Site ID: 1966 Lat. 43.7073 Italy 0
River: Arno Long. 10.4754
Site name: 0 Contributing area: 7378 km2 Ratio to Comparison Station: 0.32
Latest measurement: 8-Jan-10 Mean annual runoff: 112 mm (2003-2007)
Hydrologic status: 2 Normal flow Total runoff this year: 242 mm
Latest M/C ratio: 1.14 Seven day total: 1 mm
Estimated current discharge: 118 m3/sec Percent of mean 7-day total: 320.3 % (today's value compared to mean for same period, 2003-2007)
Ice-cover determination: 5 yr recurrence flood: 555 m3/sec (from Log Pearson III analysis)
Status Codes:  1 = Low flow, 2 = Normal flow, 3 = Flood, 4 = Major Flood 497 m3/sec (from Gumbel Extreme Value analysis)
Comparison Station Information:  Tokwe Confluence D/s C/s (1495240)       Contributing Area: 7280 sq mi 23237 sq km
(Data from this gaging station are used for the calibration to discharge, with an adjustment for different contributing areas)
Notes: Comparison station is placeholder, only; this site is not yet calibrated to actual discharge
Discharge and runoff, based on satellite remote sensing (NASA AMSR-E data)
(For U.S, sites, nearby ground station discharge may also be shown)
2008-Present
2002-Present
Annual  Monthly Total Runoff (mm), computed from above satellite-based discharge data
Runoff
(mm) Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
10 2002 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 2.1 1.0 1.2 2.9 2.6
20 2003 4.8 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 2.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 2.3
67 2004 12.8 5.6 12.9 4.4 22.6 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
113 2005 1.2 1.1 6.0 17.9 3.7 2.7 1.8 5.5 9.4 10.8 19.4 33.5
218 2006 47.9 70.1 24.3 3.1 6.7 13.7 10.3 4.4 13.1 23.9 0.0 0.0
143 2007 27.1 10.8 14.3 4.7 14.4 3.9 10.3 9.0 25.8 5.3 9.8 8.1
242 2008 35.2 9.1 3.4 17.7 8.6 11.2 11.3 3.6 3.5 9.0 46.0 83.1
359 2009 36.5 90.5 48.4 29.5 14.4 33.5 12.3 11.2 17.6 27.3 7.4 30.4
Discharge is estimated directly via a rating equation from the remote sensing data (M/C ratio) shown below.
Explanation:   Green line records upwelling microwave emission from a land parcel (ca 10 km x 10 km) near the river; blue line from a parcel centered over the river.
Brown line is their ratio (M/C; scale on right) and is used to estimate river discharge via a rating equation.
Rating equations are being developed and applied on an individual basis. For calibration status, see "notes" entry, above.
When data above show calibration site values lower than for the measurement site, discharge estimation may not be possible.
GoogleEarth View of Measurement Site
Return