1995 Flood Archive

Last updated 9:00 PM EST, September 27, 2007 by EKA
1995 Global Register of Major Flood Events - Scroll Down and Look For Links to Maps In The Country Column
DFO # Country Detailed
Locations
Rivers Began Ended  Duration (days)  Dead  Displaced   Damage (USD)  Main cause Secondary cause Recurrence Interval (anecdotal)   Severity Class*   Hectares flooded  Hayden Code  Affected Region ( sq km)    Flood Magnitude**  MODIS flood inundation limit
file names***
Notes and Comments
                                       
1996-3 Brazil Central and Southern Brazil: Sao Paulo, Sao Jose dos Campos, Rio de Janeiro, Bauru, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul Tiete 25-Dec-95 8-Jan-96          15 100        30,000   Heavy rain                   1         1,408,000             32.1   Floods and landslides.
1996-2 Romania North: Transylvania, Moldova, Maramures, Cluj, Neamt
Central: Mures, Alba, Hunedoara, Bacau
South: Arad
Bistritza, Aries, Somesh, Cris 28-Dec-95 7-Jan-96          11 2        19,000  $         12,000,000 Heavy rain  Snowmelt  25               2        70,000          187,000             20.7   Heaviest snowfall since 1970 followed by melting and rain. 
170,000 acres of farmland flooded, also 220 villiages and 300 miles of road.  Property damage and losses  exceeding those of the 1970 flood disaster in Romania.  4,000 houses in northwestern Romania washed away, thousands in southern Romania taken to safer areas.  75% of the country affected.
1996-1 South Africa Kwazulu Natal province - Pietermaritzburg Msunduze, Slangspruit 25-Dec-95 2-Jan-96           9 157          2,000  $       600,000,000 Heavy rain                   1              26,830               3.6   70 mm of rain in less than 30 min on 12/25.
Entire squatter camps washed out.
112 Philippines Luzon Provinces: Aurora, Cagayan, Isabela Cagayan 24-Dec-95 27-Dec-95 4 18          6,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpu          19,780               1.9   Flooding and landslides.  Worst flooding in this area in recent years.
111 United Arab Emerites Fujaira   19-Dec-95 2-Jan-96 15            4,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpu           2,990               1.5    
110 Philippines Mindanao: Davao Province   10-Dec-95 16-Dec-95 7 12          9,000   Brief torrential rain     1   Tpu           6,970               1.6   9,000 left homeless.
109 Canada British Columbia Tulameen, Similkameen 29-Nov-95 7-Dec-95 9       Rain and snowmelt   100 3   Tpz          31,440             11.7    
108 United States Washington, Oregon Skagit, Snohomish, Cowlitz  28-Nov-95 10-Dec-95 13 2        15,000  $       100,000,000 Rain and snowmelt   100 3   Tpz        111,700             25.7   Flooding of the Cowlitz River was the worst in southwestern Washington in over 100 years.  Cowlitz crested at 31 ft (8 ft above flood stage).
107 Bangladesh Bay of Bengal region: Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna Chunkuri, Hogla 10-Nov-95 13-Nov-95 4 45     Tropical cyclone Tidal surge   1          3,000 CpSe*          20,680               2.0    
106 Somalia Mogadishu   4-Nov-95 7-Nov-95 4 20            300   Heavy rain   5 1   Tso           6,310               1.1   Hundreds left homeless.  Refugee camps flooded.
105 Turkey Izmir Province   4-Nov-95 8-Nov-95 5 62          4,800   Heavy rain   56 2   Tpz          14,860               3.9   Thousands of tons of cotton ruined.
104 Saudi Arabia Jeddah   4-Nov-95 5-Nov-95 2 5    see notes  Heavy rain   30 2        50,000 TsuCpSs**          34,500               2.6   Losses estimated at SR150 million.  Major infrastructure damage.
103 Philippines - Typhoon Angela, Tropical Storm Zach Luzon (Quezon), Negros, Panay, Cebu   28-Oct-95 5-Nov-95 9 765      766,000  $         95,000,000 Tropical cyclone   11 1   Tpz        209,700             10.1   Typhoon Angela (Luzon).  Strongest since 1984.
Tropical Storm Zach (Negros, Panay, Cebu).
Flooding and landslides.
102 India Andhra Pradesh State   20-Oct-95 23-Oct-95 4 94        12,000  $           2,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1            262,800               7.1   Over 3,000 houses destroyed.  Extensive crop damage.
101 Azerbaijan Deveci, Siazon   13-Oct-95 12-Nov-95 31 5          5,200   Heavy rain     1   Cs          14,040               4.1    
100 United States - Tropical Storm Roxanne Florida: Southern Counties - Hendry, Martin, Palm Beach, St. Lucie Peace, Myakka 13-Oct-95 28-Oct-95 16              600   Heavy rain     1   Tpu          34,850               5.2   Tropical Storm Roxanne and other fronts.
20 inches of rain in 24 hrs.
99 Mexico - Hurricane Roxanne Sates: Yucatan (Cozumel, Merida), Campeche, Tabasco, Chiapas, Quintana Roo   12-Oct-95 19-Oct-95 8 17        70,000  $         60,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1   Tpz        225,000               9.9   Hurricane Roxanne.
Cattle and banana businesses seriously damaged.
98 Panama Provinces: Los Santos, Panama   10-Oct-95 20-Oct-95 11 1            500  $           7,000,000 Heavy rain     1   Tpz          13,740               2.8    
97 Costa Rica Guanacaste Province Tempisque 6-Oct-95 9-Nov-95 35          22,500  $           6,300,000 Tropical cyclone   40 2          5,800            11,550               7.6   Worst hit central american country this hurricane season.  Rainfall 80% above average yearly level.
1,844 hectares of rice fields swamped, so rice will have to be imported at a high cost.
96 Benin Mono, Zou Mono 10-Oct-95 9-Nov-95 31          57,500   Heavy rain     1   Tpz          18,120               4.6    
95 Sri Lanka Districts: Ratnapura, Kegalle   9-Oct-95 12-Oct-95 4 6          1,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz           5,270               1.0   Ratnapura: 124.5 mm of rain in one day - average daily rainfall is 14.4 mm.
94 Philippines - Typhoon Mameng Pampanga Province   9-Oct-95 26-Oct-95 18 100      450,000  $         80,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1   TsuCpSe*           7,280               2.5   Typhoon Mameng. 
Flooding and mudslides.
$80 million in fishpond and poultry farm losses.
93 Vietnam - Typhoons Angela and Zack Provinces: Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Quang Nam-Danang, Quang Tri, Quang Binh   8-Oct-95 15-Nov-95 39 253      212,000  $         90,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1   CpSe*          26,970               6.0   Typhoon Angela, Zack.
Flooding and mudslides.
23,400 hectares of rice fields rendered unable to be harvested; 56,885 additonal hectares submerged or damaged.
92 United States - Hurricane Opal Western Florida: Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Bay, Gulf, Franklin
Southern Alabama: Escambia, Conecuh
Northwestern Georgia
North Carolina
Blackwater, Yellow, Chattahoochee 4-Oct-95 8-Oct-95 5 19      100,000  $    1,800,000,000 Tropical cyclone   26 2   TsoCp        203,500             14.5   Hurricane Opal.
Third costliest storm in U.S. history.  Worst storm since Hurricane Camille in 1969.
Blackwater River in Florida crested at 14-15 ft above flood stage.
91 Nicaragua - Hurricane Roxanne Chinandega, Rivas Guasable, Negro, Villanueva 1-Oct-95 19-Oct-95 19 38        22,000   Heavy rain Tropical cyclone   1   Tso          10,840               3.1   Hurricane Roxanne.
90 Mexico - Hurricane Opal States: Campeche, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Chiapas   30-Sep-95 2-Oct-95 3 10      100,000  $       300,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1   Tpo        196,500               4.9   Hurricane Opal.
300 cattle killed.  Hundreds of millions of dollars of agriculture and livestock losses.
89 Cuba - Hurricanes Opal and Roxanne Pinar del Rio Cuyaguateje 29-Sep-95 30-Sep-95 2 0          4,000   Tropical cyclone     1        10,000 Tpz          11,850               0.8   Hurricanes Opal and Roxanne.
88 Philippines - Tropical Storm Sybil Luzon: Pampanga, Palayan City, Manila, Batangas
Panay: Iloilo
Leyte
Samar
Negros: Bukidnon
Marikina  30-Sep-95 3-Oct-95 4 150      176,000  $         33,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1    1,800,000 Tpz        189,600               6.0   Tropical Storm Sybil.
Flooding and landslides.
87 Bangladesh Northern Districts: Dinajpur, Gaibandha, Naogaon, Santahar, Dhaka Padma, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Bogra Tista 29-Sep-95 16-Oct-95 18 400   5,300,000  $       232,000,000 Monsoonal rain     1   Tpz          61,580               7.2   Crops on 442,000 hectares of land covering nearly 1/4 of the total cultivated area in these districts flooded.  $232 million in crop losses.
86 El Salvador Provinces: Usulutan, San Vicente, La Paz Rio Lempa 27-Sep-95 12-Oct-95 16 8        10,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz          18,230               3.7    
85 India States: Bihar, West Bengal, Assam Ganges 26-Sep-95 2-Oct-95 7 144      510,000   Monsoonal rain   17 1       442,000 Tpo        308,100             10.8   Heavy rains, erosion, diseases.  Severe agricultural damage. 
Worst natural disaster in West Bengal since 1978.
84 Myanmar Sagaing, Ayewardy Daung 26-Sep-95 10-Oct-95 15 50        20,000   Heavy rain     1   TsoCp        164,700             11.0    
83 Senegal Podor Podor, St. Louis 24-Sep-95 8-Oct-95 15       Heavy rain     1   CSs** 47,810               5.9    
82 Mauritania Southwest Region: Nouakchott   24-Sep-95 1-Oct-95 8          95,000   Heavy rain     1 500,000 Tpo 144,900               7.9    
81 Chad West and Southeastern Chad: Kanem, Moyen-Chari   24-Sep-95 24-Oct-95 31 1     Heavy rain     1   Tpo 517,400             24.7    
80 Japan - Typhoon Ryan Honshu: Chugoku, Shikoku
Kyushu
Nishiki 23-Sep-95 24-Sep-95 2 3          3,800   Tropical cyclone     1   Tpz 90,340               2.1   Typhoon Ryan.  14 inches of rain in 24 hrs.  950 houses flooded.
79 Algeria Eastern High Plateau Regin: Oum El Bouaghi   22-Sep-95 24-Sep-95 3 5     Brief torrential rain     1   Tpz 62,910               2.8   Annual autumn rains.
78 Vietnam Provinces: Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Kegalle, Da Nang, Dong Thap, Dong Thap, Kien Gang, An Giang, Tien Giang, Vinh Long, Can Tho Mekong, Perfume 21-Sep-95 19-Oct-95 29 153      920,000  $         23,000,000 Heavy rain     1   Tszo 123,000             11.8   Floods submerged 230,000 houses in 13 provinces.  Crop and property damage of $23 million.
77 Togo, Benin Central and Northern Togo
Central and Southwest Benin: Zou Province, Athieme Prefecture
Oueme, Mono 21-Sep-95 28-Sep-95 8 19        30,000   Heavy rain     1 23,000 Tszo 102,600               6.7   53,000 people affected, 23,000 hectares of crops destroyed.  Mono River rose 6 meters.
76 Albania Northern and Western Provinces: Has, Shkodra, Lushnja, Buna, Lezhe Drini 21-Sep-95 24-Sep-95 4 4     Heavy rain   15 1   TsoCpSe* 17,070               1.8   Heaviest precipitation in Northern Albania in 15 years.
75 United States Alaska: Anchorage, Kenai Peninsula, Matanuska-Susitna   18-Sep-95 16-Oct-95 29              300  $         10,000,000 Heavy rain   30 2   Tpz 50,390             15.1   Several hundred buildings flooded and residents evacuated.
74 Malaysia Penang Island   17-Sep-95 22-Sep-95 6            5,120   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 1,280               0.6   Flooding and landslides.  Up to 2 meters of water.
73 Laos Provinces: Khammouane, Vientiane, Savannakhet, Champassak Mae Nam Khong Mekong 18-Sep-95 25-Sep-95 8          40,000   Monsoonal rain     1 21,000 Tpz 72,540               5.6   21,000 of 43,000 hectares in the Vientiane prefecture flooded, 16,000 destroyed.
72 Cambodia Provinces: Rattanakiri, Kratie Mekong 18-Sep-95 2-Oct-95 15            1,348   Monsoonal rain     1 2,900 CpSe* 52,120               6.2   337 families displaced, 2,900 hectares (7,165 acres) of rice fields destroyed.
71 Mexico - Hurricane Ismael States: Sonora, Mazatlan   14-Sep-95 22-Sep-95 9 50        25,000   Tropical cyclone     1   Tpz 168,600               9.0   Hurricane Ismael.  Damage to shrimp production, loss of shrimping fleets.
70 Japan - Typhoon Oscar Hachijo Island, Miyake Island, Tokyo region   15-Sep-95 18-Sep-95 4 3            500  $           9,600,000 Tropical cyclone   50 2   Tpz 16,380               3.5   Typhoon Oscar.  Most powerful storm to hit the area in 50 yrs.
Flooding and landslides.  120 houses destroyed.
69 Honduras El Progreso, Valle de Sula Valley, La Lima Ulua 9-Sep-95 12-Sep-95 4 30          6,000  $           4,000,000 Heavy rain     1 10,000 Tpo 9,440               1.3   Flooding and mudslides.  Millions of dollars of agricultural losses.
68 Caribbean - Hurricanes Luis and Marilyn Guadeloupe, Antigua, Dominica, Dutch Antilles, St. Martin, Guadeloupe, St. Kitts, Nevis, Dutch Antilles, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Barbados, Martinique   5-Sep-95 18-Sep-95 14 20        24,000  $       300,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1   Tszo 51,660               6.0   Hurricane Luis, Hurricane Marilyn.
67 India Sikkim State   5-Sep-95 8-Sep-95 4 35    $             252,000 Monsoonal rain     1   Tpz 6,520               1.1   Flooding and landslides.
66 Morocco Provinces: Taza, Taounate, Fez   3-Sep-95 6-Sep-95 4 43            228   Heavy rain     1   Tpo 99,920               4.4   150 livestock killed.
65 India States: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh  Ganges, Yamuna 1-Sep-95 20-Sep-95 20 600   2,000,000  $       258,000,000 Monsoonal rain   17 1 700,000 Tszo 762,900             26.2   Worst flooding in New Delhi in 17 years.  Disease concerns.
64 Taiwan Southern Taiwan   29-Aug-95 30-Aug-95 2 1     Tropical cyclone     1   Tpz 14,890               0.8   Typhoon Kent.
113 Philippines Mindanao: South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat Kabulnuan, Alah 4-Sep-95 15-Sep-95 12 180        50,000  $       750,000,000 Heavy rain see notes   1     10,940               2.6   Flooding of crater Maughan lake on volcanic Mt. Parker - landslide from the mountain (sparked by heavy rains) into the lake caused flooding. 
29,000 hectares of crops damaged.  Floodwater up to 15 ft.
63 Philippines - Typhoon Kent and Tropical Storm Nina Luzon: Pampanga, Zambales, Tarlac, Manilla, Bataan Pasig-Potrero 29-Aug-95 6-Sep-95 9 3        45,000  $             550,000 Monsoonal rain Tropical cyclone   1     23,530               3.4   Typhoon Kent followed directly by Tropical Storm Nina.
Flooding and landslides from volcanic Mt. Pinatabo.
100 villiages flooded.  Up to 1.2 meters of water.
62 United States North Carolina, South Carolina, Southeastern Georgia Haw 26-Aug-95 29-Aug-95 4 8            300   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 176,800               5.8   Remnants of Tropical Storm Jerry.
61 Caribbean - Tropical Storm Iris. Eastern Islands: Martinique, Guadeloupe, Antigua, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Lucia, Dominica, St. Kitts   26-Aug-95 28-Aug-95 3 3     Tropical cyclone     1   TsoCp 8,340               1.0   Tropical Storm Iris. 
Flooding and mudslides.
60 Albania Provinces: Lezhe, Miredita, Laci   19-Aug-95 26-Aug-95 8 5     Heavy rain     1   Tszo 11,110               2.2   Farmland, power supplies, roads, bridges, and buildings destroyed.
59 South Korea - Typhoon Janis Central Provinces: North Kyongsang, South Chungchong, Kyunggi  Han, Kum 24-Aug-95 27-Aug-95 4 53        16,000  $       246,000,000 Extra-tropical cyclone   5 1 30,000 Tpo 33,970               2.6   Typhoon Janis.
Han rose to 10.5 meters, highest level since 1990.  Up to 24 inches of rain in some areas.
52,370 hectares of flooded farmland, 936 damaged houses or buildings.
58 Morocco Southern Region: Marrakesh, Ouarzazate, Taroudant, Ourika Valley  Gigaya, Ourika, Gamat  17-Aug-95 18-Aug-95 2 166            210  $         10,000,000 Heavy rain   50 2   TsuCpSe* 132,500               5.0   64 vehicles, 52 homes, 53 shops and five adminstrative departments destroyed.
57 Bangladesh Districits: Netrokona, Sirajganj, Gaibandha, Jamalpur, Rajshahi  Brahmaputra, Ganges, Padma, Buriganga  16-Aug-95 23-Aug-95 8 26   1,000,000   Monsoonal rain     1   Tpo 42,130               4.3   Third major deluge of the season.
56 Ethiopia Magete, Addis Ababa   11-Aug-95 18-Aug-95 8 44          2,000   Heavy rain     1   CpSe* 195,900               9.2   Besseka lake overflow.
55 Nigeria Jos - Anguwan Rukuba area   7-Aug-95 10-Aug-95 4 30     Heavy rain     1   TsoCpSe* 19,770               1.9   10 hours of torrential rain.
54 United States Ohio: Coutnies - Champaign, Licking, Logan, Marion, Mercer, Miami, Scioto, Shelby
West Virginia: Counties - Kanawha, Lincoln
Ohio 7-Aug-95 18-Aug-95 12 4          1,000   Heavy rain     1     118,300               8.5   600 homes and businesses damaged.  Up to 10.75 in of rain in 24 hrs.
53 Guatemala, Mexico Guatemala: El Naranjo, Chibuj, Milagro, Pepoptum, Maria Linda, Coyolate, Santiago
Mexico: Chiapas
Naranjo, Novillero  4-Aug-95 23-Aug-95 20 17          7,100   Heavy rain     1     158,700             11.9   400 hectares of subsistence crops destroyed.  11 communities cut off by floodwaters.
52 China Provinces: Jilin, Liaoning   25-Jul-95 28-Aug-95 35 123   3,000,000   Heavy rain   100 3   TsuCpSe* 325,400             60.8   Worst flooding in Liaonging this century.
Liaonging: 890,000 hectares of agricultural land flooded and 120,000 farm animals dead.
Jilin: 1.19 hectares of land flooded and 300,000 farm animals killed.
51 Thailand Provinces: Phayao, Pichit, Pitsanuloke, Nakhon Sawan Nan, Chao Phraya 1-Aug-95 9-Nov-95 101 260   4,220,000  $       240,000,000 Heavy rain   200 3 1,700,000 Cs 444,500             92.3   1.68 million hectares of farmland damaged.  68 of 76 provinces affected.
Chao phraya river reached 2.27 m above sea level - the highest in Bangkok's 200 year recorded history.
50 North Korea Provinces: Huichun, Chagan, Pyongyang, Hwanghae, North Pyongyang Yalu, Amnok 1-Aug-95 8-Sep-95 39 68      500,000  $   15,000,000,000 Heavy rain   100 3   TsuCpSe* 120,700             38.2   Worst summer rains in 100 years.  Avg daily rainfall of 583 mm recorded over wide areas from 7/30 to 8/18; 600 mm in 1-2 hrs in some regions.
1.9 million tons of grain damaged - half of the country's annual production.
49 Philippines - Tropical Depression Karing Luzon Provinces: Pampanga, Zambales, Tarlac Pasig-Portrero  29-Jul-95 31-Jul-95 3 0        20,000  $           5,000,000 Tropical cyclone     1   TsuCpSe* 9,190               1.1   Tropical Depression Karing.  Floods and mudflows 5 meters high from the slopes of volcanic Mount Pinatubo.  5,000 families forced to flee their homes.
48 Pakistan Provinces: Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, North West Frontier Indus, Swat, Leh 19-Jul-95 10-Aug-95 23 600      600,000   Monsoonal rain     1   TsoCp 672,300             25.7   Tens of thousands of acres of agricultural land flooded, but most crops harvested before the floods so only marginal losses.
47 Bangladesh Northern Districts: Kurigam, Netrokona, Gaibandha, Sherpur  Brahmaputra, Ganges, Meghna 4-Jul-95 22-Jul-95 19 250  15,000,000   Monsoonal rain   7 1   Cs 15,620               3.7   48,000 hectares of rice crops lost, 400,000 mud and straw houses swept away, 19,000 kilometres of roads heavily damaged.
Deaths from drowning, snake bites, and disease.
46 Ghana Southern Ghana - Accra   5-Jul-95 7-Jul-95 3 22        55,000  $         15,000,000 Heavy rain   59 2   Cs 120,800               7.6   Major damage to infrastructure and communication.  Worst floods in Accra since 1936 - 458 mm of rain in 9 hrs.  Floodwater up to 2 meters.
45 Canada Alberta: Edmonton, Calgary, Red Deer Saskatchewan 5-Jul-95 12-Jul-95 8            5,000   Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 184,500               8.9    
44 China Provinces: Sichuan, Hubei Yangtse 5-Jul-95 19-Jul-95 15 65        25,000   Heavy rain   45 2   Tpz 231,400             26.1    
43 Paraguay Asuncion Paraguay 5-Jul-95 5-Jul-95 1          27,000   Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 50,610               0.2    
42 Togo Lome Districts   3-Jul-95 5-Jul-95 3 3      150,000   Brief torrential rain     1   Tpo 3,640               0.7   Average 1.5 meters of water.
41 Georgia republic of Abkhazia  Aragvi 1-Jul-95 11-Jul-95 11 5    $           2,200,000 Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 8,420               2.2   Floodwater washed landmines out to sea. 
Damage to agriculture over 15 billion roubles. 2,500 Hectares of corn, 100 hectares of tabacco plantations, and 150 hectares of vegetables and melons were flooded.
Rainfall higher in 24 hrs than the monthly average.
40 Ukraine Kharkov Ouda, Seversky Donets, Lopan 29-Jun-95 11-Jul-95 13       Heavy rain     1   Tszo 5,180               1.8   Severe damage to sewage system, rivers contaminated.
39 Cuba Central and Western Cities: Havana, Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Sancti Spiritus, Ciego de Avila, Villa Clara   21-Jun-95 23-Jun-95 3 3          5,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 56,150               2.6    
38 India States: Assam, Meghalaya Brahmaputra  20-Jun-95 23-Jun-95 4 17   1,000,000   Monsoonal rain     1 64,700 Tszo 102,900               4.4   Flooding and landslides.
300 sq. km of agricultural land with standing crops inundated.  Railways shut down.
37 Nepal Eastern Districts: Baglung, Lamjung, Solukhumbu, Khotang, Okhaldhunga    19-Jun-95 25-Jul-95 37 139        10,000  $           2,000,000 Monsoonal rain     1   TsuCpSs** 71,920               9.7   Flooding and landslides.
36 Bangladesh North and East Districts: Sylhet, Sirajganj, Sunamganj, Gaibandha, Netrokona, Tangail, Moulavibazar, Khagrachari, Maikganj Brahmaputra, Surma, Manu, Gorai 16-Jun-95 23-Jun-95 8 105   2,000,000  $       200,000,000 Monsoonal rain     1   TsuCpSs** 68,350               5.4   Flooding, landslides, and disease.
35 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Beilagan, Gakh, Agdash, Adjabedi, Barda, Gekchay, Shaki, Lenkoran, Yardimili, Lerik, Astara    15-Jun-95 25-Jun-95 11     1,500,000  $           5,500,000 Heavy rain Tidal surge   1 48,000 Tszo 80,960               6.8   Many of the deaths due to outbreaks in cholera, dysentery and malaria
34 India Mizoram State   2-Jun-95 3-Jun-95 2 40          3,200   Heavy rain     1   Tszo 20,150               1.0   Floods and landslides.  800 houses destroyed.
33 Norway Southern, Eastern, and Central regions Glomma 1-Jun-95 14-Jun-95 14 1          4,000  $       290,000,000 Rain and snowmelt   100 3   TsoCp 162,700             31.9   Biggest flood in 100 years.  Lakes rising by 2 cm/hr.
32 Germany Southern Germany Rhine, Loisach, Isar   1-Jun-95 5-Jun-95 5 4     Heavy rain     1   Tszo 57,980               3.9   Rhine at 7.46 meters - normal level is 2.50 meters.  Roads and railways closed.
31 Iran Tehran Province: Khavar-Shah township   31-May-95 3-Jun-95 4 10            200   Brief torrential rain     1   CSs** 29,480               2.4   50 houses destroyed.
30 Tanzania Dar es Salaam   27-May-95 1-Jun-95 6 4        20,000   Heavy rain     1   CpSe* 5,080               1.3   126 mm of rain - normal max fo May is 169.5.
29 Romania Counties: Olt, Teleorman, Gorj, Dolj, Arges Jiul, Oltul, Arges, Vedea 23-May-95 26-May-95 4 0          1,000   Heavy rain     1 112,000 Cs 31,760               2.5   250 houses washed away. 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) of crops and over 500 houses flooded. 3,500 chickens and 1 cow drowned. 40 oil wells flooded.
27 Bangladesh Divisions: Chittagong, Khulna, Dhaka, Barisal Halda 17-May-95 24-May-95 8 41      351,000  $             300,000 Heavy rain Tidal surge   1 1,500 CpSe* 61,220               5.1   Torrential rains ended a 5 month drought and caused a tidal wave.
26 China Provinces: Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, Jiangsu
Xiangjiang, Yangtse 15-May-95 15-Aug-04 3,381 1,530   7,000,000  $   14,400,000,000 Heavy rain   40 2 7,500,000 Tpz 1,668,000           209.9   1.9 million houses destroyed and 7 million damaged.  7.48 million hectares (18.5 million acres) of land under cultivation ravaged by the floods.
25 Sri Lanka Provinces: Western, Northwestern, Sabaragamuwa, Southern   7-May-95 11-May-95 5 1        40,000  $             400,000 Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 27,550               2.7   10,000 families homeless.
24 United States Mississippi, Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma Mississippi, Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas 10-May-95 1-Jun-95 23 3          5,000  $         10,000,000 Heavy rain     1   Tszo 472,100             21.5   Missouri River crested at 36.7 ft - 11.7 ft above flood stage. Mississippi crested at 46.7 ft - 14.7 ft over flood stage.
23 Indonesia Sumatra: North Sumatra - Tapanuli Selatan, Labuhan Batu. Bengkulu - Rejang Lebong
Java: Central Java - Cilacap district
Sumatra: Bila, Ketahun  1-May-95 13-May-95 13 55        17,500  $       600,000,000 Heavy rain     1   Tpz 137,300               9.5   Flooding and mudslides.
North Sumatra - 48 dead. 23 missing Bila river inundates 20 villages. 5,500 evacuated. 12,300 acres of rice paddy, 3,000 homes, and several dikes damaged. $ 600 million damages.
Bengkulu - 7 dead. 35 missing. 10 villages and 2,500 hectares crops inundated in Rejang Lebong
Central Java - 6,000 homeless in Cilacap district. 1,800 houses flooded.
22 United States Louisiana: New Orleans   7-May-95 13-May-95 7 6        20,000  $    3,000,000,000 Heavy rain     1   TsuCpSe* 19,340               2.7   5,000 homes evacuated.  Up to 19 inches of rain in 24 hrs (avg is 5 inches for the month).
21 Ethiopia Eastern Ogaden Region Webi Shebelle, Wedeb 28-Apr-95 15-May-95 18 27        89,875  $             500,000 Heavy rain   20 2   Tpz 67,450             15.0   First time the Webi Shebelle overflowed it's banks in 20 years.  1300 sheep, goats, and cattle killed.
20 Italy Piemonte Region Provinces: Cuneo, Asti, Turin Po 24-Apr-95 30-Apr-95 7 3     Rain and snowmelt     1   CpSe* 24,760               3.1    
19 Iran Khorasan Province: Mashhad Arefi  21-Apr-95 23-Apr-95 3 9              50   Brief torrential rain     1   CpSe* 147,600               4.2   Bridges, orchards, roadways, and houses washed away.
18 Afghanistan Takhar Province: Chai Aab district   19-Apr-95 21-Apr-95 3 10          6,000   Heavy rain     1   CSs* 15,370               1.4   1,500 houses and 300 hectares of crops washed away.
17 China Guangdong Province Xijiang 20-Apr-95 21-Apr-95 2 40      300,000   Heavy rain     1 14,000 Tszo 169,700               2.9   68 mm of rain in 1 hr.
16 Argentina Buenos Aires Province Salado 6-Apr-95 11-Apr-95 6 6          6,000   Heavy rain   100 3 see notes TsoCp 303,400             29.6   150,000 hectares of soybean and sunflower fields flooded in Pergamino.  Water 2 meters deep.
Worst flooding disaster of the century - one month's worth of rain in 4 hrs.
15 Russia Caspian Sea regions: Dagestan, Kalmykia   14-Mar-95 14-Mar-95 1 2          2,400   Heavy rain see notes   1 150,000 CpSe* 115,700               0.3   Strong winds pushed the Caspian Sea onto the adjacent, low-lying regions.  81,500 cattle killed.
14 United States California Russian, Napa, Sacramento, Salinas 8-Mar-95 20-Mar-95 13 15        10,000  $    2,000,000,000 Rain and snowmelt     1 66,000 Cp 196,000             11.4   48 of California's 58 counties declared disaster areas.  Most geographicly widespread storm in California in this century.
$400 million in agricultural damage - lettuce, broccoli, cauliflower, almond, strawberries.
13 Tanzania Imbeya District Mbarali, Mlomboji 4-Mar-95 10-Mar-95 7 0          2,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 36,220               3.7   400 houses swept away. Rains on the Uwanji plateau caused the Mbarali and Mlomboji rivers to overflow.
12 Australia - Cyclone Bobby, Hurricane Violet Western Australia: Onslow, Kalgoorie
New South Wales: Sydney
Victoria: Melbourne
Gascoigne, Yarra 5-Mar-95 13-Mar-95 9 7     Extra-tropical cyclone   25 2   Tsu 990,198             43.7   Cyclone Bobby and Hurricane Violet. Strongest March rain and flooding in Melbourne since 1970.
$37 million in lost production from gold mines.  Damage to east-west Transline railway.
11 Botswana Villages: Palapye, Mahalapye Lotsane, Mahalapye 23-Feb-95 2-Mar-95 8 20          2,000   Heavy rain     1   Tsu 31,140               3.7   Damage to railway lines.
10 Paraguay Asuncion Paraguay 14-Feb-95 21-Feb-95 8          20,000   Heavy rain     1   TsoCp 49,340               4.6    
9 Brazil Sao Paulo Tiete 6-Feb-95 13-Feb-95 8 27          3,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpo 17,900               2.8   Flooding and mudslides.  Tiete river rose 10 ft.  Damage to banana plantations.
8 Indonesia Java: East Java, West Java
Sumatra: Riau, Jambi, West Sumatra
Bengawan Solo, Batanghari 3-Feb-95 17-Feb-95 15 47        37,000  $             400,000 Heavy rain   10 1   Tpz 296,259             14.7   Significant damage to rice paddies and rubber plantations, thousands of livestock drowned.  Villiages under 2 meters of water.
Worst flooding in a decade.
7 France, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg   Rhine, Mosel, Main, Waal, Maas, Meuse 23-Jan-95 7-Feb-95 16 30      294,100  $    4,000,000,000 Rain and snowmelt   100 3   CpSe* 341,200             48.6   Floods around the Rhine were the worst in a century - reached a record 34 ft 71/3 in in Cologne, Germany.
6 France Britanny Villaine 20-Jan-95 30-Jan-95 11 16          5,000  $       760,000,000 Rain and snowmelt   150 3   CpSe* 27,720             12.0   Highest rainfall in 150 years.
5 Argentina Cordoba Province Parana 15-Jan-95 20-Jan-95 6 7          1,000   Heavy rain     1   TsoCp 156,000               7.1   150 mm of rain in 2 hrs.  Normally dry creeks at 2 meters.
4 Indonesia Sumatra: Riau Idragiri 9-Jan-95 11-Jan-95 3 3        10,000   Heavy rain     1 see notes Tpz 91,180               3.3   1,200 hectares of paddy fields flooded in Riau.  60,000 people affected.
3 South Africa Northern Transvaal   8-Jan-95 9-Jan-95 2       Heavy rain     1   Tsu 51,450               1.6    
2 Malawi Northern Malawi   7-Jan-95 9-Jan-95 3 1     Heavy rain     1   Tsz 23,460               1.7    
1 United States Northern California Counties: Marin, Lake, Tehema, Sonoma, Napa  Russian, Napa, Sacramento, Petaluma, Eel, Smith, Van Duzen 3-Jan-95 17-Jan-95 15 11          6,000  $       300,000,000 Heavy rain   9 1   Cp 81,500               7.7   $22.7 million worth of produce lost in Ventura County and 50-80% of strawberry crop lost in Orange County. 
Russian River crested 17 ft above flood stage, contaminated with toxins and sewage.
Worst flooding since 1986.
Yearly Totals or Averages:          41 7625  48,575,631  $   45,860,002,000          13,323,900     15,708,687
An archive number is assigned to any flood that appears to be "large": significant damage to structures or agriculture, long intervals since the last similar event, and/or fatalities
*Severity Class
Class 1: large flood events: significant damage to structures or agriculture; fatalities; and/or 1-2 decades-long reported interval since the last similar event. 
Class 2: very large events: greater than 20 yr but less than 100 year recurrence interval, and/or a local recurrence interval of at 10-20 yr.
Class 3: Extreme events: with an estimated recurrence interval greater than 100 years
**Flood Magnitude = ln(duration) * severity class * sqrt(affected region)/100 {if duration=1, then duration is set at 1.1 for this calculation.}
*** Available on request
Dartmouth Flood Observatory Homepage
Causes
1 Heavy rain
2 Tropical cyclone
3 Extra-tropical cyclone
4 Monsoonal rain
5 Snowmelt
6 Rain and snowmelt
7 Ice jam/break-up
8 Dam/Levy, break or release
9 Brief torrential rain
10 Tidal surge
11 Avalanche related