1988 Flood Archive

Revised by av & sc, July 2003
1988 Global Register of Extreme Flood Events
DFO # Location Detailed Locations Began
(mm/dd/yy)
Ended
(mm/dd/yy)
Duration
(days)
Dead Displaced Damage
(USD)

Main Cause
Secondary
cause
Recurrence
Interval
(Anecdotal)
Severity
Class*
Hectares
Flooded
Hayden
Code
Affected
Region
(sq km)
Flood
Magnitude**
                                 
1988-111 Indonesia Central Java - Districts: Pemalang, Pekalongan and Semarang. Rivers Kali Comal and Sikuang 12/17/88 12/19/88 3 40     Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpz 7,430                  0.9
1988-110 Gabon  Cities: Lambarene, Port-Gentil, Ouila, Koula-Moutou, Makoukou Rivers: Ogooue and N'gounie  11/28/88 12/03/88 6       Brief torrential rain     1    Tpo 70,730                  4.8
1988-109 Western Uganda Bundibugyo district (about 200 miles west of Kampala)  11/23/88 12/07/88 15   5,000   Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpz 14,340                  3.2
1988-108 Southern Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia Thailand -- Nakhon Si Thamarat Province - Nakhon Si Thamarat city. Districts: Phipoon, Phibul, Lansaka. Villages: Katun, Khiriwong Songkhla Province - Hat Yai city. Ranot District. -- Surat Thani Province - Nasarn District. -- Other Provinces: Yala, Pattani, Narathiwat, Chumphon, Trang, Phatthalung. -- Malaysia -- States: Kelantan, Johore, Negri Sembilan, Malacca, Pahang, Trengganu, Kedah, Perlis 11/20/88 12/01/88 12 386 301,000 $172,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes worst flooding in 50 years in Songkhla -- "worst natural disaster to hit southern thailand" -- Malaysia: worst in 20 years -- "Levels at a flood measuring station in Kelantan exceeded the 1967 total by about 10 feet," 2 720,000  Tpz 96,670                15.5
1988-107 Indonesia  North Sumatra - south Tapanuli 11/18/88 11/19/88 2 28     Heavy rain See notes   1    Tpz 22,300                  1.0
1988-106 Eastern Spain  Mediterranean coast -- Catalunya Province: Areyns de Mar, Viladecans, Sant Adrian del Besos. Corbera and Torrellas. -- Valencia province: Turia River 11/12/88 11/13/88 2 5 800   Heavy rain     1    TsuCs 2,650                  0.4
1988-105 Philippines - Tropical Storm Tess and Typhoon Skip/Yoning Luzon Island - Bicol Peninsula. Camarines Sur province. Pasacao. Pasig in Metro Manilla area.  Panay Island - Capiz and Aklan provinces -- Palawan Island - Rizal. -- Flooding also reported on Cebu, Leyte, Visayas and Romblon islands 11/04/88 11/08/88 5 255 1,000,000 $400,000 Tropical cyclone See notes   1    Tpz 10,600                  1.7
1988-104 Eastern Indonesia  Flores Island - four villages in the district of Ende. Ria Raja, Rewarangga 11/05/88 11/07/88 3 20 1,200   Heavy rain See notes   1    Tpz 780                  0.3
1988-103 Southern China - Typhoon Hainan Province - 46 villages in Qiongshan, Ding'an and Wenchang counties. Nandu river 10/28/88 10/30/88 3 0 10,000   Tropical cyclone See notes   1 73,000  Tszo 5,370                  0.8
1988-102 Southeastern Nigeria  Rivers State - Kassama in Yenagoa Local Government Area  10/27/88 10/28/88 2 10 12,000         1    Tpz 2,830                  0.4
1988-101 Southern Philippines - Typhoon Ruby/ Unsang Northern Mindanao Island - Misamis Oriental Province. three villages in the port city of Cagayan de Oro. Agusan River. Pagadian City. -- Southern and central Luzon Island - Manilla area. Marikina River. -- Other areas: Eastern Visayas Island, Bicol Island, Southern Tagalog 10/22/88 10/26/88 5 181 60,000 $24,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpz 5,340                  1.2
1988-100 Central and South America - Hurricane Joan/ Tropical Storm Miriam Northern Columbia - Guajira Peninsula. Towns: Carmen de Bolivar, La Uribia. River Alferez. --  Venezuela - Caracas area. -- Nicaragua - Managua area, Miskito Coast, Corn Island, Bluefields, El Rama. Rivers: San Juan, Colorado, Coto. -- Panama - eastern province of Veraguas and Pacific province of Herrera. Border area with Costa Rica. -- Northern Costa Rica - Atlantic and Pacific coasts. Rivers: San Juan, Colorado, Coto 10/18/88 10/25/88 8 135 407,000 $62,000,000 Tropical cyclone See notes   1    Tpo 62,660                  5.2
1988-099 Central Vietnam - unidentified Typhoon 600-mile span between Thanh Hoa Province in the north to Phu Khanh Province in the south. Lam River in Nghe Tinh Province 10/10/88 10/20/88 11 100 500,000   Brief torrential rain   "Lam River was approaching a record high set in 1978" 1 101,172  Tpz 39,060                  4.7
1988-098 Northern Guatemala  El Quiche Province - Chioxy River in the northern border strip between the towns of Playitas and Playa Grande 10/16/88 10/17/88 2   6,000   Heavy rain     1    Tso 370                  0.1
1988-097 Ghana  Northern, Upper West and Upper East regions. West Gonja District. Salaga. Singa. Daboya. Black and White Volta Rivers 10/01/88 10/11/88 11   3,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 102,200                  7.7
1988-096 Central and Southern Nigeria Federal Capital Territory Suleja - Abuja city and dam. -- Anambra State - 12 communities in Anambra Local Government Area. -- Rivers: Niger and Anambra 09/21/88 10/05/88 15   70,000 $1,000,000 Dam/Levy, break or release See notes        Tpz 8,880                   -  
1988-009 Southern France  Gard Region, Nimes city  10/03/88 10/03/88 1 10 300   Brief torrential rain See notes   1    TsuCs 710                  0.0
1988-094 Western India  Maharashtra State - Bombay city 10/03/88 10/04/88 2 23     Heavy rain     1    Tszo 600                  0.2
1988-093 Northern Taiwan  Counties: Ilan, Taipei, Hualien and Taitung. 09/21/88 10/03/88 13 0   $14,170,816 Heavy rain     1 847  Tszo 7,300                  2.2
1988-092 Northwestern India and Pakistan  India -- Punjab State - 10 of 12 administrative districts and 1,463 villages inundated. Districts: Amritsar, Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Batala, Sangrur, Ferozepore, Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Bhatinda and Faridkot. Cities: Jalandhar, Amritsar, Phillaur, Nawanshahr, Ludhiana, Kapurthala, Ferozepur, Harike Barrage. Rivers: Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. -- Haryana State - 381 villages in seven of the total 12 districts. Jagadhri sub-division. Cities/towns: Delhi, New Delhi. Faridabad, Hissar, Kaithal, Nirwana. Yamuna River. -- Himachal Pradesh State - all 12 districts including Una district. -- Jammu and Kashmir State - Anantnag town. Rivers: Jelum, Tawi, Chenab and Ravi. -- -- Pakistan -- Punjab State - Districts: Sialkot, Gujrat and Gujranwala. Cities: Bahawalpur, Multan, Wazirabad, Narowal, Chaprar Marala, Lahore, Shahdara, Depalpur. Narang Mandi and Sharaqpur road areas. Rivers: Sutlej, Chenab and Ravi. 09/21/88 10/08/88 18 731 1,250,000 $6,814,000,000 Heavy rain See notes "worst floods to hit north India in this century" -- "worst since the deluge of 1958" -- record levels on Ravi, Beas and Sutlej Rivers -- worst floods in india-controlled kashmir in the last decade 2 1,476,874  Tszo 268,500                30.0
1988-091 Eastern China - Typhoon #17 Fujian Province -  09/20/88 09/26/88 7 9 51,000   Heavy rain See notes   1    Tszo 100,700                  6.2
1988-090 Thailand  1,488 villages flooded in 53 of Thailand's 73 provinces; including Phayao, Rayong and Uthai Thani. 09/18/88 10/05/88 18 19 16,000 $1,200,000 Brief torrential rain     1 229,000 Tpz  243,200                14.3
1988-089 Western Nepal  Darbang and Niskot villages in Myagdi District. Myagdi River  09/20/88 09/21/88 2 106 56   Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tszo                     -  
1988-088 Nigeria and Benin Nigeria -- Oyo State - Oshogbo. Erinle River. Sokoto State - 76 villages submerged. Niger River -- Benin -- Provinces: Zou and Borgou. Districts: Malanville/Karimama, Zagnanado/Savalou. Oeme and Niger Rivers 09/14/88 09/26/88 13 7 136,000   Brief torrential rain See notes   1 30,000  Tpz 71,960                  6.9
1988-087 Caribbean, Mexico. Central America - Hurricane Gilbert  Dominican Republic - Yuna River near Cotui.  -- Southern Haiti - " widespread flooding and crop damage" -- Jamaica - "widespread flooding across the island" -- Mexico - Yucatan Penninsula: Cancun, Cozumel, Campeche. Nuevo Leon State: Santa Catarina river in Monterrey and Cadereyta. Tamulipas state: Matamoros, Ciudad Victoria, La Pesca, Soto la Marina, San Carlos. -- Venezuela - Caracas area. -- El Salvador - eastern states of San Miguel, Usulutan and La Union -- Flooding also reported in Caymen Islands, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Honduras, Costa Rica 09/10/88 09/18/88 9 237 821,400 $68,200,000 Tropical cyclone   Worst flash flood Monterrey has seen since 1909 2 1,456,874 Tso and Tpo 105,100                14.2
1988-086 USA - Florida Tampa Bay Area. Counties: Manatee, Hillsborough, Pinellas, Pasco. Towns: Palmetto, Bradenton, Yankeetown, Tampa, St Petersburg. Manatee and Little Manatee rivers. Alafia River. 09/06/88 09/09/88 4 7 1,000 $24,000,000 Heavy rain   "Florida's worst floods in 60 years" 2    Tso 6,500                  2.2
1988-085 China  Dongting Lake area in Hunan and Hubei provinces  09/05/88 09/14/88 10   100,000   Heavy rain   "worst flood in the past 30 years" in Dongting Lake area 2 200,000  Tszo 47,800                10.1
1988-084 USSR - Buryatia  Eastern regions of Soviet Buryatia, Transbailkal area. Rivers Uda, Kurba, Kodun and their tributaries. 09/06/88 09/06/88 1       Brief torrential rain See notes   1 10,000  TsoCpSe* 47,400                  0.2
1988-083 Mexico - Debby Veracruz State - Hueleque River in Poza Rica. Tuxpan-Pantepec River in Alamo. Papantla La Antigua, Cazones, Coatzintla, Tuxpan, La Palmilla. Cotaxtla River. Cazones River. -- Hidalgo State - 09/02/88 09/06/88 5 31 30,000   Tropical cyclone See notes   1   Tso 12,600                  1.8
1988-082 Eastern Mexico - Kristy  Chiapas State - Coatan River in Tapachula city. Huixtla, Escuincla, Pijijiapan, Arteaga and Tonala. Cuatan Grande and Chico rivers. -- Oaxaca State - Tehuantepec isthmus. Salado River 09/01/88 09/05/88 5 17 20,000   Tropical cyclone See notes   1    Tso 25,820                  2.6
1988-081 Niger  Sahel area. Niger River 09/02/88 09/03/88 2 13 7,000   Heavy rain     2 101,171 Tpz 88,400                  4.1
1988-080 Senegal  City of Bambey 09/02/88 09/02/88 1 4 2,400   Heavy rain   "worst storm he has seen since 1945"  1    Tpu 1,300                  0.0
1988-079 Columbia  Provinces: Cordoba, Atlantico, Sucre, Magdalena, Cesar, Bolivar, Santander. Magdalena River. 08/27/88 09/03/88 8   100,000   Heavy rain     1 100,000  Tpz 158,800                  8.3
1988-078 Iran  Town of Damavand, (50 km east of Tehran) and 30 villages in area. 08/25/88 08/25/88 1 25           1    Cs 1,150                  0.0
1988-077 Southern China  Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region - Counties: Guiping, Wuxuan. Liuzhou city. Laibin town. Wuzhou city. Hongshui, Liujiang and Xijiang rivers.  -- Guangdong Province- Zhaoqing city. Xijiang River 08/31/88 09/06/88 7 58 300,000 $256,000,000 Heavy rain   worst flooding of the hongshui and liujiang rivers since 1949.  -- worst flooding in 40 years 2 1,252,061  Tszo 50,320                  8.7
1988-076 Central America  Honduras - Shantytowns in Tegucigalpa, Slum Chamelecon in San Pedro Sula, La Lima. -- El Salvador - Provinces: Usulatan, La Union, Ahuachaba, San Miguel, San Salvador, La Paz. Towns: Chilanguera and La Cantora. Rio Grande and Lempa Rivers. -- Guatemala - Guatemala City -- Nicaragua - Nadaime city 08/25/88 08/29/88 5 50 25,850   Heavy rain See notes Honduras "RIVER FLOODS REACHED HIGHEST LEVELS SINCE 1969" 1    Tpo 17,900                  2.2
1988-075 Chad and Northern Cameroon Chad -- Provinces: Kanem, Ouaddai, Logone Occidentale, Logone Oriental. Prefectures: Salamat (Am-Timam), Mayo Kebbi (bongor), N'Djamena, Moyen-Chari (Sarh), Batha. Chari River in N'djamena city. southern town of Moundou. Elghazal river at Moussoro.  -- Cameroon - northern provinces including Pitoa Region 08/20/88 09/06/88 18 51 58,000 $900,000 Heavy rain     1 13,500  Tpz 562,900                21.7
1988-074 Niger  Southern, eastern and western parts of Niger. Niger River.  08/18/88 08/25/88 8   300,000   Heavy rain   worst in 60 years 2    Tpz 744,000                35.9
1988-073 Southern Pakistan  Sind Province - several dozens villages destroyed. Indus River 08/18/88 08/25/88 8   200,000 $117,924,528 Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tszo 33,000                  3.8
1988-072 Eastern China  Eastern Shandong Province - Yellow River flooded 33 villages 08/23/88 08/24/88 2   10,000         1 33,184  TsoCp 16,810                  0.9
1988-071 Western Mexico  Nayarit State - left bank of the Santiago river  08/22/88 08/23/88 2 18 130,000   Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tso 2,220                  0.3
1988-070 Burkina Faso Provinces: Bam, Yatenga, Seno, Soum, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Namentenga, Bazega, Houet, Kenedougou, Comoe, Kadiogo. Ndorola 08/21/88 09/02/88 13 11 6,000   Heavy rain     1   Tpz 135,900                  9.5
1988-069 Southern Nigeria  Rivers State - Port Harcourt city 08/22/88 08/22/88 1   10,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 1,230                  0.0
1988-068 Northern Uganda  "various parts of the northern region" 08/11/88 08/25/88 15 5     Brief torrential rain     1    Tpz 55,980                  6.4
1988-067 Northeastern India and Nepal Assam State - Bramputra Valley from from Dibrugarh to downtown Dhubri . Barak Valley. Districts: Dhubri, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Sonitpur, Sibsagar, Cachar, Karimganj, Nagaon, Lakhimpur, Golaghat. Gauhati area. Bramaputra River and tributaries. -- Uttar Pradesh State - 12,373 villages. Ganges River and tributaries. -- Bihar State - 19 districts including Saharsa, Khagaria, Madhubani and Darbhanga. Ganges, Kosi, Bagmati, Adhwara, Burhi, Gandak rivers. -- West Bengal State - Balurghat and Dinajpur areas. Ganges and Churani rivers. -- Arunchal Pradesh State - -- Nepal --10 districts in southern plains. far-western seti zone. -- see also DFO-1988-035 08/23/88 09/15/88 24 876 2,000 $15,200,000 Monsoonal rain See notes   1 1,742,901 Tszo  626,900                25.2
1988-066 Bangladesh  "53 of the country's 64 administrative districts were covered by flood waters at the height of the disaster." -- Dhaka city 85% inundated by Buriganga River. Other cities under 5-10 feet of water: Serajganj, Gopalganj, Tangail, Ranjbari and Faridpurko. -- Bramahaputra, Ganges and Meghna Rivers and their tributaries. -- see also DFO-1988-032 and DFO-1988-019  08/20/88 10/03/88 45 1378  28,000,000   $2,000,000,000 Monsoonal rain   "worst floods in the 17-year history of the country" -- "worst flooding in 70 years" -- 9/1 "Buriganga River reached its highest level in 34 years." in Dhaka -- 9/5 "In Dhaka, flood waters were at their highest levels in 54 years and covered three-fourths of the capital." 2 4,700,000 Tszo  138,900                28.4
1988-065 Central China  Henan Province  08/09/88 08/18/88 10 34 80,000   Heavy rain See notes   1    TsoCp 153,100                  9.0
1988-064 Northern Nigeria  Kano State - Fourteen of the state's 20 local government areas. collapse of the Bagauda Dam near Kano city. -- Borno State - Fika local government area 08/07/88 08/20/88 14 53 200,000  $14,200,000 Heavy rain See notes   2    Tpz 60,620                13.0
1988-063 Venezuela and Northern Columbia Venezuela -- States: Anzoategui, Bolivar, Cojedes (El Pao dam overflowed). Areas: Francisco de Miranda, Parapal, San Luis, Los Cocos, Rio Blanco. Towns: Cuidad Guayana, Cumana, Maracay, Barcelona, San Cristobal. Rivers: Manzanares, Querecual, Neveri -- Columbia -- Departments of Cordoba and Sucre. Magdalena River 08/16/88 08/23/88 8 10 12,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpo 145,600                  7.9
1988-062 Central China  Shaaxi Province - Jiujianfang. Yellow River 08/13/88 08/14/88 2 163 12,000   Heavy rain     1 5,800  TsoCp 7,250                  0.6
1988-061 Northern Nicaragua  Northern coast area - Zelaya Norte. Alamikamba. Kukalaya. Prinzapolks. Wawa River, Rio Coco  08/09/88 08/16/88 8   25,000   Heavy rain     1 200  Tpo 12,590                  2.3
1988-060 Southeastern Mexico  Veracruz State - Papaloapan River and its tributaries. Tesochoacan River 08/13/88 08/15/88 3   4,000   Brief torrential rain     1 800  Tso 10,350                  1.1
1988-059 Central and Southern Taiwan  Counties: Yunlin, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Nantou. Cities: Chaiyi, Shuishan, Kaohsiung, Tainan. 08/14/88 08/17/88 4 15 10,000 $125,000,000 Heavy rain See notes worst floods in 30 years  2 59,563 Tszo  11,240                  2.9
1988-058 Northeast China  Inner Mongolia - Dahingganling forest area. southern Morin Dawa autonomous banner of Daur nationality. Six counties on the upper reaches of the Nenjiang River -- see also DFO-1988-048 08/10/88 08/15/88 6 10 64,000   Brief torrential rain     1    TsoCp 53,820                  4.2
1988-057 Eastern China - Typhoon Bill  Zhejiang Province - Hangzhou city. Ningbo and Zhoushan 08/07/88 08/08/88 2 117 188,000   Brief torrential rain   "biggest typhoon to hit eastern China in 30 years"  1 62,200  Tszo 12,330                  0.8
1988-056 Sudan and Western Ethiopia Sudan -- Khartoum area. Gadharef, central Gezira region, Kassala, Eddamer, Atbara, Ash Showak, Dongola region, Kordofan, Katarant, Katarant Almaad, Karima Merawi. El-Gezira district. island of Tuti. Cities: Kassala, Showak, El-Damer, Omdurman. Blue Nile, White Nile, and Atbara rivers -- Ethiopia -- Baro River floods Itang refugee camp in Ilubabor from mid August to early October 08/05/88 09/10/88 37 91 2,000,000 $200,000,000 Heavy rain   "worst floods in 42 years"  -- "worst floods in the country's history" 2    Tpu 354,100                43.0
1988-055 Northern China  Shanxi Province - Fenyang County and 11 others. Yellow River, 08/06/88 08/06/88 1 50 30,000   Heavy rain   "largest in the last 11 years" 1 30,000 TsoCp  36,880                  0.2
1988-054 USSR - Siberia Transbaikal area west of Khabarovsk. 08/03/88 08/04/88 2       Brief torrential rain See notes   1 75,000  CSs* 257,900                  3.5
1988-053 Eastern India  Andara Pradesh State - seven districts. Godavari River and tributaries 07/31/88 08/02/88 3 50     Heavy rain     1 375,000  Tpz 94,870                  3.4
1988-052 Venezuela  Central coast - Chichirivichi village on Chichirivichi River 07/31/88 07/31/88 1 2           1    Tpz 910                  0.0
1988-051 Eastern China  Zhejiang Province - Ninghai, Sanmen, Xinchang, Fenghua and Shengxian counties. Ningbo city 07/29/88 08/05/88 8 264 64,000 $167,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes "worst inundation in eastern China's Zhejiang province in 40 years" -- "worst floods since the founding of communist China in 1949" 2 154,400  Tszo 18,770                  5.7
1988-050 New Zealand  North Island - Auckland and the East Cape area. Ruatoria. Waiwere River 07/27/88 07/27/88 1 1 52   Heavy rain     1    Cp 48,970                  0.2
1988-049 Northwestern China  Three counties in Gansu province. Xifeng City 07/23/88 07/23/88 1 54 12,000   Heavy rain See notes   1    TsoCp 33,130                  0.2
1988-048 Northeastern China  Heilongjiang Province - Qiqihar city area. Daqing oilfield. Gannan County. Nenjiang River. -- see also DFO-1988-058 07/21/88 08/19/88 30   76,000 $56,000,000 Brief torrential rain   Nenjiang River: Biggest flood peak since 1955 on at A'yanqian power station. Highest level in recorded history in Gannan County 1 10,000  TsoCp 9,150                  3.3
1988-047 Western Japan  Kake and Uchikuroyama in northwest Hiroshima Prefecture. Shimane Prefecture. Hiroshima city  07/20/88 07/21/88 2 12 1,633   Heavy rain See notes   1    TsoCpSe* 4,320                  0.5
1988-046 Spain  Northern Basque country - Guipuzcoa province 07/19/88 07/20/88 2 9     Brief torrential rain     1    TsuCs 1,320                  0.3
1988-045 South Korea   Southeastern areas - Yongwol, Chechon, Youngju city  07/20/88 07/20/88 1 16 2,640 $45,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1   TsoCp  3,410                  0.1
1988-044 Pakistan  Punjab Province - 13 districts. -- Northwest Frontier Province - Tochi River in North Wazirastan. Chugarzai village in Swat district. Indus River. Kohistan. -- Kashmir Province -Jhelum and Chenab rivers -- Sind Province - 07/18/88 08/05/88 19 158 163,000   Monsoonal rain See notes   1 2,670,000  Tszo 220,500                13.8
1988-043 Northeast Brazil  States of Alagoas and Pernambuco. Maceio city. Mundau and Paraiba Rivers. 07/17/88 07/18/88 2 66 50,000   Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpo 38,460                  1.4
1988-042 Western India  Gujarat State - Saurashtra-Kutch region. Districts: Surat, Jamnagar, Rajkot and Bhavnagar. Surat town. Rajkot city. -- Maharashtra State 07/14/88 07/27/88 14 97 25,000   Heavy rain See notes   1    Tszo 76,350                  7.3
1988-041 Western Japan  Toba area in Mie prefecture. Tottori prefecture  07/15/88 07/15/88 1 4     Heavy rain     1    TsoCpSe* 3,680                  0.1
1988-040 US - Central and western Texas  Guadalupe River near Hunt in Kerr County. Perkins Draw in Pecos County 07/10/88 07/11/88 2 5     Heavy rain     1    Tsu 2,440                  0.3
1988-039 South Korea  Pochon area. Chunchon city area 07/08/88 07/14/88 7 6 2,000 $12,000,000 Heavy rain See notes   1 164  TsoCp 1,800                  0.8
1988-038 Northwestern China  Southern Gansu Province - Zhuoni and Lintan counties 07/06/88 07/06/88 1             1    TsoCp 30,630                  0.2
1988-037 Southwestern USSR  Southwestern frontier region of Krasnodar. 07/05/88 07/07/88 3     $150 Heavy rain     1 330,000  CpSe 102,700                  3.5
1988-036 Canada  Alberta Province town of Slave Lake 07/05/88 07/07/88 3   2,500 $7,000,000 Heavy rain     1    TsuCpSs** 1,960                  0.5
1988-035 Northern India and Nepal India -- Punjab State - Districts: Patiala, Jalandhar, Amritsar. Patiala city , Patiala canal. Ravi River in Gurdaspur district. Bhatinda. -- Himachal Pradesh State - Districts: Hamirpur. Towns: Jangelberi. -- Haryana State - Ambala Cantonment. Yamuna River. -- Delhi - New Delhi, Wazirabad village. Yamuna River. -- Jammu Region - Chenab River. -- Kashmir Region -Jehlum River in Pulwama and Anantnag districts. Srinagar Uttar Pradesh State - 15 districts. Duri Rapti River at Kakrashi -- Bihar State - 9 districts including Samastipur, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Khagaria, Chandigarh. -- Southern and western Nepal - 55 out of nepal's 75 districts affected including Makawanpur, Baitadi, Udayapur, Dailekh. Janakpur area. -- see also DFO-1988-067 07/04/88 08/08/88 36 233 500,000   Monsoonal rain See notes Worst floods in the Patiala district since 1955  2 243,959  Tszo 847,700                66.0
1988-034 Nigeria   Lagos area 07/02/88 07/03/88 2 0 500   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 1,960                  0.3
1988-033 Northern Argentina   Paraguay River 06/28/88 06/28/88 1   7,000       Worst flooding since 1983  1    TsoCp 16,420                  0.1
1988-032 Bangladesh  37 out of 64 administrative districts including: Sylhet, Habiganj, Sunamgonj, Comilla, Bandarban, Chittagong, Netrokona, Bogra, Moulavibazar, Rangpur, Mymensingh, Narsingdi, Serajgonj, Gaibandha, Kurigram, Manikganj, Jamalpur, Bohla . Towns: Sylhet, Brahmanbaria. Rivers: Brahmaputra, Jammu, Meghna, Padma. -- see also DFO-1988-019 and DFO-1988-066 06/27/88 08/15/88 50 254 5,250,000 $450,000,000 Monsoonal rain     1 1,214,062  Tszo 98,280                12.3
1988-031 China  Sichuan Province -  36 counties southwest of Chengdu. Gaoxian. Ya'an. Yibin. 06/24/88 06/28/88 5 65 500,000 $76,000,000 Brief torrential rain   "RAIN AND FLOODS WERE THE WORST IN THE AREA IN OVER 100 YEARS" 3 588,801  Tszo 33,860                  8.9
1988-030 Western Ukraine  Rivers Pripyat and Stokhod  06/20/88 07/01/88 12       Heavy rain     1 351,673  CpSe* 14,290                  3.0
1988-029 Northeast India  Assam State - renewed flooding of Bramaputra and tributaries. Districts: Nagaon, Dibrugarh, Tezpur and Neamatighat. Guwahati - more than 3,000 villages in 15 districts submerged -- Tripura State - Agartala city and township. Meghalaya State 06/21/88 07/14/88 24 34 2,000,000   Heavy rain     1 108,375  Tszo 70,500                  8.4
1988-028 Eastern China  Zhejiang Province - Longquan County Jiangxi Province - Central and northern areas. Counties: Shangrao. Xinjiang River 06/11/88 06/25/88 15 70 50,000 $10,800,000 Brief torrential rain     1 283,281  Tszo 26,300                  4.4
1988-027 Bangladesh  Districts: Chittagong, Jessor, Satkhira. Low lying areas of Dhaka. Rajshahi town. Padma River 06/14/88 06/20/88 7 8 15,000   Heavy rain     1    Tszo 66,360                  5.0
1988-026 Turkey Ankara city slums 06/12/88 06/12/88 1 16 400   Brief torrential rain See notes   1    CpSe 230                  0.0
1988-025 Central China   Sichuan Province - Shizhu county 06/10/88 06/11/88 2 11 500   Heavy rain     1 5,059  Tszo 9,270                  0.7
1988-024 Afghanistan  Provinces: Kabul, Takhar, Samangan, Beghlan, Badakhshan, Herat, Jouzjan. Kabul River Valley 06/13/88 06/28/88 16   3,000 $260,000,000       1 1,000  Cs 122,600                  9.7
1988-023 Northern Philippines - Typhoon Susan Luzon Island - Rizal Province. Metro Manila area.  06/01/88 06/06/88 6 35 5,000   Tropical cyclone     1    Tpz 3,300                  1.0
1988-022 Sri Lanka  Sabaragamuwa Province, Ratnapura District. Millawitiya. Kaluganga River. Also flooding in Kalutara district of Western Province. 06/01/88 06/09/88 9 3 110,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 7,180                  1.9
1988-021 Central Cuba  Provinces: Sancti Spiritus, Cienfuegos, Ciego de Avila, Camaguey, Holguin. Agabama River. 05/30/88 06/06/88 8 24 65,000   Heavy rain    worst since 1963 1    Tpo 34,420                  3.9
1988-020 Southeast China  Guangdong Province - northern areas. Fugang county. 05/24/88 05/26/88 3 5 8,000   Heavy rain     1 2,599  Tszo 6,750                  0.9
1988-019 Northeastern India and Eastern Bangladesh India - Assam State: 52 villages inundated along the Bramaputra and Barak rivers and their tributaries. Districts: Nagaon, Karimganj -- Bangladesh - northeastern districts of Sylhet and Sunamganj. Bramaputra, Surma and Kushiara rivers. -- see also DFO-1988-032 05/23/88 06/11/88 20 76 43,000   Monsoonal rain See notes   1 80,937  Tszo 42,290                  6.2
1988-018 Eastern China  Fujian Province - three northern counties: Jianyang, Chongan and Zhenghe. Minjiang River near Fuzhou -- Flooding also reported in Hunan and Jiangxi provinces, locations unspecified. 05/19/88 05/28/88 10 125 2,800,000 $72,000,000 Heavy rain     1 333,000  Tszo 40,600                  4.6
1988-017 Northern Rwanda and Southwestern Uganda  Rwanda - Prefectures: Ruhengeri, Gitarama, Gisenyi, Gikongoro, Kibuye -- Uganda - Mubuku River in Kasese District. Rubiriha River along border with Zaire 05/06/88 05/15/88 10 52 23,628 $13,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1    Tpz 40,350                  4.6
1988-016 Western Japan  Kyushu Island - central and eastern areas. Kumamoto Prefecture. Ofuna River 05/03/88 05/04/88 2 3 10,000   Heavy rain See notes   1    TsoCpSe* 8,180                  0.6
1988-015 Central and Western Kenya  Nairobi area. Districts: Kisumu , South Nyanza, Laikipia. Nyando Division in West Kenya. Rivers: Tana, Nyando. 04/10/88 05/10/88 31 60 10,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpz 89,600                10.3
1988-014 Czechoslovakia  Jihlava River overflowed in Luka village near Jihlava. 04/20/88 04/21/88 2 2 500   25     1    CpSe* 450                  0.1
1988-013 Southeastern Turkey  Hezil River between Turkey and Iraq near Silopi 04/14/88 04/15/88 2 8 5,000   Brief torrential rain     1    Cs 1,390                  0.3
1988-012 Australia  Northern Territory - Todd River in the town of Alice Springs. -- Northwest of Western Australia - De Grey River near Port Hedland -- Flooding also in northern part of South Australia 03/30/88 04/01/88 3 5     Heavy rain   Worst in 30 years in Northern Territory 2    Tsu 18,140                  3.0
1988-011 West Germany West Germany - Danube River in Bavaria. towns: Niederachdorf, Beuel, Bamberg, Koln, Regensburg, Passau, Dresden, Bonn. Flooding also on the Main, Rhine, Mosel, Elbe, Donlau and Neckar rivers. 03/26/88 03/30/88 5 6 3,500   Heavy rain See notes Danube in Bavaria "worst flooding in 70 years" 2    CpSe* 105,500                10.5
1988-010 Argentina  Buenos Aires city, 35 flooded districts. La Plata, Moron and Quilmes. La Plata River  03/25/88 03/28/88 4 24 57,000   Heavy rain     1    TsoCp 11,060                  1.5
1988-009 Southern Africa Botswana - Francistown and Mahalapye sub-districts -- Mozambique - Pungoe River in Sofala and Manica provinces. Limpopo River in Gaza Province. -- Zimbabwe - Honde River on Mozambique border, widespread flooding in rural areas. -- South Africa - Natal, Cape and Free State. Durban and its surrounding areas. 03/08/88 03/15/88 8 18 24,000   Heavy rain   Pungoe River in Mozambique "biggest floods for the decade"  1 21,000  Tsz 388,500                13.0
1988-008  Peru Cusco Province - town of Alto Urubamba. Urubamba River 02/22/88 02/22/88 1             1    Tsu 5,170                  0.1
1988-007 South Africa  Central, northern and northwestern South Africa - Provinces: Orange Free State, Natal and Cape. Karoo plains. Towns: Bloemfontein, Douglas, Jacobsdal, Ritchie, Ladysmith, Barkly West, Groblershoop. Rivers: Orange, Modder, Riet, Vaal, . Spitskop dam burst on the Modder River. 02/10/88 03/02/88 22 24 10,000 $400,000,000 Heavy rain See notes "flood line is already higher than the level reached in 1974"  1    Tso 51,000                  7.0
1988-006 Indonesia  Central Java - Karanganyar and Bantul Districts. towns: Solo, Nglorog, Kretek  02/05/88 02/06/88 2 7 3,000   Brief torrential rain See notes   1 100 Tpz  7,790                  0.6
1988-005 Brazil  Rio de Janeiro state - Rio de Janeiro's northern suburbs including Duque de Caxias and Nova Iguacu. Cities: Petropolis, Teresopolis, Baixada Fluminense, S.J. Do Meriti, Nilopolis, C. De Macacu. Quitandinha and Bingen rivers. 02/01/88 02/10/88 10 290 25,000 $10,000,000 Heavy rain See notes worst flooding in the Rio's history 2    Tpo 9,180                  4.4
1988-004 US - South  Southeastern Louisiana - St. Tammany and Tangipahoa parishes. Little Tchefuncte, Tangipahoa and Bogue Falaya rivers  02/01/88 02/04/88 4 3     Heavy rain     1    Tsu 2,700                  0.7
1988-003 Dominican Republic  North central area  02/01/88 02/02/88 2 4 2,000   Heavy rain     1    Tpo 10,490                  0.7
1988-002 Costa Rica and Panama Costa Rica - Limon Province. Laistonia area. Guacimo, Siquirres, Matina Cantons, Sixaola, Bri-Bri, Alta Talamanca. -- Panama - Province: Bocas Del Toro. Sixaola area, Guabito city. Changuinola and Sixaola rivers. 01/30/88 02/05/88 7 9 7,000 $7,000,000 Heavy rain     1 60,000 Tpo 10,880                  2.0
1988-001 US- Hawaii Oahu Island - southeast area. Koolau Mountains, Waimanalo, Niu Valley to Kailua. 01/01/88 01/02/88 2 0 2,800 $28,000,000 Heavy rain See notes "worst disaster I've ever seen in the 44 years I've been in Hawaii" 1   Tpo 386                  0.1
Yearly Totals or Averages     8.2    6,229    20,317,659 $11,523,995,494                19,307,557           8,038,336  
An archive number is assigned to any flood that appears to be "large": significant damage to structures or agriculture, long intervals since the last similar event, and/or fatalities
*Severity assessment is on 1-3 scale
Class I: large flood events: significant damage to structures or agriculture; fatalities; and/or 1-2 decades-long reported interval since the last similar event. 
Class 2: very large events: greater than 20 yr but less than 100 year recurrence interval, and/or a local recurrence interval of at 10-20 yr.
Class 3: Extreme events: with an estimated recurrence interval greater than 100 years
**Flood Magnitude = ln(duration) * severity class * sqrt(affected region)/100 {if duration=1, then duration is set at 1.1 for this calculation.}
Dartmouth Flood Observatory Homepage