Batocina, Smederevska Palanka, Kragujevac, Cacak, Ripanj, Jagodina Lepenica, Gruza, Topcider, Despotovac 9-Jul-99 12-Jul-99 4 7 5,000   Brief torrential rain Heavy rain   1   CSs** 31,130               2.4    
46 Romania, Hungary Western Romania
Hungary: northeastern county of Heves
Siret, Somes, Riul, Mare 9-Jul-99 16-Jul-99 8 16 3,225  $           7,000,000 Heavy rain     1 80,000 CpSe* 100,800               6.6   Damage: Romania: 4,000,000, Hungary: 3,000,000
Displaced: Hungary: 3,125, Romania: 100
Flooding and landslides
70,000 hectares of farm land flooded in Hungary; 10,000 hectares in Romania.
45 USA Nevada - Las Vegas   8-Jul-99 9-Jul-99 2 2     Brief torrential rain     1   CpSe* 4,320               0.5   Worst thunderstorm in 15 years.
44  Tajikistan North and East Tajikistan - Leninabad Region: Ashd and Aini districts.  Faizabad, Gharm, Ghissar, Jirgatal, Kofarnihon, Leninsky, Tavildara, Varzob districts   7-Jul-99 12-Jul-99 6 25 3,003  $           6,154,000 Brief torrential rain     1 6,245 CSs* 87,360               5.3   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flooding and mudslides.
43 China Provinces - Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Hunan, Henan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi Yangtze 23-Jun-99 3-Aug-99 42 725 5,530,000  $    8,000,000,000 Heavy rain     1 11,300,000 Tszo TsoCp  362,100             22.5    
42 China Sichuan Province: Chengdu city, 23 counties Yangtze 25-Apr-99 29-Jun-99 66 49 830,000  $         24,200,000 Heavy rain     1 67,000 CSs*  123,900             14.7   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Floods caused by four major rainfalls between late April and June 29.
41 USA Alabama: Albertville, Birmingham, Huntsville, Montgomery
Georgia: Savannah
Missouri: Kansas City-
Kansas
Nebraska
Minnesota: St. Louis County
Eastern Iowa
Shoal Creek, Village Creek, Talapoosa, Missouri, Crane Creek, Turkey Creek, Nemaha, Big Blue, Weeping Water Creek 28-Jun-99 5-Jul-99 8 4 50  $           4,000,000 Brief torrential rain     1   TsuCpSe* TsoCp 263,000             10.7   Iowa: $4,000,000.  Thunderstorms, tornados.  6 inches of rain over 5 days in Birmingham, AL.  12 inches over 4 days in Kansas City, MO.  Up to 9 inches over north central Iowa July 2-3.
40 Japan Hiroshima prefecture; Kobe, Nagasaki, Fukuoka   28-Jun-99 30-Jun-99 3 29 14,000   Heavy rain   8 1   TsoCpSe* 50,660               2.5   Hiroshima hardest hit with 22 dead, 12 missing. The worst natural disaster to hit region in 8 years.
39 Mexico States - Oaxaca, Guerrero; Isthmus of Tehuantepec Ostuta, Los Perros 24-Jun-99 28-Jun-99 5 4 15,000   Tropical cyclone     1   Tso 53,030               3.7    
38 Bangladesh  Southern coastal districts: Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Maheshkhali Island, Barisal, Bhola, Barguna and Patuakhali
Central/Northern districts: Kushtia, Manikganj, Natore, Sirajganj, Tangail, Bogra
Western district
Meghna, Jamuna, Ganges 21-Jun-99 6-Jul-99 16 19 100,000   Brief torrential rain     1 66,600 Tszo 71,740               7.4   60,000 hectares of crops flooded.  Jumuna River: 1,600 hectares farmland lost along and 5,000 hectares inundated.
37 Romania, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland Romania - villages of Cuculeasa, Costieni and Zoita
North and Middle Slovakia - river basin of the upper Moravia
Czech Republic - Karvina
Poland - town of Czechowice-Dziedzice
Ipel, Moravia 22-Jun-99 1-Jul-99 10 19 914  $   36,466,007,487 Heavy rain   1000 3 83,015 CpSe*  121,170             24.0   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Slovakia: 1,602,444 million SK.  Displaced: Romania: 800, Slovakia: 114.
Week of heavy rain prior to floods.  Romania: 22,889 hectares of farm land destroyed; Slovakia: Waters covered 2539 hectares of inhabited areas a 57,587 hectares of the agricultural land.
In Romania, flooding dissolved the salt caves at Slanic-Prahova mountain.
Slovakia: worst floods since 50-years in Stiavnica, 100-years in Krupinica and 1000-years in Litava, Plastovce.
36 China Qinghai province - 15 counties   12-Jun-99 19-Jun-99 8 27 100,000  $               60,405 Heavy rain     1 31,999 CSs* 97,850               6.5   No suitable AVHRR data located . Unusually heavy summer rains - flooding and mudslides.  Damaged over 6,666 ha of farmland, inundated 25,333 ha of grassland.
35 Mexico States - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon - Cities & towns : Monterrey, Torreon, Guachochi, Namiquipa, Nuevo Casas Grandes, Jimenez Topo Chico 14-Jun-99 16-Jun-99 3 12     Heavy rain     1   Tso 163,000               4.4   24 inches of rain in parts of Jimenez.
34 Pakistan Sindh Province - Thatta and Badin Districts; Coastal towns of Hyderabad, Tharparker, Umer Kot, Mirpur   20-May-99 22-May-99 3 168 200,000  $         10,935,915 Tropical cyclone     1 16,187 Tszo 59,620               2.7    
33 China Provinces - Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang: Cities of Nanping, Sanming, Ningde, Longyan, Hangzhou Yangtze, Qiangtang, Changjiang, Le'an 26-May-99 23-Jun-99 29 11     Heavy rain     1   Tszo 73,330               9.1    
32 Germany, Austria, Switzerland Germany: Bavarian Alps and Daden-Wuerttemberg- towns: Augsburg, Ingolstadt, Passau, Neustadt, Neu-Ulm, Eschenlohe, Ratisbonne
Switzerland: Lake Constance; town of Lindau
Austria: Vorarlberg region, city: Bregenz
Danube, Iller, Lech Wertach, Loisach, Ammer, Isar, Inn, Rhine 22-May-99 29-May-99 8 6 2,000  $    1,170,000,000 Heavy rain Dam/Levy, break or release 154 3 12,140 CpSe* 54,320             14.5   Danube at Ingolstadt highest levels since 1845 - 7.48 meters
31 Russia Sakha Republic in Russian Far East - city of Yakutsk Lena 21-May-99 24-May-99 4   4,000   Snowmelt Ice jam/break-up   2   TsuCpSe* 76,620               7.7   Lena River at record levels.
30 Peru Loreto province - Iquitos Amazon, Itaya, Nanay 13-May-99 24-May-99 12 4 250,000   Brief torrential rain   17 1   Tpu 184,600             10.7   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Torrential rain since Feburary intensified over the last 2 weeks.  Highest level of the Amazon in Peru in 17 yrs.
29 China Hunan Province - Changsha
Jiangxi Province - 19 villages
Yangtze 18-May-99 21-May-99 4 3 69,200   Heavy rain     1 300,000 Tszo 100,700               4.4    
28 Switzerland, Germany, Austria, France Cities/towns: Berne, Rheinfelden, Basel, Zurich, Karlsruhe Rhine, Aare 12-May-99 17-May-99 6 2    $         33,000,000 Heavy rain Snowmelt 140 3   CpSe* 79,470             15.2   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Rhine river: highest levels since 1859 at Karlsruhe.  Aare river: highest levels since 1917.
27 USA Eastern Colorado - La Junta, Pueblo, Colorado Springs, Fort Collins. Counties: Otero, Crowley, Bent, Las Animas Arkansas, South Platte 29-Apr-99 6-May-99 8   450  $           5,000,000 Heavy rain   44 2   TsuCpSe* 58,490             10.1   Worst flood in Otero County in 44 years.
26 Sri Lanka Colombo District; western and south-western coast Kelani, Kalu 17-Apr-99 22-Apr-99 6 6 200,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 19,020               2.5    
25 Phillipines Mindinao - Compostela Valley Province, Davao del Norte   15-Apr-99 21-Apr-99 7 11 200   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 27,200               3.2    
24 Belarus Brest, Gomel, Minsk regions Pripyat, Dnieper, Berezina, Sozh, Nieman, Zapadnaya Dvina 7-Mar-99 10-Apr-99 35   2,000  $           2,277,778 Snowmelt     1 255,653 CSs** 130,400             12.8   Excessive spring snow melting 
23 Columbia Departments: Cordoba, Cauca, Narino, Valle, Cundinamarco and the capital Bogota Oyuco, San Jorge 9-Apr-99 15-Apr-99 7 26 300  $                 3,000 Heavy rain     1   Tpz 360,300             11.7   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flooding and mudslides.
22 USA North Dakota - Grand Forks Red, Souris 1-Apr-99 14-Apr-99 14       Snowmelt     1   CSs** 9,610               2.6   Third biggest flood in history in the area - within inches of 1997.
21 Bolivia Rurrenabaque, San Buenaventura, San Carlos Beni 15-Mar-99 18-Mar-99 4   1,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 285,300               7.4    
20 Australia - Cyclone Vance Western Australia - Exmouth, Onslow   15-Mar-99 21-Mar-99 7   1,000   Extra-tropical cyclone     1   Tsu 57,800               4.7   No suitable AVHRR data located. Widespread flooding and property damage.
19 England North and East Yorkshire. Towns: Malton,Old Malton, Norton, Pickering, Stamford Bridge, Elvington Derwent 7-Mar-99 13-Mar-99 7   800  $         32,583,904 Heavy rain Snowmelt 65 2 300 C 8,300               3.5   No suitable AVHRR data located.  50mm of rain, combined with melting snow from the North Yorks Moors.
18 Mozambique Central area and four southern provinces (Inhambane, Sofala, Tete and Zambezi). Towns: Vilankulo, Inhassoro, Maputo Pungoe, Buzi, Govuro, Zambezi, Limpopo, Changane, Save 15-Jan-99 15-Mar-99 60 15 200,000  $         12,400,000 Heavy rain   40 2 50,000 Tpo 127,700             29.3   Heavy rains from late December 98 to March 99.
17 Romania, Hungary, Ukraine Romania - Timisoara, west Carpathian region of Bihor
Hungary - northern and eastern agricultural heartland, Tisza valley
Ukraine - Zakarpattia and Lutsk regions
Bega, Tisza, Danube, Sava, Timsa 21-Feb-99 18-Mar-99 26 2 8,000   Heavy rain Snowmelt   2 400,000 CSs* 115,200             22.1   Hectares Flooded: Hungary - 360,000 Ha; W Ukraine - 40,000 Ha.
Some of the century's worst flooding in Hungary. 
16 Columbia Nationwide state of emergency, Choco Province Atrato  18-Feb-99 27-Feb-99 10 16 20,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 72,040               6.2   No suitable AVHRR data located CAUSE.  Flooding and mudslides since Jan due to La Nina.  Rains exceeded historical average in the Andes region.
15  Peru Four rivers overflowed in Amazon department of Loreto   20-Feb-99 24-Feb-99 5 36 40,000   Heavy rain     1 4,000 Tpu 107,400               5.3   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flooding and mudslides.
14 Phillipines Mindanao - Province of Lanao del Norte, Iligan city, Kauswagan, Linamon, Bacolod Kauswagon, Larapan 20-Feb-99 22-Feb-99 3 39 2,700   Brief torrential rain     2   Tpz 27,980               3.7   No suitable AVHRR data located. Flash Floods. "Worst ever."
13 Thailand Southern Provinces - Nakron, Srithammarat, Surat, Thami, Songkhla   9-Feb-99 13-Feb-99 5 3 20,000   Heavy rain     1 96,000 Tpz 117,800               5.5   No suitable AVHRR data located.
12 Indonesia SE Sulawesi - LasuSua Sub District
North Sumatra - Langkat, Tanjung Morawa and Tebing Tinggi districts
  9-Feb-99 14-Feb-99 6 2 2,000   Monsoonal rain     1 50 Tpz 136,500               6.6   No suitable AVHRR data located.
11 Australia - Cyclone Rona Southeast Queensland - Gympie, Toowoomba, Beenleigh, and Brisbane districts Mary, Diamentina, Hamilton 6-Feb-99 12-Feb-99 7 7 1,400  $       300,000,000 Monsoonal rain   106 3   TsZo 322,900             33.2    
10 Phillipines Mindanao - Bhutuan, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur Agusan 4-Feb-99 8-Feb-99 5 24 500,000  $           3,200,000 Brief torrential rain   18 1   Tpz 42,060               3.3   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Flash Floods
9 South Africa Eastern Coast, KwaZulu-Natal Province   4-Feb-99 7-Feb-99 4 7 5,000   Heavy rain     1   Tso 75,250               3.8   No suitable AVHRR data located.
8 USA Texas - Burkeville, West Vernon, Desoto, Beaureguard Parish Sabine, Red 1-Feb-99 5-Feb-99 5       Heavy rain     1   TsoCp 56,740               3.8   No suitable AVHRR data located.  Third worst since 1991.
7 USA Ohio - New Paris, Preble, Butler and Montgomery, Scioto & Lawrence counties Scioto, Symmes Creek 19-Jan-99 20-Jan-99 2      $                    200 Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 21,900               1.0    
6 USA Indiana - Indianapolis, W. Lafayette White, Wabash 20-Jan-99 24-Jan-99 5 4 300   Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 18,260               2.2    
5 Western Fiji Viti, Levu districts of Nadi Lautoka Ba and  Rakiraki   19-Jan-99 23-Jan-99 5 7 2,000  $           2,000,000 Heavy rain     1   Tpz 6,290               1.3    
4 Northern England Kirkby Stephen   5-Jan-99 6-Jan-99 2   200   Heavy rain     1   Cp 8,200               0.6    
3 Honduras La Ceiba, San Pedro, Sula   3-Jan-99 10-Jan-99 8   3,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpo, Tpz 16,550               2.7    
2 Malaysia States: Pahang, Johor, Terengganu, Kelantan   1-Jan-99 8-Jan-99 8 1 2,000   Monsoonal rain     1   Tpz 72,080               5.6    
1 Sri Lanka East and northern coast areas - Trincamalee District   28-Dec-98 7-Jan-99 11   23,000   Heavy rain     1 2,020 Tpz 21,090               3.5    
Yearly Totals or Averages:          11 33792  57,129,721  $   55,222,677,688            24,425,888     13,236,040                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                       
An archive number is assigned to any flood that appears to be "large": significant damage to structures or agriculture, long intervals since the last similar event, a/or fatalities                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                       
*Severity Class                                                                                                                                        
Class 1: large flood events: significant damage to structures or agriculture; fatalities; a/or 1-2 decades-long reported interval since the last similar event. 
Class 2: very large events: greater than 20 yr but less than 100 year recurrence interval, a/or a local recurrence interval of at 10-20 yr.
Class 3: Extreme events: with an estimated recurrence interval greater than 100 years
**Flood Magnitude = ln(duration) * severity class * sqrt(affected region)/100 {if duration=1, then duration is set at 1.1 for this calculation.}
*** Available on request
Dartmouth Flood Observatory Homepage
Causes
1 Heavy rain
2 Tropical cyclone
3 Extra-tropical cyclone
4 Monsoonal rain
5 Snowmelt
6 Rain a snowmelt
7 Ice jam/break-up
8 Dam/Levy, break or release
9 Brief torrential rain
10 Tidal surge
11 Avalanche related