Erland M. Schulson: Publications in Conference Proceedings (Reviewed)

* indicates invited review

67. "Some secrets of the ice pressure-area curve for the indentation of ice" E. Kim and E. M. Schulson, Proc. of the 22th International Symposium on Ice, International Association Hydraulic Research (IAHR), Singapore, August 11-15, 2014.

66. "Static Friction of Ice", E.M. Schulson and A.L. Fortt, Proc. 22nd Internat. on Port of Ocean Engg. under Arctic Conditions, June 10-13, 2013, Helsinki, Finland.

65. "Maps for Brittle Failure in Ice", C.E. Renshaw and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 22nd Internat. on Port of Ocean Engg. under Arctic Conditions, June 10-13, 2013, Helsinki, Finland.

64. “Effects of Pre-strain on the Elastic Properties and the Ductile-to-Brittle Transition of Columnar Ice", S.A. Snyder, E.M. Schulson and C.E. Renshaw, Proc. 22nd Internat. on Port of Ocean Engg. under Arctic Conditions, June 10-13, 2013, Helsinki, Finland.

63. “Shear Faulting and the Ice-Structure Interaction Problem", N. Golding, E.M. Schulson and C.E. Renshaw, Proc. 21st Internat. Conf. on Port & Ocean Engg under Arctic Conditions,July 10-14, 2011, Montreal, Canada

62. "Systematic Experimental Investigation of the Impact of Increasing Confinement on Shear Faulting", C. E. Renshaw, N. Golding and E. M. Schulson, Proceeding of 45th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, CA, June 26-29, 2011, ARMA 11-336, 7 pp.

61.* "Ice Forces on Structures", Erland M. Schulson, Proc. Workshop on Ice Abrasion on Concrete Structures, Helsingfors, Oct. 25-26, 2007, The Nordic Concrete Federation, 2008, p. 16-34.

60. "Friction Along Coulombic Shear Faults in First-Year Arctic Sea Ice", A. Fortt and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 18th Intl. Conf. on Port and Ocean Eng. Under Arctic Conditions, Vol. 1, 2005, p. 261-270.

59. "Coulombic Shear Faults within the Arctic Sea Ice Cover", Proc. 18th Intl. Conf. on Port and Ocean Eng. Under Arctic Conditions, Vol. 1, 2005, p. 293-302.

58. "Post-Terminal Compressive Deformation of Ice: Friction Along Coulombic Shear Faults", A. Fortt and E. M. Schulson, Proc. of the 17th International Symposium on Ice, International Association Hydraulic Research (IAHR), St. Petersburg, 2004, Vol. 2, p. 315-322.

57. "A Fracture Study of Ice Under High Strain Rate Loading", P. K. Dutta, D. M. Cole and E. M. Schulson, Proceedings of the Thirteenth (2003) International Offshore and Polar Conference, pp.465-472, May 25-30, 2003 in Honolulu, Hawaii.

56. "On the Triggering of Shear Faults During Brittle Compressive Failure: A New Mechanism," E. M. Schulson, D. Iliescu and C. E. Renshaw, Proceedings of MRS 539 (1999), 107-112.

55. "Grain Boundary Sliding and Crack Nucleation in Ice," J. Weiss and E.M. Schulson, in Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Ice, Ice in Surface Waters, edited by Hung Tao Shen, pp. 537-545, July 26-31, 1998, in Potsdam, New York.

54. "The Effect of Temperature on the Ductile-to-Brittle Transition in Columnar Ice," S. Qi and E M. Schulson, in Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Ice, Ice in Surface Waters, edited by Hung Tao Shen, pp. 521-527, July 26-31, 1998, in Potsdam, New York.

53. "Comparison of Brittle Compressive Failure Fresh-Water and Salt-Water Columnar Ice," E.T. Gratz and E.M. Schulson, in Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Ice, Ice in Surface Waters, edited by Hung Tao Shen, pp. 559-566, July 26-31, 1998, in Potsdam, New York.

52. "Macroscopic Compressive Shear Faults in S2 Columnar Ice," D. Iliescu and E.M. Schulson, in Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Ice, Ice in Surface Waters, edited by Hung Tao Shen, pp. 553-558, July 26-31, 1998, in Potsdam, New York.

51. "Comparison of the Ductile Compressive Strength of Columnar Saline Ice Under Proportional and Conventional Triaxial Loading," J.S. Melton and E M. Schulson, Proc. Eighth ISOPE Conference, pp. 408-415, May 24-29, 1998, in Montréal, Canada.

50. "The Ductility of Stoichiometric and Ni-Rich Polycrystals of Ni3Al: The Effect of Strain Rate", E.M. Schulson and Y. Xu, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1997, vol. 460, pp. 425-430, Dec. 2-6, 1996 in Boston, Massachusetts.

49. "Notch-Tip Deformation of Ni3Al Single Crystals", E.M. Schulson and Y. Xu, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1997, vol. 460, pp. 555-560, Dec. 2-6, 1996 in Boston, Massachusetts.

48. "The Ductile Deformation of Columnar (S2) Saline Ice Under Triaxial Compression", J.S. Melton and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 7th ISOPE, May 25-30, 1997, in Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 402-409.

47.* "Mechanisms of the Brittle Compressive Failure of Ice", Schulson, E.M., in TMS Annual Meeting, Recent Advances in Fracture, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, 1997, edited by A.B.G. R. K. Mahidhara, P. Matic and K. Sadananda, pp. 39-50, Feb. 10-13, 1997, in Orlando, Florida.

46.* "The Failure of Ice Under Compression," E.M. Schulson, Proc. TMS Annual Meeting, Weertman Symposium, Anaheim, California, 5-9 February 1996, 363-374.

45.* "Review of SIMI Workshop Panel on the 1cm - 1mm (Materials) Scale," E.M. Schulson, D.M. Cole, G.A.N. Thomas and V. Smirnov, Proc. Sea Ice Mech. & Arctic Modelling Workshop, Anchorage, Alaska, 2, 1995, 45-59.

44.* "Compressive Failure of Columnar Saline Ice Under Multiaxial Loading," E.M. Schulson, Proc. Sea Ice Mech. & Arctic Modelling Workshop, Anchorage, Alaska, 1, (1995), 122-130.

43. "Germination de Fissures dans la Glace sous Compression Hydrostatique." J. Weiss, E.M. Schulson and H.J. Frost, Proc.12 eme Congres Francais de Mechanique, Strasbourg, 4-8 Sept. 1995.

42. "Ductile Deformation of Columnar Saline Ice Under Triaxial Compressive Loading", J. Melton and E.M. Schulson, Proc. OMAE-ASME IV, (1995), 139-143.

41. "A Failure Surface for the Brittle Compressure Failure of Orthotropic (Columnar) Saline Ice Under Triaxial Loading", E.T. Gratz and E.M. Schulson, Ice Mechanics Proc. AMD ASME, 207, (1995), 9-20

40.* "The Effects of Notches on the Deformation of Ductile Intermetallics", E.M. Schulson and Y. Xu, Proc. MRS. 364, (1995), 825-836.

39. "The Failure of Fresh-Water Granular Ice Under Multiaxial Compressive Loading", J. Weiss and E.M. Schulson, Proc. IAHR Symp. on Ice Mechanics, Trondheim, 1 (1994) 495-504.

38. "Failure Envelopes and the Ductile-Brittle Transition in S2 Columnar Freshwater and Saline Ice Under Biaxial Loading", S.E. Buck, O.Y. Nickolayev and E.M. Schulson, Proc. IAHR Symp. on Ice Mechanics, Trondheim, 1 (1994) 454-463.

37.* "The Notch-Embrittlement of Ductile Intermetallic Compounds", E.M. Schulson and Y. Xu in "Fatigue and Fracture of Ordered Intermetallic Materials", ed. by W.O. Soboyejo, T.S. Srivatsan and D.L. Davidson, TMS (1994) 87-102.

36."Ductile to Brittle Transition in Ice Under Compression: Grain Size Effect", R.A. Batto and E.M. Schulson, Proc. of First Joint ASCE-EMD, ASME-AMD, SES Meeting, Ice Mechanics, Virginia, 6-9 June 1993, 229-234.

35. "Failure Envelopes and the Ductile to Brittle Transition in Columnar Saline Ice Under Biaxial Loading", O.Y. Nickolayev and E.M. Schulson, Proc. of First Joint ASCE-EMD, ASME-AMD, SES Meeting, Ice Mechanics, Virginia, 6-9 June 1993, 61-70.

34. "{111} Zig-Zag Cracking in Thin Foils of Ni3Ge", J. Fang and E.M. Schulson, Proc. MRS, 288 (1993), 525-530.

33. "The Fracture Toughness of A Brittle Nickel Silicide Containing the Ductile Phases Ni(Si) and Ni3Si", Z. Li and E.M. Schulson, Proc. MRS, 288 (1993), 1081-1086.

32. "A Preliminary Study on the Behavior of Notched Ni3Al (B): Fracture Mode Transition.", Y. Xu and E.M. Schulson Proc. MRS (1993), 635-640.

31. "Interaction of Dislocations with Grain Boundaries in Ni3Ge," J. Fang and E.M. Schulson, Proc. EMSA, (1992), 172-173.

30. "A Preliminary Investigation of the Ductile-Brittle Transition in Columnar S2 Ice under Compression," R. Batto and E.M. Schulson, Proc. IAHR '92, Banff, (1992), 1021-1034.

29.* "The Brittle Compressive Failure of Columnar Ice Under Biaxial Loading," E.M. Schulson and T.R. Smith, Proc. IAHR '92, Banff, (1992), 1047-1064.

28. "The Compressive Strength of Ice Cubes of Different Sizes," G.A. Kuehn, E.M. Schulson, D.E. Jones and J. Zhang, Proc. 11th OMAE, Calgary, (1992), 349-356.

27. "The Brittle Compressive Failure of Freshwater Columnar Ice Under Biaxial Loading," T.R. Smith and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 10th Internat. Conf. OMAE Stavanger, Norway, ed. by O.A. Ayorinde et al., ASME, N.Y. 4 (1991), 207-214.

26. "Decomposition of Ni-23 at.% Si and Formation of Ni3Si," I. Baker and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 49th Annual Meeting EMSA San Francisco, CA (1991), 600.

25.* "The Role of Slip Transmission Across Grain Boundaries on the Ductility of Ni3Al and Other L12 Intermetallic Compounds," E.M. Schulson, Proc. 6th Internat. Symp. on Intermetallic Compounds, Sendai, Japan, ed. by O. Izumi, Japan Institute of Metals (1991), 339-346.

24. "Preliminary Indications of A Slight Improvement in the Ductility of Ni3Ge with Boron," J. Fang and E.M. Schulson, Proc. Mat. Res. Soc. Symp., 213 (1991), 751-756.

23. "The Ductile to Brittle Transition in Ice: Size Effects," E.M. Schulson and J. Zhang, Proc. 6th Inter. Special Conf. on Cold Reg. Eng., Hanover, N.H., ed. by D.S. Sodhi, ASCE, N.Y. (1991), 554-568.

22. "On The Ductile to Brittle Transition in Ice Under Compression: Physical Processes," E.M. Schulson, Proc. ITC '90 Conf., Cambridge, U.K. (1990), 103-114.

21. "The Fracture Toughness of Porous Ice With and Without Particles," T.R. Smith, M.E. Schulson, and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 9th Intl. Conf. on Offshore Mech. and Arctic Engg. (1990) IV, 241-246.

20. "The Effects of Prestrain on the Compressive Ductile-to-Brittle Transition in Ice," G.A. Kuehn, E.M. Schulson and W.A. Nixon, ibid., 1 (1988), 109-117.

19. "The Effects of End Conditions on the Strength and Fracture of Ice Under Compression," G.J. Lasonde, M.C. Gies and E.M. Schulson, Proc. IAHR 9th Intl. Symp. on Ice, Sapporo, Japan, 1 (1988), 99-108.

18. "The Ductility of Ni3Al and the Accommodation of Slip at Grain Boundaries," E.M. Schulson, I. Baker and H.J. Frost, Revue Phys. Appl. 23 (1988), 705.

17. "Effect of Boron on the Composition of Grain Boundaries in Ni3Al," I. Baker, E.M. Schulson and J.R. Michael, in Analytical Electron Microscopy (ed. D.C. Joy) (1987), 218-220.

16. "Structure and Tensile Behavior of First-Year Sea Ice and of Laboratory-Grown Saline Ice," G.A. Kuehn, R.W. Lee, W.A. Nixon and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 7th Intl. Symp. on Offshore Mech. and Arctic Engg. (1988) IV, 11-17.

15.* "The Strength and Ductility of Intermetallic Compounds," E.M. Schulson, I. Baker and H.J. Frost, in High-Temperature Ordered Intermetallic Alloys II, (eds. N.S. Stoloff, C.C. Koch, C.T. Liu and O. Izumi), Mat. Res. Soc. 81 (1987), 195-206.

14. "The Compressive Strength of Ice Containing a Bimodal Distribution of Grain Sizes," J.L. Laughlin and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 6th Intl. Symp. on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engg., A.S.M.E. IV (1987), 167-172.

13. "Observations of Slip Propagation Across Grain Boundaries in Ni3Al," I. Baker, E.M. Schulson and J.A. Horton, Proc. 44th Annual Meeting Electron Microscopy Soc. of America (1986), 864-869.

12. "Fracture Toughness of Fresh-Water Ice as a Function of Loading Rate," W.A. Nixon and E.M. Schulson, Proc. 1st Intl. Conf. on Ice Tech., Cambridge, MA., June 1986, 287-298.

11. * "Structure and Properties of Rapidly Solidified Intermetallic Compounds," I. Baker, E.M. Schulson and N.S. Stoloff, in Mechanical Behavior of Rapidly Solidified Materials, (eds. S.M.L. Sastry and B.A. MacDonald), TMS-AIME (1986), 257-277.

10.* "The Effect of Grain Size with Flow and Fracture of Long-Range Ordered Alloys," E.M. Schulson, in High-Temperature Ordered Alloys, (eds. C.L. Koch, C.T. Liu and N.S. Stoloff), Mat. Res. Soc., 39 (1985), 193-204.

9. "The Structure of Rapidly Solidified Powders of Ni3Al and Ni3Al + Ti + B," I. Baker, F. Ichishita and E.M. Schulson, Proc. Mat. Res. Soc. Symp., 28 (1984), 395-399.

8. "The Effect of Grain Size on the Compressive Strength of Ice," E.M. Schulson and N.P. Cannon, Proc. Intl. Assoc. Hydraul. Res., 1 (1984), 29-38.

7. "Grain Size Effects on the Plastic Flow of Ordered Zr3Al," E.M. Schulson and J.A. Roy, Proc. 2nd Intl. Conf. on Mechanical Properties of Materials, Boston, MA., August 16-20, 1976, 1134-1138.

6. "The Effects of Temperature on the Tensile Deformation of Zr3Al," E.M. Schulson, Proc. 4th Intl. Conf. on the Strength of Metals and Alloys, Nancy, France, August 30-September 3, 1976, 309-313.

5. "A Rapid Assessment of Mercury Ion Implantation Damage in Boron-Doped Silicon Using the Scanning Electron Microscope," E.M. Schulson and D.A. Marsden, Proc. of the 9th Annual Conf. on Electron Probe Analysis, Microprobe Analysis Society (1974), 29-33.

4. "Measurement of Contrast Changes on SEM-Electron Channeling Patterns," E.M. Schulson, Proc. 5th European Congress on Electron Microscopy (1972), 480.

3.* "Crystallographic Aspects of Scanning Electron Microscopy: The Electron Channelling Pattern Technique," E.M. Schulson, in Electron Microscopy of Materials, U. Cal. Press (1971), 286-300, G. Thomas, R. Fulrath and R. Fisher, eds.

2. "SEM Electron Channelling Line Width (Broadening) and Pattern Degradation in Alkali Halide Crystals," E.M. Schulson, Proc. 4th Annual SEM Symp., IIT, RI, Chicago (April 1971), 489-496.

1. "The Generation and Application of SEM-Electron Channelling Patterns," E.M. Schulson, C.G. van Essen and D.C. Joy, Proc. 2nd Annual Conf. on Scanning Electron Microscopy, Chicago (April 1969), 45-55.