Site ID: 2083 Lat. 38.9281 China Ningxia
River: Yellow (Huang He) Long. 106.7778
Site name: Yinchuan Contributing area: 317366 km2 Ratio to Comparison Station: 13.66
Latest measurement: 9-Jan-10 Mean annual runoff: 13 mm (2003-2007)
Hydrologic status: 1 Low flow Total runoff this year: 22 mm
Latest M/C ratio: 1.10 Seven day total: 1 mm
Estimated current discharge: 3 m3/sec Percent of mean 7-day total: 31.6 % (today's value compared to mean for same period, 2003-2007)
Ice-cover determination: 5 yr recurrence flood: 1034 m3/sec (from Log Pearson III analysis)
Status Codes:  1 = Low flow, 2 = Normal flow, 3 = Flood, 4 = Major Flood 1004 m3/sec (from Gumbel Extreme Value analysis)
Comparison Station Information:  Tokwe Confluence D/s C/s (1495240)       Contributing Area: 7280 sq mi 23237 sq km
(Data from this gaging station are used for the calibration to discharge, with an adjustment for different contributing areas)
Notes: Comparison station is placeholder, only; this site is not yet calibrated to actual discharge
Discharge and runoff, based on satellite remote sensing (NASA AMSR-E data)
(For U.S, sites, nearby ground station discharge may also be shown)
2008-Present
2002-Present
Annual  Monthly Total Runoff (mm), computed from above satellite-based discharge data
Runoff
(mm) Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
14 2002 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 4.9 3.1 2.9 1.9 1.0
26 2003 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.8 2.5 2.9 4.4 4.1 3.3 2.7 1.9 0.9
12 2004 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.9 2.9 2.3 1.1 1.2 0.2
4 2005 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.0
5 2006 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 2.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
17 2007 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 3.8 4.4 3.8 2.3 0.8 1.2 0.0
22 2008 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.6 2.5 5.1 2.7 3.7 3.1 0.7 1.5 0.0
17 2009 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.6 4.7 2.8 3.3 1.9 0.5 0.6 0.0
Discharge is estimated directly via a rating equation from the remote sensing data (M/C ratio) shown below.
Explanation:   Green line records upwelling microwave emission from a land parcel (ca 10 km x 10 km) near the river; blue line from a parcel centered over the river.
Brown line is their ratio (M/C; scale on right) and is used to estimate river discharge via a rating equation.
Rating equations are being developed and applied on an individual basis. For calibration status, see "notes" entry, above.
When data above show calibration site values lower than for the measurement site, discharge estimation may not be possible.
GoogleEarth View of Measurement Site
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