1987 Flood Archive

Revised by av & sc, July 2003
1987 Global Register of Extreme Flood Events
DFO # Location Detailed Locations Began
(mm/dd/yy)
Ended
(mm/dd/yy)
Duration
(days)
Dead Displaced Damage
(USD)

Main Cause
Secondary
cause
Recurrence
Interval
(Anecdotal)
Severity
Class*
Hectares
Flooded
Hayden
Code
Affected
Region
(sq km)
Flood
Magnitude**
                                 
1987-045 US South  Lower Mississippi Valley -- Arkansas - Critteen County: Towns: West Memphis, Marion. Mississippi River. Also - Rock Creek flooded in Little Rock. -- Western Tennessee - Shelby County Towns: Millington, Raleigh North, Jackson, Franklin. Rivers: Mississippi, South Forked Deer, Harpeth 12/25/87 12/29/87 5 3 6,000   Heavy rain See notes "worst in 50 years in eastern Arkansas"  2   TsuCpSe*  16,160                  4.1
1987-044 Central Vietnam   Central Vietnam 12/05/87 12/10/87 6 86 40,000   Brief torrential rain     1 18,000  Tpz                     -  
1987-043 Southeastern Spain  East Coast - Valencia a Murcia regions. provinces: Alicante, Jaen. 11/03/87 11/06/87 4 16 3,000   Brief torrential rain     1   TsuCs  37,570                  2.7
1987-042 Jamaica  Southeastern Jamaica -  most affected parishes: Clareon, St Catherine, Kingston, Trelawny, St Arew. towns of Crooked River, Riversdale. Rivers: Minho, Dogna 10/30/87 11/01/87 3 4 1,000 $300,000 Tropical cyclone     1    Tpo 4,600                  0.7
1987-041 Taiwan - Typhoon Lynn  Taiwan - Taipei city; Keelung River 10/24/87 10/26/87 3 49     Heavy rain See notes "Taipei's worst flooding in 40 years" 2    Tszo 3,700                  1.3
1987-040 Lebanon a Egypt Lebanon - Eastern Bekaa Valley, Al Assi River north of the town of Baalbeck. --  Egypt - Southestern Sinai Penninsula, Sinai a Suea 10/17/87 10/19/87 3 10 200   Brief torrential rain   Lebanaon "worst to hit the area in the past 100 years"  3    TsuCs 12,690                  3.7
1987-039 Japan - Typoon Kelly  Islas: Shikoku a Honshu. Tottori prefecture  10/16/87 10/17/87 2 8 3,000   Heavy rain     1    TsoCp 49,940                  1.5
1987-038 Spain, France a Majorca Isla  Norhteastern Spain - three northernmost provinces of Catalonia: Barcelona, Gerona a Tarragona. -- Majorca - Provinces: Granada a Gerona. -- Southern France - Coastal areas of coast of Languedoc a Roussillon 10/04/87 10/10/87 7 12     Brief torrential rain     1    TsuCs 64,610                  4.9
1987-037 Western Guatemala a Southeastern Mexico Guatemala - Huehuetenango Department. Towns: La Democracia, Santa Ana Huista, San Antonio Huista a Nenton. Rivers: Zapote, El Ingerto, Valpariaiso. -- Mexico - Tabasco State, Usumacinta River valley. Yucatan Peninsula town of Campeche 10/01/87 10/08/87 8 36 3,500   Brief torrential rain     1    Tpo 70,300                  5.5
1987-036 Central Mexico Mexico City a surrouing areas. Hoo a Los Remedios rivers 09/28/87 09/29/87 2 15 3,000   Heavy rain     1    Tso 2,770                  0.4
1987-035 Southern a eastern South Africa  Provinces: Northern Natal Province a Eastern Cape. Kwazulu tribal homela, Valley of a Thousa Hills. Areas in a arou cities of Pietermaritzburg a Ladysmith. Area north of Durban. Tugela River 09/26/87 10/02/87 7 300 60,000   Heavy rain     1    Tso 92,670                  5.9
1987-034 US Mid Atlantic a Northeast  Eastern Pennsylvania -  Lehigh a Lancaster Counties. Towns: Palmerton, Allentown. Rivers: Susquehanna, Lehigh, Conestoga a Schuylkill. -- Western Virginia - James River 09/08/87 09/09/87 2 1 120   Heavy rain   Allentown Mayor: "worst I have seen of the flooding of small streams in the city" 1   TsuCpSe* 12,000                  0.8
1987-033 Northeast China Heilongjiang Province - area arou Daqing oilfield. Songhua River 08/27/87 09/15/87 20       Heavy rain     1 530,000  TsuCpSe* 100,400                  9.5
1987-032 Venezuela  North-central coast  - Aragua a Miraa States. Towns: Maracay, Barrio El Progreso, Mata Seca, San Jose, Sacanova, Godoy, Tierra Nuestra, El Limon, El Progreso a Guanita. Rivers: Limon a Delicias. 09/06/87 09/08/87 3 112 30,000   Brief torrential rain     1    Tpz 19,300                  1.5
1987-031 Eastern China  Shaong Province - capital city of Jinan  08/26/87 08/27/87 2 51 6,000   Brief torrential rain   "The latest storms were the heaviest to hit Jinan since 1962." 1    TsuCpSe* 16,380                  0.9
1987-030 Bangladesh a Northeast Iia  Bangladesh - Districts: Rangpur, Dinajpur, Gaibaha, Kurigram, Noakhali, Noagaon, Mymensing, Sylhet, Netrokona, Jamlpur, Cox's Bazar, Chittagong, Chapai Nawabganj. Rivers: Ganges, Brahmaputra, Jumna a Teesta. -- Iia - Assam State, Lakhimpur District. 3,000 villages inuated. 07/23/87 09/24/87 63 880 500,000 $1,000,000,000 Heavy rain See notes Bangladesh "worst flooding in 40 years"  2 2,331,000  Tszo 240,100                40.6
1987-029 Iran  Tehran area on July 26. Also the Boojhan River inundated Boojhan village in Khorassan province on July 24. 07/24/87 07/27/87 4 147           1    Cs 50,250                  3.1
1987-028 South Korea  Chungchongnamdo Province: Puyo, Sochon, and Nonsan. Flooding extended up to Souel. Rivers: Paekma, Han, Kimgang, Kum. -- On July 27 another storm inundates Souel and causes floods in southern provinces of Chollanamdo and Kangwon 07/21/87 07/29/87 9 330 35,900 $22,000,000 Brief torrential rain See notes   1    TsuCpSe* 9,040                  2.1
1987-027 China  Xinjiang Province - 07/16/87 07/21/87 6 2 44,000 $2,700,000 Snowmelt See notes   1 82,880  CSs* 637,500                14.3
1987-026 US South  Texas - Kerr County town of Comfort, Guadalupe River  07/17/87 07/17/87 1 9     Heavy rain   Guadalupe River's worst flooding in 55 years  2    Tso 990                  0.1
1987-025 Italy Italy - Valtellina Valley village of Tartano in Lombardy Region. area stretching from Bergamo east of Milan to Bolzano. -- Flooding also reported in southern Switzerland and Austria  07/12/87 07/21/87 10 20 300 $800,000,000 Heavy rain See notes   1    CpSe* 4,680                  1.6
1987-024 Central Chile  Chile - Santiago area, Mapocho River. River Aconcagua in La Calera,.  07/12/87 07/18/87 7 47 90,000   Heavy rain     1    Cp 36,280                  3.7
1987-023 Columbia  Tolima Department towns of Ibague and Pastales. Combeima River and its tributaries 07/04/87 07/06/87 3 15 240         1    Tpz 19,620                  1.5
1987-022 Central China  Anhui Province -  Jianghuai area. Chaohu, Chuxian and Huizhou Prefectures. Rivers: Yangtze, Huaihe, Chuhe. 07/02/87 07/23/87 22 56 25,600         1 386,000  TsuCpSe* 268,100                16.0
1987-021 US Midwest  North-central Ohio -  Counties: Richland, Morrow, Marion and Delaware. Towns: Shelby and Belleville. Blackfork River 07/02/87 07/03/87 2   2,100 $20,000,000     worst in 30 years  2    TsuCpSe** 11,880                  1.5
1987-020 Central China  Sichuan Province - Counties: An, Jinzhu, Jintan, Pi, Guan and Shuangliu. 06/24/87 07/02/87 9 40           1 138,306  TsuCpSe* 139,900                  8.2
1987-019 Southern Texas and Mexico  Southern Texas - Towns: Cuero, Harlingen, Del Rio, Victoria. Guadalupe River. --  Mexico - Mexico City, Alta Vista, Valle Aragon, and San Miguel Xalostoc areas. Los Remedios River. On June 16 more flooding reported in Gustavo Madero, Xochimilco and Iztapalapa sections of the capital 06/05/87 06/08/87 4   536       same as 1981 on Guadalupe River  1    Tso 7,259                  1.2
1987-018 Dominican Republic  Towns: San Juan, La Vega and Santiago in the San Juan de la Maguana Valley. San Juan River  05/30/87 05/31/87 2 10 200   Heavy rain     1    Tpo 7,876                  0.6
1987-017 US Midwest   Southwestern Iowa - Mills and Montgomery counties. Towns: Hastings, Red Oak, Malvern, Emerson, Hamburg. Rivers: West Nishnabotna, Nishnabotna, East Nishnabotna. -- Eastern Nebraska - Weeping Water in Cass County. Weeping Water Creek. -- Pennsylvania - Pittsburgh area, Little Pine Creek in Etna, Shaler and Hampton Townships. -- Central and southwestern Oklahoma - Pauls Valley area, Washita River. -- Texas - Austin and San Antonio areas. Frio, Medina and Sabinal rivers. -- Northwestern Missouri - Missouri River broke through levees at Tarkio and Fairfax 05/26/87 05/30/87 5 2 2,200 $20,000,000 Brief torrential rain   since 1947 for West Nishnabotna River 2    TsuCpSe** 36,410                  6.1
1987-016 Southern China  Guangdong Province -  31 villages submerged in Zhangpu County; Guangzhou city. Other counties: Huiyang, Shantou, Shenzhen, Shaoguan, Zhaoqing and Jiangmen. Dongjiang River near Huizhou City. Henanyan town. The 4 major rivers in the province are 2 meters above danger level. Flooding continues in early June around Maoming City in Gaozhou, Xinyi, Huazhou, Yangjiang and Yangchun counties. -- Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region - 28 counties including Hengxian. 05/19/87 06/09/87 22 178 470,000 $108,000,000 Heavy rain   Worst since 1974 in Guangzhou city. worst for a decade in Guangdong Province 1 213,300  TsoCpSe* 274,100                16.2
1987-015 Southern Poland  Nowy Sacz Province, Carpathian mountain region  05/23/87 05/26/87 4   500   Brief torrential rain     1 15,000 CpSe*  13,140                  1.6
1987-014 Australia  Northern New South Wales and Southern Queensland - Tweed, Lismore, Brunswick, Murwillumbah and Mullumbimby. Wilson River 05/09/87 05/11/87 3 3 400   Heavy rain     1   Tsu  5,030                  0.8
1987-013 Yugoslavia Serbia and northern Bosnia - floods in 20 villiages including those near the Western Serbia town of Loznica and Sanski Most. 05/07/87 05/15/87 9 4     Heavy rain See notes   1 10,000 CpSe*  23,820                  3.4
1987-012 Southern Ecuador  Between towns of Cuenca and Guayaquil. Bulu Bulu river  04/03/87 04/05/87 3 100 3,000   Brief torrential rain     1 3,000 Tpz  15,800                  1.4
1987-011 US Northeast & Canada Maine - Penobscot and Kennebec Counties, Towns: Augusta, Guilford, Livermore Falls, Wilton, Farmington, Lewiston, Dover, Skowhegan, Gardner and Hollowell. Rivers: Piscataquis, Androscoggin, Kennebec, St. John, Aroostook, Penobscot, Saco. -- New Hampshire - Pemigewasset River in Plymouth and Holderness. Claremont. Nashua River. -- Vermont - town of Island Pond. -- Massachusetts - Merrimack River Valley towns of Lowell, Lawrence, Andover, North Andover and Methuen. -- New Brunswick, Canada - towns of Perth and Andover, ice jam flood on St. John River 03/31/87 04/09/87 10 5 5,000 $110,000,000 Snowmelt See notes Maine "worst on record" -- Worst 50 years in new Hampshire and Massachusetts 2   TsuCpSs**  39,620                  9.2
1987-010 Tajikistan  Donbass region, Sargazan village  03/16/87 03/17/87 2 31 1,000   Heavy rain See notes   1   Cs                      -  
1987-009 Peru  Town of Chosica and Lima area, Rimac River 03/09/87 03/11/87 3 12 1,000   Dam/Levy, break or release See notes   1   Tpu  4,670                  0.8
1987-008 Eastern Ecuador   Andean mountains of eastern Ecuador -Town of Tena. Aguarica River. Napo Province, towns of Quijo, Gonzalo Pizarro, Playas de Alto Coca.  03/05/87 03/07/87 3 300 15,000   Dam/Levy, break or release See notes   1   Tpz  31,910                  2.0
1987-007 Indonesia  Java Island - eastern districts of Bojonegoro, Tuban and Lamongan. Bengawan Solo River  02/21/87 02/23/87 3 3 26,000 $1,700,000 Heavy rain   "worst in 74 years in east Java"  2   Tpz  19,660                  3.1
1987-006 Georgia (USSR) Mestia and Lentekhi districts. "many parts of eastern and western Georgia" 01/28/87 02/14/87 18 110 10,000 $583,000,000 Heavy rain See notes   1 80,000 CSs** 33,920                  5.3
1987-005 Peru Town of Villa Rica (170 miles east of Lima on the east slopes of the Andes), Entaz and Esperanze rivers. Also nearby town of Oxapampa 02/01/87 02/10/87 10 113 2,000   Heavy rain     1   Tsu 29,210                  3.9
1987-004 Bolivia Chapare region in central Bolivia, Chapare River. Towns: Villa Fatima, Nueva Esperanza and Tocopilla. 01/20/87 01/30/87 11 20 3,000   Heavy rain     1 34,398 Tpz 12,810                  2.7
1987-003 Brazil Sao Paulo city, Tiete River. 01/26/87 01/28/87 3 69 9,000   Heavy rain See notes   2   Tpo 7,000                  1.8
1987-002 Madagascar  Antananarivo and Ambatolampy-Antsirabe areas   01/01/87 01/26/87 26 2 40,220   Brief torrential rain     1    Tpo 45,560                  7.0
1987-001 Argentina and Paraguay Chaco region, Rio Pilcomayo. Tucuman. Formosa province - western and central areas; Bermejo River. 01/15/87 02/05/87 22 7 9,000   Brief torrential rain     1 400,000 TsoCp 224,500                14.6
1986-047 Brazil  States: Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais. Cities: Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro  12/24/86 01/05/87 13 29 7,000   Brief torrential rain     1    Tpo 275,500                13.5
Yearly Totals or Averages     8.5    3,247      1,459,016 $2,667,700,000                  4,241,884           3,029,225  
An archive number is assigned to any flood that appears to be "large": significant damage to structures or agriculture, long intervals since the last similar event, and/or fatalities
*Severity assessment is on 1-3 scale
Class I: large flood events: significant damage to structures or agriculture; fatalities; and/or 1-2 decades-long reported interval since the last similar event. 
Class 2: very large events: greater than 20 yr but less than 100 year recurrence interval, and/or a local recurrence interval of at 10-20 yr.
Class 3: Extreme events: with an estimated recurrence interval greater than 100 years
**Flood Magnitude = ln(duration) * severity class * sqrt(affected region)/100 {if duration=1, then duration is set at 1.1 for this calculation.}
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