Site ID: 2398 Lat. -38.5871 New Zealand 0
River: Waiora Long. 177.9003
Site name: 0 Contributing area: 445 km2 Ratio to Comparison Station: 0.02
Latest measurement: 13-Oct-09 Mean annual runoff: 13581 mm (2003-2007)
Hydrologic status: 2 Normal flow Total runoff this year: 9020 mm
Latest M/C ratio: 1.14 Seven day total: 1 mm
Estimated current discharge: 127 m3/sec Percent of mean 7-day total: 39.7 % (today's value compared to mean for same period, 2003-2007)
Ice-cover determination: 5 yr recurrence flood: 2036 m3/sec (from Log Pearson III analysis)
Status Codes:  1 = Low flow, 2 = Normal flow, 3 = Flood, 4 = Major Flood 2106 m3/sec (from Gumbel Extreme Value analysis)
Comparison Station Information:  Tokwe Confluence D/s C/s (1495240)       Contributing Area: 7280 sq mi 23237 sq km
(Data from this gaging station are used for the calibration to discharge, with an adjustment for different contributing areas)
Notes: Comparison station is placeholder, only; this site is not yet calibrated to actual discharge
Discharge and runoff, based on satellite remote sensing (NASA AMSR-E data)
(For U.S, sites, nearby ground station discharge may also be shown)
2008-Present
2002-Present
Annual  Monthly Total Runoff (mm), computed from above satellite-based discharge data
Runoff
(mm) Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
3595 2002 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 535.6 260.0 1051.2 840.3 908.0
18831 2003 4532.9 1497.9 2002.3 1995.6 1266.4 1609.0 598.9 414.0 2486.6 383.1 1041.4 1003.4
15537 2004 2196.1 2125.8 4014.4 2316.5 1129.9 401.7 479.1 70.2 186.9 60.3 401.5 2154.4
16313 2005 2939.5 3668.3 2202.5 656.8 1105.7 1047.2 1029.5 942.6 566.0 1183.3 572.9 398.7
10457 2006 752.2 782.2 514.5 899.3 1047.6 955.0 1901.2 1292.2 1393.4 919.7 0.0 0.0
6768 2007 344.5 377.8 556.4 266.9 551.1 451.5 1131.1 714.1 802.6 770.8 603.5 197.5
9020 2008 870.0 572.6 903.3 671.9 898.7 1381.7 664.6 836.9 703.8 583.8 538.3 394.4
7637 2009 275.7 456.3 807.5 727.4 1192.3 506.6 1728.5 1106.4 611.9 224.5 0.0 0.0
Discharge is estimated directly via a rating equation from the remote sensing data (M/C ratio) shown below.
Explanation:   Green line records upwelling microwave emission from a land parcel (ca 10 km x 10 km) near the river; blue line from a parcel centered over the river.
Brown line is their ratio (M/C; scale on right) and is used to estimate river discharge via a rating equation.
Rating equations are being developed and applied on an individual basis. For calibration status, see "notes" entry, above.
When data above show calibration site values lower than for the measurement site, discharge estimation may not be possible.
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