Site ID: 1578 Lat. -17.7573 Madagascar Toamasina
River: Lake Alaotra Long. 48.3023
Site name: Morarano Sud Contributing area: 3810 km2 Ratio to Comparison Station: 0.23
Latest measurement: 7-Jan-10 Mean annual runoff: 775 mm (2003-2007)
Hydrologic status: 2 Normal flow Total runoff this year: 828 mm
Latest M/C ratio: 1.48 Seven day total: 1 mm
Estimated current discharge: 115 m3/sec Percent of mean 7-day total: 63.3 % (today's value compared to mean for same period, 2003-2007)
Ice-cover determination: 5 yr recurrence flood: 264 m3/sec (from Log Pearson III analysis)
Status Codes:  1 = Low flow, 2 = Normal flow, 3 = Flood, 4 = Major Flood 261 m3/sec (from Gumbel Extreme Value analysis)
Comparison Station Information:  Antsatrana (1389500)         Contributing Area: 7280 sq mi 16866 sq km
(Data from this gaging station are used for the calibration to discharge, with an adjustment for different contributing areas)
Notes: Rating equation is based on monthly mean, maximum, and minimum M/C compared to gaging station discharge values.
Discharge and runoff, based on satellite remote sensing (NASA AMSR-E data)
(For U.S, sites, nearby ground station discharge may also be shown)
2008-Present
2002-Present
Annual  Monthly Total Runoff (mm), computed from above satellite-based discharge data
Runoff
(mm) Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
240 2002 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 59.2 59.8 37.6 18.7 65.1
939 2003 135.1 88.4 94.1 80.5 100.2 87.9 87.4 81.7 50.2 59.1 26.1 48.5
514 2004 79.5 58.6 34.5 29.8 42.7 37.9 50.3 53.5 44.5 31.0 16.5 35.1
986 2005 109.9 89.7 104.5 105.0 91.5 99.7 102.7 69.3 61.8 49.4 22.3 80.0
457 2006 104.5 73.1 43.1 37.2 45.7 38.7 34.2 33.7 26.2 20.6 0.0 0.0
981 2007 109.9 108.4 121.6 109.1 92.9 79.2 74.5 82.6 66.4 52.0 49.2 34.8
828 2008 117.6 99.3 72.5 53.8 56.6 49.2 47.9 49.7 46.2 37.8 84.8 112.4
757 2009 108.8 83.5 67.3 62.0 77.1 59.7 51.2 55.3 43.7 39.9 27.3 81.4
Discharge is estimated directly via a rating equation from the remote sensing data (M/C ratio) shown below.
Explanation:   Green line records upwelling microwave emission from a land parcel (ca 10 km x 10 km) near the river; blue line from a parcel centered over the river.
Brown line is their ratio (M/C; scale on right) and is used to estimate river discharge via a rating equation.
Rating equations are being developed and applied on an individual basis. For calibration status, see "notes" entry, above.
When data above show calibration site values lower than for the measurement site, discharge estimation may not be possible.
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