Englehardt, E.E.; Pritchard, M.S.; Romesburg, K.D.; Schrag, B. (Eds.)Preview available online
This book is an invitation to academic administrators, at every level, to engage in reflection on the ethical dimensions of their working lives. Academics are very good at reflecting on the ethical issues in other professions but not so interested in reflecting on those in their own, including those faced by faculty and administrators. Yet it is a topic of great importance. Academic institutions are value-driven; hence virtually every decision made by an academic administrator has an ethical component with implications for students, faculty, the institution, and the broader community. Despite this, they receive little systematic preparation for this aspect of their professional lives when they take up administrative posts, especially when compared to, say, medical or legal training.
The authors intend this work to be a first, rather than a final word, on the subject. This is because the practicalities of academic administration have not been the subject of much sustained ethical reflection. Surprisingly little has been written about the ethical challenges that academic administrators are likely to face. Most of the literature relating to academic administration focuses on "leadership" and draws heavily on management and social science theory. The importance of focusing on ethical deliberation and decision-making often goes unrecognized. What is needed is in-depth analysis informed by the general principles of professional ethics, as well as the more than 2000-year-old body of philosophical work on ethics.
It is clear that academia should examine its own domain. In focusing on ethics in academic administration, this book explores the issues that are faced every day by those managing seats of learning. What challenges does a new chair face when suddenly she is no longer simply a friend and colleague, but now the person adjudicating disputes, evaluating performance, and recommending career-impacting action? How does a dean respond to the struggles of balancing a budget and promoting his college’s interests? When a donor calls the president and requests a favor, what are the implications for the campus, internally and externally? It is these conflicts, and others, that are analyzed in this much-needed volume.
Includes article “Mission and Academic Administration” by Aine Donovan
Hardcover: 196 pages
Publisher: Springer Netherlands (2010)
by Ronald M. Green (Editor), Aine Donovan (Editor), and Steven A. Jauss (Editor)
Medical care and biomedical research are rapidly becoming global. Ethical questions that once arose only in the narrow context of the physician-patient relationship in relatively prosperous societies are now being raised across societies, cultures, and continents. For example, what should be the "standard of care" for clinical trials of medical innovations in poorer countries? Are researchers obligated to compare new therapies or drugs with the best known ones available, or can they use as a benchmark the actual treatments (or lack of treatments) available to poor people? Should pharmaceutical companies seeking to lower the costs of new drug trials be allowed to enroll citizens of less developed countries in them even when those individuals cannot afford and will not be eligible for the resulting drugs? More generally, should the norms of medicine and research be the same across cultures or can they adapt to local social, economic, or religious conditions? Global Bioethics gathers some of the world's leading bioethicists to explore many of the new questions raised by the globalization of medical care and biomedical research. Among the topics covered are the impact of globalization on the norms of medical ethics, the conduct of international research, the ethics of international collaborations, challenges to medical professionalism in the international setting, and the relation of religion to global bioethics.
Hardcover: 368 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA (January 15, 2009)
Begun formally in 1990, the U.S. Human Genome Project's (HGP) goals were to identify all the 20,000 to 25,000 genes in human DNA, determine the sequences of the three billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA, store this information in databases, improve tools for data analysis, and transfer related technologies to the private sector. It was the first large scientific undertaking to address potential issues that arose from project data, and opened up vast possibilities for the use of genetic data and the alteration of our genetic makeup. This volume is the first to address the diverse range of ethical issues arising from the HGP, and enables professors to bring this critically important topic to life in the classroom.
Hardcover: 200 pages
Publisher: Dartmouth (June 30, 2008)
Last Updated: 2/10/10