Site ID: 2010 Lat. 25.9010 Pakistan Sindh
River: Indus Long. 68.2609
Site name: Hala Contributing area: 1070050 km2 Ratio to Comparison Station: 51.23
Latest measurement: 30-Jul-10 Mean annual runoff: 897 mm (2003-2009)
Hydrologic status: 3 Flood Total runoff this year (2010): 362.8 mm
Latest M/C ratio: 1.28 Seven day total: 18.4 mm
Estimated current discharge: 56684 m3/sec Percent of mean 7-day total: 72.4 % (today's value compared to mean for same period, 2003-2009)
5 yr recurrence flood: 346606 m3/sec (from Log Pearson III analysis)
Status Codes:  1 = Low flow or ice, 2 = Normal flow, 3 = Flood, 4 = Major Flood 383188 m3/sec (from Gumbel Extreme Value analysis)
Comparison Station Information:  Mandi Plain (2839100)         Contributing Area:   sq mi 20886 sq km
(Data from this gaging station are used for the calibration to discharge, with an adjustment for different contributing areas)
Notes: Calibration to discharge has been accomplished. Accuracy Estimate: Fair Comparison station drains much smaller area
Discharge and runoff, based on satellite remote sensing (NASA AMSR-E data)
(For U.S, sites, nearby ground station discharge may also be shown)
Annual  Monthly Total Runoff (mm), computed from above satellite-based discharge data
Runoff
(mm) Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
171 2002 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 26.8 38.1 38.4 33.6 34.6
930 2003 38.5 34.1 41.8 36.3 37.0 42.5 42.8 410.0 140.0 46.8 25.6 34.6
431 2004 38.7 38.5 43.1 34.0 36.4 34.3 35.1 34.6 33.5 34.6 33.5 34.7
1808 2005 36.4 32.1 57.6 63.8 39.7 33.7 135.6 987.6 277.8 70.9 38.3 34.6
1080 2006 52.3 64.5 62.1 48.0 47.2 48.7 42.6 235.2 375.3 103.8 0.0 0.0
796 2007 46.7 52.4 84.3 66.8 63.5 40.0 128.6 94.3 95.7 58.0 34.5 31.2
643 2008 48.1 51.7 68.9 49.5 41.6 37.3 37.7 104.8 79.3 53.1 35.3 35.9
589 2009 45.5 48.3 52.1 35.5 34.6 58.8 40.0 80.8 59.0 60.4 39.1 34.6
363 2010 48.0 50.2 64.0 39.7 33.8 34.7 83.8 8.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mean Annual Runoff (mm): 897 Standard Deviation: 456.7
Trend in Annual Runoff (slope):  -57.6
Discharge is estimated via a rating equation directly from the remote sensing data (M/C ratio) shown below.
Green line records upwelling microwave emission from within 5 km radius of a calbration land target. 
Explanation:   Blue line is emission from within 5 km radius of the measurement target centered over the river.
Brown line is their ratio (M/C; "HR" in Brakenridge et al 2007; scale on right) and is used to estimate river discharge via a rating equation.
GoogleEarth View of Measurement Site
Return
2010.jpg
Estimated
Disharge
Data
Date m3/sec
22-Jul-02 13810
23-Jul-02 13810
24-Jul-02 13810
25-Jul-02 13810
26-Jul-02 13810
27-Jul-02 15067
28-Jul-02 14395
29-Jul-02 15332
30-Jul-02 13810
31-Jul-02 13810
1-Aug-02
2-Aug-02
3-Aug-02
4-Aug-02
5-Aug-02
6-Aug-02
7-Aug-02
8-Aug-02
9-Aug-02
10-Aug-02 13959
11-Aug-02 14089
12-Aug-02 14283
13-Aug-02 14471
14-Aug-02 14649
15-Aug-02 13885
16-Aug-02 13810
17-Aug-02 13810
18-Aug-02 13810
19-Aug-02 13810
20-Aug-02 13810
21-Aug-02 13810
22-Aug-02 13810
23-Aug-02 13810
24-Aug-02 13810
25-Aug-02 13810
26-Aug-02 13810
27-Aug-02 16620
28-Aug-02 17913
29-Aug-02 20910
30-Aug-02 20910
31-Aug-02 18064
1-Sep-02 20208
2-Sep-02 13810
3-Sep-02 13810
4-Sep-02 13810
5-Sep-02 13810
6-Sep-02 13810
7-Sep-02 13810
8-Sep-02 13810
9-Sep-02 16414
10-Sep-02 16031
11-Sep-02 22840
12-Sep-02 28071
13-Sep-02 30268
14-Sep-02 30268
15-Sep-02 41291
16-Sep-02
17-Sep-02
18-Sep-02
19-Sep-02
20-Sep-02
21-Sep-02 22087
22-Sep-02 16957
23-Sep-02 19032
24-Sep-02 19032
25-Sep-02 17137
26-Sep-02 19543
27-Sep-02 14191
28-Sep-02 14191
29-Sep-02 13810
30-Sep-02 13810
1-Oct-02 13948
2-Oct-02 15537
3-Oct-02 16766
4-Oct-02 15285
5-Oct-02 15285
6-Oct-02 13810
7-Oct-02 14260
8-Oct-02 16429
9-Oct-02 16145
10-Oct-02 16563
11-Oct-02 17915
12-Oct-02 17490
13-Oct-02 18235
14-Oct-02 16848
15-Oct-02 15489
16-Oct-02 16445
17-Oct-02 16392
18-Oct-02 17581
19-Oct-02 18874
20-Oct-02 13810
21-Oct-02 13810
22-Oct-02 13810
23-Oct-02 13810
24-Oct-02 13810
25-Oct-02 13810
26-Oct-02 13810
27-Oct-02 13810
28-Oct-02 13810
29-Oct-02 13810
30-Oct-02 14098
31-Oct-02 13979
1-Nov-02 14657
2-Nov-02 14472
3-Nov-02 13810
4-Nov-02 14692
5-Nov-02 13810
6-Nov-02 13810
7-Nov-02 13810
8-Nov-02 13810
9-Nov-02 13810
10-Nov-02 13810
11-Nov-02 13810
12-Nov-02 13810
13-Nov-02 13810
14-Nov-02 13810
15-Nov-02 13810
16-Nov-02 13810
17-Nov-02 13810
18-Nov-02 13810
19-Nov-02 13810
20-Nov-02 13810
21-Nov-02 13810
22-Nov-02 13810
23-Nov-02 13810
24-Nov-02 13810
25-Nov-02 13810
26-Nov-02 13810
27-Nov-02 13810
28-Nov-02 13810
29-Nov-02 13810
30-Nov-02 13810
1-Dec-02 13810
2-Dec-02 13810
3-Dec-02 13810
4-Dec-02 13810
5-Dec-02 13810
6-Dec-02 13810
7-Dec-02 13810
8-Dec-02 13810
9-Dec-02 13810
10-Dec-02 13810
11-Dec-02 13810
12-Dec-02 13810
13-Dec-02 13810
14-Dec-02 13810
15-Dec-02 13810
16-Dec-02 13810
17-Dec-02 13810
18-Dec-02 13810
19-Dec-02 13810
20-Dec-02 13810
21-Dec-02 13810
22-Dec-02 13810
23-Dec-02 13810
24-Dec-02 13810
25-Dec-02 13810
26-Dec-02 13810
27-Dec-02 13810
28-Dec-02 13810
29-Dec-02 13810
30-Dec-02 13810
31-Dec-02 13810
1-Jan-03 13810
2-Jan-03 13810
3-Jan-03 13810
4-Jan-03 14224
5-Jan-03 14224
6-Jan-03 13810
7-Jan-03 13810
8-Jan-03 13810
9-Jan-03 13810
10-Jan-03 15239
11-Jan-03 15320
12-Jan-03 14756
13-Jan-03 14255
14-Jan-03 13810
15-Jan-03 15914
16-Jan-03 17925
17-Jan-03 16798
18-Jan-03 18820
19-Jan-03 15774
20-Jan-03 16675
21-Jan-03 19496
22-Jan-03 16513
23-Jan-03 17010
24-Jan-03 16875
25-Jan-03 16875
26-Jan-03 17460
27-Jan-03 16490
28-Jan-03 14411
29-Jan-03 14159
30-Jan-03 13826
31-Jan-03 13810
1-Feb-03 13810
2-Feb-03 13810
3-Feb-03 15026
4-Feb-03 15037
5-Feb-03 15096
6-Feb-03 15175
7-Feb-03 13810
8-Feb-03 15273
9-Feb-03 13810
10-Feb-03 13810
11-Feb-03 13810